The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 26, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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YANKS THRUST PAST TROYES # * TROOPS REACH SWISS BORDER TIIK WKATHER IVmiir ratlin* HlKli ypsterciay Low today .... '"™!.!"ii"" Kulnfuli Primon (Alrnnrti „..._.. YPHI- agi (Alrnort) SVasnn (F.nml (.'onipanv' 1 p:i r npn fLnml I'ompHM.vt UUinrall fiBui-i'.s arc fni ihe CH| year brginnkic July 1.) Forecast Rising tt'rnpei'H luro today: Fnmliiy lini moderately cool nlslit. T T T T fin- Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1944 12 PAGES No. 23 Troops in Reims Cut Naz[Path U. S. Troops Force Morne to Sever Route for German Escape LONDON. Aug. 2fi. iff)—A fight- Inn French rndiii station announced today Hint French Partisans have liberated Vichy. The transmitter, giving its locution MM Vichy, said French forces of the interior control the former capital of the 1'etaln government. ASSERTIONS DENIED—Repre. sentative Warren G. Magnuson told of reports that "The Japa made a 'Patsy' out of the st.-itc department, contriving to have our fleet bottled up in Pearl Harbor where it could easily be dealt a" rte.ith blow" in 11)41. The state department issued a .statement 'denying the charges. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. 2(5. !<U.E) — American armored spearheads were reported striking for the German border beyond Troves and Reims loday as General Dwight I). Eisenhower's headquarters warned the people of Luxem- liotirg iiiul Alsace-Lorraine (hut Allied invasion armies may "very BOOH" roll through their hinds into Germany. Slashing almost unopposed through "the rear of the < isintegrating <ior- iniin 'armies in northern France, J.ientennut-Genernl George S. Patton's American tank columns were -reported barely 100 miles from the German frontier after crossing the Marno river below Reims. Allied forces opened a co-ordinated land, sea and air assault to reduce the German garrison holding out in the great Breton port of Brest. American troops stormed the fortifications from the land side, with Allied planes and warships pounding the enemy batteries to rubble. The fall of the port was believed imminent. Headquarters announced that one American force broke into the railway hub of Troyes, 65 miles south of Reims, and about twice that distance from the Reich. The Yanks fanned out beyond the city and, according to a still unconfirmed German report, raced northward to Reims in a thrust pointed Straight at Sedan and the forest of Ardennes where the German army broke through the French "hinge" in 3940 and won the battle of France. On Way Into Reicli Luxembourg was barely 80 miles beyond the American spearheads and Alsace-Lorraine only about 65 miles away. The Allied warning made it clear that Eisenhower's armies were on their way into the Reich itself. A high staff officer broadcast the Invasion proclamation early today, warning residents of the threatened sjreas against helping the fleeing enemy or exposing themselves to the Allied air attacks which, he said, will be carried on by night and day wherever the German armies are to be found. "The elimination of the German Seventh Army as a fighting entity has decided the battle of France." lie said. "The survivors of the Normandy battle and a handful of German divisions north of tho Seine can at best fight a series of delaying actions on their retreat into Germany. "The areas in which you live are Conlinucd cm I'jiite Two PEARL HARBOR CHARGEJENIED JAPS PLANNED DISPOSAL OF SHIPS—MAGNUSON WASHINGTON. Aug. 2G. (#)— The state department declared today j that Japanese peace envoys in the ! immediate pre-Pearl Harbor period I never raised any question about the disposition of American naval forces. The department issued a statement in comment on assertions made by Representative Warren G. Magmison (D-Wash.) in his home state. The representative told the Seattle Post-Intelligencer there were reports both in AVashington and on the Pacific coast that "The Japs made a 'Patsy' out. of the state department, contriving to have our fleet bottled up in Pearl Harbor., where it could easily be dealt a dpath blow." in .1941. •'• The slate department's statement: "At no time