The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 26, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 26, 1944
Page 12
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Soturdoy, August 26, 1944 Cbttortal of JSakersftefo Caltforman A F. F R E I) II A R B E L L B D I T O I a N D PUBLISH II Entered In post cffkp at Bakersfieid. Cnlirornln. no second class mail under the act of CnnRrcsa Marrh 3, isrit. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is *Tclns1v*»ly entitle^ to the usr for pnhti'-fl- lion of all ne\ve dispatch*g credited to it rr m>t rthorwise rieditcd in this paper, and also the local news published therein. The BakcrsfieM Cnllfornian Is also a clirni ot the United i'tcsr and receives its complete wire *eivk-«v REPRESENTATIVES Wcxt-Hnililay To.. Inc. Xrw Tork. Chirnsro, Pan Fninrlscn. Los Anpclrp, Seattle, Portland, Denver WASHINGTON, D. C. . HI'RE*!' The Hasltin Service. Washington, l>. By carrier or mail fin advance) In postal zone* nnr, two. Uurn. per month. SHc: six months. $.'».lfl: one \eai\ J'. 1 O'l. By mail in postal zones four to eisht. per month, $1 05. POISON GAS T Huron horrible lo contemplate, il is nol at all improbiiblc (hat Germany will use poison gas against the Allies, possibly dropping it by night over England from planes in the form of bombs, or else sending it over England by robot carriers. Germany is probably convinced by this time that there will be no armistice and temporary hiatus between wars as there was at the end of 1918. Our leaders have committed themselves and our armies to the actual occupation of Germany and the punishment of the German war leaders. This means that Germany can gain nothing by an armistice. Hitler and his crowd know in advance how an assessment of their guilt will fall. They stand convicted before trial. They could gain nothing in this war by an armistice. With them now it is a fight for survival. It seems they can entertain no hope of ameliorating, or improving their situation in this war. They must go down fighting. Our air forces have, in strategic operations, smashed German war industry. German armies skulking home from all combat fronts, moving within the periphery of the Reich itself, must know that they have lost all their major battles on the outside. They have now the task of defending their homeland against a fate whose plot is already patently against them. On a basis of everything to gain (which is nothing) and nothing to lose, having lost almost everything, the German leaders may elect to liberate poison gas over England in a remote and insane hope. Il could be no more than that. Actually, the Allies have a vast store of poison gas and they could use it effectively against Germany because of their great air force. On the contrary, the air force of Germany lias been so reduced as to make il no longe. a serious throat against Ihc tactical operations of the Allies. Actual use of poison gas by the Germans will bring with il an immediate retaliation in kind from the Allies. There is no question about this reaction, for our leaders have asserted that such will be our response. But Germany cannot stave off the day either with poison gas or with robot bombs of a greater size than those now launched daily against southern England. Large robot bombs obviously require more material and manufacturing time and labor than the smaller bombs. Right now Germany docs not have the facilities to bring about Ihc destruction of England either by big robot bombs or poison gas. All the use of these expedients can do is to increase the ultimate punishment for the men Ibat directed them. "GRAVEDIGGERS OF FRANCE" G AMLLIN, whose blind trust in the Maginol line led to the creeping paralysis, the inertia that made the French army of four years ago one of the most futile in history; Deladicr, an honest peasant who had the appearance of a strong man because of his "bull-neck," but who was in reality spineless and devoid of willpower; Reynaud, lively and brilliant but dominated by his mistress, the > Countess de Porles; Petain, "a stupid, tired ! old man, obsessed by his haired of Democracy" and a "millstone around the neck of France"—these men were the ones thai dug i the grave of France. In one of the notable books of (his day, "Pertinax," whose real name is Andre Ge- ! raud, has writ ten "The Gravediggers of France," a great tome of 1)12 pages in which a detailed assessment is made of the fall of France. Geraud, one of the most distinguished journalists of Europe and one of the uncor- i ruplibles of a French press noted for its venality, as his book's title would indicate, attributes the death of France to the leaders of France. These leaders, Gamelin, Deladier, Reynaud, Petain, and Laval, the thoroughly contemptible, and