Local/Kansas The Salina Journal Thursday, January 30,1986 Page 3 Kids learn of Kansas' olden times Children find early days unappealing By BRENT BATES Staff Writer NAVARRE — Young Lawrence Greenwood decided he didn't want to live like his forefathers did about the time Kansas became the nation's , 34th state. After learning about pioneer life in a Kansas Day celebration Wednesday morning at the Rural Center School south of Abilene, Greenwood said he liked the '80s just fine, thank you. "I wouldn't like to get rid of my stereo," said Greenwood, a fifth-grader. He and his Rural Center classmates were given a ride in a covered wagon and listened to local people talk about how pioneers and mountain men lived. They also ate birthday cake as part of the celebration, which was put together by the Holland Extension Homemakers Unit and the school's parent-teachers organization. The affair was one of many in the state celebrating the 125th year Kansas has been a state. In Salina, about 300 attended a birthday party at the Bicentennial Center Wednesday evening. There, they munched on sunflower seeds and cake and viewed a program honoring such Kansas dignitaries as Susanna Medora Saulter, who became the state's first woman mayor when she was elected in Argonia in 1887; and Amelia Earhart, an Atchison native and the first woman to fly alone over the Atlantic. The Sunshine Singers, sixth-graders from Sunset School, led a sing-along featuring Kansas' state song, "Home on the Range" and "You Are My Sunshine." The Salina celebration was organized by Karen Graves and Shu-ley Jacques, who are members of the Kansas Committee for the 125th. At Rural Center School, George Greening, Abilene, who came dressed as a mountain man, was a favorite of the students. Greening showed authentic gear a mountain man would have packed with him — a gun, pistol, knife, tomahawk, a buckskin jacket, and a heavy coat made from a blanket. "I'm a mountain man and this is my mountain rifle," Greening told his wide-eyed audience. "It's big. If you got a big grizzly, you want to have a big gun." He explained his equipment and demonstrated how to light a fire with flint and steel. But the youths were more interested in hearing about bears. One small boy asked how a mountain man could kill a bear with round bullets. Greening explained that the lead slugs used in the rifles were heavy and flattened out when they hit their target. ' 'But mountain men usually didn't mess with a bear unless they needed meat or their hide," he explained. "I wouldn't want to mess with a bear unless I could outrun him." "What does the bear do if you miss (with a shot) and can't outrun him," asked a boy. "He'll get ya," the mountain man answered Cr«lj Cti«ii<»i First- and second-graders at the Rural Center School test-ride a covered wagon. with a smile. Outside, George and Lorene Tischhauser gave students rides in a covered wagon. Several youths admitted they probably wouldn't have been good pioneers. "There needs to be cushions (on the wagon seats)," one little girl said after a short jaunt. Andy Holt said bouncing in a wagon behind clopping horses wasn't quite fast enough for his taste. Alta Gump, a school marm in the one-room school house days, told students what school was like when she was a youngster. She said her teacher would ring a bell atop the old school at 8:30 a.m. each day, warning students they had only 30 minutes to make it to class. Gump became a teacher when she was 18 years old at a rural school in northern Dickinson County. She was paid $80 a year. She taught at several other schools in the county, including 17 years at the Rural Center School. Lynda Millner, director of the Dickinson County Historical Society, showed the students what people in the county used to live in — everything from dugouts and sod houses to log and stone houses. "A lot of you may think you would like to live down there," Millner said, pointing to a picture of a dugout. "But they had no windows to look out of, and at night snakes would crawl down there, and spiders, and when it would rain, they would fill up this high with water." "What do you think about living back then," she asked the students. "Baaaaaad," came the resounding reply. Todd Kohman thought of something else that, to him, would be worse than living with snakes and spiders. "You mean they didn't have VCRs and things like that?" asked Todd, who is in the first- and second-grade class. Staff writer Jill Casey contributed to this story. Carlin recalls bloody struggle for statehood TOPEKA (AP) — Amid the blasting of cannons and the roar of jets, Kansas celebrated its 125th anniversary Wednesday, with the governor recalling the bloody! struggle over slavery that] marked the state's birth. A crowd estimated at more I than 1,000 people — including schoolchildren by the busload I — swarmed into the Capitol and shivered in 31-degree: weather on the south steps for I the Kansas Day ceremony, Carlin which kicked off a year-long observation. "Kansas was born out of a struggle, a struggle for freedom," Gov. John Carlin said, referring to the pre-Civil War battles that raged between pro- and anti-slavery forces, giving rise to the name "Bloody Kansas." As the ceremony continued, echoes from the 19-gun salute fired by the Kansas National Guard resounded through the streets, and four F-4 fighters streaked low over the Capitol. President Reagan sent a telegram congratulating the state for the "titanic moral' struggle against slavery" that began in 1854, when Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The act ended an agreement that no new "slave" states would be permitted north of the southern border of Missouri, which allowed slavery. To appease the South, the Kansas- Nebraska Bill