Thursday, August 24, 1944 Cbttotml $age of tEtye llaUcrsttclb Californian A L F R E D rf If A It II E I, L BD1TOE 1*D I' U B L I 8 II B » fbttaftfitlft IWtfrf ttfam Entered in post office nt BakcrsfleUI. California, ns prcond class mall under the act of Congress March 3, lkT!>. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tb« Associated Press is exclusively rniitled to ihr upr for iiuMifa- tion of all news dispatches credited to It nr no| "tln>r«-i«p credited In this paper, and also the lore I news published (heroin. The Bakersfleld Callfornian ip also n client nf the United Press and receives its complete wire seivno REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New Tork, Chieasro. San Frnnciwcn. Lop Anfiflca. Seattle. Portland, I.'inver WASHINGTON. D. f. BrFlK-U' The Haak.n Service. WaRrmiRtnn. O P. By carrier or mail (In advance.) tn pontal zones one, two. three. per month, 8,">c: six months. $5.1fl: one yrxr, ,:t.<>0. Hy mail in postal zones four to eisnt, pe.r ••nortth, ?!.<"'.'». BATTLE DECIDED E XCEPT for llu. shouting, the Bnlllc of France lias been derided and llic "shouting," probably in the form of a victory parade in Paris with President Roosevelt and Churchill reviewing it (for oven statesmen love a parade) will be the official confirmation of the liberation of France. As was pointed out days ago by The Californian, the southern invasion of France is more a maneuver under fire than anything else, though at the time of its inception it was probably not realized that the German debacle was so imminent. Of the 400,000 men defending France on D-Day from our invasion, it is estimated that less than 90,000 are still under arms for Germany, whose tank and panzer divisions have been scattered in sporadic junk heaps from Avranches to Versailles. Latest reports bad it thai the harassed German regiments, few of which were intact as military units, were trying to cross the Seine river in anything they could find from rubber boats to river pleasure craft. These desperate men were being chopped up by airplanes and enfilading fire from our troops on ihe ground. The general designs or patterns of war repeat themselves endlessly, though the weapons of Avar change. It was reported that advanced American tank patrols were nearing Chateau-Thierry where in 1918 the then current war edition of American yotilh was fighting under the Wilsonian war administration. Today American boys arc fighting on the soil of France where some of their fathers died. North of the Seine, opposing these advances is the Fifteenth German army, the army whose job it is to maintain the Pas de Calais strip from which the robot bombs are fired. Whether a real menace or not, Germany is still threatening to use its new "V-2" weapon to supplant the "buzz-bombs" already in use. The liberation of Paris is of far more historic than military significance, for our armies have flanked the French capital and the Germans were clearing out of the city anyway having determined that it was no longer practical in tactical sense to try to defend Paris with what troops they had left after the Normandy defeat. But the French Maquis will be delighted with the liberation of Paris. It will give them a great psychological stimulus to come "above ground" now that it is safe to do so and the Germans are in full retreat. Actually the Maquis are giving great aid to our armies and this assistance is certainly not disparaged. But it remains that the situation will not be without military irony to our fighting men to sec the French, particularly with De Gaulle ai their head, move through Paris in a triumphal military procession. STRAW FOR CAMEL | our Allies in planning for the postwar development of our merchant marine and our aviation progress. We know now that we have the greatest merchant marine in the world at this time and one which we hope will be maintained profitably after the war and not surrendered for foreign domination of the sea lanes. , This country has been particularly fortunate, too, in its policy of building airplanes, the great stress being placed upon Ihe fabrication of large, long-range bombers. When the war is concluded the United Stales will have large numbers of big planes easily converted for transoceanic passenger traffic and freight transportation. In this respect our policy to build large bombing planes will prove of great value to us. England and Russia, on the defensive in the early days of the war, naturally placed their constructional emphasis on the fighter planes. While this was indicated because of the tactical necessity imposed by war conditions, nevertheless it has retarded England ; and Russia considerably in acquiring a col- j lection of planes suitable for postwar devcl- I opment. | These circumstances are such as should