a host of lesser political jackals, including the "liar," Weygand, according to Geraud, all helped bury France. Hundreds of thousands of words have been written about the fall of France. The j venal press of France, always open to the J highest bribe, said the Communists destroyed France. The Communists said that the French reactionaries with their armaments cartels feared communism r more than they | did (he Germans and look Ihc lesser of Iwo I evils. j The politicians blamed the failure of France on the generals who had an insufferable complacency over (he "impregnable" I bulwark of the Maginot line. The generals blamed the politicians. "Pcrlinax," in hi.s huge book, names the specific men and the conditions they imposed for the fall of France. ' The publication of the book in this country at this lime comes with extraordinary liming as France poises on the threshold of liberation and will begin again to renew its lease on life as a nation. . I It has taken the fall of France and the liberation of France to make Geraud's book : possible. The documented book provides an j impressive series of portraits and explanations of a group of men sterile mentally, cynical morally, and decadent politically for | they really had no concern for their nation ! but measured life in terms of what they thought'of as their own personal security through illegal wealth. JACKSON HOLE C ATTI.K.MICN in the Jackson Hole country, one of Wyoming's great scenic valleys, are opposing in court Ihc attempt of Harold Ickes, secretary of the interior, to make the Jackson Hole area into a national park for Telon county, which is south of Yellowstone National Park. The state is contending that the secretary of the interior has an "insatiable desire" to bring more and more land under Federal control. Cattlemen and farmers in the beautiful area wish lo retain the land for grazing and agricultural use. Here is another example of the Federal government moving contrary to the wishes of the persons involved in Ihc district affected. The issue is in court and will adjudicate years of controversy into which even the Rockefeller family has been involved through purchasing land in the area to deed lo the government if Jackson Hole becomes a park. Incidentally, the laxpaying Jackson Hole farmers and cattlemen do nol want this land removed from the assessment rolls of the county. They contend, as do many others, that constant removal of Federal properly from Ihc lax rolls is imposing an increasing burden upon the land remaining outside of Federal ownership. The Jackson Hole issue involves two opposed viewpoints coming more and more lo focus nationally. One viewpoint favors more and more control of stale's land and proper- lies by the Federal government and seems to have as its major exponent Mr. Harold Ickcs. The other viewpoint is an increasing trend back to the policy of having the stales settle their own a flairs without too much Federal parlcrnalism or interference—a system of democracy well defined in the Revolutionary War of 1770. Aside from the political issues involved, many residents of this county know the district, having traveled there to admire ils rugged beauties. It is one of the grandest scenic areas of the West and is nationally famous and was known long before Mr. Ickes. PRISONERS OF WAR I NCI.i DIM; all nationalities, there arc now approximately (5,000,000 prisoners of war. Forty-seven nations ratified provisions for the care and treatment of war prisoners at a conference held in Geneva during 1929. Japan was nol a signatory lo this agreement but has notified the world thai she is abiding by ils provisions which for her, if true, mean food and quarters similar to Ihosc received by Japanese soldiers. Actually the conditions under which a Japanese soldier lives and his food are such as to appal the average American boy, but Japan would never, of course, afford an enemy living conditions superior to those of her own troops. Russia was a signatory lo the international rules governing the treatment of'prisoncrs and Russia refuses to permit anyone to visit her prison camps. It is known she has millions of German prisoners—more prisoners than any other nation involved in this war. Prisoners of war must nol be forgotten. Families and friends should write to these people regularly, even though only a few letters "get through." There is no profounder disillusion than to have been forgotten by one's friends, especially after having offered one's life in national service. The Red Cross and Y. M. C. A. have done and are doing a notable work for our war prisoners'. One of the most popular features with the captured men is the showing regularly of Ki-niillimeler motion picture films furnished by the motion picture industry for jusl this purpose. These films are distributed by Y. M. C. A. workers from neutral countries. The prisoners anticipate these films with great pleasure for they constitute a break in the terrible monotony of their lives. Prisoners are furnished musical instruments, toilet articles and clothes to eke out their supply at the Time of capture—the clothes they stand in. , ' ERNIE PYLE ON THE WESTERN FUONT (By Wireless).