left the question up to settlers in the new territories. Political violence quickly began between "Free-State" and pro-slavery forces, with hundreds dying in violence that degenerated into guerrilla warfare. The fighting continued after Kansas was admitted to the union on Jan. 29, 1961. The Civil War erupted about 12 weeks later. "Certainly the great state of Kansas is an integral part of the story of America," Reagan said. "At the very moment when other states were seceding from the union, Kansas sought and obtained admission to the union as a free state." Carlin said the state must work to build a bright future, but added that Kansans should not forget their heritage and the national "experiment" set in motion by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. "Those pioneers of an earlier day took risks, and they knew the consequences of those risks," Carlin said. "We earned the label of 'Bleeding Kansas' before the experiment concluded with our admission to the union as a free state on Jan. 29,1861." Carlin asked the state to mourn Tuesday's tragic launch of the space shuttle Challenger, after which two celebrities scheduled to attend the Kansas Day ceremonies — astronauts Joe Engle of Chapman and Steve Hawley of Salina— had to return to Houston. The ceremony, punctuated by martial music, concluded with a band playing the state song — "Home on the Range." Price slide causes gas wars statewide By NANCY MALm Staff Writer Kansas gasoline prices have been falling in recent days and, in some areas, old-fashioned price wars are being waged. In Kansas City, Mo., some stations are selling gasoline for as little as 88 cents a gallon, but in western Kansas $1.07 gasoline is common. Many Salina stations have lowered the cost of self-service regular gasoline from $1.08 to $1.04 a gallon since the first of the week. The pricing variance "simply proves that the retail petroleum industry is made up of independent businessmen," said Lyle Goltz, Topeka, fuels analyst with the Kansas Corporation Commission. In a survey started Tuesday, Goltz said he found the lowest gasoline prices to be in the Harper County area, where gasoline was selling for as little as 93 cents a gallon. Higher pump prices were found in small towns and some parts of southeast Kansas, Goltz said. Prices of about $1.09 a gallon were common. "The reason prices are so low around Harper County," Goltz said, "is that the state gas tax in Oklahoma is lower and they (Kansas stations) are having to meet the competition." The Oklahoma gas tax is 10 cents a gallon — a penny less than the Kansas tax. Goltz said although the tax difference is minimal, it is enough to make Oklahoma dealers competitive. Lower oil prices and fear of a large inventory are two main reasons gasoline prices are falling in Kansas, Goltz said. "There's not a fantastic glut. It's just that nobody wants to own it" when the price is falling, he said. Cutting prices to lure consumers has created a gas war in Hays, where Brown's Service Center was selling regular gasoline Wednesday for 95 cents a gallon. Larry Brown, manager and part- owner of the station, said several Hays gas stations became involved in a price war about two weeks ago, causing prices throughout the city to drop by as much as 15 cents a gallon. Meanwhile, up the road at Plainville, Ruder Oil Co. dropped gasoline prices by two cents a gallon, to $1.07j Wednesday. John Ruder, the firm's manager, said a price war in the Plainville area, too, but he's not involved. "They aren't making much when they're selling for 99 cents," Ruder said of lower priced stations. Ruder, who has dropped his pump price 6 cents in the past two weeks, said he expects to lower prices again this weekend. In Norton, Bernard McCormack, manager of McCormack Service Station, also is selling gasoline for $1.07. "A lot of those guys are making three or four cents on a gallon — you can't pay your wages and overhead on 99 cents," McCormack said. McCormack estimates he needs to clear 10 cents a gallon to turn a profit. "There ain't no sense in giving it away," he said, adding that $1.07 is a typical price in the Norton area. But Brown said that although the profit margin at the start of Hays' gas price war was slim, lower wholesale prices since then mean 99-cent gasoline can pay its way. Goodland station managers also are selling 99-cent gasoline. Lester Heuple of Les's Kerr-McGee lowered his pump prices by 10 cents a gallon on Jan. 23. Downtown Standard Service at Colby lowered prices by 3 cents a gallon at the end of last week. The full-service station was selling regular gas for $1.23 a gallon Tuesday. Officer, mom work to save baby's life By JIM BOLE Staff Writer The 1-month-old baby boy had stopped breathing. His mother was panicked and didn't know what to do. She yelled at her 5-year-old son to dial 911. Nine minutes later the baby was breathing again, after a police officer on the other end of the telephone had talked her through cardiopulmonary resuscitation. "I was so nervous, I thought if (the officer) couldn't help me, I don't know what I will do," said Bernice Mannel, Salina, the mother of the baby boy. Tracy Scott Mannel, the boy, was saved Tuesday morning with the help of Salina police Lt. Barry Plunkett, who answered the emergency phone call about 5:30 a.m. The baby is recovering at Asbury Hospital from pneumonia, which probably caused him to stop breathing, Mannel said. Several members of the family, including Mannel and the baby, had been sick the past few days, said Mannel, who has five other children. The baby was sleeping with her Monday night, because he had been coughing and crying, she said. Two of her children had awakened early Tuesday, and she left the baby alone for a few minutes