be developed by our aviation leaders. It must be the hope of the American public, insofar as any such hope can be anything but incohalc, that we dominate, as we should, the world's air lines after the war and the sea lanes of the world oceans. It would be unfortunate after our colossal wartime expenditures that we should receive no direct benefits from our participation in the war other than forestalling our enemies. INDUSTRIAL SAFETY T HOUOH Germany is reliably reported to be producing more than 5,000,000,000 gallons of gasoline and light oils a year directly from coal and has in a great measure depended upon this output to maintain her planes and motorized field equipment, including her now shattered panzer divisions, the Reich was also dependent upon the supplies of the Ploesli oil center, target for numerous Allied bombardments. Germany, now faced with accumulating disasters, may consider the loss of the Ploesli refineries as being immin'ent. The Red army offensive has moved to within l.~>0 miles of the area and residents of Bucharest are profoundly alarmed, but probably not more so than the Germans. Loss of the Ploesli fields, and their production has been seriously curtailed by our bombers, will mean another straw on the back of the Reich camel. When Rumania is out of the war, and that she will soon be oul of the war seems inevitable, particularly as she is suing for peace, the German larder will be more depleted than ever, for Rumania has been a source of food supply for the Nazis. It is grimly amusing to note, too, at this time that the avid Antoncscu crowd, the Rumanian bootlickers, are now clamoring for peace. Premier Antonescu is another Hitlerian satellite who proved a poor political prophet. POSTWAR TRANSPORTATION • • -i I T is to be hoped that our leaders in aviation and the merchant marine in this country are ahead of, or a,t least abreast of, - L IST year 18,000 persons lost Iheir lives in industrial accidents in war plants throughout the country. So serious was this loss of life thai industrial safety engineers have made special studies in the interest of conserving life and through it manpower for the war effort. This year their interest, constructively, has resulted in a reduction of (i per cent in industrial accidents in war plants. In addition to the number of persons killed in war work last year, more than 23,000 war workers lost their lives in accidents outside of their working hours. Seriousness of industrial accidents becomes apparent when Ihese lolals for the year are contrasted with the casualties of the American forces during the firsl Iwo weeks of the invasion in France. American dead totaled 3082 and 13,121 wounded. There were almost 8000 missing. American forces during the invasion suffered three-fifths of the tolal losses. When casualties away from the front in shipyards and manufacturing plants resemble those of the battlefield, it is no wonder that the industrial safety engineers arc concerned to improve safety conditions. Improving safety conditions is deemed very largely a matter of educating inexperienced workers in Ihe precautionary conduct of more experienced employes in the big plants. The safety campaigns stressed through the nation in the inleresl of conserving life on Ihe home manufacturing front should elicit the a I ten lion of all war workers. It is only reasonable thai they pay attention with suggestions and procedures conceived for their own well being. To a great many bereaved families thai know all deatlis are not at the baltlefronl, the value of safety practices is a lesson learned a I a costly price. DUMBARTON OAKS T IIHUI: will be no partisan or selfish discord at the expense of a genuine attempt at Dumbarton Oaks to prepare a plan for the peace of the world. This statement was made after a conference between Governor Dewey's expert on foreign affairs, John Foster Dulles, and Senator Warren R. Austin, Republican of Vermont. An American plan for world security has been made presumably and will be broached during the peace conference. Mr. Dulles will scrutinize this plan, it is assumed, and make suggestions for his principal. Governor Dewey. Actually, Mr. Dulles as the adviser to Mr. Dewey on foreign affairs will probably propose any changes if they are to be made. The early phases of the conference seemed concerned with reviewing Ihe various plans suggested by the visiting plenipotentiaries. Unfortunately, due to diplomatic protocol, Ihe conference in some ways is taking on a "second string" aspect. The Russians sent only a local ambassadorial representative to the meeting,and, following suit, the Chinese did the same. This left it more or less obligatory for Secretary Hull lo relegate his job to someone of lesser rank. No more important meeting in the world could be held than that at Dumbarton Oaks, if the leaders of the great powers decided to make it important. Now, however, the meeting seems to have the earmarks of an affair preliminary to~a later meeting of some kind al which the representation, from the standpoint of protocol, will be more formidable. ERNI: H; PYL: -c. ON THE WESTERN FRONT (By Wireless).