—We had sent one soldier to the nearest aid station as soon as we discovered the wounded British pilot, trapped for eight days in his plane. He had to drive about six miles. .lust a few minutes after the other soldiers finished tearing two holes in the sides of the plane, a medical captain and three aid men popped through the hedge and came running. The doctor knelt down and sized up everything in a few seconds, lie asked an aid man for rnorphirte. The pilot willingly held out his right arm, and the doctor stuck n. needle Into (he bend of the elbow. The pilot never Clinched, but looked on almost approvingly. "You're in good condition." the doctor said to him. "This is .just to make it easier for you when we start to pull you out. We'll wait a few minutes for it to take hold. While we were silting there on the ground beside the piano, wailing for the morphine to take effect, the pilot sa id: "I am delaying you from your work. I'm frightfully sorry about it." One of the soldiers, touched by the remark, blurted: "Good Clod, leften- ant, you aren't delaying us. This is what we're here for. We're just sorry we're so long getting you out. The pilot momentarily closed his eyes and put his hand on bis forehead. And then, as if in resignation at his own rudeness in bothering us, he said: "Well, I don't know what I should do without you." So incredibly strong was that pilot's constitution that the morphine never put him out. his shoulders with their hands. They had padded the jagged edges of the torn aluminum, over which they would have to slide him, with the heavy rubber of his collapsible lifeboat. The doctor said, "We'll be as easy as we can. Tell us when to quit." And the brave man said, "Go ahead. I'll stand it as long as 1 can." They pulled again. The pilot made a face and exerted himself to help them. They slid him slowly a few inches through the hole, until he suddenly called: "Whoa-whoa-whoa- whoa! By back! It's stuck to the ground. We'll have to break it loose slowly." They surveyed the possibilities a while, trying to figure a less painful j way of getting him out. There j wasn't any. He said: I "I can't raise my behind at all. If you could slide something under me to carry the weight." They waited about 10 minutes. Then two soldiers took off their web belts and looped them around the pilot's armpits. The medics on the other side said they had hold of his trapped foot and could gradually free it. "It's my back that's weak," the pilot said. "All the strength seems to be gone from the small of my back. You'll have to help me there." They pulled. The pilot, although without food for eight days, was tremendously strong, and he reached above his head to the plane's framework and helped lift himself. The belts slipped, and the soldiers took them off. They knelt and lifted A soldier went running to the next field, looking for a board. AVe waited. In a few minutes he came back with a short, thick board. The pilot, reached up with his strong arms, made a face, and lifted himself a little from the ground, and the doctor slid the board underneath him. Then the doctor, still kneeling, lifted one end of the board. Gradually the pilot came out. Twice lie had to stop them while they rearranged his injured leg. He said it was twisted. But apparently it was largely the agony of suddenly straightening out a cramped knee that had lain bent for eight clays. At last, in a sort of final surge, he came clear of the plane. They crawled backwards with him, on hands and knees, struggling to hold his back off the ground. You could see that he was steeling himself fiercely. that litter under called. "Quick 1 Slide him," the doctor The pilot said, "My God, that air! That fresh air!" Three times in tiie the next five minutes he mentioned fresh air. "When they finally laid him tenderly onto the canvas litter and straightened his left leg, you could see the tendons relax and his facial muscles subside, and he gave a long half-groan, half-sigh of relief. And that was the one single sound of normal human weakness uttered by that man of great courage in the hour of his liberation. From the Files of The Galifornian TEX YEARS A(iO 'The Calirnrnliin, thin dale. I !!;!