The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 25, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, August 25, 1944
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NAZIS RACE FOR RHINE, LEAVING SEINE LINE, ROBOT BOMB BASES THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday !>0 Low today 58 Rulnfall Season (Airport) T Year ago (Airport) T Senson (Lund Company) T Tfear agti (Land Company) T -(Rainfall figureH are for the fiscal year beginning July 1.) Forerant Relatively cool again today and tonight but warmer tomorrow. Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1944 16 PAGES No. 22 Fight at Reich Borders Looms Four Allied Armies Converge on Le Havre; Germans May Evacuate All Northern France for Last-Ditch Battle on Homeland Boundary LONDON*, Aug. 23. (&>— American and British light naval forces intercepting Nazi ships trying to escape from Le Havre at the Seine's mouth early today blew up an escort vessel, an armed tra\v,ler and E-boat, and damaged at least five other enemy warships in a series of running battles. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. 25. (UJ?>—The German armies of northern France were reported in full flight for the Rhineland today, abandoning their Seine river line from Paris to the sea and the robot bomb bases along the channel coast. With their Seventh Army reduced from a first-class fighting machine of some 450,000 men to a disorganized rabble of barely 90,000 in the disastrous battle of Normandy, the Germans appeared to be pulling out of all northern'France YANKS CAPTURE CANNES, ANTIBES TROOPS FIGHT GERMANS 15 MILES BELOW LYON ROME, Aug. 25. (UP.)—American forces captured the Riviera resort city of Cannes today and were re ported battling the Germans only 15 miles below Lyon, big Rhone valley industrial center, 170 miles in land from the Mediterranean coast. Plunging on 4 miles past Cannes the Americana capturejd Antibes^ 10 ( wiles southwest of-Nice, an exclusive seashore resort patronized by Prime Minister Winston Churchill in peace time- To the west, Americans have made an advance of 8 miles since , morning, a late communique reported today, to drive into the vicln ity of the Rhone valley towns of Aries, 46 miles northwest of Marseille, and Tarascon, 9 miles north of Aries. A United Press dispatch from Annecy, capital of Haute Savoie province, said an American flying column was expected there momen tarialy from Grenoble, 53 miles to the south.' Liberated by French Maquis, Annecy was draped with American and French flags in anticipation of the arrival. The fact that the Americans had not yet arrived at Annecy appeared to disprove earlier reports that they already had reached the Swiss border 'at St. Julien, 10 miles farther north, and Evian, 25 miles northeast of St. Julien. Maquis Control Lyon The Rome newspaper II Tempo said an American column had engaged the Germans 15 miles south of Lyon after an advance from Grenoble, 58 miles to the southeast. French Maquis were said to be in control of Lyon, long a resistance center, but the Germans appeared to be fighting to nrolong the American advance as long as possible. The fall of Lyon would cut all the main escape routes for German forces remaining in southwest France and close the gap between the Allied armies in central and Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 6 Artcraft of California 6 Arvin Theater 11 Balance Rock Resort 11 Beardsley Dance 11 Blanchettl's Market 10 Book Shop 7 Booth's 2 Brock's 3, 4 Chicken Shop 10 Citizens Laundry 12 Coffee Harry : 2, 5, 13 Cole Brothers Circus 11 Culliton. John W 12 Dorman Photo 4 Bast Side Cleaners 6 Eggers 10 El Patio Pavilion 11 Fllckinger-Digier 15 Fox Theaters It Frank Meat Company 8 Goodrich Silvertown Stores: 13 Granada Theater 11 Green Frog Market 10 Ivers Furniture 10 Jack Ranch Resort 11 Judds 7 Karpe, A. H (i KERN 12 Kimball & Stone 6 KPMC 12 La Granada Ballroom 11 Lim, T 12 Lufkin's Business College 6. Mills, Ted 13 Mid-State Chemical Co 6 Montgomery Ward 4 National Dollar Store 6 Nile Theater 11 Phillips Music Co 4 Rialto Theater 11 River Theater v 11 San Joaquin Grain 4 Sears Roebuck 7 Service Market 10 Sherrys Liquor Stores 11 Silva, JOB* .:. 11 Stop and Shop Market 10 The Barn 11 Union Avenue Dance, 11 Union Cemetery ....7, 15. Virginia Theater 1. 