The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 24, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, August 24, 1944
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I THE WEATHER HlKh yesterday 97 Low today Rainfall Season (Airport; !***•••»•••• 61 Year ago (Airport) T Season (Land CompanyJ T Year aeo (Land Company) T (Rainfall fieuren nro for the fiscal year beginning July 1.) Foreraat f'lear sklen with afternoon not rjuitc so warm today and Friday. Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1944 18 PAGES No. 21 — — • "• «• •"•™-"-^^^^^^^^^^^^^™^^^™^^™^™^w»^^^^^^^^^^^ Mutiny Hits Axis ites Political Upheaval Hits Three Countries; Bulgars Seek Peace LONDON, Aug. '24. OP)—Bucharest dispatches today reported Rumanian troops marching against Hungary in swift succession to Rumania's sudden change of fides in the war in an about-face which direly threatened Germany throughout the Balkans. Germany, stunned, called the new Rumanian government a "Communist, regime, 1 ' reported rioting in the rich oil and \theat kingdom and appealed to Rumanian troops "not to take orders from the traitor king, but to remain faithful to the German ally who sheds her blood for the defense of Rumania." LONDON, Aug. 24. (IIP) The Hungarian army was reported in revolt today, and press dispatches said Bulgaria had asked the Allies for their peace- terms in the wake of Rumania's stunning break with Germany and her proclaimed decision to join forces with the Allies. n A flood of reports from Allied and Axis sources on the continent made it clear that nil three of Hitler's Balkan satellites were in the throes of a political upheaval almost Iden* tical to that which collapsed the central powers in 1018. The German DNB news agency announced that Hungary's Nazi puppet Premier Dome Sztojay had ordered the immediate dissolution of ftll political parties in that nation, and Swiss press dispatches to London said mutiny had broken out in the Hungarian army. Political Activity Prohibited DNB said all political activities In Hungary were prohibited under the decree and that Sztojay was prepared to act ruthlessly to put down any opposition. An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Zurich, quoting: a Hungarian diplomat there, said a cabinet crisis was imminent, if it had not already developed and that an army-led revolution was believed certain. Simultaneously, Bulgaria was reported on the verge of following Rumania out of the Axis camp. Authoritative reports from Ankara said the Bulgars had asked for a final delineation of the terms on which they could make peace with the United States and Britain. While some government circles in Sofia appeared to be 'holding to the illusion that they could withdraw from the war with some territorial pains, it .appeared increasingly evident that the Rumanian move would squeeze Bulgaria out in short order— and at the Allied terms. Braced for Reprisals Rumania itself was braced to meet possible German reprisals, and the government clamped on a virtual state of siege on Bucharest. King Michael, in a royal proclamation last night, denounced the tripartite pact, which Rumania signed in the first flush of German victories in 1940, announced acceptance of Russian armistices terms, and ordered his armies to expel Hungarian and German forces from northern Transylvania. The official German DNB agency Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page AbramH, Dr. R. F S Artcraft of California 2, 10 Arvin Theater IS Austin Studio 0 Booth's 8 Brock's 3, 4. 15 Citizens Laundry 14 ._ _ .•» f f*if F£*£) r-l ft I't'V J* \_/|J|. 1. t^Cj iXC** I ,T _....,,...»»•>»>••••**•••••• .--P ** Cole Bros. Circus 15 Culliton, John \V 14 Dor man Photo 8 Eastern 12 Bast Side Cleaners 8 Edwards, Dr. E. P 8 KHckinger-Digier 17 I" CJUU _ j 1l^ 1 " ,»,••,•*••••*•*••••**-**•••-*•«»*»***••• -• w Fox Theaters 1«> Granada Theater 15 Ivers Furniture 14 : 14 14 Leed's Shoes 10 Lj m x 14 Montgomery Ward 4 Owl Drug Store 5 Penney's ; 10 Phillips Music Co 15 Rialto Theater IB River Theater , 15 Sears Roebuck ^ 6, 7 Smith's Farmers Market 13 Union Cemetery 9, 17 Unique Dress Shoppe , 11 Victor^ Shoe Shop 15 Virginia Theater 15 Welll'v 8 Winding, Oscar K 4 mmm JOINS ALLIES—King Michael of Rumania denounced the Tri-Far- tite pact as his country changed Hides in the war in