•!) Miss ITclene Bing and Miss Hildegarde Case returned Thursday night from an 8000-mile motor trip through 20 states. District of Columbia and Old Mexico. The condition of Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands, ill five days in a hotel in Norway, became slightly worse today. Oenornls of Italy's efficient army told their men today, quoting Mussolini, that war was in the air and that they had to be prepared for conflict at any time. A blast 20 seconds before fl p. m. in Los Angeles, is still blown every night. It is a vestige of the old curfew statute still in effect, but forgotten. ' Harry B. Hoffman has been appointed deputy exalted ruler of the Elks lodge. Seeking to bring the state biennial convention ot California Division, National Association of Letter Carriers to Bakersfield next year, a large delegation is attending a Riverside meeting. TWENTY YEARS A(iO (The California!!, this dale, 1!'S4) The West fide is hunv.ning with development of its oil fields and busi- I ness area. The new high school I system will cost $700,000. Buildings j'being added to the present group are valued at $. 0 >n6,17ii. Employes and customers of the A. B. Harrington hardware establishment were thrown into a panic yesterday, when a big touring cat- crashed into a show window on the Twentieth street side. Police officers raided a local residence this morning, seized a quantity of intoxicating liquor and arrested a Bakersfield man on charges of violatign the prohibition ordinance. Those making the raid were Assistant Chief Jack Doyle, Sergeant Paul Shannon and Detective John Lambert. Luncheon meetings of the Boosters Club will be held in Druids hall with Popular Cafe doing the catering. The deep gutters across local streets are to be covered over. This is the joyful news for motorists forthcoming today from City Engineer W. D. Clarke. Kach bump will cost $700 to eliminate. Vv a s lii ii g £ on Coin mm -(By PETEU EDSON)- T U ID H Jhe I\ead ing (Bv LOUISE PARKS BANES) H our G. B. Stern showed us, in "Mono- gra:n" and "Another Part of the Forest," that she can write as delightfully about herself as about the Rakonitz family in her me-.norable chronicles of the Matriarch and her far flung clan. Her new book, "Trumpet Voluntary," is as spirited and witty as its predecessor's. She begins with a delectable chapter on cats in the gardens of the Albany, that romantic London address which once sheltered Byron and many a Regency rake. Autobiography is too dignified a term for these fugitive essays, in which the author talks gaily, and informally of whatever interests her; leaping from the praise of adaptability as the highest virtue in wartime to the importance of eggs in English life today or why one weeps more readily over the happiness of characters in fiction than over their own griefs. There are tantalizing bits, such as why a goose is the only domestic animal on the public highway to whom all traffic must give way; which naturally makes an A:nerican reader wonder whether a hard-boiled sergeant from Detroit would respect that privilege. She *vrites of rivers ilmost lyrically, with especial fondness for her memory of a restless 17-year-old punting on the Thames on golden afteroons before the first World War. Again she praises the miracle of a lemon in wartime; or writes about panaceas for insomnia, or the beauty of familiarity. She waxes caustic over different types of tiresome women, and their various methods of exasperation; and she has as fascinating chapter on words and their meaning. Her walking sticks appear and reappear, that collection which oddly survived the blitz which destroyed all her books. Her strong belief in coincidence, as one of the great patterns in life is stressed anew; and she writes of luck whimsically. "You hunger for solid opportunity," she sums up sagely, "but you thirst for luck." But whatever is the theme of the moment, whether she writes of friends or views from bedroom windows; whether she tells of the past or the present, every page of her book reaffirms her faith in life. For her that life is symbolized by the willow-herb rioting unsubdued among the ruins of London; and she gathers up for her readers all the tiny instances of jewelled fragments of life that give ressurance to replace uncertainty. "Trumpet Voluntary," as well as the other books of C!. B. Stern, may be borrowed through any branch of the Kern County Library. uestions ana A nswers Q. Do more city children or rural children attend high school? K. C. F. A. The Office of Education says that more city children attend high school than rural children. The lat est figures available show that the lumber of students attending high schools in cities was .1,812.488, and the number attending rural high schools was 2,788,956. Q. When and by whom were the survivors of the ship Bounty discov ered on Pltcairn island?