—We ran to the wrecked British plane, lying there upside down, and dropped on our hands nnd knees and peeked through a tiny hole in the side. A man lay on his back in the small space of the upside-down cockpit. His feet disappeared somewhere in the jumble of dials and rubber pedals above him. His shirt was open and his chest was bare to the waist. He wns smoking a cigarette. Ho turned his eyes toward me when I peeked in, and he said in a typical British manner of offhand friendliness, "Oh, hello." "Are you all right," I asked stupidly. He answered, "Yes, quite. now that you chaps are here." I asked him how long he had boon trapped in the wrecked plane. He said he didn't know for sure as he had got mixed up about the passage of time. But he did know the date of the month he was shot down. He told me the date. And I said out loud, "Good God!" For, wounded and trapped, he had been lying there for eight days! His left leg was broken and punctured by an ack-ack burst. His back was terribly burned by raw gasoline that had spilled. The foot of his injured leg was pinned rigidly under the rudder bar. His space was so small he couldn't squirm around to relieve his own weight from his paining back. He couldn't straighten out his legs, which were bent above him. He couldn't see out of his little prison. lie had not h;ul a bito to eat or a drop of water. All this for eight days and nights. Vet when we found him his physical condition was strong, and his mind wns as calm and rational as though he were sitting In a London cluh. He was in ngony, yet in his correct Oxford accent he even apologized for taking up our time to get him out. The American soldiers of our rescue party cussed as they worked, cussed with open admiration for this British flier's greatness of heart which kept him alive and sane through his lonely and gradually hope-dimming ordeal. One of them said, "God, but these Limies have, got guts!" It took us almost an hour to get him out. We don't know whether he will live or not, but he has a chance. During the hour we were ripping the plane open to make a hole, he talked to us. And here, In the best nutshell 1 can devise from the conversation of a brave man j whom you didn't want to badger with trivial questions, is what happened: Ho was an Royal Air Force flight lieutenant, piloting a night fighter. Over a certain area the Germans began letting him have It from the ground with machinegun fire. The first hit knocked out his motor. He was too low to jump, so— foolishly, he said—he turned on his lights to try a crash landing. Then they really poured It on him. The second hit got him in the leg. And a third bullet cut right across the balls of his right hand forefingers, clipping every one of them to the bone. He left his wheels up, and the plane's belly hit the ground going uphill on a slight slope. We could see the groove it had dug for about 50 yards. Then it flopped, tail over nose, onto its back. The pilpt was absolutely sealed into the upside- down cockpit. "That's all I remember for a while." he told us. "When I came to,' they were shelling all 'around me." Thu.s began the eight days. He had crashed right between the Germans and Americans in a sort of pastoral no-man's land. For days afterwards the field In which he lay surged back and forth between Germa'n hands and ours. His pasture was pocked with hundreds of shell craters. Many of them were only yards away. One was right at the end of his wing. The metal sides of the plane were speckled with hundreds of shrapnel holes. He lay there, trapped in the midst of this inferno of explosions. The fields around him gradually became littered with dead. At last American strength pushed the Germans back, and silence came. But no help. • Because, you see, it was in that vacuum behind the battle, and only a few people were left. The days passed. He thirsted terribly. He slept some; part of the time he was unconscious; part of the time he • undoubtedly was delirious.