The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 28, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Monday, August 28, 1944
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THE WEATHER Hlah yesterday Low today .„.„, Rainfall reason (Airport) «„ Year ago (Airport) S canon (Land Company) .»—««. T «„« T T Year ago (Land Company) "!. T (Rainfall figures are for the fiscal year beginning July 1.) Foreran t Warm toda/. but. moling off •nmewhat on Tuesday. Cool nights to continue Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1944 14 PAGES Buv a Bond • ' L It May Save a Life No. 24 rn Berlin Predicts U. S. Troops Will Fight in China; Anshan, Manchurian Industries and Shanghai Get Blasting From Bombers i i i m *mmr m -•^^•^i i i „• .1 i, .By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Prpss War Editor PEARL JJARBOR, Aug. 28. ttXRI—Army and navy bombers attacked Onnekotan island, fifth largest of the Kurile group, starting fires and damaging buildings while other aircraft from Admiral Chester AV. Nimitz* command hit Yap in the Caroline islands for the seventh time in eight days, it was announced today. • Allied bombers flying out of the east slashed at Japanese war production centers stretching 3000 miles from Manchuria to Sumatra while American planes striking from the west maintained their incessant pounding along invasion roads to Japan and the Philippines. Berlin radio forecast United States troops would soon be ' thrown into battle in China to stop Nipponese advances American PAY FOR UNITED STATES EM- PLOYES — Senator Walter F. George (D.-Ga.) renewed his fight to bring federal employes under social security today with a prediction that 40 per cent of those on the federal payroll will become jobless when the war ends. BULGARIA TD GET ARMISTICE TERMS RUSSIANS ASK GERMAN ALLIES TO QUIT WAR f lONDON, Aug. 28. (^—Surrender terms for Bulgaria probably will & be handed to an envoy of that Nazi satellite in Cairo within a few days nnd armistice terms for Rumania are expected to be signed shortly in Moscow, it was learned today. Greek and Yugoslav interests are understood lo have full protection in the terms to the Bulgars. despite that Balkan kingdom's strange plea to be allowed to retain parts of those Allied nations which Bulgaria grabbed with German approval. The peace terms were prepared by the European advisory commission and submitted to Washington and Moscow for approval. Steps were taken to obtain Greek and Yugoslav concurrence. Asked to Quit The Russians asked Germany's remaining allies—Finland, Hungary and the rump state of Slovakia—to quit the Nazis before it is too late. Urging other countries to turn against the Nazis like Rumania, the official Communist party organ Pravda said only thus could they "escape the dlsasterous consequences of the criminal policies of their governments." "Events are developing rapidly." said Pravda, "that leave no time for hesitation, situation is quite clear. The Germans have no hope and he who does not break with them will share their fate." Give Up Territories "While Russia is not at war with Bulgaria, Pravda's warning seems Continued on Page Two air told of so they The Index to Advertisers Page jl~ V UI u J 11 u f .L-/1 • t» * 1. ••»***•*«••»•••*•••-•---•»• CT Acme Finance Co 5 Arlcraft of California 7 Arvln Theater 11 Atz-Smith Furniture 5 Austin Studio 2 Bakersfield Hospital Supplies.... 5 Book Shop ...-» 8 Booth's 3 Brock's H, 4 Brundage Pharmacy 5 Citizens Laundry 5, 10 Clark, Dr. J. Ray 5 Coffee, Harry II. 6 Cole Brothers Circus 3, 11 Culliton, John W 10 Dorman Photo 2 East Side Cleaners 8 Kdwards, Dr. E. P 4 Flickinger-Digier II! Food City 7 Fox Theaters Globe Drug Store Granada Theater Greenlawn Cemetery Hn t't'iwfui *K g. J.£l I J 4f7 V II Q ...«.••••••-•»••». t.i.^.i^. »*.•*••••..> H V J111 V.