The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 25, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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Friday, August 25, 1944 Cfcitorial $age of ilakcrsftclb Calif ornian ALFRED 11 A R R E 1. 1. »DITO» t N 0 PDBLIB H C I 9*ke?»fiett Entered in post office nt lUkernfield, California. B« spcond cl«»» mail under the act of Congress March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Preaa IB exclusively entitled In the use for piiblira- tlon of all ne\va dispatches credited to it or not ntherwine credited In this paper, and also the Inral news published therein. Th« Bakersfleld Californian la nlpo a client of tlie United Press ftnd receive" ita complete wire pervi.o REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. NEW Tork, Clucac". Pan Francisco. 'Los Aneclca, Seattle. Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. P. C. . BfllE^H The Haskin Service. \VRshinRton. I) C. By carrier or mall (in advance) in postal zones or.c, two. three. per month. Soc; six months. J.'i.lO; one >cru, J'.MHI H> rosin 1 zones four to eisht, per month, $1.05. . . H> mail in PREMATURE LIBERATION I T SEEMS now thai the French report of the "liberation of Paris" was premature. At this writing the French patriots, who earlier this week had announced their victory, were forced to call upon the Allies for help, the Allies who had flanked the city and were more concerned with the decimation of the German Seventh Army than they were with the actual occupation of the city and parades. The French fighters of the capital had been tricked by the Germans who pretended they wished an armistice and during the hiatus in the fighting used the lime to reassemble their forces to better advantage. This was a characteristic German trick. Perhaps in a way it is just as well thai Ihc liberation was premature because there might be sporadic fighting and prolonged trouble until the Germans arc finally cleared out of the city by well-organi/,ed military forces of the Allies and not mobs of excited Frenchmen. President Roosevelt's statement on the "liberation" issued in Washington was premature, as was the early report. 1918 REPEATED A IAIN the design of the first World Wai- finds a repetition in the grim motif of this struggle now crushing Germany. Rumania's capitulation, as the "Fortress of Europe" crumbles under the onslaught 'of the Allies, is historically reminiscent of the surrender of Bulgaria back in 1918. At that time Ihe Pan-Germanic dream had turned into a terrible Freudian nightmare of frustration, but though beaten, Germany salvaged her military machine, the nucleus of her system upon which she assembled the army to light this war. Had the German war machine been broken tip at the end of the last war, it is probable that this war might never have occurred. If our leaders cannot interpret the course of history after the hitler lessons of 1018 it will be an unforunatc thing for the future of the world. The capitulation of Rumania, coupled with the reports that their armies are even now inarching against Hungary, forboded ill for the Reich as Bulgaria and Greece will probably follow the same course. Truly this is the lime for Marshal Tito and his highly publicized Partisans to go into action against the Germans in Yugoslavia. If Tito's forces are as strong, as well organized as reported, with a modicum of help from the Allies, the patriots should be able lo denude their country of Germans. As Rumanian soldiers were reported marching on Transylvania and Hungary, the puppet government ordered a dissolution of all political parties in Hungary. Mutiny had broken out in the Hungarian army, it was reported. In the far north, Finland had hope that peace would come soon. As the internal decay of the satellite nations spreads through the organic structure of the Balkans, the pressure of the Russians will become heavier and more effective. The Ploesti attack of our air forces prefaced the breakdown of Ihe Bulgarian resistance. The "Fortress of Europe" is going down like a house of cards, but the Fortress of Germany, once the Nazis have withdrawn lo their own national boundaries may perhaps offer stiffer resistance. gles, sick with fever, starving, wounded, but still lighting as well as they are able." It is easier to be courageous when soldiers arc under the eyes of their commander-in- chief, or under their officers, but to keep on fighting without leaders, without ammunition or food for more than a year, seemingly under the most hopeless conditions in a monsoon country of appalling rains and mud, is to convey lo the world as tine a brand of courage