11 Welll'g 8 Winding, Oscar E 6 and moving bock for n last-ditch tight on the borders of their homeland. The Nazi Fifteenth Army in the I'ns-de-Calnta area, stripped of much of its armor and artillery to reinforce the Seventh Army, was reported racing headlong toward the Marne river line and the Rhine, under savage attack by Allied planes. Simultaneously, four Allied armies crushed in on the broken remnants of the enemy's Seventh Army below, the Seine, converging on the great channel port of Le Havre. Canadian troops swung eastward along the channel coast to capture Honfleur at the mouth of the Seine and less than 5 airline miles across the estuary from Le Havre, and headquarters spokesmen said the survivors of the Nazi army were penned into a box between the Risle and Seine rivers, barely 15 miles deep and 20 miles long. Moves for Climax The situation was moving swiftly toward a climax, and spokesmen said it was quite probable that by dawn Saturday the Allies would be complete masters of the south bank of the Seine. Word of the mass enemy withdrawal was flashed back to headquarters by Allied airmen, who reported the roads leading east and south from Dieppe, Amiens, Beauvais and the surrounding areas jammed with German traffic. Throughout Thursday, large numbers of Nazi trucks were spotted racing down toward the Marne and the German frontier. Headquarters spokesmen had no immediate comment, beyond the grim note that the weather in northern France was clear today and that Allied warplanes already were ranging over the crowded, highways. 10-Mile Slash British and Canadian forces from the west slashed as much as 10 miles Into the Nazi pocket between the Risle and Seine rivers while the American First Army crushed in from the south in converging drives that threatened to carry quickly into the great channel port of Le Havre. Canadian First Army troops have pounded along the channel coast to the outskirts of Honfleur, directly across the Seine estuary from Le Havre and within full view of the port, while the Americans last were reported at Elbeuf, less than 40 miles south of Le Havre, and closing in rapidly. Continued on Page Two LEAVES FOB CHINA—Chairman- Donald M. Nelson of the War Production Board, is leaving today for an important mission in China. President Roosevelt said today he does not know whether Nelson will resume his duties as WPB head after returning to the United States. NELSON'S WPB RjnttTFPT F. R. DECLINES TO SAY WHO WILL BE CHAIRMAN WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. (UP.)— President Roosevelt said today he did not know whether Donald M. Nelson would resume his duties as chairman of the War Production Board after his trip to China, which begins today. The President explained that it was difficult to say what was going to happen in the future. The President's statement came shortly after he had ordered Lieutenant-Commander J. A. Krug, once a WPB vice-chairman and now just returned from a navy assignment In Normandy, to take WPB and "run it" in the absence of Nelson and the surprise resignation yesterday of Executive Vice-Chairman Charles E. Wilson, former General Electric president. Trip With Hurley Mr. Roosevelt was asked whether he contemplated that Nelson would resume his duties as heart of WPB after the trip to China which Nelson is making with Major-GeneraL Patrick J. Hurley on a mission assigned to them by the chief executive. He replied that Nelson was leaving today and that the mission was very important. He said the question was almost iffy and he did not know. He went on to say that it is sort of Iffy to say what's going to happen in the future. And again, he said he did not know. KriiK in Top Spot Under questioning he said that Nelson was still WPB chairman, although an acting chairman—Krug— went in today to occupy the top WPB spot while Nelson is in China. The 37-year-old Krug,.. who was a WPB vice-chairman until he joined the navy several months ago, got his new appointment late yesterday when WPB executive vice-chairman Charles E. Wilson resigned and brought to a dramatic climax his long-smouldering feud with the WPB boss. Accepting Wilson's resignation with reluctance, Mr. Roosevelt appointed Krug as acting WPB chairman in Nelson's absence but there was considerable speculation as to whether Nelson would return as head of the agency. Allies Invading Ma pi as Driven Off, Says Tokyo Rumania, Claim Landing