an about-face which direly threatened Germany throughout the Balkans. SPEED PEACE EFFORTS MINISTER TO SWEDEN FLIES TO HELSINKI STOCKHOLM. Aug. L'4. <£»»—The Finnisl> minister to Sweden. (;. A. Gripenberg, suddenly departed by air today for Helsinki in a journey obviously connected with efforts to get Finland out of the war. Reliable quarters said, however, that "as far as we know, the Finnish government had made no attempt to contact Moscow up to Thursday morning." It was Gripenberg's second trip to Helsinki in two weeks. Opinion here was that Rumania's exit j£o.ni the war might hasten aqtiOnby Baron Mnnnerheim, president and marshal of Finland. Finnish sources said the old leader had been "clearing the decks" for an armistice." Reactionaries, Germans and the former Finnish minister to • the United States, Hjalmar Procope, were reported taking advantage of inactivity by pushing a "go slow" propoganda campaign regarding peace. __%_ Sacramento Banker q Is Called by Death Germans Kill Officers, Men in Attempt to Halt General Retreat LONDON, Aug. 24. OP)—Russian foix-CH have captured Chlsinau and Roman, 3J miles southeast of la si in Rumania. Marshal Stalin announced in two orders of the day. MOSCOW, Aug. 21. (U.E) Red armies still were smashing forward through Bessa- rabia and northern Rumania within 170 miles of Bucharest •\ A 1 3RKELEY, Aug. 24. UP>—Funeral services were held today for Fred W. .Kiesel, 70, retired Sacramento banker who died in a Berkeley hospital as a result of burns suffered last July 10. Klesel was burned in the explosion of a portable weed burner he was operating near his home at El Cerrito. . Until his retirement 11 years ago he was associated with the California Bank in Sacramento. He is survived by his widow, two sons and two daughters. Wineries to Offer Outlet to Grape Crop FRESNO, Aug. IM. (U.P.J—Grape- growers need not he concerned about their crops this year because the wineries have been seeking to build up inventories of good aged grapes, S. W. Harklenoad, Fresno vintner, told the Fresno County Chamber of Commerce yesterday. Harklenoad said the wineries will provide a market for all grapes not needed by the government for raisins. last night, front dispatches said today, despite- King Michael's announcement that Soviet armistice terms had been accepted. Confused reports from the front said the main resistance w«s being encountered in northeastern Bessarabia, where the Germans were in control, although the enemy everywhere wns in retreat. (A German broadcast said "heavy fighting" also was .under way at Roman, on the Cernauti-Ploestl railway 35 miles southwest of liberated lisa.) Rumanian prisoners told the Soviets before the announcement of the armistice that the Germans had fired on their units, killing a large number of officers and men, in a vain attempt to halt the retreat. In some sectors, prisoners said, there had been "armed clashes between retreating Rumanian units and blocking German detachments." Nothing official was announced in Moscow regarding Rumania's capitulation. The only news hearing on the subject printed in today's newspapers was a seven-line Tass dispatch from London quoting the Bucharest radio to the effect that General Constantly Swfateseou had formed a new government. The dispatch was printed obscurely on the'fourth page, while news of continuing hostilities in Rumania was given prominent display. It was recalled, however, that Foreign Commissar Viacheslav M. Molotov announced at the time of the Red army's invasion of Rumania last spring that he had offered armistice terms to Bucharest. Field reports said enemy resistance in some sectors of Rumania literally was melting away under Soviet blows from air and land. Masses of unopposed Red air force bombers had inflicted unpaialleled punishment on ''disorganized, demoralized remnants of enemy armies, reducing theim to the character of panic-stricken mobs," one dispatch said. The army organ. Red Star, asserted that Soviet columns sweeping south from in si and the Dnepr were encircling and destroying group after Continued on Page Two Beginning of Nazi Collapse Emphasizes Need for League WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Evidence from Rumania that Hitler's Europe is beginning to collapse on political as well as military fronts* gave new emphasis today