Cherokee Daily Times from Cherokee, Iowa on May 31, 1960 · Page 39
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Cherokee Daily Times from Cherokee, Iowa · Page 39

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Cherokee, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 31, 1960
Page:
Page 39
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SECTION THREE SECTION- THR'EE ee Courier CHEROKEE, IOWA, MAY 3!, 195S Cherokee in 1875 Was A •Village of 200 People And , •AHccndful.0fCru.de. Wooden Buildings r As prosperous Cherokee, now labeled the "Chief -Cijty of Northwest -Iowa," prepares to observe it's centennial,' the strikingly modern city of more than 8,000 people can look back some eighty years when it was a struggling frontier village of about 200 people and a handful of crude woopen buildings. ' ' 120 Buildings "As ,'th'p accompanying drawing shows, the town then had 120 buildings' x df all sizes and. ' descriptiori . adn no regular streets. The paths between-rows of buildings presented a sea of mud arid-.-water during and after a rain. At that time there'were 124 qualified voters, who had met twice in the town hall to incorporate and elect 'executive officers. The few buildings that formed the town in that'period lay at the feet of rolling hills that stretched into the timberlands and uncultivated plains. {There were no gas stations, lunchrooms, or garages on the outskirts, and no signs giving information as to distances from here to other Iowa cities.. j ' • i Cottonwood or Pine Buildings for the most part were constructed of cottonwood or pine. A blockhouse fort, erected in 1863; as a stockade for protection against savage Sio'ux Indians, was in 1875 serving as the town post office. The most modern convenience in postal service at that time had come the year before when a money-order station was added to ..the, post office/ . '' ' Located in a farming section, it was Only natural that the four lage grain elevators played an important part in the community of the 70's. One - that of James Archer - was 24 x 30 x 30 feet in'; dimension and built of pine. It had a 10,000 bushel capacity. Another - that of C. Beckwith - was built of cottonwood timber, 20 feet high with 8,000 bushel capacity. Hobart & Snyders towered above the rest, while James Robertson's was newest. Early settlers in Cherokee had faith in the future of the town, however, this was evidenl fiom' the" fact that ongmal 'incorporation limits drawn up in 1373' extended two by two and a half- miles. The present city, technically "New Cherokee ' is the successor to Cherokee.Center, Old Cherokee and Blair City.- It was plotted, by ,Mr. and Mrs. Lebourveau and Mr.- and, Mrs. Ca'rlton Corfaett March 21, 1S7O. Seven years,earlier, a courthouse had been built and a brick schoolhouse wa-s constructed in 1867 a mile north of the courthouse; Mrs. Lemuel Parkhurst, wife of one of the advance 1 scouts of the Milford colony, taught school for $55 a quarter. When the drawing of the city was made in 1875, the depot was loc'ated across the tracks from the present site, there were only 10 houses on the site included in the drawing. Mushroom growth, however, was witnessed in five years. By 1880 there were five grocery stores, two hardware stores, two butcher shops, three inns, three lumber yards, three saloons, one implement shop, a school, a harness shop, two shoe shops and three churches. • i . • . ' Hotel A hotel was constructed on .the present library corner,in 1875. Three dpctore and three lawyers represented the professions; and livery barns occupied the sites where ^garages are now located. A well and town pump preceded the present water system, and the bucket brigade has given way to the modern mechanized fire department. Original officers of .the city, George W. Lebourveau, mayor; M. Wakefield, recorder; F. R. Fulton, William McKay, R. Mason, F. E. Whitmore and R. Hall, trustees, were not all still in office. H. D. Walrath, history states, was serving as the second mayor of Cherokee in 1875. His office was in a two story 25 -x 50 foot city hall, which faced Cedar street. ft' ft ft: ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft nseum One Of The Chief Attributes Of The City And The Cultural Center Of Western Iowa Iherokee's Band In 1885 s' Cherokee has had many bands throughout the'years, that have furnished entertainment for all special occasions. The baud pictured above was the Cherokee band of 1885. One of the chief .attributes of Cherokee in 1956 is the Sanford Memorial Museum, which has made this Centennial City a cul- .tural center of western Iowa — and in many instances'— for the entire state. The museum came into being through the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Sanford, prominent Cherokee residents, who planned that which ever one survived was to set up the bu!k of their estate to build and maintain a museum in memory of -their only child. This was Tie! Sanford, who died a young man. W. A. Sanford died'on June 10, 1932 and his U-idow on July 27, 1941. In accordance with the terms of Maude Tiel Sanford's will, dated March 8, 1941, ? modern museum building wa. c completed between 'North Firs' and North Second streets on Wil low in 1950. It opened officially in April o- f 1951, with W. D. Frar.kforter, associate curator of the University of the Nebraska State Museum. as director. "It is my intention to create P charitable trust for historical cultural and. educational purposes—open, to the public and for its benefit," said Mrs. Sanford in her will. She specified further that "the