- But he never gave up hope. After we had finally got him out, he said as he lay on the stretcher under a wing, "Is it possible that I've been out of this plane since I crashed?" Everybody chuckled. The doctor who had arrived said, "Not the remotest possibility. You were sealed in there and it took men with tools half an hour to make an opening. And your leg was broken and your foot was pinned there. No, you haven't been out." "I didn't think it was possible," the pilot said, "and yet it seems in my mind that I was out once and back in again." That little memory of delirium was the only word said by that remarkable man in the whole hour of his rescue that wasn't as dispassionate and matter-of-fact as though he had been sitting comfortably at the end of the day in front of his own fireplace. like Readers' Viewpoint EIHTOU'S NOTE—letters should be llrautd to 150 words; may attach Ideas hut not persons: must not be Bbuslfe and should be written letdbl? and on one Hlrie of the palter. The Callfornian la not responsible for the sentiments contained therein and reserves the right to reject anjr letters. Letters must bear an authentic addretta and slinalure, although three will be withheld If desired. SUPPORT ARVIN Editor The Californian: There seems to be quite a lot of controversy over a certain Mr. Goldsmith's comparative report of Arvin and Dinuba by people that have no interest in either place. Mr. Goldsmith was sent here by the United States government for a purpose. He evidently came with certain facts, and his personal opinion on them, or his mind fully made up. He was not received with open arms, and was very emphatically told what this community thought about his mis sion. Mr. Harvey, and Mr. Johnny Will iams, are not very well posted on the facts about Arvin. Not living here I don't think they are qualified to argue this question. I have lived in Arvin for 20 years have property here, and was in business for a num ber of years. I made money here. I am perfectly happy here, and have a host of friends in Arvin. I prefer living in Arvin to many places I know. This community has some of the finest people to be found in the state. The fact of no tank is no fault of the people of Arvin. As to real estate values, you are all wrong, Mr. Williams. I doubt if you can buy a lot of any kind for $500 that is at all desirable. Business lots are from $1000 to $3500; you have probably nut tried to buy. The fact of peo pie moving on, yes, they move. They ;ire the class that follow seasonal crops, and do not stay anywhere over the season. Dinuba would not oven be an inducement. So that argument is out. To some peojtle in a neighboring town, Arvin has been referred to and talked about as a little Tijuana. Any scandal 30 miles away is laid on Arvin. I know of lots of tricks that have been played on Arvin to keep ua down, but we are far from down. 1 notice that certain Bakersfield men like the money Arvin has. They like the good wages paid hero. Farmers from out of Kern county like the land, and the good crops our soil produces. So what is the matter with Arvin? Nothing. If you don't like the town or community you muko your money in, you better stay away; at least, don't knock. 1 am glad everybody doesn't think alike; Arvin would oe loo crowded if they did. Remember, Arvin is a goung town and one of the fastest-growing communities in the slate. Dinuba Is an old city, having reached her growth some time ago. I have no quarrel with Dinuba. She does not need defenders. 1 um certainly disgusted with some of the people that seem to think it a grand idea to knock. For all the knocking Arvin has had, we are still going strong, and going ahead, and not beholding to anyone. Arvin has had, and may have some business men that were here for one purpose, and when they left no one missed them, Arvin Is good enough for me, and I have every Intention of remaining. For Mr. \VilliainH 1 information, we have u sooil school, good churches, street lights, fire protection, sewer system, water supply, fine public library, a fine community hall, two fine service clubs. If you don't believe it, come out and start something. Mr. Goldsmith did, and found out, consequently he doesn't like Arvin. If you don't like Arvin, or any other place, why be n knocker? ARVIN TAXPAYER. FROM EAST TO WEST Editor The Californian: The world's atmosphere makes the circumference of the globe once in 135 days from pole to pole and is in three equal units of 45 days each. When storms occur in Europe similar weather occurs in Cali fornia or on the coast. The European weather is four or three days in advance of our coast. The third unit will be just started to cross the Pacific Ocean. There are seasonal fluctuations of latitude and changes occur in the spring, if any. And when Australia has an abnormal rainfall, the rainfall north of the equator Is curtailed. Frequently a drought occurs, both rain and wind storms are preceded by a clear atmosphere or extreme visibility and an electrical element known as shooting stars shoot toward the approaching change in the weather. A long streak indicates the change is distant; a short streak 24 hours dis tant. This would interest the civil Ian rather than the professional observer. Wind