—H. D. A. In 1808, 18 years after the dis ippearance of H. M. S. Bounty, Cap- .aln Mayhew Folger of the Topaze, lailing from Boston, put into the slant! for water. Since it was charted uninhabited, the captain was i mazed to be greeted by a boatload of youths speaking English. Q. What percent of oygen is lost rom the air which passes through a lome furnace?—D. C. K. A. The bureau of mines says the >er cent of the oxygen of the air hat is used in the burning of coal in louse-heating furnaces varies a great deal. It may range from one- bird to two-thirds. Q. What unit of the United States Army was the first to land in Europe n the last World War'.'—K. McB. 'A. The war department says that roops which later became elements f the First and Second divisions vere the first to land in Europe. Q. What is the distinction letwcen boards and planks?— \ R. L. A. As a rule lumber less than \.y inches thick is designated as Kiards; from 1\'< to 4',-i inches as ilanks. Q. Does the Island on which the tatue of Liberty stands belong to s'ew York or New Jersey?—N. I. A. A. Bedloe's Island belongs to the 'nited States government, but it is ituated within the boundary of New erwey. Q. Why is money sometimes popu- irl.v* referred to as "tin"?—X. G. H. A. This slang term for money goes ick to the English stiver coinage of lie eighteenth century. It wore so liin and smooth before its recall that t was said to resemble tin. Q. Are any of the qriglnal Purple leart decorations still in existence? E. B. A. Only one Is known to exist. This •as discovered by accident upon an Id uniform in a barn in Deerfield, s'. H., and was presented to the So- iety of the Cincinnati of that state. Q. When are the Philippine Is- anda scheduled to become free?— . R. A. The Tydlngs-McDuffie Act of 934 provided for full independence n July 4, 1946. | 'Q. What is the significance of a dollar bill with the word Hawaii printed across it?—L. O. A. United States currency for use In Hawaii has the word Hawaii printed across it. These bills are perfectly good, but are not intended for circulation in this country and banks have been asked to turn them in to federal reserve banks. Q. Which is the better for human activity, a climate with variations in temperature or one in which there is little change during the year?— II. S. D. A. According In Doctor Huntington's theory of climate and human energy, variations in temperature from day to day and from season to season stimulate both physical and mental action. Q. Who makes the rules and regulations regarding discharge from the navy?—W. E. N. A. The Congress of the United States, through legislation, establishes basic regulations for discharge. These are interpreted and carried out by the navy department. Q. What was the decree which legalized Christianity?—O. W. A. A. The reference is probably to the Edict of Milan, issued jointly by Constantino and Licinius in A. D. :113, and which gave full religious liberty to the Christians. Q. How much has the revenue from personal income taxes Increased during the war?—E. L. R. A. In the fiscal year ended June 30, 1944, the revenue from individual income taxes was 18 times as great as before the war. Q. What creature fasts for the longest period?—F. F. A. Natural History says that under controlled conditions lungfish have lived in estivation or summer sleep for four years and can probably endure longer. This is the longest fast of any animal on record. Q, Is there a DuVe of Kent at the present time?—E. D. S. A. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, succeeds upon the death of his father in 1942 In an airplane accident. The present duke is 8 years old. Q. How is horse meat stamped? F. G. K. A. A hexagonal stamp with green ink is used in marking horse meat. Also the words "horse meat" are used. Q. Does the average person overestimate or underestimate distance? F. B. D. A. Underestimating of distance is believed to be more common. SOMEtt'HEUE IX FRANCE, Aug. 2fi.—While the percentage of women who actually took refuge in the Maquis is small, they nevertheless played an important part in the resistance. Behind the facade of the average housewife or wage-earner they hid the manifold activities of the partisan. In every town and ayery village women formed resistance groups, at first mainly to help other women whose husbands had been executed, made prisoners, of deported to Germany. The caring of orphans or youngsters whose parents hail been deported soon became another branch of clandestine work in which women of Ihe resistance specialized. In many cases where Jews were rounded up and crowded into »rains for deportation, Frenchwomen have run beside the slow-moving trains and snatched babies and youngsters thrown out to them by anguished parents. These children had to be provided with false papers and