Near Philippines Troops Driven Off With Heavy Losses, Jap Radio Says; Carrier Plane Raid on Sumatra Reported; Halmahera Gets 156-Ton Blast PEARL HARBOR, Aug. 25. <U.R>— Army and navy bombers, in a series of new attacks, raided the Benin?, Wake. Ponape, Nauru and remaining enemy bases in the Marianas and Marshalls, Pacific fleet headquarters announced today. Nazis in Paris Surrender, Allied Conquest Completed LONDON, Aug. 25. <UP>—Paris was reported firmly in Allied hands tonight, conquered by the overwhelming might of American and French armored forces and a motley street army of hundreds of thousands of Parisian patriots. A secret fighting French radio Inside the old capital flashed word to the world this afternoon that the commander of the Nazi garrison had surrendered unconditionally, barely 12 hours after Lieutenant-Oeneral Omar N. Bradley ordered his French and American troops Into the city. Allied headquarters, guarding against the possibility of another premature victory announcement such as the French partisan report of the capital's liberation two days ago, made no official comment pending word from the front. Confirmed by Commanders The Paris transmitter said, however, that the capitulation of the enemy garrison with all arms and equipment had been confirmed by Allied commanders in the city. The Free French radio announced that General Charles de Gaulle entered Paris at 7 p. m. (1 P. M., E. W. T.) today. Lieutenant-General Joseph Pierre Koenlg, commander of the French Forces of the interior, announced at 8:02 p, m. that le Clerc's tankx were operating in the very heart of Paris and that 'the Patriots were holding all the main official buildings and most of the highways. Koenig said the Germans' had barricaded themselves for a standoff fight In several places. He declared that first French armored patt-ols reached FFI headquarters In the Hotel de Ville (city hal') Just 'off the Rue de Rivoli at 10 p. m. last night and that the bulk of the French armored division entered Paris this morning. The Germans at id the heaviest clashes with tanks and Patriots were near the Arc de Triomphe and the Palais Luxembourg. Brigadier-General Jacques Le Clerc entered the Orleans gate at 9:43 a. m., broadcasts from Paris said. The bulk ( of the French general's Second armored division — 30,000 strong—was massed in the Pont de Sevres sector in southwest Paris and already had begun to march In. said one Allied transmitter broadcasting from Paris. De Gaulle lit Bacneaux General* Charles de Gaulle was said to be at Bagneux, a southwestern suburb 8 miles from the center of Paris, waiting to be conducted into the capital where the carlilons of Notre Dame and church bells throughout the city already heralded the entry of one spearhead. In the courtyard of the Seine po- Continued on P«t« Two War on Nazis 'Tentative" End Is_0ct. 1 NAVY EXPECTS PACIFIC FIGHT TO CONTINUE TO 1945, SAYS IRISH WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. <JP>— Chairman Woodrum (D-Va.). of the House postwar military policy committee said today that the army "tentatively" looks to October 1, 1944, as th date for the end of the war against Germany. Woodrum interposed the statement at a hearing at which Rear Admiral James H- Irish, Inventory control officer for the navy, indicated the navy expects to be still fighting in the Pacific through 1945. Woodrum did not amplify nor explain the source of his Information. Admiral Irish made his comment after declaring that "the successful prosecution of the navy's war in the Pacific its being handicapped by the failure to obtain necessary ships, such as troop carriers, refrigerating ships, and other important parts of the shipbuilding program." Discussing supplies and surpluses Irish said: "We are assuming that the war will proceed on at least until the end of 1945." Ahnost simultaneously, It was emphasized at the White House that President Roosevelt is having no part of nredlctions on the end of the i\ar. A reporter asked him at his news conference if he could give any idea of when he expected a collapse of Germany. My, no, the President replied, adding that he has been very careful about such things and that he is about the only person who hasn't said when he expected the European war to be over. By J. B. KRLEGEK Associated Press War Editor Allied troops have attempted a new island invasion