clouds and hurricanes frequently puss over California fly ing high and may be identified by streamers or horsetails. When the storm is local low clouds pass and are black and close-grained like hu man hair. Then, look out. Hailstorms are cold waves and will re turn in 135 days as a frost and heavy rain. A hailstorm in the mining district in Arizona was followed by torrential rains in southern California In 135 days. The peach bowl in northern California is headed for frost and rains The cold wave will take in the entire state. There is a place for all kinds of weather and they all keep their place and never exceed the speed of the atmosphere. RUSSELL H. P1GOTT. SUMMER BASEBALL Editor The Californian: May I commend the Californian on the co-operation shown during the present summer baseball season. Though short handed and curtailed in the amount of print, local followers of both softball and hardball have been enabled to follow the play as the season progressed. Also to be commended are the local radio stations and their staffs for the cheerful and willing aid they have given through their local news broadcasts.. As the current season draws to a close, having served seven or eight hundred of our boys and girls and men and women through active participation and served many thousands of our citizenry through participation as spectators, there are maoy people to be commended for their parts in the total program, viz: sponsors of teams, who by financial aid made it possible for teams to be equipped; managers of teams should be especially thanked for taking their time to keep teams together, supervise their actions, their language, and impart ideals of fair and clean play to our boys and girls; the players through their actions in defeat as well as In victory, have conducted themselves nobly; and last but not least, th epersonnel of the different diamonds, the umpires, the scorers, the ground keepers, and the public address men and women, all helped In the total picture. Generally speaking: Delinquents are not ball players: Thanks for your part in this successful season. GEORGE WILLIAMSON. Bakersfield, August 21, 1944.1 , O From the Files of The Californian 10 YEARS AGO . (The Calllornian, this date. 1'J34) Fall enrollment of Bakersfield High School and Junior College will total 3400 pupils an increase of 100 over last year. A peeping Tom who caused panic on B street two nights ago, will peep from behind jail bars for the next 30 days, police announced today. A Texas picnic at Kei-n River Park Sunday Is expected to attract a minimum of 15,000 persons. Seating arrangements have been made for 3500. A whiskerino contest will open soon in preparation for Bakersfield Frontier Day celebration October 6 and 7. Eleven sons and daughters with their families were included in the 100 or more guests at a family picnic presided over at Jastro Park by Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Hodel. Mrs. Amelia Waldon was appointed legislative chairman at an American Legion auxiliary convention in San Francisco early this month. 20 YEARS AGO (The Culifornmn. this nine. 1924) A few weeks ago a Canadian doctor told medical men that he had isolated the organism that causes cancer. Old fashioned dances will be given under auspices of the Rebekah Lodge. Mrs. Mary Phelps heads the committee assisted by Mrs. Mollie Crain, Mrs. Claire Angel and Don Altstaetter. L. E. Creasey was severely injured when he fell from a horse Sunday morning. John Brereton, Jr., was appointed by Board of Supervisors today to assist in auditing the county books. John Byfield assumed his duties as attendance officer and physical education director for Kern County Schools today. Friends of A. P. Foute are enjoying a feast of rainbow trout which the fisherman caught at Lake Alamor. Dr. R. M. Jones is now owner of the Lund apartments of Fresno. 30 YEARS AGO (The Califoniian, this date. 1914) D. Boone Newell, candidate for sheriff, reports that he is standing on his record as to recommendation of his fitness for the office. He adds that his platform is impartially to enforce all laws, and protect all individuals and legitimate business enterprises. James Ogden has resigned his position as general superintendent of Kern County for Miller & Lux Company to go to Imperial Valley. Don Knowles of Taft is the owner of a newspaper published in Baltimore, August 20, 3773. McKittrick will have a branch library. City trustees will provide the needed equipment and the building will be opened October 1. Fullerton bankers have contracted for drilling of wells in the AVeed Patch. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1904) Christening of the heir to the Russian throne took place this morning at the church of Peterhof palace. The tiny successor of the great white czar received the name of Alexis Micholaevaitch. Advertisement: D. C. Abbott, corner of N and Twenty-second streets, new axletrees, reduced prices. Associated Oil Company offers independent producers of Kern River 12'.. cents for oil. Bakersfield people at Santa Cruz include Daisy Roberts, Doctor McKenzie and family, Mrs. H. H. Fish and children, Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Baer and Sam Ashe. Bert Berry is a visitor from Glennville. George Ruggles, tailor, has left for New York, planning to return in mid-September. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1S!>4) Alphonse Weill returned this morning from a three weeks' stay in San Francisco. Born to Mr. and Mrs. James Canaday, August 21!, a son. Delano schools will open Monday, September 3. C. N. Mills will be the principal. Last week Kern County Lumber Company started in business with a full line of builders' supplies and now another similar concern t's in the field. D. W. Grover of Santa Cruz having completed arrangements for opening a yard here. The new schoolhouse under construction in Robertson district is progressing rapidly under the direction of C. W. Preston of Porterville. Bakersfield school doors will open September 17. Carpenters are hopeful that all new building will be completed by that date. SO THEY SAY The postwar military establishment must be maintained on the assumption that this country will not again be given such a period of grace between the start of war and the necessity for full-scale military effort as was provided In the present war.—Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson. After the last war the Allies owed us huge sums and' paid little. Now we should see that we get benefits— in trade agreements unhampered by mgnopolies and cartels—from out- loans abroad.—Senntor Kenneth McKellar of Tennessee, appropriations chairman. 1 will surrender when every one of our bullets has been fired and every one of our bayonets is sticking in a German belly.—American captain of surrounded battalion in France, to German officer. Britain's present scourge of robot bombs, those deadly aimless missiles of a frustrated Hitler, carry a grim foreboding to an America whose ocean barriers will no longer serve to protect us.—Lleutenant-General Ben Lear. PEN SHAFTS Few young fellows who keep busy as a bee and make good ha,ve to worry about someone else walking away with their honey. Hitler may live longer than he expects. It likely will take months and months to read all the charges against him. More and more the common soldiers and the important officers of Germany are being thrown together —and snot. During Gonbbel's official broadcasts Germans in restaurants are supposed to stop eating. Hard on the digestion? Some of the victims of horseplay are the fellows who play the horses. ike News -(By PAUL MAU.ON)- WASHINGTON, Aug. 24.—More Important people than C. E. Wilson, the vice-chairman, have been after the War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson to get him to China or even farther, all the way back to Sears Roebuck, whence he came. The President's strong right arm (though somewhat limp and sore now himself) James F. Byrnes long has been aligned against him. Also Harry Hopkins' man, General Brehon B. Somervell, long has hoped and planned for the worst for Mr. Nelson. The latest Inside cuusc for renewed anger was a report on army production made by two of Nelson's assistants seeming to show Somervell all wrong in his figures on army shortages. This report Mr. Nelson is supposed to have sent to the chief of staff, General George C. Marshall with an invitation to look it over. It claims Somervell was able to arrive at his shortages only by transferring title of equipment and supplies from his own department to army transportation, or the bureau of ordnance or some other army subdivision. Mere mention of such a report sends official tempers flying and the subofflcials whisper, "It has been suppressed." At first Mr. Nelson understood he would be in China for only two or three weeks at the most. But since then, he has read in the papers he is to be there BO to 90 days—the so-called crucial period as fur as developments within WPB concerning the Nelson method of piecemeal return to peacetime production (30 per cent increase he says) or the Wilson-Somervell idea of waiting for mass reconversion. Senators and congressmen also read the papers and they not only criticized the China mission, they threatened to investigate it. To them Nelson is small business as far as the government is Concerned, and they want him here. It was their apprehensions which caused Mr. Roosevelt to issue his denials. But when the President said the Nelson mission to China is "most pressing," the congressmen remembered