did Kuru.su during the course of his visit here in 1941— or did any other Japanese representative—raise a question with this government that the disposition of our naval forces in the Pacific was likely to prejudice the success of the conversations then taking place between the two governments. "Furthermore the state, department did not at any time raise this question with the navy or war departments." Saburo Kurusu was the special Japanese envoy who came here for "peace talks" in 1941. Magnuson's account of the reports he had heard was that Kurusu protested to Secretary Hull that American naval operations in the Pacific were giving militarists in Japan reason for blocking Kurusu's peace efforts. Bombing Practice on Duck Homes Asked LOS ANGELES. Aug. L'6. (UP) — Prompted by Imperial Valley farmers whose crops are being ravaged by night-feeding ducks, the state fish I and game commission today moved j for army approval of a plan to use i the Salton sea as a practice flying and bombing range to keep the ducks j i stirred up during the day. j j The crops, the farmers hoped, j I would then get a rest. i Reds in Ismail on Danube Swedish Report Tells of General's Death; Confirmation Lacking LONDON, Aug. 2<>. (U.E)— Red army troops captured Ismail on tho Danube river estuary 39 miles southeast of Galati, radio Moscow reported tonight, while other Russian troops to the west began an assault on Galati gap, last important barrier to Bucharest and Rumania's rich oil and wheat lields. General Feodor 1,. Tulbnkhin's Third Army stormed and captured the rkraiiiiiiii town, described as an "important stronghold of enemy defenses in the lower reaches of tho Danube." Premier Marshal Josef Stnlin announced in an order of the day. Stalin ordered 20 salvos of Moscow's 1!24 victory guns to acknowledge the capture. Russian forces have launched n new offensive "of the greatest possible extent" northeast of "Warsaw, the German Transocean news agency said today, quoting a Berlin military spokesman. Field dispatches indicated that Don Cossacks who had vowed to water their horses In the Danube probably were doing so. Far behind the front, now only 100 miles from Bucharest and perhaps S"i miles from the oil center of PIo- esti. other Russian forces were chopping up 12 encircled German divisions—possibly 120,000 men—in a pocket below Chisinau. Thousands Surrender The trapped Germans were reported on the verge of collapse and thousands were surrendering. Those still resisting were being slaughtered, dispatches said. Major-General Werner Klepp. commander of the German Ninth Infantry Division, was among the prisoners. Fierce fighting was raging along the approaches ot the Danube delta. But the Germans rapidly were being driven into JJie river. The breakthrough into the outskirts of Ismail put the Russians within a few, thousand yards of the northernmost of the three mouths of the Danube, some 40 miles inland from the Black Bea. The Second and Third Ukrainian armies, .joining for a decisive advance on Bucharest and Ploesti after snapping the trap below Kishinev, began their attack on Galti and Fos- cani. keys to the vital 45-mile gap between the Danube and the Transylvanian Alps, from positions some lo miles to the north. Resistance Crumbles German resistance was reported crumbling everywhere on the Rumanian front, with Rumanian troops sporadically turning their guns against their former allies in compliance with Rumanian's declaration of war against the Reich. There was no indication, however, the Rumanians generally were aid- Continued on Page Two A Hies Sink 5 Nip Ships, Trap Jap Truk Garrison Bombers Lash Iwo Jima Again Tokyo Admits Loss of Pilots and Aircraft "Inescapable" in Admitting Abandonment of Carolines Fortress; Chinese Smash Attack BULGARIA ASKS its. mm HITLER IN CONFERENCE AS BALKANS REVOLT Index to Advertisers '" Page A brains, Dr. R. F Amateur Boxing Artcraft of California ... Arvin Theater Community Theater Bakersfield Hardware Co. ... 4 Beardsley Dance (i Booth's !i Brock's ii Citizens Laundry 8 Clawson, L. H. Co Cole Bros. Circus 9 Cousins Tractor Co '1 Culliton, John W S Dorman Photo 5 Kast Side Cleaners 2 El Patio Pavilion ..' t. Flickinger-Dlgier 11 Fox Theaters H Full Gospel Tabernacle 5 Ivers Furniture S KERN 8 La Granada Ballroom ti Llm. T X Mills, Ted !» Orange Belt Stages >. ... X Phillips Music Co 5 Pumpkin Center Revival 5 Rialto Theater 6 River Theater 6 Sllva, Jose ti Sbuthside Assembly of God .... 