nearer the Philippines, Tokyo radio said today without confirmation. The same enemy source broadcast that 28 carrier planes raided western Sumatra at the other end of the Dutch East Indies, similarly without Allied confirmation. These indications of a quickening tempo in the south~ ~~~~~~~ ern Pacific coincided with two London announcements promising harder blows on Japan from southeast Asia: Admiral Lord Louis Mount- batten has returned to east Asiu from Britain with new plans for stepping. up the war in that relatively quiescent sector; Ad mi nil Sir Bruce Fraser arrived in Ceylon to tnke command of the British far eastern fleet in succession to Admiral Sir James Somerville. Fraser is known as a doughty sea commander outstandingly successful against the Germans. Allied troops landed on the Mapia (St. David) islands yesterday, Tokyo said, but the invaders were driven off in a few hours with heavy losses. There was no Indication of the scope of the reported action. The Mapias lies about 100 miles due north of Mhnokwarl on northwest New Guinea, a bit over 400 miles south of Palau which guards the eastern Philippines and some 300 miles east of hard-hit Halmahera. Sumatra Raid Reported Tokyo vaguely said "western Sumatra" was raided and that two Allied planes were downed. This island has sufferer two previoim fleet raids at Sabang. Sumatra but- i tresses the Japanese hold -on Slnga- j pore naval base. General Joseph Stilwell meanwhile offered a summary of his north Burma operations thla year, reporting that 10,000 square miles of territory were retaken and more than 20,000 Japanese slain. He reckoned the campaign as partial recompense for the "hell of p. beating" his forces took in Burma in 1942. Halmahera, .stepping-stone t > the Philippines, took its heaviest bombing Wednesday. General MacArthur's airmen unloaded ISfi tons to good effect, destroying buildings ! and setting fires. Admiral Nimitz announced a Sunda raid on 'oft-hit Paramushiro, north of Japan. Chinese Strengthen Attacks The Chinese strengthened their continuous counterattacks against Japanese trying to expand their Hengyang victory into complete seizure of the Hankow-Canton railway. Mountbatten, reviewing the bitter, obscure Asia fighting, said 42,001) Japanese were killed in the Burma campaign (which Includes Stilwell's offensive and the Indian border fighting) against 10,000 Allied troops slain. He commented that the Japanese navy wus now "as afraid to accept action in tho Indian ocean and the Bay of Bengal an it is In the Pa- cjfic." PHILIPPINE ISLANDS Committee Asks Curb on AgencyAuthority WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. (UP)— The special House committee investigating executive agencies, citing an "urgent need" for action, today called on Congress to restrict the wide and ot'times "assumed" authority of government agencies such as the Office of Price Administration. In a report naming no specific agency but believed aimed primarily at the . OPA and the Wnr Labor Board, the committee urged passage of legislation to nuike sweeping changes in methods of settling disputes between individuals and agencies "which are assuming 'more and more of the actual government of our nation." BASEBALL NATIONAL LEAGUE (First Game) At Boston— R. 11. E. PHILADELPHIA 9 16 0 BOSTON 7 10 3 Batteries: Raffensberger, Karl (6) Shufnan (7), R. Barrett (8) and Peacock. Barrett, Hutchlnson (7), Tobin (9) and Hofferth. AMERICAN LEAGLK At Detroit— R. H. E. ST. LOUIS ..i 042 DETROIT : 1 5 I Batteries: Dalehouse, Caster (8) anfl Mancuso; Trout and Swift. . v • ' , TOKYO REPORTS NEW UNITED STATES INVASION—Radio Tokyo said Allied forces landed on the Mapia Islands Thursday, but were drly.en,,of,f v/ith_.lieav,y.losses. Tho Mapias lie 125 miles due north of Manokwarl on northwest New Guinea, and a bit more than 100 miles south of Palau, which guards the eastern Philippines. The broadcast admitted "some damage" by planes raiding the Sumatra area. REDS TIGHTEN BALTIC HOLD WITH CAPTURE OF TARTU IN ESTONIA GERMANS CLASH WITH FORMER ALLIES; RUSSIANS TAKE 25,000 PRISONERS IN DAY LONDON, AUK. -•"•• (U.R)—Red army troops tightened their hold on tho trapped German Baltic nriiiy today with the capture of Tartu, key rail junction in central Estonia, while far to the south Riiimtninn troops were deserting their Nn/i allies and surrendering by the thousands