*. V_-. ........... Ivers Furniture KERN Lim. T Mortensen, Walter 5 Mr. and Mrs. of Radio Fame 5 New City Cleaners 5 Nora's Beauty Salon 5 Orange Belt Stngee 10 Owen's Store 3 Pennington, Dr. L. R 5 Phillips Music Co 4 Ralph's Shoe Shop 5 Rialto Theater 11 River Theater 11 Sierra Book Store 5 Stauffer System 5 Union Cemetery 9, 13 Vacolite 5 Virginia Theater 11 Weill's 8 Wickersham's 5 Wllloughby, W. G 11 Winding, Oscar B 7 threatening bases. Tokyo broadcasts air strikes at Anshan, Man- churiuu steel center* and Shanghai, where Japan produces wooden boats to augment her disappearing merchant fleet. The raids emphasized an Office of War Information announcement that production of long: range bombers was to be stepped up. The British Far Eastern fleet, in its 1 first action under command of Admiral Sir Bruce Austin Fraser, sent carrier planes in strong force against Indaroeng, Sumatra, site of a cement plant that produces materials for Nipponese fortifications. The surprise raid also heavily hit the port and airfield of nearby Pa- dang, largest city on Sumatra. Only one plane was lost in the fourth Allied raid on Sumatra. American Pacific forces intensified their steady pounding *at the approaches to Japan and the Philippines. 5 Nip Planes Downed Five Japanese interceptors were shot down in two successive daylight attacks by Marianas-based planes on Iwo Jima, 750-miles south of Tokyo. Docks were left in flames and three Jap planes destroyed in consecutive daylight strikes against Palau, 600 miles east of the Philippines. Halmahera, southern stepping stone to the Philippines, was raided for the twentieth day without interruption. Altogether week end announcements listed a dozen Japanese ships sunk or probably destroyed. Eight were in the southwest Pacific, two a Sumatra, one at Hongkong and one near Hanoi, Indo-Chlna. L. 8. Troops in China Berlin radio reported an American pa'ratroop division and a mechanized division were stationed at Kweilin, in southeast China, and would soon be thrown into battle to stem Japanese drives toward that air center from the north and south. The Japanese reopened fighting in north central China to drive Chinese from the western flank of the Cheng- hsien-Hankow railway, which they are rebuilding. Chungking announced General Chang Teh-Seng was executed for dereliction of duly in his unsuccessful defense of Chang- sha. on the Hankow-Canton railroad. U. S. WORKERS' BENEFITS ASKED SEEKS SOCIAL SECURITY FOR fEDERAL EMPLOYES WASHINGTON, Aug. ' i!S. <UR>— Senator Walter P. George (D-Ga.), renewed JiiH flght to brinf^k^prJU workers under social security today with a prediction that 40 per qeijt of al! persons on tfre" federal payroll will be thrown out of work when the war in Europe- ends. ' He made his new appeal aa the House prepares to begin debate tomorrow on the entire question of unemployment compensation for war workers, with prospects of a bitter floor fight between administration Democrats and Republicans over the extent of such aid. Money for Return Debate will center around George's Senate-approved bill which the House ways and means committee amended to remove sections for extending social security to federal workers, providing up to $200 to return war workers to their home areas and authorizing retraining of wnr workers at government expense. Declaring that the government "won't remain a big employer" when the war enters its concluding stages, George said that 3,500,000 federal employes would be one of the first large groups to feel the ax of unemployment. He said the deleted provisions of his bill should be reinstated in the House or when the measure goes to conference between the House and Senate. Increase Benefits Meanwhile, House administration Democrats, who opposed the state's rights unemployment compensation features of George's bill, prepared to throw their support to an amendment by Representative Emanuel Celler (D-N. Y.) to increase the benefit payments with the federal government footing the bill as part of the cost of the war. Celler originally favored benefits up to $35 a week as was proposed in the Murray-Kilgore bill the Senate, paced by a coalition of Republicans and conservative Democrats, rejected in favor of George's measure. The George bill would leave standards up to the individual stalest, with the federal government guaranteeing solvency of state compensation systems. Compromise Looms in Use of Force to Stop Aggressors n r. n 5 n 5 2 10 10 WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Soviet, American and British dole- gates to the Dumbarton Oaks security conference worked today toward agreement possibly a three-way compromise—on the most effective way to organize force for suppressing future aggressor nations. As the historic preliminary talks went into their second week, it was learned that two principal ideas have been developed thus far. One is a Russian proposal for an international air corps. The Russian delegation is understood not to be irrevocably committed to creation of such a