4 Spanish Kitchen ti Tlbbetts 5 The Barn - ti Union Avenue Dance ti Union Cemetery 7, 11 Vest's Drug ti Virginia Theater ti •Weill'H 5 Winding, Oscar E 5 Nazi General Signs Paris Surrender in Dingy Office li.v EDWARD D. BALL I'ARIS. Aug. Uti. GP)—Paris is free j brilliant red gladioli—was at the j today, but the old town has a terrific | head of the flame with a note hangover. I reading: The final unconditional surrender was signed at (i p. .n. last night In the dingy bassagemaster's office in Montparnasse railroad station, and Paris greeted it with one of the wildest nights In its history. l!ut machineguns and rifle shots I played a staccato overture to the I blaring brass bands celebrating the 1 end of German rule. I Everybody Shout ing "France lives after Hitler." From the arch was draped a 30- foot tricolor. On the sidewalk beside the arch was an overturned, burned- I out German staff car. j The German surrender came in a | bare and dingy railway station office, j Seated at an unpainted wooden j table was General Dietrich von | Choltitz, German commander of the | Paris garrison. He first faced Briga- By Associated Press LONDON. Aug. '2f<. (Jf}— Bulgaria has ordered all German troops to leave Bulgaria, threatening force if they refuse. Moscow announced tonight, and the new Rumanian government has snatched its capital firmly from Nazi control. The British Broadcasting Company announced today that it heard a broadcast from Radio Bulgaria announcing that Bulgaria had asked the United States and Great Britain for peace terms. The Bulgarian moves menaced Hitler with early collapse of yet a second vital segment of his Balkan wall. Neutrality Assured The Bulgarian government, assuring Moscow of "absolute neutrality," told the Nazi command that German forces must be withdrawn, and would be disarmed if they refused, declared a broadcast .statement of the Soviet commissariat of foreign affairs. Any German soldiers retreating from Rumania into Bulgaria will be disarmed, added the statement recorded by the Soviet monitor. The Soviet information bureau assured that Rumania troops have seized the Carpathian mountains in that country already flipped over to the Allied side, and are battling Germans retreating westward. Ankara radio said all German troops had deserted Sofia, the Bulgarian capital. The statement said enthusiastic demonstrations in Bucharest greeted the new Rumanian government formed by King Michael Mihai. Antoiicscii I'risoni'r Marshal Ion Antonescu. Itiimunian premier who collaborated with the C'nniinui'il on PIIKC Twn F LA SHE S LOUSE SNOW DEFEATED PHILADELPHIA, Aug. Jii. (UP) Top-seeded Shirley Fry. Akron, won the national girls tennis championship today. defeating Louise Snow, of Bakersfield. in straight sets. The Akron shot- maker swept through the first set without dropping a game, winning (i-0, and finished out the match, ti--. From dusk until early morning it «Uer General .Jacques Leclerc and , seemed as if everybody was shooting j then a United States corps com- ! in all directions, and there was oc- i mande:- and signed the order to his j caslonal cannonading. ' troops which read: Some of the shooting was at Gcr- "Resistance in the military dis- mans still fighting after the formal i trlct and defense points is iinmedi- i surrender, but a lot of it wus simply ! illelv t(J be stopped- Signed. Von ( Parisians letting off steam. Choltitx, General of Infantry." i A quick tour of the city showed Paris was virtually unscarred by Copies to Officers Copies of the surrender order irn- war. The greatest damage was to j mediately were given to German of- buildlngs in the Luxembourg garden area, where the Germans made a last ditch stand- When the sun rose this morning. all was quiet and Paris was going her serene way again. Flower Girls, 80 Years Old Eighty-year-old flower girls were selling multi-hued blossoms on Seine bridges, all seized intact by Patriots. Before the eternal flame which burned throughout the war, sisters i and nuns in white held