Farm The Salina Journal Thursday, January 30,1986 Page 14 Briefly Fertilizer meeting to be at Abilene ABILENE — The Dickinson County Winter Fertilizer meeting will be at 7:30 p.m. Feb. 6 in the basement meeting room of the Dickinson County Courthouse. David Whitney, Kansas State University Extension state leader in agronomy, will discuss phosphorus, potassium, ph, lime and liming materials, non-traditional fertilizer, soil fertility research findings and the application and timing of fertilizer. Conservation tillage to be taught HILLSBORO — Farmers and others interested in conservation tillage may attend a conservation tillage school from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Feb. 4 at the First National Bank in Hillsboro. Kansas State University extension specialists will discuss soil compaction and related problems, conservation tillage for problem soils, improving field sprayer accuracy and efficiency, selecting field sprayers, conservation tillage cultural practices and fertilizer application and placement for conservation tillage. The free meeting is sponsored by the Marion County Extension Council. Area grain sorghum school set McPHERSON — Area farmers who want to improve their ability to grow grain sorghum can attend an area grain sorghum school from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Feb. 3 at the McPherson County 4-H Building. Reports of top yielding hybrids, latest information on fertilizer, weed control and insect and disease control will be amoung the topics presented, according to Ken Springer, McPherson County agricultural agent. Several grain sorghum seed dealers will have display booths at the school. There also will be a noon meal for participants, but reservations are requested by 9 a.m. Feb. 3. Meeting set for Kansas AAM GREAT BEND — The next state meeting of the Kansas American Agriculture Movement will be at 10 a.m. Feb. 1 at the Black Angus restaurant at Great Bend. There will be reports on activities of the national grass-roots AAM and the AAM convention will be discussed. Cattle to be topic of meeting MARION — Keith Zoellner, extension beef specialist, will discuss the economic benefits of improving cowherd reproduction efficiency at a meeting from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. Friday at the Marion City Building. Topics will include effects of nutrition on cowherd reproductive performance, costs of long calving intervals, improving reproduction efficiency and increasing weaning weights by shortening the breeding season, bull selection and other management practices. The free meeting is sponsored by the Marion County Extension Council. Tractor safety course set in Salina A tractor safety school will be from 6:30 to 9:30 p.m. Feb. 19 and 26 in Room 109 of the City-County Building, 300 W. Ash. A $3 fee will be charged to cover costs of training manuals and refreshments. Reservations are needed by Feb. 14. The class is intended for youths 14 and 15 years old who are planning to operate a tractor for someone other than their parents or legal guardian. Only one session is planned this year. Thorpe to retire from Farm Credit WICHITA — Mike Bone has been appointed senior vice president and chief financial officer of Farm Credit Services, succeeding Charles N. Thorpe, who plans to retire Friday. Bone, who has worked 13 years in the Wichita district of the service, will manage the financial, accounting and date services departments of the organization. Thorpe is retiring after 35 years in the farm credit organization, including 15 years at Production Credit Associations in Sterling and Colby. TELENET topic to be farm bill Extension economists at Kansas State University will conduct a discussion of the 1985 farm bill from 9 a.m. to noon Feb. 5 in Room 201 of the General Studies Building on the Kansas Technical Institute campus. The economists will provide a three-hour look at probable commodity prices, the new conservation reserve and 1986 comodity programs. The TELENET conference will be an extended version of the economists' monthly update on marketing and management. Bill Tierney, KSU grain marketing specialist, and Mike Sands, livestock marketing analyst, will lead the discussion on near-term commodity prices. They will answer questions via a two-way phone netwook. After the discussion, KSU extension faculty members will discuss the Food Security Act of 1985. The speakers include wildlife specialist Bob Henderson, agronomist John Hickman, forester Bill Loucks, range management specialist Paul Ohlenbusch and economist Don Pretzer. Handouts on the market forecasts and farm bill will be available at each TELENET link site, as will coffee and donuts. Pesticide law to be discussed Compliance with a recently amended law requiring businesses that sell presticides to register with the state will be the topic of a meeting from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. Feb. 24 in Room 109 of the City-County Building, 300 W. Ash. The Kansas Pesticide Law was amended during the last legislative session to require most retail pesticide dealers to register annually with the Kansas Board of Agriculture. Non-registeration is a class A misdemeanor. Registration and reporting requirements for pesticide dealers will be covered