to British insistence at the Dumbarton Oaks conferences for early decisions on postwar world security organization. Sir Alexander Cadogan, chief of the British delegation, has taken the lead In urging that.at least a part of the security organization should be set up soon to span the gap between the end of the European war—which he says may come sooner than expected—and the formal creation of a new international league to preserve peace. In Line With Pledge The British view, it was learned, is in line with the feeling in some quarters of the American delegation that the Britibh-Russlan-American- Chinese pledge made at Moscow to co-operate in the enforcement of peace after the war should now be given Home specific and organized form. This has raised speculation in diplomatic circlcB here that the spade* work of the Dumbarton Oaks talks might be followed relatively quickly by a meeting of President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin to confirm and set in action three-power co-operation In the European area in the immediate postwar period. Delay for Suggestion** The present plan is to delay form- Ing a permanent peace agency until all smaller nations have had opportunity to make RUggcptions and offer criticisms of the proposals to be evolved here. Despite recent assertions that the work might be rushed through to a full-dreps United Nations conference this fall, the opinion in informed quarters here still IB that it will be the end of the year or the first part of 1945 before such a meeting- can be arranged. -^ While the conversations were pushed forward at Dumbarton Oaks, Secretary of State Hull arranged to receive John Foster Bulles, Governor Thomaa E. Dewey's foreign policy advisor, again late this afternoon to delve turther into the possibilities of hi-partisan co-operation on world security. , Lag in Artillery Production Can Be Solved 12,000 More Workers, WPB Chief Tells r Senate Committee; Terms Situation "Critical WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. OLE)—War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson told the Senate war investigating JfcH committee in secret testimony released today that the present lag in artillery production was due to belated recognition that air bombing could not take the place of shell lire in this war and that more guns had to be made. Tanks and heavy truck production fell behind, Nelson said, mainly because of manpower shortages in foundry shops. Nelson said this "most critical problem" could be solved bv 12,000 ad- JAPS FACE II S. INVASION: KOISO NEW YANK SMASHES UIRED ION INS >VASHINCTON, Aug. 24. UP)— American bombers, pounding again at Paramushiro in the north Pacific, sank one, small Japanese cargo vessel off the shore there and scored a number of direct hits on storage areas at the enemy's most powerful northern Pacific base. Admiral Cheater W. Nlmftz, Pacific fleet commander, reporting the attack was carried out Sunday, said today that one of seven Japanese fighter planes which sought to intercept the American bomber flight was shot down. liy J. It. KKl EGER Associated J'lesn War KcJitor New American stabs into the Bonins 600 miles below Tokyo gave point today to Japanese Premier Koiso's warning to his people that "the enemy is watching for an opportunity to land on our homeland." Japan, he said, faces an "unpre- cedently grave national crisis." Radio Toyko said Liberators bombed Chichi Jima Thursday (Tokyo time.) Two days before, Admiral Chester Nimitz announced, Liberators sunk two cargo vessels and set a third afire of Chichi Jimi, principal fortress in the Benin island defenses guarding Japan. Mindful that the Bonins have been under steady attack since American investment of Saipan to the south, General Koiso warned of possible homeland invasion and asked the people to increase Japan's fighting power. He asked too for improved air raid defenses, no doubt in recollection of recent superfortress attacks t on the home islands. American bombers, Tokyo radio quoted him as' saying, last night were certain to increase their blows. Mindanao Hit Again General Dou&las MacArthur contributed to this gloomy enemy appraisal with successful attacks on six ships south of the Philippines. Mindanao was hit for the tenth thne by Mat-Arthur's raiders and big fires were kindled in the island's