as one may expect lo find. These men have proved themselves heroes. D NELSON, SOMERVELL ii i I;HI:NCI:S" between Donald M. Nelson, war production chairman, and Lieu tenant-General Hrehon Somervell over war pro- i dnclion were aired further this week in the i press of the nation, with Mr. Nelson making effeclivc ripostes. Before the Senate war investigating com- j mitlcc, Mr. Nelson testified that virtually all critical munitions programs have been and are being met. j Cutbacks in the airplane industry will solve the manpower problems and he pointed out that the Army has known of these setbacks for three months. Mr. Nelson also said that the Army gave them no accounting of its reserves once it had taken possession of the materials. When General Somervell complained of manpower shortages he knew the cutback I in airplane production was coming and that i it released thousands of other workers. | Naturally, the military hierarchy is inler- I ested in having everything it needs to pursue ; the war successfully and it is doubtful if Mr. Nelson has any intention of trying to cripple the war effort, but it is equally apparent that I he has been very much concerned with the I reconversion problem and particularly as the champion of the small business man. Mis removal lo China on the secret Presidential mission will probably give General Somervell the last word with no danger of refutation from Mr. Nelson. ERNIE PYLE ON THE WESTERN FRONT— (By Wireless)—I would like to tell you in detail the remarkable story of the wounded R. A. F. pilot whom we released after he had lain unnoticed in the wreckage of his plane for eight days on a battlefield. Several American soldiers sprung out of somewhere a few moments after we arrived. They grasped the situation Instantly, and began tear-, ing at the sides of the plane with pliers and wire clippers. They worked as though seconds had suddenly become jewels. The tough metal came off in strips no bigger than your fingers, and only after terrific pulling und yanking. II. seemed as if it would take hours to make a hole big enough to get the pilot out. The rapping and pounding against the metal sides of the hollow plane made a thunderous noise. I peered inside and asked the pilot: "Does the noise bother you?" He said, "No, I can stand it. But tell them to be careful when they break through on the other side— my leg is broken, you know." But the American boys worked faster than we believed possible. They tore their fingers on the jagged c'ges of the metal; they broke strong strong aluminum ribs with one small crowbar and lots of human strength. ] Soon they had a hole big enough so i that I could get my head and shoul- ! dors inside the cockpit. j Somebody handed me a canteen i of water and I shoved it through I the hole to the pilot. He drank | avidly. When he put the canteen down he sot it on his bare chest and held it with both hands. "By God, I could drink a river dry," he said. Somebody outside said not to let him drink any more right now. The pilot said. "Would you pour some on my head'."' I soaked my dirty handkerchief, and rubber, his forehead with it. His hair was nut brown in color and very long. His whiskers were reddish and scraggly and he had a little mustache. His face seemed long and thin, and yet you could tell by his tremendous chest that he was a big man and powerful. His eyes were not glassy, but I was fascinated by his eyeballs. They didn't protrude; it was just that they were so big. When he turned them toward you, it was as though he UNSUNG HEROES E VERY war lias its unsung heroes (often the bravest) and its back eddies that escape public attention. This week the British were picking up some of the men, survivors of the expedition into North Burma led by the late Major- General Orde Charles Wingule, killed in an airplane accident. British air-borne Chindits arq picking up stragglers from Wingate's unfortunate expedition. These "stragglers," without supplies from the British for more than a year, without aid of any kind, have kept on fighting. • One report had it: * "These men had been lost, cut off or left behind because of sickness or wounds. For more than a year these British, Gurkha and .Burmese troops have lived for only one thing, to escape if possible and rejoin the fight. . . . Sometimes they were bombed, or machine-gunned by the Japanese, but in the confusion somt of them were able to slip away. Now they are being, found in the jun- INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS A MAN killed in an industrial accident or by an automobile is just as dead as a man killed by a machine-gun bullet or a bomb burst. The public