The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 31, 1986 · Page 8
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 8

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 31, 1986
Page 8
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Living Today Hydraulic spade transplants trees Gardening By CHARLES L. MILLER Extension Horticultural Agent The development of machines capable of moving large trees quickly has made the transplanting process more economical. This method is increasing in popularity. The most common type of tree moving equipment is the tree spade. This machine consists of a number of steel blades that are pushed through the soil by hydraulic pressure, severing tree roots. Each blade is partially inserted in sequence until all are fully inserted, forming a uniform rootball surrounded by steel blades. Generally, the rootball should be at least eight inches in diameter for each inch of trunk diameter for evergreens and nine inches for each inch of trunk diameter for deciduous trees. Trunk diameter is measured 12 inches above the ground. The largest evergreen which a 44-inch tree spade (which digs a 33-inch rootball) can move successfully is one with a trunk diameter of 4Vs inches. A deciduous tree should be no larger than 3% inches in diameter. The tree spade can be used to dig the hole in which the tree will be transplanted. However, the sides of the hole must be roughed with a shovel to remove the glazing caused by the blades. A slurry of soil and water is then poured around the rootball to fill the void after setting the tree in the hole. Too often trees are transplanted only to die, an expensive and time-consuming loss to the homeowner. A basic understanding of the requirements of a plant and its reaction to transplanting would help us to save many such trees. When is the best time to transplant shade and ornamental trees? During the tree's late dormant season. This would be in early spring, from mid-March to early April. When can trees be transplanted? The answer to this question isn't so simple. The vague reply is' 'any time of year if the weather isn't severe.'' But it also depends on the type of product you are planting. The following will help explain by type of product, when to plant and special treatment. • Balled and burlapped (B&B), when dormant (spring or fall), trim away burlap. • Container grown, spring or fall, cut girdling roots. • Bare root, when dormant (spring only), don't let roots dry out. • Potted plants, anytime hi spring is best, keep' rootball intact. • Prepackaged, when dormant (spring only), buy early and refrigerate to keep fresh. • Tree spade, when dormant is best, don't plant oversized tree. Use common sense when inspecting a newly delivered tree. A tree with a bruised trunk, poor f oliage color, excessive wilting of new growth, or loose soil in the rootball should be rejected. Care after transplanting is the most critical consideration. Most losses result from over- watering or underwatering. Water when the soil outside the rootball is dry at a six-inch depth. Spring-planted trees in an average loam soil should be watered thoroughly once each week if there is inadequate rainfall (less than 1 inch). Water more often in sandy soils. In heavy soils like clay, soak once every 10 to 14 days. Continue this schedule for two years. Trees should be staked and supported with guy wires during this period. Winters are dry in this area, so continue watering during dry periods in fall and winter. Evergreens are especially sensitive to dry cold weather. Fertilizer applications are beneficial, especially when applied to the foliage. The Salina Journal Friday, January 31,1986 Page 8 Father's essay asks for parenting skills Microphones monitor plants' thirsty sounds Dear Ann Landers: My father recently died and we found this letter among his personal papers. It was in his own handwriting. We have no idea whether it is an original piece. We never knew him to collect other people's work. Have you ever seen this in all your reading? Does anyone recognize it? A Prayer for Parents Oh, God, make me a better parent. Help me to understand my children, to listen patiently to what they have to say and to respond to their questions kindly. Keep me from interrupting and contradicting them. Make me as courteous to them as I would have them be to me. Give me the courage to confess my sins against my children and to ask them for forgiveness when I know I have done wrong. May I not vainly hurt the feelings of my children. Forbid that I should laugh at their mistakes or resort to shame and ridicule for punishment. Reduce the meanness in me. May I cease to nag; and when I am out of sorts, help me, Lord, to hold my tongue. Blind me to the little errors of my children and help me to see the good things they do. Give me a ready word for honest praise. Help me treat my children as those of their own age. Let me not expect from them the judgment of adults. Allow me not to rob them of the Ann Landers NEWS AMERICA opportunity to wait on themselves, to think, to choose, and to make their own decisions. Forbid that I should ever punish them for selfish satisfaction. May I grant them all their wishes that are reasonable and have the courage always to withhold a privilege that I know will do them harm. Make me fair and just, considerate and companionable, so they will have genuine esteem for me. Help me to be loved and imitated by my children, oh, God. Give me calm and poise and self-control.