Vice-President Wallace was the last to undertake a pressing mission in that direction, only to lose his job, even with Mr. Roosevelt's support. The President also said there would be no change in WPB policy (he mentioned nothing about chairmen), but the earlier White House announcement had specifically designated Mr. Nelson's enemy on this issue, Mr. Wilson, to be acting chairman, in which seat he will have many opportunities to art with and without Mr. Roosevelt's notice. Therefore, Mr. Roosevelt has not been able to dispel entirely the common supposition among the business elements within WPB that the army got rid of Mr. Nelson for the coming CO to 90 days at least, and possibly for longer. Civilians tend to sympathize with the Nelson case, but there is an untold side to the army sTand also. For instance, it can now be related General Eisenhower, two or three weeks ago, suddenly ordered 80,000 trucks to be shipped immediately. Apparently he decided to move his army forward into Germany on trucks entirely, disregarding railroad repair. Now 80,000 is a sensational number of trucks (and the army has been claiming a shortage in this line), but they were found stored around the country, and the major war operation of getting them to the seaboard and aboard ships has proceeded satisfactorily. The army and navy feel they must produce twice as much aa they think they will need, in order to have enough. In battle you cannot afford to be caught short. Atop this, Pacific coast senators say 8000 war workers have been leaving California each month since the end of the European war became evident. They are moving back to the midwest farm regions. A news account estimated 4000 to 5000 leaving the San Francisco area each month. Furthermore, strikes are being called for trivial occurrences, just to get a rest. Such excuses as th« firing of a foreman, transfer of inspectors, upgrading of a riveter? abandonment of a 15-minute rest period, etc., have been used for strikes lately. The army and navy fear that when, the European war ends, the workers will not sustain their interest for Japan. The military will start drumming Congress for an industrial draft act again, unless they get the production they want. There should be some reasonable common-ground for starting much civilian production immediately as Mr. Nelson wants, without interfering with the army and navy, to which his adversaries object, but no one seems to have found it. Thus the struggle waxes, first policy of piecemeal reconversion with Mr. Nelson on top pushing the particularly for small business, and now the Somervell-Wilson men running the works to delay reconver- sion to a single big peacetime operation, which will surely cause unemployment hardships as well as heedless shortages of civilian goods. (Wcrld rojiyrislif, 1044. hy Kin. Ken turrit Syndicate, Inc. All riBhts nm-rwl. Keimxluct'lon In full or in part strictly prohibited.) on Col umn - (By ANN STEVJCK)- Our girls are in on the war, parley voo, they'll be in on the bonus too. Hinky Dinky parley voo. Our girls may make up a veterans' bloc of nearly a quarter of a million at war's end, counting WACS, WAVES, marines, SPARS, army and navy nurses. They'll cash in on the G. I. bill of rights—schooling loans, new benefits bonus outlined by the out-of-job pay, hospitalization, job- hunting help. Veterans Administration In charge of the new program says a veteran's a veteran to them, filed under a number, so women vets are bound to get the same benefits as men. That leaves a few equality formulas for some legal Solomon to work out. For instance, what circumstances will entitle the married girl veteran to sign up for additional allowances a married man veteran gets? Ex- service girls will be going back to college, business school, beauty operating or teacher training at government expense up to $500 yearly for books and tuition, $50 a month living costs if single, $75 with a dependent. Offer is good for any 90-day veteran whose schooling was interfered with by entering service and it's taken for granted for veterans who entered service before age 25. It's too early for precedent to show, but people working on the program say the over-SB veteran who shows aptitude and can stand up to entrance requirements of the school she chooses from lists being made up by state governors won't have great trouble showing she was a potential prewar scholar. She'll get one year's school plus as much time as she spent in service. Girl veterans won't be selling apples on the street either. The O. I. bill of rights sets up elaborate job- hunting machinery for them with a special veteran's job hunter on duty in United States Employment Service offices throughout the country. That special lien on the old job which veterans get in a clause