may not be so impressed by industrial accidents and fatalities as by those incurred on the battlefield, but to the victims there is not much difference. Last year 6!J8 Californians working in the war effort lost their lives in industrial accidents and the total number of mishaps was 550,809, or the largest number ever reported in the state's history. During this same period the state had more than 152,000 accidents resulting in partial disablement of the victims. Obviously all the dangers of war have not been confined lo the battlefields of the air, sea and land, but the war workers, too, have had their own tragedies and have lost their lives just as have the servicemen of the nation. We have learned in our second year of the war, 19-M, that for the nation .97,500 persons are included in our domestic front ! casually list, this number having met death : and nearly 10,000,000 persons at home, during the same 12-month period, have been injured in varying degrees. These casualties will not be ended by peace, for accidents go on increasing year by year and today accidents rank third among all causes of death in the nation. Indeed, between the ages of 2 years and 28, accidents lead all causes for death, and that includes war! The greatest killer of this age is not the high explosive of the balllefront, but the sleek, beautiful and deadly automobile. HUNTING SEASON i j rpms is not a criticism of an entirely laud! X able intent to reduce the number of fires in our National Forests during wartime when I tire lighters are scarce and trained forestry employes greatly reduced in numbers by the draft law, but it is a suggestion that next | year the Federal Forestry Department and the State Fish and Game Commission coordinate their plans for the deer hunting season with greater clarity. This year much of the land in the Federal forest areas was closed to deer hunters. The reason for restricting the shooting areas was given as an attempt to reduce fires in watershed lands. The reason is probably a sound one. But thousands of California hunters ! have been confused and in many instances j disappointed, not because the hunting privileges for which they pay money were curtailed but because they could not learn definitely when and where they could hunt. Publicity was not available until just before the season and restricted areas were made known. Boundaries were not always intelligible to hunters. The Californian heard many complaints over the ambiguities concerning deer bunting this year in California. The complaints were not against restrictions, but were expressed against the lack of liaison between the Stale and Federal authorities and clear and early definitions of hunting areas. was slowly turning two big brown tennis balls. He had complete command of his thoughts. The half-delirium you would expect of a man trapped for eight days without food or water, just did not exist in him. He was just being himself. His face was dirty from much sweating, but the skin of his body was white and clean. There was a small scab on his forehead and there were some light bruises on his arms: Inside the plane, the stench was shocking. My first thought was that there must be another man in the plane who had been dead for days. I said to the pilot: "Is there someone else in the plane?" And he answered, "No, this is a single seater, old boy." What I had smelled was the pilot himself. We couldn't see the lower part of his left leg, but we judged it must be gangrenous and in a horrible shape. "I can move my right leg." he said, "it's-all right. In fact. I've had it out from here several times, and moved it around for exercise. But the left one I can't move." I asked, "Where did you get the cigarette you were smoking when we got here?" He said, "Your chap gave it to me. The one who came first. He lighted it for me and stuck it in through the hole, and went searching for the rest of you." I was wondering if it wasn't dangerous for him to be smoking inside the wrecked pfane. I mentioned something about his being lucky that the plane hadn't caught fire when he crashed. And he said: "I'll tell you about that. Do you see that woods a little way north of us?" There were several small woods but I said, "Yes." "Well," he said, "that first night they set fire to that woods. I could tell it by the glow in the cockpit. And here the plane was soaked with hundred-octane gasoline. I thought the fire would spread right across the field. But it didn't." Actually what he had thought was the woods afire was a little town, Le Mesniltore, which had been set afire by shelling. I didn't bother to tell him, for he was alive, and after