to check on her other children, she said. When she returned to her bed, the baby's lips were turning blue and he seemed "lifeless as a rag doll," she said. She then yelled at her 5-year-old son to dial 911. After getting her name, address and phone, Plunkett told Mannel: "Hang onto the line, don't hang up. Do you know how to do CPR? " He then began talking her through the procedure. When the baby began breathing he asked: "How is our baby doing?" Several minutes later, an ambulance, emergency medical technicians and an officer from the Saline County Sheriff's Department arrived on the scene. More than 1/000 apply at Skaggs More than 1,000 people have applied for jobs with the new Skaggs Alpha Beta store. But a Salina Job Service Center spokesman said the large number of applicants is not necessarily indicative of Saline County's 6.8 percent unemployment rate because many of the applicants are employed. Richard Kinion, job service manager, said he had anticipated between 1,500 and 2,000 people would apply for jobs at the combination food and drug store scheduled to open Feb. 19 on South Ninth. The job center will accept applications through Friday. Skaggs officials have told Kinion they will hire between 125 and 200 people, and would like to interview about 1,000 applicants. Interviews will be Monday and Tuesday. A spokesman at the Skaggs home office at Salt Lake City, Utah, said the number of applicants in Sauna is typical for new store openings. New TV station should enter Salina's airwaves in June By JUDITH WEBER Staff Writer If things go as planned, a new Salina television station could begin broadcasting in June. Les White, 42, who will be general manager of KHCT-TV, made the announcement Wednesday at a press conference at the Salina Area Chamber of Commerce office. The UHF station will air on Channel 34. "We feel there's a place here for a television station," White said. "I expect it to fly within the first 90 days. We are here to stay." The target date for sign-on is the week of June 1, White said. The operation will be centered at 1050 E. Pacific in a building that formerly housed a tractor and equipment dealership. Remodeling of the building and installation of studio broadcasting equipment will begin almost immediately, White said. The studio is to open in two to three weeks. Construction of the tower is to begin in mid-March, White said. The independent UHF station will offer national and local news coverage, public service broadcasts and syndicated programs, as well as some national, state and local sports coverage. The projected coverage area is 30 to 40 miles from the station, White said, although it is possible that the station will be picked up by cable television system outside the primary broadcast area. KHCT-TV will be able to transmit in stereo sound, White said. White said programming plans are incomplete, but that Channel 34 will install multiple satellite receivers to receive programs from leading syndicators and independent networks. "We'll be looking to the skies; we'll be looking to the satellites," White said. "KHCT-TV will employ 34 to 45 full- and part-time workers and will consider local applicants for all positions, White said. Being a UHF station will not be a problem, he said, because improvements in technology have made it easy for viewers to tune to UHF stations. "Almost every television set has a built-in antenna that can be used." Channels 2 through 13 are VHP — or very- high-frequency — channels. Channels 14 through 83 are UHF—ultra-high-frequency. White said he doesn't see UHF as the "little sister" of VHF. "In some cases, they're (UHF stations) beating the socks off V's.'iue said. White also said that ^ny other station using Channel 34 will have to change to another channel because a full-service station takes precedence over a translator station. White said he has not talked with officials of Salina Cable TV System, but hopes that they will add Channel 34 to the cable system. If that does not work out, he said there is a 98- cent switch available that would allow cable subscribers to switch from cable to antenna and receive Channel 34. KHCT-TV will not be in any greater competition with Salina Cable's Channel 6 than a radio station would be, White said. Channel 6 is a good local origination channel, he said,' 'but there are a lot of things they TomDorMy Les White answers questions during a press conference Wednesday. can't do." For example, cable stations can't receive some of the syndicated programs that other stations have access to, and can't broadcast to houses without cable, he said. The new station will compete with other Salina media for advertising dollars, White said. The general manager said he looked at potential sites in Florida, Michigan, New Mexico, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia and at another city in Kansas before deciding to develop a station in Salina. "When I came to Salina, first of all, I liked the people," White said. "The potential is here in this town for continued growth. There's a good concentration in the business center and people content with spending their money here." The station is owned by White's parents, Hugh and Bertie White of West Virginia. Les White said he would be in charge of operations at the station. White started his broadcasting career at the age of 12 as a cameraman at a station in West Virginia. He has been involved in television and radio broadcasting since then. White also owns and operates a tractor semi-trailer remote television truck and serves as a consultant for radio and television stations. He said he would continue those activities and travel between Salina and his home in Orlando, Fla.
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