of the Selective Service Act is good for women veterans too if they apply for their old jobs within -10 days. The deal with the old boss proceeds on an informal basis unless the veteran strikes a snag. Then she can go through the local selective service board up to the department of | justice for free services of a United States attorney to argue her claim. Should times get so hard within two years of war's end or of her discharge, whichever is later, that this job-hunting help fails to place her, the veteran of 90 days' service can collect $20 weekly unemployment pay for as many as she spent in service, up to 52. When a woman comes home from the wars her government will back her up when she goes to the village bank or loan company or Aunt Flossy Funds for a loan to set herself up in a home, a farm, or a business. She probably can't convince the moneylender she's a promising farmer as easily as her ex-service brother, but she'll be a good risk for a beauty shop, interior decorating studio, tea room or similar spot. The government guarantees half the first loan up to $2000. If a first loan Is approved and guaranteed by a federal agency, full amount of a second loan will be guaranteed if total guarantee amounts to no more than $2000. Top amount will be a nice working capital of $4000 at 4 per cent, 20 years to repay, if she can get it. Government leaves the decision to the, moneylender but demands common sense terms of payment, price, and condition of property to be bought. Disability pay averaging $22.28 monthly, paid according to percentage of impairment, was going to 120 women veterans as of April 15, 1944, (102 WACs, 12 army nurses, 6 WAVES). Some of the thousands of over-' sens girl warriors as well as those injured in the home front posts will come in for vocational rehabilitation given to train veterans disabled in line of duty for self-supporting jobs. Training period pensions are $80 a month if single, $90 a month if married. Unaest ions ana Answers Q. What were the principal factors in the restoration of North American ducks and geese?—C. B. G. A. Fish and Wildlife Service says that nature deserves the lion's share of the credit. Breaking of the great drought was a major factor in the success of the restoration program' for which no individual or agency can lay claim. The factor second in •importance, has been the regulatory program of this service and the national parks bureau of Canada. Hunting regulations were made drastic in a deliberate move to reduce the legal kill by sportsmen. Third in importance has been the official restoration of waterfowl habitat by the United States and Canada. Valuable contributions also have been made by individuals and other organizations to what has been termed "a miracle of conservation." Q. Is there any difference between the normal temperature of a man who lives in the tropics nnd one who lives in the polar regions'.'— P. C. R. A. Whether man lives In the tropics or near the poles, his normal temperature is approximately 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Q. In which direction should Manila rope be coiled?—A. M. C. A. Right-handed rope should always be-coiled in a clockwise direction, with the lay; left-handed, counterclockwise. This is done to prevent unlaying of the line. Q. How many volcanoes are there in Japan?—M. D. L, ••-•••> A. Japan has 192 volcanoes of which 54 are active. Q. Who was the Indian chief who introduced petroleum to the white men?—B. T. H. A. Soubarissen, ruler of the Neutral Indians of western New York and in whose territory oil springs were located. These springs weVe viewed in 1C27 by the Fnech explorer and missionary, Father de la Roche. Q. During what months of the year is there perpetual daylight in Iceland?—P. F. A. According to Vilhjalmur Ste- fansson, from late May till the beginning of August there is perpetual daylight and one can read a book the whole night through. Q. Does a passenger plane have a seat numbered 13?—L. I. N. A. Ordinarily the number 13 is not assigned to seats on passenger planes. Seat numbers are not assigned when reservations are made. Such numbers are only for the information of line itself. Q. What is the purpose of the nick" in the identification tag worn by soldiers?—D. B. A. The tags are made with a nick so that they fit Into a certain groove „ while being stamped. Q. Who published the New Testament in basic English?—J. R. C. A. The Cambridge University Press of Cambridge, England, pub-, llshed it in May, 1941, employing a' vocabulary of 1000 words., A reider ran Be! the answer to an; oue&tlon o( '«ct by writing The Itak.nllelil C*Ufornl>n Juroriniflun bureau Sid tse Slieet. N. K.. W««hld»ton, X O. U, PIMM endow u»M (JL renia for reglj. '
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