The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 27, 1986 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Monday, January 27, 1986
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Nation/World The Salina Journal Monday, January 27,1986 Page 5 Rebels say S. Yemen 'tranquil' ADEN, South Yemen (AP) — South Yemeni insurgents Sunday sought legitimacy amid official backing by the Soviets by convening a Cabinet meeting in the capital under "interim President" Heider al- Attas. Rebel radio did not identify the ministers who attended the session. The 26-member Cabinet was reported to have disbanded shortly after radical Marxist rebek«and forces loyal to President Ali Nasser Mohammed began fighting on Jan. 13. Two ministers were reported killed in street battles in Aden, the capital. Three others sided with Mohammed. The rest of the ministers have not been heard from since fighting began in the Marxist Arab nation of 2.1 million, strategically located on the heel of the Arabian Peninsula. The radio said Sunday that the Cabinet created a technical committee under Minister of Construction Fadl Mohsen Abdullah to assess the extent of damage and devise a short-term reconstruction program for South Yemen. Aden, a port city of 280,000 people, sustained enormous damage in nearly 12 days of tank and artillery battles, the bloodiest since the country gained independence from Britain in 1967. Arab and Western diplomatic sources in San'a, capital of North Yemen, said about 12,000 people were killed and nearly twice as many injured in the fighting. Meanwhile, the triumphant rebels Sunday claimed the situation in Aden was "absolutely tranquil." Persian Gulf-based Arab diplomatic sources, however, insist the conflict between al-Attas, formerly the prime minister, and Mohammed remained undecided. "South Yemen is virtually divided into a rebel-controlled capital on one side and tribal eastern and northern regions on another," said one diplomat. "South Yemen now is divided be- • tween two governments — the Yemen Socialist Party hard-line insurgents under al-Attas and the still- legitimate regime of Ali Nasser Mohammed." A rebel radio station on Friday broadcast a statement attributed to the Central Committee of the Yemen Socialist Party stripping Mohammed of his party titles and powers and replacing him with al-Attas as interim president. The radio said al-Attas returned home from Moscow Saturday and that he expressed "satisfaction over the outcome of his talks with the Soviet leadership." That day, the Soviet news agency Tass announced al-Attas as Mohammed's replacement. Sunday, Tass reported life in Aden had returned to normal, with power, water supplies and communications being restored despite shortages of food and drinking water. Soviet television quoted al-Attas as saying on his return that relations with the Kremlin would strengthen on the basis of a friendship and cooperation treaty signed by the two countries in 1979. Rightist candidate leads in Portugal Photos by AP Sikhs chip away at the temple's balcony, symbolizing their commitment to rebuild the shrine. Militant Sikhs regain control of Golden Temple in Punjab AMRITSAR, India (AP) — Sikh militants, taking control of the Golden Temple for the first time since the 1984 army assault on the shrine, repudiated their five high priests Sunday and "excommunicated" India's Sikh president. The actions posed a serious challenge to the minority faith's religious leadership and threatened a new political crisis in Punjab state, plagued by Sikh terrorism since 1981. The moves came during a rally by Sikh militants to begin tearing down and rebuilding a "polluted" Golden Temple shrine, the Akal Takht, damaged in the army attack that left an estimated 1,200 people dead. Militant leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was among those killed in the attack on extremists using the shrine as a sanctuary and command post. A militant flashes a sword during a rally at the temple. The militants passed a resolution Sunday hailing Satwant Singh, convicted of assassinating Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and a fellow Sikh who? was killed soon after Gandhi, as "heroes and precious gems of the Sikh community." The government says the two Sikh guards shot Gandhi in October 1984 to avenge the Golden Temple assault. About 20,000 Sikhs cheered as militants pounded iron hammers into the second floor balcony of the white marble Akal Takht, which serves the seat of Sikh temporal power. Thousands raised their swords and shouted "The Sikhs shall rule!" as militant leaders denounced Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and his July Punjab peace pact with Sikh moderates to end three years of agitation for Sikh rights. At the rally, militants said they had "dismissed" the five high priests because they "collaborated" with the federal government after the 1984 raid. John Paul to visit divided India NEW DELHI, India (AP) Pope John Paul n, making the first official papal trip next weekend to the Hindu homeland of Mahatma Gandhi, visits a nation divided by piety, poverty and bitter sectarian conflicts. Invited by the I Indian gov-l eminent to tour I this nation of 7501 million people, I which approx-1 imates the size of the world's' Catholic community, the pope said Sunday from the Vatican that he will visit as a "pilgrim of peace ... a pastor sent to confirm among brothers of the faith an ecclesiastical unity." Christianity, however, is regarded with suspicion in India as a colonialist ideology. Sometimes the Virgin Mary is depicted in a sari as Indian churches have at- JohnPaul tempted to shed the image of a foreign church and adopt Indian customs. Christian missionaries are criticized for converting untouchable Hindus