all what could the technicalities matter? From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS (The Californian, this date, 1934) Sheriff Cas Walser returned last night from a tour through the northwest part of the county in connection with his candidacy for sheriff. Marriage for the well being of Ihe nation was emphasized in a set of "Ten Commandments" for German youth issued by the Reich today. The list included also precepts against non-Nordic blood, marrying for riches, selecting a "playmate" rather than comrade and in behalf of marrying to produce a family. The number of marriages performed in the first month of 1934 increased 4!i per cent over the number performed in the same, period in 1933. Death Valley Scotty is going to take his problem to F. D. R. as to "who owns Death Valley." He built a $2,500,000 castle and then, according to the desert man, "along came the government and coralled the ranch for a national park." -(By PAUL MALLON)- Jnl oily wood 1_^oInam n -(By ERSK1NE JOHNSON)I lolly wood lifted its eyebrows not long ago when Paramount studio's latest blonde candidate for movie stardom preached a sermon at the East Long Beach, Calif., Methodist Church. Raised on publicity stunts, Glam- orville figured this was another one. But rather ill-advised, the town agreed, for a 24-year-old blonde movie starlet with a pair of trim legs and a comehither smile. It was no publicity stunt, though. Barbara Britton just happens to be a very unusual, intensely serious young lady. "Probably the dullest person In Hollywood," she told us. Barbara just doesn't do any of the things movie starlets are supposed to do—or what their press agents claim they do. She's been to only one Hollywood party. She doesn't get herself engaged every other week. She doesn't drink and she doesn't smoke. She doesn't like night clubs. She doesn't know how to play gin rummy. But she's a whiz, she says, at dominoes. On the screen, though, Barbara is doing all right. After three years playing bits, she's co-starred with Hay Milland in the soon-to-be-released sharing feminine honors with Linda Darnell in "The Great John L.," the movie Bing Crosby is producing for United Artists. "A Kit of people in Hollywood think I'm a prude, ' Barbara said. "I'm not. I've hitched my wagon to an Oscar. Once you become a star in Hollywood you're supposed to shun night clubs and parties. But when you're on the way up, everybody expects you should go out every night and knock yourself out trying to be a glamor girl. They say you should be seen with the right people at the right places. Well, I'm going to do it the hard way—as as actress, not as a social butterfly." Barbara figured the student wouldn't approve when she was invited to preach that sermon. She taught Sunday school before a Paramount talent scout saw her in a high school play. "I didn't tell them anything about it," she said. "They heard about it a couple of days later. And I don't think they liked it." Barbara said she had been to night clubs a couple of times. "I thought they were stupid," she said. "I'd much rather go to a concert or a movie." She ordered a drink once, too, she said. A Tom Collins. "I didn't like it. I drank half of it and then switched to cokes." Since coming to Hollywood, though, Barbara has lived alone. When she first started work at Paramount she lived at the Studio Club for Girls. Now she has a bachelor apartment. "My aunt lives in the same building and we eat together," she said. Except for an occasional concert or movie, Barbara doesn't go out much. "The Hollywood wolves," she laughed, "stopped asking me for dates when they discovered I was such a dull person. Now I stay home and play records and read. It's more fun, anyway." There is a boy she likes. She hopes to marry him some day. He's an old school friend. "But he's in the army. When he gets to town we go dancing. Not to night clubs but to places where there's room to dance." Maybe you've been wondering about the title of that sermon Barbara preached. It was "The Secret of a Happy Life." TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Cnliforninn. thi.s dale, 1!I'J4) Sport Headline: Billy Lakeman. Battling Chink Step Off in Main Kvent Tonight; JMahoney to Defend Title Against Eddie Murray at Taft Arena. Mrs. Mngdalena Sabichi. mother of Dr. G. C. Sabichi and widow of the late Frank Sabichi, is a Bakers! field visitor. The distinguished per- i sonage, 78 years of age, is a descendent of the piorneer family of Wolfskill, whose ancestry dates back to the days of Frederick the Great, and of the .lose Ygnacio Lugos, on her maternal side. Her husband was prominently identified with the early days of Los Angeles as a lawyer and landowner. One hundred young people will enter Bakersfield Junior College September S. Miss Florence Bitner will take over the duties of local Camp Fire director September 1. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The California!!, this date, 1114) Headlines: Fortifications of Namur have Fallen to German Attack; Strongest Fort in Belgium Keported in Hands of Kaiser's Army After Two Day's Battle. Mr. and Mrs. K. L.. Hayes, who have been vacationing at Venice. Ocean Park and Long Beach, will return homo Saturday. Mrs. Martin Coyne and family will return today from San Diego. Mrs. Cas Walser and children will arrive in Bakersfield this afternoon from Walkers Basin to spend a few days with Mrs. Stella Brown. Jack Harding, local clothier, was hurled 15 feet from the street to the entrance of Bakersfield Drug Company when hit by a motorist last night. His condition is reported serious. Standard Oil Company is appealing to producers to aid in the situation, caused by the war, by shutting down as far as possible. 40 YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1904) E. M. Roberts is convalescing from a serious illness. Word reached this city this evening of the death of Sister Mary Salesia (Teresa E. Howell) Wednesday morning at Sacred Heart Convent, Oakland. She was a sister of W. A. Howell. Work of razing the Estribou slaughter house east of Kern will begin tomorrow. Mrs. Walter N. Williams shot a large four-point buck on Greenhorn mountain. Governor Pardec paid an official visit to Camp Atascadero where local men »re stationed, today. Oiling of Bakersfield residence streets is going forward this week, laying the summer dust. Many counties are short of school teachers for the coming year, Tulare county alone having eight vacancies at the present time. like Readers' Viewpoint KIMTOIt'S NOTE—I/eltera should be limited lo 150 words; inny attack Ideas nui not persons: iinisi nui be illusive and should be written leuiblv and on one side of the paper. The Cnlifornlan U nor responsible Tor the sentiment* comalnrd therein and reserves the right to reject an.f letters, letters must bear in authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld it desired. I.1QI OK LAWS Kditor The Californian: Kveryone who is against the debauching of our soldier and civilian by the powerful liquor interests has a chance to help i'ld our country of their euro by writing our senators to vote "yes" on 1 : !|M now pending in Congress. There are 12 at present and the liquor interests are putting terrific pressure on the senators and representatives from powerful beer, whisky and wine lobbies. The only way in counteract their pressure is for the people back home who believe in sobriety and decency to lot their duly elected representatives know that they are disgusted with wartime drunkenness and hn- morality and want these bills enacted into law. The senators and congressmen will be glad to know our opinion in the matter. Sinct-ively, 11. C. Do. I KOM Mil. llOOYKIt ICditor The Californian: ' Your editorial In the July U4. HI44, issue of The Californian "No Knemy Sabotage" has just been brought to my attention and 1 do want to thank you. Your writing has been a source of great satisfaction to all of us In the FBI and I do hope that we shall continue to warrant your high regard. With best wishes, Sincerely yours. J. KDGAR HOOVKR. Director Federal Bureau of Investigation. ' FROM TAFT C. OF C. Editor The Californian: As president of the Taft Chamber of Commerce for the years 19431944,1 would like to take this opportunity to thank The Bakersfield Californian and their West Side correspondent for their splendid co-operation In the accomplishments of the Tuft Chamber of Commerce. Yours very truly, KV'ERETTK RICHFIELD. Pros. Taft Chamber of Commerce. OIK CHILDREN Kditor The California n: I agree with a mother that something should be done for children locked in parked cars. But what about children of all ages'.' I wonder if we are losing the war among our children on the home front? For two years wo run a buisness that required me making deliveries from house to house. This was in the Lamout Weed- patch district. I wish some of you parents who maintain clean healthful homes could have soen what I saw. A family of nine, living in a one-room hovel with no screens or doors. No they weren't all Okies. Other states were represented, but I will admit the southern states were the worse offenders. Can't we women do something about national educational laws. Couldn't our children be taught in their readers that milk makes good teeth instead of the apple is red. That flies bring death instead of The orange is sweet. Boys as well as girls should be taught the importance of sanitation and nutrition. After all, our future husbands could insist on these things from their wives. You oldsters say everything is done for our children. It isn't true. Only recently was an aviation cadet's wife eligible for maternal and infant care at government expense. Shame r.n us. If we lose a large part of our fine boys and have none of their children to take their place, will we de- cend into a generation of Jukes families. Yours truly, MRS. R. V. R—. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your oirn neli'c.1.—James /:;,'„'. We never deceive for a (food purpose: knavery adds malice to falsehood.—La Bruyere. 1 FIFTY YEARS AP.O (The Californian, this date. 1894) O. G. Wood of Woody spent Sunday in town. David W. Kinder and Victoria Gill have been granted a license to wed. Jack Mahon and Alvin Fay have returned from the coast. Their companion. Cooke Caldwell, is remaining for a short time. The brick work on the Salcido block has been started. Campers report a rain of cloudburst proportions on Breckenridge this week. J. W. Coplin had a narrow escape Saturday night at the hands of a highwayman. He was held up west of the T. A. Baker residence. When Mr. Coplin attacked the would-be robber, the latter fired and his bullet passed entirely through a memorandum book. After the shot, the assailant was frightened away. Doctor Bethel, dentist, has returned from his vacation. Forty-two members constitute the rolls of Kakersfleld's Young Republican Club. SO THEY SAY You can tell the folks in my home town of Paris, Tenn., that I personally am willing to bet we'll be in Paris, France, in the next 10 days.— Private Wayne P. Redden at the front on August (I. We are all marking time and waiting for the day of victory and the return of our loved ones. The wife of a private and the wife of a general stand on common ground.— Mrs. Dwight D Eisenhower. The amazing thing about America Is that she has armed her Allies and herself in addition to providing her own people with an actual increase in civilian consumer purchases.—Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian editor. A large percentage of women workers are only waiting for their sweethearts or husband to return from military service and they will retire to their homes.—Reprosenla- live Everett M. Dlrksen of Illinois. PEN SHAFTS Very shortly beef comes off and pork goes back on the ration list. So the never-satisfied will have to beef about pork. Evening dresses don't go very far, says a designer, because women are hesitant about repeat wearings. Or maybe because they lack backing. The fact that accidents will happen may account for a lot of the different salads concocted this summer. You can't expect a face to look too cheerful in the early morning— after it has been out all night. Remember when women had to get married to get man's wages? Wartime has changed that. WASHINGTON, Aug. 25.—Business economists are brooding again about a postwar depression, laying a tear-stained emphasis upon the millions of unemployed to he ex pected when the boys come home— and people generally believe this. They are not up on their figures. The boys will not be coming home very fast after the war is done. Ffans for a gradual demobilization to require perhaps two or more years already have been made by the armed services. While these have not been advertised, they have been told verbally to the Senate postwar committee. The war department (undersecretary) estimated 200,00 to 250,000 men each month is the maximum possible for discharge after Europe—and then only in case the British can furnish the shipping in the north Atlantic. Policing obligations in Germany, France, Italy, the lowlands will require a considerable force for an indefinite period. After the peace with Japan, 11 or 12 months more will be required to get army men back fro-.n the rest of the world (just considering technical and shipping requirements, without a view to policing policy). The navy is even less optimistic. No navy forces can be demobilized until Japan is defeated (the present navy secretary says). Then probably 2,000,0(10 can be let go within 24 months. This means demobilization is likely to be limited to 200,000 to 250,000 for a year after the war in Europe ends and continue as seepage, not a flood, for another two or three years. Industry certainly can reconvert fully to peace in a year. Thus the picture of millions of servicemen being dumped out upon the world for a year or so after the war, wait- Ing for industry to get started seems wholly