to the two Russian armies driving on Huch- nrest. The capture of Tartu, described as "an important German stronghold covering the roads of the central region ot Estonia." was announced by Premier Marshal Josef Stalin in an order of the day. (The clandestine radio Atlantic reported in a broadcast recorded by California Income Doubled Since 1939 SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 2f>. (UP) — Gross 1SI43 incomes of California business and industry, plus the net Incomes of individuals, were estl- NBC today that large forces of Russian paratroopers had captured Brasov, 52 miles northwest of i'loesti and 83 miles The Rumanian ern front, meanwhile, after having I Commerce revealed lO day. been ordered by their king to cease ''' nt ' report showed a gross Income northwest of Bucharest.) j mated at $42,454,751,000, a report of nian troops on the south- ; lnc California State Chamber of resistance against the Russian.", were surrendering to the two Soviet armies which have overrun virtually of $31.354,751.000 from business and Industrial enterprises. In the prewar year of 1939, total all of Bessarabia and northern Mol- ! gross income was $26,018,655.000, and daviii and driven to within 1,18 miles j '" tll(1 depression year of 1933 the of Bucharest. ! gro«- was $11,792,SC2,000 the report Front dispatches Indicated that the stated. Rumanian army had collapsed com- ' Manufacturing provided tho lurg- ! pletely as the Second and Third I est source of gross income for 1943. I Soviet (.'kriiiiiiun armies, advancing with an estimated $10,52R,541,000, up to 2S miles in 24 hours, rolled to within 40 miles or IONS of the Galatl gap to southern Runmniu and US miles of the great oil center of [Muesli. Germaif forces still were offering last-ditch resistance at many points which gross agricultural income exceeded $1.500,000,000. d ! I'lUEONS STOI'I'KI) i LONDON, Aug. 23. Wl —The army I no longer is using ulgcons to rush uncensored stories from the French and some engaged In armed clashes ; front, because of fear the birds might with the Ruinnnlnns, who were surrendering en masse. More than 25,- Contlnued on I'nfce Two land behind German lines—or even be hired off by sonic, pigeon "mala 1 hari." World League Power Limit on Peace Planning Mapped Ity JOHN HIGHTOWKK F LASHE s <;B\M> PALAIS IH R.VS OUTSIDE PARIS. Aug. 25. (1P>— Travelers from Paris said today that' the Grand Palais on Champs Bfysees— -"Paris' equivalent of New York's Madison Square Garden — burned with the loss of scores of lives during n circus performance Wednesday when a pitched battle broke out in the surrounding streets between the Germans and French Putrotts. MEASURE DEFEATED WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. (UPJ— The Senate today defeated, 31 to 18, a proposed "anti-speculation" amendment to pending legislation to establish machinery governing disposal of surplus war property. The amendment would have given the government authority to recapture all "excessive profits" on subsequent resale of surplus property. WASHINGTON, .\u«. -Ti. <£">—Secretary of Statu Hull and Julin Foster Dulles announced today substantial agreement on' considering problems uf peace urbanization as "a nnnpurtl- san subject" but failed tti reach Immediate agreement on the extent of public discussion desirable during the 1944 political campaign. Dulles anil Hull issueil u statement after three meetinss in which Dulles acted as agent for Governor Thonrtis 10. Dcwey. the Republican presidential nominee. Dulles said the agreement was made—to the extent that there is agreement—on behalf of Dewey. Continue Conferences Hull and Dulles will continue their conferences and the Republican nominee through Dulles, his foreign policy adviser, will be kept advised of developments in the three-power world security dlHcusHionx under way here at Dumbarton Oaks. / In the talks at Dumbarton Oaks, limitations expected to be imposed on the projected world security organization were understood to eliminate a plane advanced In some American quarters to hand peace conference problems over to' that agencv British representatives are reported in have brought a strong conviction from the London government that the 'lie uldiition of the war" iniiNi lie separated from the organization of the peace. The Russians have taken the line that all work not connected directly