corps but is backing it strongly with argument that it would provide a ready means of striking in any part of the world where trouble threatened. National Forces The American delegation has suggested a plan by which each nation would commit at least, a imrt of its national forces, including" air and naval, to be used in accordance with the orders of the International security organization but at the direction of the national governments. This American plan is understood to be tied in with a general principle that development of the International organization can best be effected along lines of regional responsibility for keeping "the peace. By this plan each country agreeing to use force when called upon would expect to do so priinurily in that part of the world in which its major national interests lie. There lias also been some talk of organizing regional international bodies, subordinate to the world security agency, -vhicr* would function somewhat in the manner of the Pan-American Union in this hemisphere. + So far there is understood to have been agreement of views among the three delegations on the need for forces to be available for international police work in such strength that no threatening aggressor would be able to match them. There is also general agreement. it IB reported, on the necessity of setting up a military organization under the world agency which would serve about the same purpose as that of the British-American combined chiefs .of staff board now directing the war under general authorizations given by the British and American governments. BRIDGES HITS SECKECY OF SECURITY CONFERENCE WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. <£>>— Senator Bridges <R-N. Y.), cautioned in the Senate today against the secrecy Continued on Page Two German Casualties High as U. S. Tanks Advance 50 Miles ROME, 28. <U.E) Aug. American tanks and artillery, racing more than 50 miles overland into the Rhone val- lev, closed behind the beaten to* * remnants of the German Nineteenth Armv at Monlcli- f mar today and turned a murderous fire on some 15,000 Nazis trapped against the east bank of the Rhone. With their bridges n cross the broad Rhone cut by Allied bombers, the survivors of the Nineteenth Army faced imminent death or capture between the converging guns of the main Aiperlcnu forces moving up from Avignon and the enveloping column at Montelimar, half-way between the Mediterranean coiutt and Lyon. The trap -was sprims by a strong armored force that swept into Montelimar after a secret forced march from the Sisterone-Grenoble highway more than 50 miles to the east. Flee L'p Kiver The battered Nazis, fleeing up the east bank of the Rhone, raced into Montelimar to find the Americans ready^and waiting:. Front dispatches said the startled Germans fell back to the river edge a nd braced for a den th ba ttle against the Americans closing around them. Throughout yesterday, United Press War Correspondent Dana Adams Schmidt reported, American guns poured a deadly fire into the cornered enemy. American riflemen and hundreds of warplanes joined in the slaughter and casualties among the Nazis were described officially as "enormous." Among the already-decimated German units brought to bay against the river banks were elements of the Eleventh Panzer and One Ninety- eighth Infantry Divisions, possibly reinforced by troops from three other divisions. In addition, :nost of the German Two Hundred Forty-second and Two Hundred Forty-fourth infantry divi- Contlnued fin Page Two M( KITTKICK ABLAZE Fire raging this afternoon in Mc- ittrick had destroyed a residence, gasoline station and telephone company at press time and was still In full force, with Taft, Me- Kittrick, Buttonwlllnw and Fellows stations battling the flames, according to the county fire department. • .. (HASH KILLS 8 FAIRMONT, \eb.. Aug. 2S. (ff) Eight men were killed Saturday when a large army bo-.nber crashed and .burned near Shlprock. N. M., five men parachuted to safety, Including Corporal Vincent P. Kiniry, Visalia. Calif. $65,000 MILL IHUNS NORTH FORK, Aug. 28. (UP) The new $65,000 Ponderosa Lumber Company 'iiill near here was destroyed by fire of unknown origin last night. The mill, which was opened only last week, was turning out yellow pine. ALLIES SINK SHIPS LONDON. Aug. 28. OP>—Allied' naval forces sunk an enemy supply ship, probably sank another, and made hits on the escort ships in a