unreal. A depression springing from this phase of the matter seems extraordinary imaginative. The War Labor Board is still pursuing its sweet manpower ways of making a man in a labor union immune to practically every law of man or nature. It's latest Is a decision holding, in the Firestone Tire and Rubber case, that "all employes including employes who have been discharged for dishonesty or insubordination shall be entitled to receive vacation benefits." In short, thieves who have looted the company safe must be given vacation pay when discharged, merely because they belong to a union. The. unioneer may be sent to jail for his theft, but he will get his extra two or three weeks vacation pay, or whatever an honest, good worker is entitled to, under the contract, not even being required to use it to make restriction for the money or goods he has stolen. It is a wonder the board did not order him to be paid overtime while robbing the safe. Thus proceedeth justice tinder WLB in this year of Our Lord, 1944. The decision w r as rendered as a brief order July 10, and escaped public, as do so many minor, intricately- worded orders issued from that mighty tribunal, which now apparently is working on a revision of the Ten Commandments. Now what they need next in their process of repealing Moses is to make adultery a subject for special compensation to members of unions only. Montana's New Dealing Senator Murray who seems to sponsor peculiar legislation desired by the administration or C. I. O. (he espoused the Murray-Kilgore bill to give war- workers a bigger unemployment compensation than soldiers) Introduced a novel resolution in the Senate. Although a Senate commerce subcommittee had been working on post- win- air policy tor many months, Murray proposed that the subject be taken out of Its hands and given , to a commission to be appointed by the President at a cost of $100,000. The commission would be lined up to contain only one senator and one representative, but four from the • administration executive branch, and six air industralists. Prying senators think the real author of the resolution is Undersecretary Berle, who dickered in London with Lord Beaverbrook for a time on postwar air policy, with both claiming nothing done. Berle leans toward sharing the air with the world. Rather than pressing existing American supremacy (as the senators want.) Apparently the administration sought slicly through Murray to sidetrack the Senate, but the plan will not work. The Murray resolution has no chance of adoption. (World copyright. 1944. by Kins Features Svn- iicate. Inc. -^All rights reserved, lleproductlon In full or in part strictly prohibited.) W as ilia 11 on Col uimn -(By PETEU EDSON)A reasonable facsimile of thoughts running through the heads of Joe or Jane Doakes, war workers, at this crucial period in the country's history could be set down in words approximately as follows: "The war news sure is great. Looks like it wouldn't be long now. When it's all over, I wonder where it leaves me. "On the whole, the war has treated me better than most. Haven't been bombed or shot at. Suppose I shouldn't have any kick coming. Best money I ever made. Average around 90 cents an hour, which is $36 for 40 hours, plus 8 hours overtime at time and one-half which is $10.80. Yes, $46.80 a week, which I see by the papers is about average for the whole country. "The first thing that happens, I lose that overtime I suppose. That means I get along on $36 again, and with food prices higher than they were before the war. "With the war over, I suppose there won't be any more war bond drives so I'll have the four bucks they've been taking out of my pay every week for that. And maybe lower taxes. "If this plant where I'm working has to close down a while for this reconversion, I go on state unemployment compensation, which will average around $13 a week, they tell me. If it lasts long, I'll have to sell some of the war bonds I've got, to get by. But I sure would like to hang on to the few hundred bucks I've got saved now—just in case. "I run my chances, sticking around hero. If this plant don't open up full tilt. 1 may have to take a job that doesn't pay quite as high a rate. They'll have to make places for the soldiers, tirsl. Probably can't expect that everybody will keep on having top jobs like they do now. Or it may be a couple of years before they get going full blast. But I suer will hate to take a cut. "I can go back to the sticks where I come from, where it don't cost as much to live. But the jobs don't pay as much back there, either. Even the good jobs."I might get another job here. There should be