and impoverished pagan tribals, for stirring the lower classes to demand their legal rights. The Vatican to many Hindus represents a foreign Catholic minority that makes up less than 2 percent of the population. Pope John Paul will travel through India for 10 days under tight security, including a bulletproof limousine. His tour of 14 cities starts Saturday in New Delhi and includes stops in Calcutta, Madras, Goa and Bombay. Hindu zealots have declared the pope unwelcome and demanded he cease conversions. They have planned anti-Catholic demonstrations in New Delhi and Bombay, and two death threats against him have been reported. Militant slogans, spray-painted in Madras, say: "There's No Hope, Pope, Go Home" and "The Pope Is A CIA Agent." In the Indian Catholic community, there is dispute over "liberation theology" in a nation of overwhelming poverty, sickness, illiteracy, inequality and discrimination. "Untouchable" Christians, like Hindu outcasts, have been protesting discrimination against them in Madras. Activist priests and nuns have been criticized and transferred by the church for demonstrating on behalf of poor fishermen in Kerala state, and for supporting landless untouchables oppressed by Hindu landlords and moneylenders in Bihar state. India is an officially secular but Hindu-dominated nation. Christians of all denominations total about 23 million, including 12 to 15 million Catholics. The Catholic church is the biggest in Asia outside the Philippines. Congress prepares for budget, tax battles LISBON, Portugal (AP) — Conservative candidate Diogo Freitas do Amaral ran well ahead of three leftist rivals Sunday in voting for Portugal's first civilian president in 60 years, but fell short of enough votes for a first-round victory. With all but 50 of the 4,138 districts reporting, Freitas do Amaral had about 46.6 percent of the vote; former prime minister and Socialist Party leader Mario Soares 25.5 percent; Francisco Salgado Zenha 20.7 percent, and Maria de Lourdes Pin- tasilgo was a distant fourth with 7.6 percent. To become president without a runoff election a candidate had to poll more than half the votes cast by Portugal's 7.6 million eligible voters. Freitas do Amaral will battle Soares in a second round on Feb. 16. Two hours after the polls closed, spokesmen for Salgado Zenha and Pintasilgo conceded defeat. Election officials put voter turnout at 75 percent, about the same as in the Oct. 6 parliamentary elections in which the center-right alliance emerged on top. The presidential election was the third since Portugal returned to rep- resentive government following the 1974 overthrow of a rightist dictatorship that had ruled for half a century and the first in 60 years to elect a civilian head of state. It was also the third nationwide election in four months. WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress returns Monday for an election-year battle with President Reagan over budget cuts, taxes and spending priorities that promises to turn into a political bloodletting of Super Bowl proportions. Even before the president delivers his State of the Union address Tuesday night, congressional Democrats were maneuvering to focus attention on massive, politically unpopular domestic spending cuts in the fiscal 1987 budget Reagan will propose Feb. 4. Some legislators say it might take $80 billion in cuts to reduce the federal budget deficit to $144 billion next year, the target set by the new Gramm-Rudman budget-balancing law. Reagan's refusal to accept any revenue-raising tax increases or any slowdown in his military buildup, they say, almost certainly will result in a bitter and prolonged deadlock with Congress unless the president is willing to compromise. Senate Finance Committee Chairman Robert Packwood, R-Ore., said Sunday on NBC's "Meet the Press" that Congress would produce a tax revision bill by August at the latest. He said he told Reagan this weekend he could "get 89 percent of what the president wants without raising taxes." Sen. Ernest F. Boilings, D-S.C., said on the same program, however, that he thinks "a tax increase will be necessary if we are to comply with Gramm-Rudman-Hollings." White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan said on ABC's "This Week With David Brinkley" that the president wants to fight the deficit and to stress "privatization" of government assets, such as Amtrak — selling them to the private sector. "If there is a tax increase that comes forward, albeit with a few deficit cuts, I think that he will look at it, but I don't think that he will buy it," Regan said. Regan expressed doubt that "the trigger's going to be pulled" to set in motion the automatic Gramm- Rudman cuts. Lawmakers "have to come to grips with the fact that it's a trillion-dollar budget and, by george, we just can't be spending that kind of money," Regan said. Sen. Pete Domenici, R-N.M., Senate Budget Committee chairman, said on the same program that compromise was needed. He reiterated that the country "could easily stand an import fee on foreign oil." But Domenici termed Gramm- Rudman "an excellent tool" to force Congress to cut the deficit. House Majority Leader Jim Wright, D-Texas, predicted that the deep cuts required by the measure would force Reagan to strike a deal with Congress. He said that if the tax revision bill became the focus of such a bargain "it would not only be all right, it would be highly desirable.'' Lawmakers also are less than enthusiastic about Reagan's "privatization" plans to sell some government assets, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority, to private interests. "It's an admission that you're in pretty bad shape when you have to sell the garage to pay the mortgage," says House Speaker Thomas O'Neill Jr. White House officials say Reagan plans to make a comparatively brief, nationally broadcast address before a joint session of the House and Senate starting at 8 p.m. CST Tuesday. The 20-minute speech will deal in general terms with Reagan's themes and goals. You can still earn high yields! Mid America Inn Restaurant MONDAY NIGHT SPECIAL 9-11 Oz. 