at the meeting. Ecks named tree growers of year For the second consecutive year, Jerry and Marlene Eck of Bel Tree Farm, Salina, won the Kansas Christmas Tree Grower of the Year award, presented by the Kansas Christmas Tree Growers' Association. The Ecks, who have grown Christmas trees near Salina for 21 years, entered a 6% foot Scotch pine in the contest. They will be recognized at the Kansas Forest Resources Conference on March 20 in Topeka. Palco man elected to chair group PALCO — Robert McClellan of Rooks County was elected chairman of the State Conservation Commission at its January meeting. McClellan is a conservation district supervisor in Rooks County and has been a State Conservation commissioner since 1977. The commission is responsible for the administration of the state soil and water conservation programs. McClellan also operates a farm near Palco. Group pushes 'eat meat' message with week WASHINGTON (AP) - It's National Meat Week, time for everyone to enjoy a juicy hunk of steak or ham, or maybe a lamb chop or two, says the American Meat Institute, which represents the meat industry. But some animal welfare groups and nutrition advocates say Americans eat too much meat and that the mass production techniques of turning out cattle, hogs, lambs and poultry are too cruel. The industry counters with its own messages, claiming Americans prefer meat, and that pot roasts, chops and hamburgers are essential to balanced diets. "It started off about three and a half years ago when some public relations people decided to create an event for the industry, to help the industry fight back," says Sara Lilygren, the institute's National Meat Week coordinator. This is the third annual National Meat Week, and "it's turned into more than a public relations campaign," she said. "It's a mer- chandizing opportunity for supermarkets and meat companies." Lilygren said National Meat Week has no official sanction from the government, although the Agriculture Department's Extension Service helps with some of the educational work. It's not like the re- Aid programs may have missed needy WASHINGTON (AP) — A cluster of agrarian aid programs passed by the states last year while the nation's farm economy soured may have failed to help some of the country's hardest-hit farmers, says a study by a Washington think tank. Further, says the Council of State Policy and Planning Agencies, the same mistake may be made again this year if targeting rules are not developed. By last October, 22 emergency farm financial aid programs existed in 15 states, said the council, which represents state agriculture officials. More than $500 million was poured into nearly 20,000 farm loans in programs like interest rate buy-downs, loan guarantees and state treasury deposits in banks that agreed to make low-cost agriculture loans, the group found. While that was dramatically less than the $212 billion U.S. farm debt, it was a significant effort by states — which traditionally don't get involved in farm finance — to fill a gap left by Washington, the council said. "Not all of the existing programs are success stories," the policy group wrote in a report released this week. "Some fell far below expectations, allocating only a small part of their authorized funds. Others have moved far greater dollar amounts, but with questionable efficiency." The most common problem was PACs are needed tool for farmers? HUTCfflNSON (HNS) — A political action committee does not automatically equate with payment for services rendered. But political reality in the 1980s dictates that farm organizations at least take a serious look at the "tool," according to Donald E. Henderson, secretary of Indiana Farm Bureau ELECT. ELECT is the Indiana bureau's political action' committee. Henderson's comments came this week during the annual Policy Implementation Workshop of the Kansas Farm Bureau in Hutchinson. Kansas bureau leaders are investigating the possibility of forming a PAC and will report their findings during the group's annual meeting next fall in Wichita. The need for farmers to be involved in both sides of the political arena — elections and legislation — has increased the need for PACs,- according to Henderson. "We ask them (congressmen) to do many things for us," he said. "Then they come back to us for help and you say we can't. How long are you willing to help someone who is not willing to help you? That is not buying votes; it's helping people who help you." Money is only a small part of how a PAC becomes effective, at least the way the Indiana bureau operates its committee. Henderson said the bureau is well respected and its endorsement can often mean more than the money. "The Farm Bureau has a tremendous amount of credibility, particularly outside agriculture," Henderson said. "If you say that congressman is a good guy, that is as important as the money." By law, PACs are limited to contributing $5,000 or less to individual campaigns. Henderson thinks the $5,000 alone will not buy votes, but the credibility of an organization can persuade. For example, the Indiana PAC has been in existence three years and has seen one election. During the 1984 congressional election, the PAC contributed a total of $3,500 to four candidates ($1,000 each to three