building and the contents shall include-items of educational, and historical significance and interest" and that "no admission, should be charged for entrance to the building and exhibits." Through the work and guidance... of both the original and present trustees, arid the outstanding capabilities of Frankforter, her wishes have become a reality that surely exceeds eveni her 'fondest dreams. Mrs. San-j ford designated the late Mae! Stiles Bru'mmer fMrs. George), j the late George E. Wilson andj Meyer Wolff as trustees, along! with Lester C.Ary as business administrator. Serving with Ary and Wolff on the present museum board arc Miss Virginia Herrick and Lorcn Anderson. The building itself, constructed i of tan brick and glass along j modern architectural lines around an open, tiled central court, cost 898,882.49. Its value today of both building and equipment is §122,-1 724.80, with replacement value | estimated at from. 8125,000 to I 8140,000 for the building alone. I i Display areas on the main; floor include an auditorium, the. west gallery, the Memorial Room | and the only planetarium in Iowa | as well as one of the few in the j entire Midwest. On the lower i floor! is another gallery and the i archives where historical docu- \ rnents and reference books and; magazines are kept. The lov/crj gallery is devoted to exhibits per-1 laining to paleontology, /oology, j botany, American Indians and | geology. The planetarium opened in j August of 1951, with demonstra-1 (ions and. lectures on astronomy | given regularly each Monday | evening by Frankfortcr, who also i "iyes . a great number of special j demonstrations to various groups j throughout the year. j The original planetarium ma-, chine, L invented by Armand Spitz i and ; manufactured i" Philadelphia, was replaced in 1955 with a new A-l model. This has star,! Milky Way, coordinate, and meridian projectors, as well 1 as a control board allowing for future additions to the instrument. The, worth and popularity of this feature of the museum is attested to by the fact that a total I of 7,945 persons .have viewed 300'' special planetarium demonstrations 'given to date during the five years of its existence. Attendance at some 200 regular weekly lectures to date totals approximately 2,250. ,0ther attendance statistics, which prove Sanford Museum is a living, well-patronized memorial, show that 5,692 signed the registration book in 1952, 4,079 in 1953, 5,508 in 1954 and 6,148 in 1955. By spot checking and through data kept by other museums, it has been determined that approximately one-third of visitors to museums register. On this basis, approximately total attendance from 1952 (first year of complete records) through 1955 figures 64,281 visitors. In addition to visitors from nearly every state in the union, foreign countries represented by visitors at Sanford include Korea, England, Canada, Germany, West Indies, Alaska and Territory of Hawaii. Although Sanford is not open for general public meetings, it is open to organizations for special meetings provided their programs have some connection with the educational fields to which the museum is devoted. It has served as a site for meetings of a museum-sponsored organization.— the Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archeological Society and two annual meetings of the state Archeologi-- cal Society. This year, ninth grade science students are working at the museum on fossils and zoo- logicnl. specimens for special credit. The museum has been the scene of the public school art exhibit each spring and of special Adult Education classes, such as art, ceramics, jewelry-making, textile painting and global geography. It was the headquarters for the Red Cross Bloodmobile on two occasions and for the Community Chest campaign. Other organizations which have made use of its facilities include Columbian Club, Tone 'Circle, Cherokee Art Club, D. A. R., Prairie Gold Boy Scout Council and Cherokee Garden Club. The latter group has staged its Chirst- mas show and spring flower show there, where the center court and galleries lend themselves ft> decorative displays. The court has a glass wall facing the front entrance and one facing the west gallery. Centering it is an aluminum sculpture entitled "Fighting Stallions", which was donated by the sculptress, Anna Hyatt Hunting'ton of Connecticut. Permanent displays at present include flourescent minerals, game animals of East Africa, The Ancient Past, Ice-Age, fossils of northwest Iowa and Indian cultures. Special programs and services in addition to regular and special planetarium demonstrations total 172 for four years on which complete records are available. The following account from the annual report covering the past year sumrnerizes museum events . and tells of its participation in. the Centennial observance: "A review of museum activities for 1955 reveals an intensification (Continued On Page Eight) The 'Good Old Days 7 Long, long before "boy friends" began tearing up to front doors in zippy sport roadsters and honking loudly for "the girl friend" to grab her compact and come on a "date", boys and girls were filling "engagements" and dreaming of housekeeping as they rode seperately in buggies on Sunday afternoons. It was in 1905 that the above picture was taken at the M. F. Dubes farm near Mount Olive. The young man, who was as pr,oud:of his horse and buggy as today's boys are of their first cars, was Allan Neville, and the young lady was the daughter of Mr.,and Mrs. M. J. Dubes,

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