ration cards and brought up as members of the family. Women acted as couriers, carrying messages which obviously could not be sent through postal or telephone services. They distributed clandestine papers, helped with the printing presses, stole identity papers and ration card blanks, passed on orders for meeting and sabotage, all highly dangerous work for which the penalty, if caught, meant death or deportation to German labor j camps. I Frenchwomen soon acquired the cool-headed resourcefulness and cunning necessary to outwit the Nazis. One incident will illustrate this: A few weeks before D-Day n woman patriot was assigned to run a truck- ful of small arms and ammunition— dropped by parachute by the British —to "somewhere in the Haute Sa- vole mountains," a distance of some 80 miles. The truck was camouflaged as an ambulance. The Gestapo knew that this was being done under their very noses, yet had been unsuccessful In laying hands on a single load. Arrangements were made for Patriots to meet the truck just beyond the German control post and to be on the "qui vive" to come to assistance of Madame A. Challenged by the sentry, she was asked: "What arc you carrying?" "A load of arms' and ammunition, what do you think?" she replied with a smile and a shrug of her shoulders. Mean- wttile she had ostentatiously produced a large box of matches and a pack of cigarettes, two of the most difficult things to come by In occupied France. She asked the sentry if he smoked and said he could have the matches—that she had lots more. Meanwhile she was' waiting for the dread moment when he would again mention her load and she would be forced tb make a getaway and perhaps shoot. After exchanging a few more amenities she declared she must be on her way. The German guard waved her on and as a parting joke shouted: "And don't forget to thank the British." Hollywood Oolmmn -(By ERSKINE JOHNSOM- T1IIRTY YEARS AGO (The t.'ulifoi-nian. this date. )!IH) Headlines: Austria Declares War on Japan. Miss Coons Leads Taylor by 900 Votes for Assessor in 51 Precincts; Miller, Lee, Stockton, Shields, Woody, all Appear Victorious. Pope Piux X passed away quietly Thursday morning. The Cardinal Camerlengo, who succeeds temporarily to the power, has already as* sumed the duties of his office. Mrs. Gardett and daughter. Miss Margaret, returned Monday from a vacation trip to Los Angeles and the beaches. T. W. McManus was host last evening to 18 of Cas AValser's boosters for his candidacy as sheriff at Southern grill. H. G. Brandt of Bakersfield has put 150 men to work on the Royal Dutch-Shell line from Coalinga to Martinez. A firm stand against bridge, tangoing and motion pictures by the Reverend Maxwell Hall, pastor of First Christian Church of Portland, has led to his enforced resignation. 40 YEARS AGO (The California!!, this dale, 1904) Headlines: Japan Violates Chinese Neutrality; Russian Official Answers Mikado's Statement in Reference to Sheefo Incident. Al Hulse, who is ocouping a closed cell in the county jail, doesn't like the table board that Sheriff Kelly provides. Orders for 75 new locomotives have been placed with eastern manufacturers by Southern Pacific company. It is believed the Japanese war is responsible for part of the demand for motor power. Miss Edna Helm has finally won the title of Goddess of Labor. Her nearest opponents were Miss Hazel Fox and Miss Pearl Meade. While carrying out a portion of their hazing program four Berkeley students were sent to Oakland jail. Their misdemeanors included hanging a huge sign between north and i south halls. The sign merely bore the words "Welcome 'OS Babies," but there is a law against hanging signs i about the university. When fully dressed, Paillette Godda rd is the least dressed woman in Hollywood. But yesterday she was | so dressed up she could hardly walk. Or breathe. "I can hardly wait." she chuckled, "to get home at night and pull myself into a nice, tight girdle." Paillette was all dressed up in a Gainsborough gown for her latest movie, "Kitty," in which she plays a 1780 guttersnipe who becomes a duchess and one of the richest women in England. Marrying a couple of rich j^ents en route. She was wearing a tightly corseted and steel-banded gown which bound her in and pushed her up, down and out in certain vital zones. Her waist measurement, she said, was four inches less than "when I let myself go." Her hair was powered and way up on her head. Paramount had done a great job of concealing the C'ioddard charms. "But I like it," she said. "Gives the boys a chance | to use their imagination." I But leave it to Paulette. She's still taking no chances. As the guttersnipe who works as a model for the artist Gainsborough, she's always either just taking off her clothes or just putting them on. Paillette's boy friend in the picture, Ray Milland, also was all dressed up. Silk panties, velvet coat and a powdered wig. There was even a beauty mark on hi.s left cheek.. The beauty mark was director Mitchell Leisen's idea. He's a stickler for authenticity. In fact, Leisen was being so authentic for this scene the studio had to hire a policeman to guard a collection of jade powder boxes and FIFTY YEARS AGO (The (.'allfornian, this dale, 1804) The net ordinary expenses of the United States government were reduced under Republican administrations from $10.21 per capita in 1808 to $5.28 in 1892. During the first half of the Democratic administration there was an increase of 25 per cent. Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Ruft'in have returned from San Luis Obispo. Supervisor J. Fontaine returned yesterday from Paleto, where he went to inspect the San Luis Obispo road. The lodge of the American Legion of Honor has enrolled 15 new candidates for membership in Bakersfield. No clue has yet been found to the identity of the highwayman who attacked J. W. Coplin Saturday night. The only description Coplin could give was that he was short, heavy and wore a stiff hat. Consensus of opinion is that the proposed tariff bill will become a law without President Cleveland's signature. A ruder can »*t the tusker to any qu«tlon or fart ta -wrliine The Bakanflrld California Information Bureau, 318 Kra wtreet, N. E.. Waihiiuton, H. D. C. Ptaua tocloaa uuaj (3) cauu for Kita. 1 PEN SHAFTS It's just about time for the second crop of straw hats—many of which will bo picked off by the wind. In an Illinois city 20 divorces were granted in one week, making the score untied. Well maybe it's appropriate for tinhorn politicians to hop on the band wagon. And they will! With some people the most popular oasis is a bottle of hootch entirely surrounded by hip pocket. People who talk too much often are fenced off from success by their own railing. These are hot days that call for sweeping the house with a glance and going to the bathing beach. It never gets hot enough for the women to take off the heavy rouge. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY perfume bottle on the set. The collection, the cop said, was valued at $25.000. Paulette was all agog over her next overseas trip when she completes this picture. She's going to England this time and also, she hopes, to France. She said her last trip to China was wonderful except that she was always eating breakfast and never dinner. "We were flying all the time. The world was going one way and we were going the other. Every time we stopped it was morning and we had breakfast." Ray Milland had proof that there are even movie fans among the secretaries on a studio lot. One of them had just sent him a poem, It read: "If I must rush to Timbucktoo, Russia or Alaska in search of you, I'll do it, darling, come what may. Milland. you make me feel that way." Reginald Owen, the swell character actor who usually plays the father of screen glamor gals, gets to marry Paulette in this one. He plays an English duke and she marries him, of course, only for his money and his title. The shock of becoming a papa and too much port finally kills him and Paulette is free to marry Milland, the guy she loves anyway. Constance Collier Is Milland's . scheming, gin-soaked aunt in the film. It's her first picture In five years. "I went to New York for a two-week vacation," she said, "but I got so busy I couldn't find time to come back." She worked on the radio, starred in a couple of plays and wrote sonic articles for magazines. Tike Readers' Viewpoint EDITOIl'S NOTE— Letters should be llmlled to ISO words: may attack Ideas but not persons; must not be abusive and vhould be written legibly and on one side of thi- paper. The I'altfomlan la not respomlhle for ihe eentlmenls crntalnrd therein and reserves the rlnht to reject anr letters. Letters must bear an authentic adrirew and signature, although these will be withheld i( deslied. BIG AM) SMALL HI SIN ESS Editor of The California n: I read in your editorial column: "Our government is about to issue books on how to be successful in business to our servicemen. But it warns competition will be very keen after the war" and says, too, that some 50,000 enter the business field, and about that many go out. That simply means 50,000 thought they could succeed in business in this land of opportunity! But. the oppor tunity was a mistaken one or else they would have succeeded. In the face of this we are actually going to 'furnish loans and books to make it more easy for them to fall again! Mark you, they warn competition will be more keen after this war than it was before. Now, would It not ne belter and much more sure