a morning: ceremony. ' The usual bouquet of flowers- fleers who were escorted %y American, British und French officers in jeeps to parts of the city where German units were fighting. General Charles de Gaulle, who was in the city at the time of the surrender, visited the station but did not meet Von Choltltz. ,, In mid-morning Leclerc's office had contacted Von Choltitz at the Maurice hotel, but the lines were cut. Then a courier was sent with the unconditional surrender demand. Signed copies were exchanged be- Continued on Page Two By AssocintcU Press To the tune of u smashinglv effective shipping tittack by Allied planes off' the Nipponese headquarters at Mnnado, Celebes, the Japanese acknowledged loday that they have been foreed to leave their once-powerful central Carolines garrison at Truk almost completely to its own resources. General Douglas MacArthur announced that Mitchell mc- dium bombers, attacking at mast height off Celebes Thursday, sank five medium-sized freighter-transports, left a light cruiser listing and burning, damaged two other cargo ships and strnfed 40 luggers and barges, without interception or loss. Meanwhile the Tokyo radio, speaking fnmkly of the frequent Allied raids upon the Carolines, snid the .7npane.se trapped on Truk.have had to reclaim wastelands "to es - - tabii>;i self-sufficiency of food." Tho broadcast added that "exhaustion of [ our pilots and the loss of aircraft nre inescapable." MacArthur and his partner. Admiral Chester \V. Nimilz, djscloscd uir raids upon Iwo Jima in the Vulcano islands 7.~iO miles south of Tokyo, Pagan and Agignan in the Marianas, Palau and Ponape in the Carolines, Wake, Mulmuhcra, and many another enemy target. In China's western Yunnan province. Chinese troopn captured the larger part of Tengchung outside the ancient walls of the .Japanese stronghold, repulsing an enemy counterattack. The Japanese launched a new drive northward from Suiki on the neck of the Luichow peninsula on the south China coast opposite Hainan island. island. The Chinese command said that, in heavy fighting both sides suffered considerable losses: Knemy success here could neutralize the de- : tensive power of Kweilin, provincial j capital of Kwangsi. j Von Kluge Killed, Says Newspaper STOCKHOLM. Aug. JO. (JP1 — Field Marshal General Gtienthcr von Kluge. commander of the Geiman armies on the western front. has been killed, the newspaper Dagcns Nyheter said today on the basis of information received from Germans. (The report lacked confirmation In either Axis or Allied quarters.) The (il-year-old Von Kluge succeeded Field .Marshal General Karl Rudolph von Rnndstedt on the western front last July li. Republicans Fight Ruling on F. R. Talk WASHINGTON. Aug. :.'«. W>—Republican leaders joined Socialist Norman Thomas today in contending that the White House was responsible for the war department's turnabout ruling that President Itoosc- | veil's August 12 speech at Rremer- ; ton, Wash., was not "political." i Herbert Brownell. Jr., Republican : national chairman, was one of these. | In New York he served notice that | he was renewing his request that ; Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the I party presidential candidate, be ! given equal radio time, "pointing out that army officials clearly recognized the Bremerton broadcast as a campaign speech made by a political candidate and it was only Ht'ter some mysterious interference from someone above that the decision was reversed. The ruling against the demand of Thomas, Socialist party presidential candidate, for equal opportunity to address troops overseas by radio, was announced last night by John J. Me- Cloy, acting secretary of war. Only eight hours earlier, the department had announced it was granting the request of the Socialist party. MARSEILLE: LIBERATORS CHEEBEO—riieerins. citizens of .Mar-- seille France's second city, aie shown giving the V-salute to I'rcncli troops who stormed triumphantly into I ho city. Capture of .MjirseillV- places France's laigi'st seaport in Allied hands. In foreground wave flag." (if Allied nations. Signal Corps radio-telephoto. SENATE PROPOSES SALE OF U. S. REALESTATEINSEPARATE PLAN PUTTING LAND UNDER JURISDICTION OF