sharp naval engagement off Cap D'Antifer, France, earjy today, the admiralty announced. This was the fourth successive night channel engagement in which Allied navies intercepted enemy shipping attempting to escape from French channel ports. ALLIES All) PATRIOTS IN PARIS—Crowds oC French patriots surround this Allied jeep, one of first to enter Paris, as American and French armored forces drove into city to aid hundreds of thousands of Parisian patriots battling against fierce Herman resistance. Liberated Paris has had a frenzied week end, in which General Dwight D. Eisenhower was given it uiiiiultous welcome, the Germans bomhed the oily, and General Charles de Gaulle escaped injury from snipers' bullets. This photo, one nf the first made inside the city since its liberation, was radioed from Cherbourg; to New York, telephoned from Now York to San Francisco and rushed to The California!! by NEA Service, Incorporated. REDS TAKE DANUBE PDRT BRAIL A DRIVE HUNGARY BORDER ADVANCES PROMISE TO LIBERATE ALL BALKANS IN FEW WEEKS; NAZIS, RUMANIANS FIGHT ALLIES ITALY GAIN 7 MILES TROOPS PRESS INLAND FROM ADRIATIC SECTOR MARSEILLE CLEANED It* France, Aug. 2 UP)— Six days after the army officially announced occupation of this second largest city in France, the last German garrison laid down its arms today and surrendered. FOREST FIRE RAGES LOS ANGELES, Aug. 28. Fire broke out today in brushlands on the eaHt Bide of the San Jacinto mountain range, and was reported advancing rapidly toward timber on the upper levels. The flames, covered an estimated 3000 acres. KOMK, Aug. 28. (UR)—British Eighth Army Polish troops, pushing northward in general gains along a 15-mile front extending inland from the Adriatic sea, advanced 7 miles beyond the Motauro river today and sent spearheads across the tiny Ar- xilla river at a point 5 miles south- oast of the important coaVtal town of Pesaro. Gains wei't made elsewhere along the Italian front as the Germans withdrew toward their fortified Gothic line to the north, Fossombrone, in miles inland, and Funo, both on the main lateral road leading to the Adriatic, have been occupied by Polish troops, while be- twec..i those points their line was extended in a bulge northward with the capture of Cartoeeto, - miles northwest of Saltarra, the seizure of Monte 'Delia Mattera, 2 miles northwest of Cartoceto, and an advance 1 mile north A'est of Monte Delia Mattera tu the high ground around AlontieelJi. While a majority of the German troops were reported to have withdrawn behind the Arxilla rivor, K. A. F. heavy bombers came to the assistance of the advancing Polish troops and for the second successive night pounded targets in the Pesaro area last night. The planes hit enemy troop concent rat ions, gun position y and equipment depots in the Pesaio area, it was announced. In the Appenine sector, Eighth Army troops occupied three towns— Valdimonte, 2 miles northeast of San Gustino, and Piobbieo and For- mignano, just northeast of Apecchio. Advance Eighth Army elements engaged the Germans HI Bibbleno and in the hills east and west of the town, which they enemy still holds, LONDON. Aug. li8. (UP)—Russian troops, pouring through Gahiti g towards liiurluiresr nud I'luosti, captured I ho largo Danube rivor port of Urailn. 1l! miles south of Gnliili, radio Moscow announced, as a Berlin Broadcast, admitted that Soviet cavalry forces farther north had crossed the Hungarian border. General Feodor I. Tolbukhin's Third rkruin- ian Army forced the Sereth river at its continence with the Danube to capture Braila, last enemy bastion barring the way to Bucharest from the east. Advancing over the flat, bard terrain towards the Puimanian capital. 100 miles away, the Soviet troops' face only one other neutral obstacle —the easily-forded Alomita river, -5 miles from Bucharest. Premier Marshal Josef Stalin's order of the day announcing the victory indicated Hruila fell with little fighting, and observers took this to mean that the Germans apparently were rapidly evacuating the Danube area northeast of Bucharest. Their position in that region was also made untenable by reported fighting between German and Human Ian troops in Bucharest and Ploosti. The German DNB agency admitted that Soviet cavalry units had penetrated the Hungarian border at an unidentified point, but claimed that Nazi and Hungarian troops hail repelled them and that all the passes in the northern Carpathians