plenty of things opening up again that have been closed down by war. Building ought to be on the boom, if I could get into it. Maybe a filling station job, or a garage, or selling vacuum cleaners—when they get any autos or sweepers made to sell. "Maybe I don't get any Job at all— join the arrny of the unemployed again. No WPA left to go to now. So what?" The purely imaginary monologue isn't intended to be any sob soliloquy over the plight of the poor working man, but a statement on the problems confronting Congress and the* postwar planners in Washington, boiled right down to the fundamentals of an individual case which is what all these things are reduced to eventually. A good bit of what you have been reading or skipping—on Senator George's reconversion bill now before Congress, on Donald Nelson's relaxation of War Production Board controls over civilian production, on Paul McNutt's latest War Manpower Commission regulations—can be found in the case of the hypothetical Joe Doakes, quoted above. So, the musings of the aforementioned Doakes spell an economic riddle. Payments in wages to the American labor force today are around $100,000,000,000 a year. With the end of the war, even granting that wage rates are not reduced one cent, curtailment of overtime, loss of bonuses and incentive pay, shifts from high wage to low wage industries, the dropping from the labor force of some millions of war work- ers—ull these will mean a reduction in total national take-home pay of $15,000,000,000 to $30,000,000,000 a year. They'll have a definite effect on price levels. The riddle is how to keep from going back to 1939 or still earlier .levels of national income, wage payments, production, employment and unemployment. Politicians in or running for office may well note the end resulting effects of all these things on the Mr. Joe Doakeses of this country, who will be casting a lot of votes this fall. Quaes'tions and Answers Q. What is the origin of the rare plants which were, f-jund growing in some of London's bomb craters?— N. C. E. A. No conclusive explanation has been advanced of the rare plants, unknown to modern British botanists, which appeared in some of the crater.* enriched with the nitrate of a bomb. Q. Who was the youngest man to be. elected President of the United i States?—M. L. I A. Theodore Roosevelt was 42 i years old when inaugurated in 1901. | lie WHS the youngest man to assume the office. Q. How many widows of presidents are living?—H. H. A. Airs. Theodore Roosevelt, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, Mrs. Calvin Coolidge, Mrs. Benjamin Harrison and Mrs. Thomas Preston (Mrs. Cleveland). Q. How many litters of young does a muskrat produce in a season? A. L. R. A. During favorable seasons in south a muskrat sometimes bears three litters in a season. In the north there are two. Q. Please give the length and breadth of the city of Honolulu?—I. L. A. A, This city extends 10 miles along the shore and 4 miles inland across a plain a mile wide and up ridges and valleys to a mountain range. Q. Do oysters change their sex? E. E. R. A. Individual oysters are normally at one Instant either male or female, but they change from male to female, and back again many times during life. Q. What is the alternative Interpretation of the phrase "the Lords Day" in Revelation 1:10?—C. C. A. Some scholars have proposed to take the phrase as meaning, "ilf the day of the Lord," i.e., the day of Judgment, rather than the Sabbath. Q. Please explain the action at soap as a cleanser.—F. K. M. A. Soap cleans because it has the ability to make an emulsion, that is, It picks up small particles of dirt and holds them In suspension so that they may be rinsed away. Q. What plants that grow in this country were originally brought from China?—B. MaC. A.« Among them are oranges, soybeans, tung oil trees, sorgho, camphor trees, calabash, proso millet, and chrysanthemums. Q. When was the republic of Iceland inaugurated?—N. W. A. The republic was formally Inaugurated with special ceremonies at Thlngoellir, the ancient site of Iceland's parliament, on June 18, 1944. Q. How many Negroes have been graduated from West Point?—T. O. S. A. The war department says that eight Negroes have been graduated from the .United States Military Academy at West Point. Q. What does the name of the capital city of Ethiopia mean?— K. E. R. A. Addis Ababa means new flower. A reader can get (he untmer to any question of >ai-t by writing The liikerstield California!) Information llurtiu 316 Eyt street, N. E., Washington, t. D. C. Pletu enclow HUM (3) cents for reph. \

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