with the settlement or international disputes and the preservation of peace should be handled by international groups other than the security agency, although they almost certainly would have to be co-ordinated with It. End Week:* Work The conferee* came to the end of their first work-week today with their secretarial staff so loaded with paper work that a large group of tho delegates decided to RO to New York for the week end. After seeing Hull in two meetings a total of four hours and 40 minutes Dulles said last night that the talks would go on again today because "we want to be sure we'll have a meeting of minds and a clear program." Their efforts, he said, is to "do something rather novel in American political life." Continued on I'ass Twu Germany at War Nazis Blast Bucharest; Abandon Bulgaria as Balkans in Turmoil LONDON, Aug. ' 25. UP)— The Bucharest radio said tonight the whole Rumanian capital) was now liberated from the Germane.' The broadcast, monitored by Reuters. said the Bucharest airfield had been taken by Rumanian guards after heavy fighting. LONDON, Aug. 25. (UJ>)—A Cairo report said Rumania had declared war on Germany following a surprise attack by the Luftwaffe on Bucharest today, and Berlin intimated the pro-Nazi Hungarian government had been overthrown in the pro-Allied uprising sweeping Hitler's Balkan satellites. Radio Cairo reported it had intercepted a dramatic* broadcast from Bucharest announcing that German wnrplaiies were bombing the Rumanian capital this after-* noon »ml that Rumania had immediately declared war against her former partner. Berlin made no mention of the reported attack or Rumania's war move, but the German DNB news agency admitted that Nazi troops were being withdrawn from Rumania, and unconfirmed reports said the Wehrmacht also was abandoning Bulgaria. DNB said a government "reshuffle" was in progress in Hungary, indicating that the hand-picked Nazi cabinet headed by Premier Dome Szlojay, former Hungarian ambassador to Germany, had fallen. Swiss dispatches yesterday said the Hungarian army already was in revolt and the government shake-up, on which the Germans gave no immediate details, appeared to have been touched off by a peace faction In the army. The entire Balkans were reported In a turmoil over Germany's setback In Rumania and the Red army threat to southeastern Europe. Slovakia was reported to have proclaimed martial law and an underground radio called on the Hungarian army to revolt against the Germans. Wilfred von Oven, German home service radio commentator, acknowledged in a Berlin broadcast that Ger- mnn troops were pulling out of Rumania, where the front was "disin- tegratinK under the impact of troubles and treason." Charge!! "Treason" "We do not want to deny that the treason of the Rumanian king and his cliques is causing us some worries and difficulties and will continue to do so until the situation has been secured again by prompt action, as it was in Italy." he said. Diplomatic irelos in Ankara said Rumania's surrender followed the failure of Germany 1.0 promise military help agahiM the Rusisan offensive. When Premier Marshal Ion Antonesc.i. since ousted, returned empty-handed from a six-day talk with Adolf Hitler. Ankara said, unrest spread through the army and peace demonstrations broke out in Bucharest. Faced with military chaos, the army prevailed upon King Michael to seek an armistice, these sources said General Constantin Sanecaescu, the new premier, was identified as a former commander of the Fourth Army corps and among Rumania's I 20 highest generals. ' Krgin Negotiations A L'nited Press Moscow dispatch said Russian and Rumanian authorities were believed to have begun formal peace negotiations on the basis of King Michael's announcement that Rumania had decided to accept a Soviet armistice offer. Rumanian and German troop* were fighting one another in northern Rumania, the Soviets said, while other reports reaching London told of street battles In the Black tea port of Constanta. Swiss dispatches aaid Rumanian troops were fighting the Hungarian* in northern Transylvania, which Michael ordered his forces to rector* to Rumania. Adolf Hitler gave northern Transylvania to Hungary In 1940. The fate of Antonescu waa n.ot di«closed immediately. The London , Continued on P»f« Two

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