to extend our present industrial and business fields and make room thereby for returned servicemen? I am not against the small businessman if he thinks he can succeed. But this so-called free enterprise is not as tree as it seems. Competition for doing good is the right kind of competition—we want more of it! But competition in business is a throat- cutting business. It leads to this, buy in the cheapest market and sell in the dearest! "Which is as stated above. To prove it, some years ago we had what was called a gas war, and as you know it played havoc with the oil and gasoline business. What saved the situation, as you know, was co-operation with all parties concerned. Which was in this case, too, a public concern as well. Extending the present fields seem a more sure and sensible way to make room for our servicemen. JAMES PEARSON. 60(1 Roberts Lane, Bakersfield. Without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he that cometh to Hod must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him. — Hebrews ll:ti. * * * To take up half on trust, and half to try, Name it not faith but bungling* bigotry.—Dryden. ARVIN'S NAME Editor The Californlan: I have been reading about the Arvin-Dinuba feud and I first want to proclam my neutrality. However, I am curious as to whom "Lament-' ite" was referring to when she mentioned the lady that gave Arvin its name. The reason is: Arvin was named after my father and I was born while they were still living there. When mother and daddy first went to Arvin it consisted principally of sagebrush and jack rabbits. He drilled the first well there and mother helped get the first Sunday school out there. Also my grandfather carried the mail between Edison and Arvin for many years. Now, you see why I am rather curious. I also have lived at Lament and almost everywhere else east of Bakersfield and many times sincerely wish I was back there. ELIZABETH KLARICH. El Cajon, Calif., August 19, 1944. ON EDUCATION Editor The Californian: A few days ago, Paul Mallon in his article had a subject that I have had in mind for years. This thine of high school and J. C. graduates not being able to spell, read or add up a string of figures. I know this thing to be a fact. I know some grads right in this town that can tell you the batting average of baseball players in detail, and tell you all about the various football players, but when it comes to being able to do anything with the "3 Rs," why they are just not there. What is wrong with the school system anyway? When I went to school you stayed after school to get what you did not assimilate in your assignment. You also stayed in one class until you got a passing average. We were good spellers because we i had "spelling matches." We were • good mathematicians because we had to stay after school to get it. or take it home and have by morning. We never could get away with the stuff kids these days do; so there was less foolishness and more getting down ' to business. Cannot these school systems get wise to themselves or are'we to have a generation of "dumbbells"? LAST GENERATION. Bakersfield, August 23, 1944. OPPOSES ROOSEVELT Editor The Californian: I have noticed that some of our friends get considerable satisfaction and pleasure out of referring to the adminstrations preceding Mr. Roosevelt's. During those administrations, the national debt wag reduced to the. tune of $7,000,000,000, and that ain't hay in any man's language (although it's chicken feed to the present administration), but did Mr. Roosevelt ever cut down on the debt at all. even one dollar? Not that anyone has heard of. It would net doubt serve Mr. Roosevelt in a just and proper manner to re-elect him to a fourth or fourteenth term if he could be depended on to make any sincere effort to put the country on a safe and sound financial basis. But, judging from the past, he would go merrily on his borrowing, giving-away policy, just as long as any money could be borrowed. It's noticeable that certain persons are greatly concerned lest'someone other than Mr. Roosevelt should be elected to the Presidency and the war might be lost through inexperience and mismanagement. It is reassuring to consider that the war Is being won all right, but it is not being won because of Mr. Roosevelt. Rather, jt is being won In spite of him and his giving, away strategy. MARTIN LEWIS. Bakersfield, RAZOR STROP Editor The Californian: My letter of July 30, to Reader's Viewpoint, obtained unexpected results as someone sent me, in today's mail, a razor strop. I wonder if the party who sent It figures that being 73 years of age I will need a razor strop used on me during my period of second childhood. Respectively, A. W. KIMBER.

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