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Member New Vork Stock Exchange me Member Secuniies investor Protection Corporation lack Schwartz Registered Representative 111 S. Fifth, Salina, Ks. 913-823-5133 (Call Collect) Freitas do Amaral, 44, a former deputy prime minister and founder of the Christian Democratic Party, ran with the backing of Prime Minister Anibal Cavaco Silva's Social Democrats. He was expected to benefit from a three-way split in votes for the candidates to the left. The combined right polled 39.8 percent of the vote Oct. 6, enough to allow them to form a minority government. Analysts had predicted Soares, 61, would have a difficult time making it into the February runoff. The last-minute entry of Socialist Party co-founder Zenha Salgado, 62, backed by outgoing President Antonio Ramalho Eanes and the Moscow-line Communist Party, sip- oned away votes for Soares. Under Portuguese law, Eanes, 51, twice president and an army general in the active reserve, could not seek another five-year term. Pintasilgo, 55, had expected to have the backing of Banes' Young Democratic Renewal Party, but went ahead and ran without party support. She had served as the nation's first woman head of government when Eanes appointed her to head an interim, non-partisan Cabinet in 1979. After voting, Freitas do Amaral told reporters in Lisbon it didn't matter whether he won on the first or second ballot. Honduran president to be inaugurated TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (AP) — Honduras inaugurates a new president today, bringing what the United States hopes will be an end to strained relations with a key Central American ally. Jose Azcona Hoyo, who turned 59 on Sunday, will don the blue and white presidential sash of office at an outdoor ceremony in Tegucigalpa's national sports stadium attended by dignitaries from throughout the Americas, Europe and Asia. That symbolic act will mark the first time in more than half a century that one freely elected civilian government has passed power to another without military interference. It also will mark what most observers think will be the end of the political career of outgoing President Roberto Suazo Cordova, whose mercurial rule over the past four years brought sharp swings in Honduras' relations with the United States. Diplomatic sources in Washington and Tegucigalpa think one of Azcona Hoyo's first acts will be to quietly loosen Honduras' embargo on U.S. aid shipments to anti-Sandinista Nicaraguan rebels, or contras, trying to overthrow the leftist government of neighboring Nicaragua. Those shipments have been blocked since Oct. 10, when the Honduran government confiscated a planeload of supplies intended for the rebels, who maintain offices in Tegucigalpa and have bases along the border with Nicaragua. The supplies were part of the $27 million in non-military aid approved by Congress last summer for the rebels, whose indisputable presence in Honduras is nonetheless denied by the government. Lifting of the blockade was part of an understanding reportedly worked out between Azcona Hoyo and Reagan administration officials, including Vice President George Bush, in meetings in Washington earlier this month. Bush will be among those attending the inauguration. An end to the Honduran embargo became even more important to Washington as President Reagan prepared to ask Congress for additional aid for the Contras, perhaps as much as $100 million for both military hardware and medical, food, clothing and other non-lethal supplies. Nine transients die during row house fire WASHINGTON (AP) — A hot water heater apparently burst into flames in a row house basement apartment frequented by transients early Sunday, killing nine people and leaving four hospitalized. All of the victims were in the basement apartment, which neighbors described as a popular gathering place for many poor Hispanics who went there almost nightly after nearby saloons closed. "It was like a neighborhood bar down there," said Daniel del Valle, who lived upstairs and escaped by climbing out a second-story window. "I'd be going to work at 6 o'clock in the morning and a party would be going on." As many 20 people might have been in the brick, turn-of-the-century building at the time of the fire, which broke out before 3 a.m., fire department spokesman Rayfield Alfred said. Three people were dead on the scene while six others died at hospitals. Four were admitted for treatment, including a 5-year-old boy and 2%-month-old boy who were in good condition. Two men were in serious condition. Susan Rasky, who lives next door to the burned building, said many of the homeless people in the area are from El Salvador, and their number has increased since the fighting in that country has intensified. Fire officials said 90 firefighters took about 15 minutes to put out the fire, which was confined to the basement and caused about $75,000 damage. Jiok •ohwirtz Own a business? You'll appreciate the careful attention H&R Block can give your tax returns. Our tax preparers have been carefully trained to understand income tax law related to business. At H&R Block, we want to make sure you pay the lowest legitimate tax. H&R BLOCK THE INCOME TAX PEOPLE i Sunset Plaza 827-5817 HourK M-F 9 to 8, Smt. ft Sun. 9 to 5 254 S. Santa Fe — Downtown 827-4253 510 S. StntiF*

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