—Boise, Idaho Dear Boise: Thank you for sharing that beautiful essay. I have not seen it before. It could be an original composition. Even if it isn't, the fact your father kept it tells us something about the kind of man he was. (Write to Ann Landers in care of News America Syndicate, 1703 Kaiser Avenue, Irvine, Calif. 92714.) ByEARLARONSON AP News! eatures Growing plants make strange sounds when they are thirsty, and scientists are attaching small microphones to learn when and how much water they need. "The microphones and ultrasensitive electronic equipment record high-frequency popping sounds emitted by corn plants," says Dr. Edwin L. Fiscus, who had been listening for two years at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service, Fort Collins, Colo. The sounds, Fiscus related, are in the 100 kilohertz range. Sound that humans hear is in the 10 hertz to about 20 kilohertz Weeder's guide range (one thousand hertz make one kilohertz). Fiscus monitors only the acoustics of cells that make up the tissue in the vascular system water tubes. These pipes carry water and nutrients from roots to leaves. When soil water is adequate, water flows upward in these tubes under tension. If water is lacking, the tension becomes too great and the water tubes fracture. It's the minute, high frequency noise of these fractures that the sound equipment detects, Fiscus explained. Air pockets form in the tubes when they fracture. If enough water is available in soil, some plants refill their tubes overnight, and water and dissolved nutrients will flow again to leaves. Without refilling, the tubes remain empty, unable to transport water, so plants wilt. The number of fractures or "pops" appears related to just how much the plant is stressed — a clue it's time to irrigate. "These sounds may someday be used to tell farmers just the right time to irrigate," Fiscus said. "Such knowledge would save irrigation water and reduce costs of pumping water to fields." Some farmers, like gardeners, he says, apply water to plants after they notice wilting. While the plants more often than not seem to recover, their growth and eventual yield may already have been reduced. Other growers prevent such stress by applying too much water. Dr. Melvin T. Tyree, a biophysicist at the University of Toronto, Canada, developed the equipment. "Plants are very noisy when they grow," he said. "Various parts, such as corn leaves and stalks, make noise when they slide against each other. Other noises come from rustling of leaves in a breeze and the bending of stalks. We didn't want to record these noises, so the equipment was designed to operate at much higher frequencies, where only the sounds created by the breaking water tubes are detected.'' The researchers hope to detect more accurately when and how much plants need water, and to get the water flowing before plants start shutting off or slowing their growth. Fiscus said this information might help find plant varieties better equipped to move water and nutrients from roots to leaves. "This might lead to a new way to select superior plants for feed and food production." * * * A sign that grubs are feeding on grass roots is patches of wilted, brown or dead grass. Home owners can determine if grubs are the culprits by cutting a piece of cardboard a foot square and laying it flat on the grass. Then cut around it to a depth of three inches. Lift out the square foot of sod and place it in a container. Break soil away from the roots to see if grubs are present. Repeat procedure in several lawn areas. The turf can be put back easily. Other signs indicating grubs are June or other beetles attracted to lights on nearby trees and shrubs in late spring. Torn lawns, or lawns that have tunnels, may be a sign that moles, skunks or raccoons may be feeding on grubs. Check your county extension service or a professional for control measures. (Send gardening questions with stamped, self- 'addressed envelope to EArl Aronson, AP News- features, 50 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10020.) Caterpillar club DAYTON, Ohio (AP) - Lt. Harold Harris