main city of Davao. Hahnahera island, ItOO miles south, was bombed again. The bitter bloodletting centering on Hengyang for control of the Han- kow-Canton railway continued, without sign of approaching' decision. The Chinese halted two enemy thrusts and strove to halt another Japanese attempt to ^et rolling down the uneonquered J 70-mile gap in the railway. ditional workers. Nelson's testimony was given in the same closed session Tuesday at 'flth'lttt* Mdjor-Gehernl Lucius D. Cluy, army director of materiel, told UIB committee that production of some vital war items dropped as much as 53 per cent last month. Chief shortages listed by Clay were heavy artillery and ammunition, trucks and tanks. Nelson said "tremendously increased requirements" necessitated a sudden output of heavy artillery. Senator Homer Ferguson (U-Mich.). asked if this was due mostly to change in plans. Nelson replied it was "due mostly to a change of concept." Not Substitute "Due mostly to the fact that they found out aircraft bombing could not take the place of artillery" Former Chairman Harry S. Truman <W-Mo.). asked "That is very true," Nelson replied. "In other words the dropping of a bomb didn't have the same effect as the shooting of a shell?" Ferguson persisted. "The ordnance department knew that from the start," Nelson said. "And contended for it 1 /" Ferguson asked. Contended for il, proved it mathematically in every way, shape and form," Nelson replied. £73,000.000 on Hauls "But you couldn't convince them except by experience," Truman observed. Nelson told the committee that $73,000,000 was spent In July on new artillery plants which are just now coming into production. Lags in tank production, Nelson said, were due largely to changes in design while radar output fell off as new developments bad to be worked into assembly line production. Nelson said there wan no real evidence of war job desertion by workers desiring to return to peacetime occupations except on the west coast. The army and the war man* power commission, hywever, he testified, feel that desertions are pretty widespread. "On the west coast there has been some movement of that kind," Nelson said. "I think this is probably due to very bad living 'conditions, over| crowding, lack of transportation, and a ,cutback in programs which caused part of the labor force to dissipate," he said. " Reconversion Planned After Nazi Defeat WASHINGTON, Aug. A plan for reconverting 40 per cent of the nation's industrial facilities to civilian production after the defeat of Germany bus been prepared under direction of Charles E. Wilson, executive vice-ehairimm of the War Production Board. It was learned today. The plan, which may be submitted soon to War Moblli'/ation Director James F. Byrnes, Is designed to pick up where Wl'B Chairman Donald M. Nelson's newly annoupfced reconversion program leaves off. ^ Still in a tentative stage, the plan provides for retention of manpower regulation* until the labor supply is large enough to have them removed—which will probably be about three months after day in Europe. ACE IS N A/I PRISONERS WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. (^>— Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Gra- breski, 25,- America's leading are who was reported missing in action July - ( >, is a prisoner ot* war in Germany, the war department disclosed today. (IrabeHlu, a fighter pilot from Oil City. I'u., had 111 kills to his credit when he was reported SWEDEN SI SI'ENUS SHIITIMi Hy l.'ni'wl 1'ii'HH Swedish merchant shipping to German ports will be suspended as a result of the cancellation of war risk insurance coverage by Swedish underwriters, radio Stockholm said today in a broadcast recorded by NBC monitors. DEXVEV TO VISIT STATE LOS ANGELES, Aug. 24. Presidential Candidate Thomas E. Dewe.y'8 appearance here IWH been scheduled tentatively for September 22, says Leo Anderson, chairman of the Republican slate central committee. He addressed the LOH Angeles county itepuhlitian assembly last night. iTry Bombers Hit Warships Attempting to Escape Doomed Le Havre Port LONDON. Aug. -•>• <UP>—Radio France at Algiers said today that Le Bourget, the main Paris nil 1 port 7 miles northeast of the city, has been liberated. —Calirornlun-NGA Radio Teltphoto NAXI PRISONERS SWAMP YANK TABVLATORS—Droves of Nazi prisoners, corralled by hard-hitting Allied armies pushing, northward in .southern France, prove almost too numerous for American military policemen attempting to tabulate them near St. Tropez. More than 14,000 prisoners? were taken in the first six days of the invasion- srPREMK HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. 