sllll wore firmly in German hands. A it ho ugh Moscow remained silent on the Gorman annduncenient, the report indicated that Marshal Kodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Uk ran Jan Army was making good progress toward a major breach into Transylvania, bone of contention between Human la and Hungary since its award in Hungary by Gorman dictate in UMO. Fanning out .south of Kumnicul- Sarat, where Malinovsky brought his forces to within f»7 miles of Rumania's rich nil fields and 7^ miles of Continued on I'HKO Two Poles Charge Nazi Slaughter in Warsaw GERMAN AIM TO KILL ALL CIVILIANS CHARGED; AMBASSADOR ASKS AID AVASHINGTOX. Aug. 28. (UP)— o Polish government fn exile today appealed to Allied and neutral governments and to the Vatican to prevent Germany from exterminating a Ian?;; portion of the population of Warsaw "within the next few clays." Polish Ambassador Jan Ciccha- nowskl delivered the appeal to the state department. It was accompanied by a charge that the Germans "are guilty of another atrocity, exceeding by far anything they have hitherto done." "The German authorities aim at the extermination of the entire civilian population of Warsaw," the ambassador said "All parts of the city captured and hold by the Germans were surrounded by strong military forces nnd the population of all these districts was deported to Pruszkov, a small industrial town 15 miles southwest of Warsaw, where a wholesale .slaughter camp was installed." Dewey Keeps Peace Plans Out of Politics ALBANY. X. Y.. Aug. 28. (UR>— Governor Thomas K. Dewey, in a move to keep postwar peace plans out. of politics, has withheld specific and detailed ideas for preventing future wars, it was reported today. The U*. 1 publican president in I nominee, it was said, wants first to bring about a. nonpartisan agreement on general objectives before starting discussions of definite plans. Such a procedure, his advisers said, would prevent controversy from clouding .'il i Paris Welcomes Eisenhower; New Government Is Formed Lt l'tor a frenzied Youths Form State Teen Center Group COMPTOX, AUK. 28. don't try to understand us," says anuel Santa nu, Watts, newly elected president of the southern California Teen Centers Association. Two hundred boy« and girls representing youth centers of 25 southern California communities met Saturday at the suggestion of the California Youth Authority and formed the organization. At a session from which 'adults were barred, Santana declared that adults "forget they survived our age somehow." Pete Beaman. Ventura, observed: "I won't eay they're worn out or run down, but they don't have a lot of steam to let off like we do. They should try to help us with our centers. PARIS. AUK. 2S. government was be era led Paris today week end in which General D. tii.senhower was given a. tumul- tnu.s welcome. th« j Germans bombed the city, ami General diaries de Gaulle escaped death or injury from -snipers' bullets. (The Paris radio, in a broadcast heard in London, «»id the city was (juiet today and that two additional nests of enemy resistance had been mopped up.) Nearly all of the directors of the French resistance movements, who will have prominent parts in the new government, were, in the city. The Algiers government was en route. Named Minister Quartus Oerat, head of all French resistance, was appointed minister- at-large under De Gaulle. Cerat's name, like some others In the resistance movement, is an assumed one. Crowds jammed the Champs Ely- sees yesterday and shouted themselves hoarse as General Eisenhower and his British. French and American staffs made a ceremonial tour of the city that ended In the shadow of the Arc de Triomphe. There the four-star general, with the smile us broad as the Kansas prairie, told cheering, Parisians; "1 \ new French j have come here to pay the tribute of set up in lib- j the Allied forces to the indomitable spirit of Paris." AVith him were Lieu tenant-General Omar X. Uiadley, commander of the I'nited States Twelfth Army group; Lieu tenant-Gen era I Joseph Pierre Koenig, commander of the French forces of the interior; Brig-i- dier-General Jacques Leelere, commander of the French Second Armored Division; Air Thief Marshal Sir- Arthur Tedder. deputy supreme commander: Major-General Leonard T. Gerow. Fifth L'nited Stales Cor pa commander. Na/is liomb Suburbs General Eisenhower wanted General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery* Lieutenam-General George S. Patton. Jr., and General Charles de Gaulle to participate in the parade, but duty prevented their appearance. German planes had bombed Paris suburbs the night before, and early yesterday the skies were aglow from the light of fires. The death toll was placed at 110, with 719 persons injured. When the raiders came over, people were still in the streets celebrating, despite the battle which broke out Saturday afternoon when Continued on Pttga Two Ration's Men Push Ahead With Little Resistance From Nazis SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. 