bailed out of a crippled plane which he was testing here at McCook Field on Oct. 20,1922. Harris later became the first man in the Caterpillar Club — an association of those whose lives were saved by parachutes. Charcoal dangerous as source of heat Clubs WASHINGTON (AP) -Extraheat can be welcome in the home or camper in this cold season, but federal safety experts warn against using charcoal in enclosed areas. The result can be deadly. Eighty-three deaths have been reported over the past seven years from carbon monoxide poisoning when people burned charcoal in enclosed areas, the Consumer Product Safety Commission reported. Some victims burned charcoal in tents or campers; others used it for extra heat in living rooms or for cooking in kitchens, the agency said. Burning charcoal produces large amounts of carbon monoxide, an odorless, tasteless gas which is pois- onous in even relatively small concentrations. It can accumulate quickly in enclosed spaces. Even opening a window or running a fan cannot ensure safe air, according to safety experts. Charcoal is intended for outdoor use, and federal regulations require charcoal bags to carry warning labels. In addition, the safety commission warned that burning charcoal in fireplaces may also be unsafe. It is questionable whether a charcoal fire will create a chimney draft sufficient to make sure carbon monoxide is exhausted to the outside, officials warned. The agency said a major problem is that carbon monoxide cannot be seen or smelled, so people exposed to it are unaware of the danger. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, nausea and, at high concentrations, loss of consciousness. First city hall on Santa Fe Salina's first city hall was a two- story building located at 132 N. Santa Fe. A fire department occupied its first floor. The second city hall was built in 1911 or 1912 on the southwest corner of Fifth and Ash Streets. With a few additions, it served as city hall until city officials moved into the present city-county building in 1969. COUNTRY CUPBOARD VALENTINE SPECIAL | ^ Saturday, February 1 Thru February 10 Rema's Cushion Aire Insulated Baking Sheet Regularly $13.95 1O 95 On SALE For * * * Register For A Free Cushion Aire Cookie Sheet* * * 111 N. Santa Fe 823-9538 Free Gift Wrap! Closed Friday, January 31 For Inventory plfna Stjfe Shop Sunset Plaza Salina, Ks. Uu.lcn.Ktvc v till v)i IS2SS.OIiiii Saturday GFWC Fine Art Festival, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. exhibits, Kansas Wesleyan University. Union Pacific Oldtimers Club, 6:30 p.m. chili supper for members and guests, Carver Center, 315 N. Second. Bring favorite dessert or relish dish, soup bowl and table service. Bingo to follow. Hosts: Mr. and Mrs. Vaughn Hanson, K.D. McGilvray and Howard Richards. Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant 24, 8 p.m. meeting, IOOF Hall, 401E. Walnut. Post Rock Promenaders, 2 to 5 p.m. tenderfoot dance, Lincoln Grade School Gym. Caller: Jack Bishop. No taps on shoes. All beginners welcome. Sunday STU's Q's Round Dance Club, 7 to 9:30 pm. Phase 1 completion of round dance party, 4-H Senior Center on Spring Valley Road, Junction City. Dancing levels will be Easy, Easy Intermediate and Intermediate. Cuers: Bill and Dorothy Stewart and guests. Eagles Lodge, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m, pancake feed; 7 p.m. card party, Aerie Home. Alateen Serenity Seekers, 6 p.m. meeting, Carver Center, 315 N. Second. Tri-Rivers Running Club, 3 p.m. fun run, meet north of Oakdale Park gazebo. Open to members and guests and anyone interested in running. Non-competitive. No entry fee. Breakfast Alcoholics Anonymous, 10 a.m. meeting, Red Coach Inn, 2110 W. Crawford. Alcoholics Anonymous, 8 p.m. meeting, Cavalier Court. CLOSED FOR INVENTORY FRIDAY, JANUARY31ST Joseph P. Roth & Sons and Shelton's will be taking inventory on Friday, Jan. 31. we'll be closed Friday, but Saturday we'll reopen at 5O% off on all fall and winter merchandise. How nice!! Shefitow s >*»*^ C HM & Sons 107 N. Santa Fe Salina 827-9651 Monday-Friday 9:30-5:30; Sal. 'Ill 5:00 1829 South Ohio Salina 825-8238 Monday-Saturday 9.30-5:30; Thurs. 'Ill 8:00 The "most wanted" microwave Rated as Best Buy for 1986 The^Spacemaker II™ Model JEM31E Sits on the countertop or hangs from a cabinet. Check these exclusive features: • New high power output for faster cooking. •Word prompting display for easy programming. •Auto roast provides correct cooking for meats. • Electronic touch controls w/time of day clock. • 5 year warranty on parts & labor. • Worldwide G.E. quality & dependability. NOW ON SALE ONLY AT MID-AMERICA APPLIANCE CENTER • {Located in Mid-America Plaza at Belmont Blvd. & So. 9th Home Owned ,. nd Operated 825-8925

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