INTERIOR, AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENTS SUGGESTED AS SOLUTION WASHINGTON, AUK. Jti. <JP> —Talk of a mid-September recess uf Congress until after the November election revived today after the Senate's comparatively swift passage of a bill creating an fight-member board In direct surplus war goods disposal. WASHINGTON", Aug. -Mi. (I'.P) — The Senate approved surplus property disposal bill proposed today to put sale of government owned real estate in a special category from all other surplus goods: and place it under jurisdiction of the interior anil agriculture departments. It was the Senate's solution to an inler-depai'l- tncntal wrangle involving Surplus Propi'i'ty Administrator William I.. Clayton. Assistant Attorney Gent-nil Norman Litlell and the arm.vs land acquisition branch as well as the National Association of Real Kstale boa rds. Victory for l.iltell The Senate's verdict was a victors for l.illcll, chief of the justice department's lands divisions. He fa- Concrete Stronger Than Steel Made CHICAGO. Aug. in; tu.n>—North- wesieru t 'ni versil \ engineers announced todav thai they haM- de- xeliipi'd a new lypt- of concrete which vored putting land disposal under is SI ,. onK ,.,. (hall sled and lighter the two one-line department s under than aluminum aerogram thai lie said would pro- I levelop.'d as a subsl it nte fur st rnc- molc the sale of agriculture properly nil ..,| M( ,,,| columns, the cr.ucict,. is ill t.-iiuily-si/c farms. compressed in a spiral «( steel wit- Claylon. ciirrenllv handling leal u,g :iml c-osis mily one 1 bird -is m uc|, est ite along with all other govern- :ls S |,.,.| p s: ,i,l professor Oeorge A. nient surpluses mull r executive .M :i ,,ey. chairman of the university's '""""""''"" l ' at " I vv " 'department of civil engineering. Krug Takes Over WPB Reins as Nelson Flies to China (AS Ll(|l IDATKI* WASHINGTON, Aug. :'U. UP)— President Roosevelt today ordered liquidation of the division of Central Administrative Services in the office for emergency management, which has 15(1(1 employes In Washington and JL'OO in tho field. The personnel will be absorbed into other government service. The division has been performing administrative services for most of tht! civilian war agencies of the government. MONEY FOR PRISONERS WASHINGTON. Aug 2H. (JP> —A monthly allotment of $10 relief money may be sent to each American prisoner of war in the Philippines under an agreement the State Department has negotiated with the Japanese through the Swiss government BING IN LONDON LONDON, Aug. 26. (UP)—Bing Crosby, movie and radio star, was en route here by train today from Glasgow where he arrived last night by air from the United States to entertain servicemen in the European theater WASHINGTON. Aug. L!ii. (UI'I-- With Donald M. Nelson en roule to China and Charles K. Wilson "U his way hack to the General I'.hdric Company. Lieu tenant-Commander J A. Krug today sought to weld the strife-torn War Production Hoard into a single nun and threatened immediate dismissal to any official win. engaged iij future internal luawls. Thlrlj six-seai--old Krng u;is sent to WPP. by President Koo.scvcli \\iih orders to "take it and run it" until WPI! Chairman Nelson returned from Chungking. However. I hi chief executive strongly indicated yesterday that it might be ,'i permanent assignment for the young naval officer. .lull I'ur Younger Man Nelson himself reportedly told friends before boa rding a four-en- gined plane yesterday for I he first leg of his trip to China, that i!' he returned to WPB at all it would be only temporary. The WPI! chairman is known to feel that the job of re- conversion belongs to :i younger man, such as Krug. Krug swung Into his new job as WPB "acting chairman" with a vigor that denied that he expected any of his decisions to be challenged upon the return of the man who is technically his boss. He spent his first day catching up on what had transpired within the "WPU since he left a vice-chairmanship of the agency several months ago for the battlefields of France aud llah\ from \\hich ho returned Ibis week. Meets \\ilb \ i< r-( llainnell He railed a inciting of the niup vice-chairmen and spoke to Ihcm I'ranklv. Krug ri-purlcdh (old them that be has received a clear grant of authoritv to run WPB and "yd it back on the track." Emerging from the meeting. Krug briskly lold newsmen that In- "would not lie surprised" il some resignations were submitted to him. but added that none had been asked. Ho said he would not tolerate any "sniping" in the agency. "I don't care w hat's heeti v;oiiiL; on during the past two or three months or the past two or three weeks." he said. "I'm start ing a new deal from now on nut ."