28. (HE)—Triumphant American troops stormed through the valley of the Marne today, approaching the historic battles- ground of Chateau-Thierry, while a powerful British armored force streamed across the Seine above Paris in a double-edged threat to the Nazis' robot bomb bases and the borders of Germany itself. The buttered German armies of northern France were in full retreat and Xax.i reports said one American column had thrust on beyond captured Troyes to reaeh the Marne at Vitry en Francois, 100 miles southeast of Paris and barely 90 miles from the German frontier. As the Americans struck eastward, long lines of British tanks and mechanized infantry swarmed across the Seine rl^er bridgehead at Vernon. .18 miles northwest of Paris, and struck out for Fleury, H miles beyond the Seine and 14 miles southeast of Rouen. Other British columns swept across the Seine.in force at Mantes. Elbeau and newly-won bridgehead at Louviers. almost midway between Veruon and Elbeuf. Fight at Pas de Calais Only feeble enemy opposition was encountered by the British spearheads, but headquarters spokesmen warned it was too early to determine inwhether Hitler had ordered his troops in the Pas de Calais to hoW at all costs or to abandon their flying bomb bases to avoid encirclement. Equally weak resistance met the American columns in their swift thrust up the Marne, and official reports placed the Yank spearheads on the approaches of Cheateau-Thierry, barely 30 miles south-southeast of the forest of Compiegne where the armistice of 1918 was signed and where Germany imposed her harsh truce of 1940 on beaten France. * The third battle of the Barne was on. but official reports indicated that this time the Germans had nothing left to stem the khaki tide sweeping eastward on their frontiers. .Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's victory-flushed Yanks met sharp resistance at a number of places from enemy rear guards numbering up to 1000 men, but at most points only a handful of Nazis barred the way and they were destroyed swiftly. Meaux, 23 miles east of Paris, was captured by the advancing Americans and headquarters said Patton's men crossed to the north bank of the Marne and were approaching Continued on Page Two WORLD SERIES OPENS OCT. 4 BASEBALL GAMES SLATED IN ST. LOUIS CHICAGO. Aug. JS. <UR>—The 1944 world series will open at Sportsmen s Park, St. Louis, on \Vednes* L day. October 4. Judge K. M. Landis, commissioner of baseball, announced today after a meeting with representatives of the St. Louis Cardinals of the National League. St. Louis Browns, ami Detroit. Boston and Xew York of the American League. It was assumed by the commissioner's office that the Cardnials would win the National League pennant again and no other club in that league WHS represented at the gathering today. It" it is an all-St. Louis series, the games will be played on October 4, 5, 0. 7, S, i) and 11. provided the series sues the limit of seven games, October 4, 5, and D and 11 would be considered home sames for the Cards. alihoi»g!i '..he clubs use the same hall park. If Detroit wins the American League pennant, Detroit would play at St. Louis on October 4, 5, and 6, and then travel to Detroit to resume the series on October 8. playing* October y. la and 12 if that many games are needed to settle the base- bail championship. If Boston or Xew York should op- i pose the Cards the opening games would be played at St. Louis on October 4. 5 and ti, with two days of travel before resuming the series at the eastern city on Ocober 9, 10, 11 and BASEBALL AMERICAN LEAGUE At New York— K. H. BOSTON .................. ^.^ 7 10 XEW YORK ................ „. 4 ; « Butteries: Terry. BarreU : (4> Conroy; Zuber, Turner (ti), J. son <7> and Garbark, 1 'i

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