and $500 to one). Seven candidates received no money. lack of targeting, the group found. "An emergency finance program must steer support to those with real needs," said the report. "No state can afford to help all farmers with subsidized credit... (Yet) a majority of programs do not have stringent eligibility requirements." For example, six states — Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio — bought bank certificates of deposit at lower-than-market rates of return, with the understanding that the banks, in turn, would make below-market loans to farmers. But none of the six programs required that the low-interest loans go only to farmers who were unable to find credit elsewhere, the council found. Of the six, only Indiana had eligibility standards excluding farms with large assets. "K minimum eligibility standards are not established, little prevents banks participating in the program from using the (money) to back loans to farms with little need of assistance," the council said. Lack of eligibility standards could become an even worse problem this year if states do not learn from past mistakes, the group said. While Congress passed legislation aiding the Farm Credit System in December, aid to commercial banks, which also handle a large portion of farm lending, has yet to be addressed. cent National Pizza Week, which involved an official proclamation by Agriculture Secretary John R. Block. The meat industry has been stung for years by allegations that its product — particularly fatty meat — may cause heart disease, cancer or other disorders. So, a more positive approach has bean developed. Meat should be included in diets "because it provides generous quan- titites of high-quality protein" for body building, the institute's latest consumer booklet says. Meat also includes "the most readily absorbable form of iron" and contains "significant amounts of other essential nutrients like B vitamins and zinc." "The American Heart Association recommends that we consume not more than 30 percent of calories from fat," the industry report said. "Fat adds flavor, juiciness, appetite appeal, and a satisfying stick-to-the- ribs quality to foods. Moderate amounts of fat are dietary essentials." Although the meat industry is "spending significant time and money to promote" National Meat Week, "not everyone is ready to celebrate," said the Humane Society of the United States. Michael W. Fox, the society's scientific director, said consumers should know that beef cattle, veal calves, pigs and poultry "all endure varying degrees of pain, deprivation, injury and stress" during the time they are reared for slaughter. Further, he said, about half the antibiotics produced in the United States are consumed by farm animals. "Consumers in recent years have become aware of such nutritional arguments such as fat and cholesterol in meat, but they may not understand that meat usually contains harmful residues of antibiotics and other chemicals," Fox said. The Agriculture Department denies that chemical residues are commonly high in the nation's meat supply. However, Fox said concerned consumers can reduce their intake of meat and also try to find meat from locally raised animals that are produced humanely. "We need to think in terms of 'animals' rather than meat- producing machines, and the traditional values of animal husbandry rather than assembly line production," he said. Lee said the Humane Society of the United States is not a "vegetarian organization" but that it does "reject the argument that since these animals are destined to become menu items, we needn't care about their lives and suffering." . KANSAS TECH CONTINUING EDUCATION SHORT COURSES Computer Fundamentals (2 Credit Hours) This course is desined for adults seeking to develop a broad, basic familiarity with computer technology. The course covers 1) basic computer literacy, i.e. terminology, operations, hardware and peripherals, selection criteria, 2) an introduction to the BASIC programming language and programming logic, and 3) analysis of common software, including spread sheets, word processing, data base programs. Involves considerable hands on computer time. Graded Pass/Fail. MW 8:00-9:50 pm (Feb. 3-April 2) TT 8:00-9:50 pm (Feb. 4-April 3) To enroll, call Admissions at 825-0275 ext. 412. Tuition is $ 25 per credit, plus $19.25 fees and parking. CLASS SPACE IS LIMITED Basic 35mm Photography (1 Credit Hour) This course is designed for those who wish to advance beyond the "snapshot" stage of photography. Topics include camera types and care, lens types and use, film characteristics and use, composition, indoor and outdoor lighting, filters, closeups, and macros. Several shooting assignments will be required. Graded Pass/Fail. Tu 7:00-8:50 pm (Feb. 11-April 8) The last thing a thief or prowler wants to see outside your home is a light. That's because, for a thief or prowler, a well-lit home is more risky to enter than a darkened one. A lot more risky. So see the light and make sure they do, too. You'll be protecting your home and family by discouraging vandals, prpwlers and thieves. Call KPL Gas Service and lease your outdoor light today. KPL GAS SERVICE We're there when you need us.
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