• Kven as Kiu^ began to restoi e peace, the WPB corridors re-echoed 1 with a denunciation of Nelson from a new and unexpected source. Sniping Charged < Retiring U libber Director Bradley • • Dewey took exception to the remarks ; of Nelson before a Senate commit- i tee and said (t was "typical Wash- j ington sniping" op ih» type that ; caused Executive Vice-Chairman ! Wilson to resign from WPB. ; Dewey's blast—which followed one i by Wilson only L'4 hours earlier— ; was prompted by Nelson's statement j to th£ Senate war investigating com- : i niittce that the rubber program "was 1 completed—all but setting the tires." ' Toulon Freed of Germans Marseille Demolitions Wreck Port Facilities; Allied Mopup Goes on ROME, Aug. 26. OJ.E>—Al- lied troops wipetl out all organized German resistance in Toulon and continued to mop up enemy forees in Marseille today, while American armored columns captured Avignon, Tarascon and-Aries on the Rhone river and swung northward in a powerful drive up the Hhone valley. Tho hist stubborn Germans were cleared out of Fort Dartignes und Fort Mulbonsqnet in Toulon, nnd the only enemy forces still holding out were in the peninsula southwest of Toulon and a 1 -, miles directly south of Ollictiles. a lute coniniu- iiiiiue i nnounced today. Front dispatches reported that German demolitions in Marseille were extensive, wrecking many quays, warehouses, drydocks and port facilities. The entrance to the old harbor was reported to have been blocked by Hie sinking of an unidentified, 290- foot ship. (L'nlled Press dispatches from Zurich said an American armored patrol reached the Franco-Swiss frontier at Pely, ItiVi miles north of Annecy, today. The Americans, presumably part of the force that drove northward from Grenoble earlier this week, later turned back toward Annecy, Zurich said.) (A London broadcast said American spearheads were reported 17 miles northeast of Avingnon.) To the northeast, other American forces seined the fortress town of Brianeon with the aid of French Maquis after a. 1'1-mile advance through the French Alps from L'Ar- gentiere to within 5 miles of the Italian border. Brianeon lies 'JO miles south of the Turin-Lyon railway and only 50 miles west of the Italian industrial center of Turin itself. Nearly All Liberated 'Kxcept for pockets of enemy resistance, notably at Toulon and Marseille, nearly all of southern France east uf the Rhone and south of Avignon and Brianeon now has been liberated. " General sir Henry Maitland Wilson. .Mediterranean commander, .inniuiiiced in his daily communique. French forces waging a battle of annihilation against the encircled German garrison in Toulon further compressed llie enemy pocket yesterday, capturing the maritime arsenal, the fort of Colle Noire and Cape Brim. Dana Adams Schmidt, United Press war correspondent, reported from Toulon that though most of the naval base city had been cleared of Germans, the enemy still was resisting stubbornly from Fort Malbotis- quct doinina'm^ the main road from i '• '.•!t 'lujvi on I'iiK? Twn BASEBALL NATIONAL LKAOIK (First Game) At Boston— R R. E. PHILADELPHIA .'! U 0 BliSTl IN .0 j 1 Batteries: Gerh'Miit-er and FinIcy: Tobin and MaM. At New York- It. H. E. BROOKLYN H 1:J 0 NF.W VoRK (l Jl 0 Batteries: Herring and Owen: Fischer. Hanscn, Pyle find Lorn- bardi. A.MKKU'AN LKAIil K At Cleveland— R. M. E. CHICAGO IJ 13 0 CLEVELAND 5 13 1 Batteries: Lopat und Tresh; Smith. Klleman (3), Heving: (9) and Schlueter. At Detroit— R. H. E. ST. LOUIS ,_... OBI DETROIT 5 10 2 Batteries: Jakucki and Hayworth: Overujire and Richards. At Philadelphia— R. H. E. BOSTON 171 PHILADELPHIA ti 10 1 Batteries: O'Neill, Barrett and Partee; Hamlin und Hayes. Lo«ii$ii pitcher, O'Neill. J

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