21. (U.E) R. A. F. bombers broke up an attempt by German light warships and merchant vessels to evacuate Nu/i troops frbm the doomed port of Le Havre today as far-ranging American tank columns were reported unomVially to have captured Bordeaux, deep in southern France, and Troyes, only l.'SO miles from the German border. Thwarting a Nazi ' "Dunkerque," the bombers intercepted the (Jermiui ships shortly after midnight and in nil eitfbt.-hour running buttle between Le Havre and Boulogne, put tlie ships to flight. The bombers made 25 separate attacks against the surface craft, which presumably S. TANKS REPORTED IN ADVANCE MILES TO SWISS • L ALLIED FORCES CRUSH GERMAN TOULON DEFENSES, FRENCH HERD NAZI GARRISON INTO PORT AREA WILSON RESIGNS JOB WITH WPB VICE-CHAIRMAN CHARGES UNFAIR ATTACKS MADE YANKS IN PARIS? NEW YORK. Aui?. '24. iff)—A Free French rail In using a Vichy frequency said in a broadcast monitored by NBC today that "the WASHINGTON, AUK. first American tanks have entered TIu , top Blructun > O f tno Paris through the Alesia Kate and t1ncllon 1Joart1 was blmvn wMo established a juncture with the , , lt . t . t . ,, , , .. .* . _ . ,, today with the unexpected rcsigna M-ench forces -,f (f,o Inferior. t|(jn ,, f chi ,,. |oM ,., wl , B011i exet . u . live vice chairman, who charged un- were carrying troops from Le Havre, j fair attacks had been inspired now on the verge of being engulfed against him by aides of his boas, War Pro by the First Canadian Army. Some of the whips put into I3ou-<i logne harbor and then attempted to ; sneak out again for a dash up to the North sea—hut they were driven hack into port again by the bombs and guns of the It. A. K. planes. The evacuation was attempted as American flying tank columns rampaged almost unopposed through southwestern and eastern Franco. Allied headquarters spokesmen declined to confirm or deny a report broadcast by radio France at Algiers that an American tank column bad swept down more than IfiO miles south of Loire, joined forces with French partisans and raptured Bordeaux, the fourth ci'y of France. (The reported fall of Bordeaux followed repeated reports from rierman Continued on I'.'io Tivu Donald 40, Nelson. Wilson's letter of resignation to President Roosevelt came miiy a few days after Xelson himself was * * > reported ready to walk out. A wholesale reorganization of the, ^ upper level of WI'B appeared in prospect. Differences between Nelson niul Wilson and their prospective adherents long had smouldered at WI'B. In accepting Wilson's resignation after conferring with Xelson, the ('resilient took note of this fact by saying "I was aware of some dissension within the \Var Production Board. ' Recently the disagreements appeared to have centered on industrial reconversion problems. What effect Wilson's withdrawal (.'uiil imiPil on J';ti:t* Tun Soldier Vote Count to Delay News liy Kim AK jriBht. ;y-H. by NKW YOKK. Aug. '24.— Because ; 11 slates will not count their soldie'r votes on election day, November 7, il i;; possible that the outcome of the 1944 presidential election will remain in doubt for several weeks after the polls close. Should the election be unusually clo.se, the winner might not b*» known until as late as December 7, j when the ran WISH of Nebraska's ah- j sen tee vote could determine whether j the state's seven electoral voles ; would be cast for President Moose- ; veil or Governor Thomas 10. Dewey. ; 'i,000.000 ItullntM Requested These possibilities grow out of an Associated Press survey which indicates thai more than ^,000.000 men and women in the armed forces have applied for absentee ballots and that, by the most conservative estimates of state election officials, approximately twtce that number will vote in November. The soldier vote is likely to be decisive in most of the 11 states which do not immediately tabulate it, and the 11—including Pennsylvania with 36, California with ^2 and Missouri withal5—have a combined electoral vote of IK!. President Wilson's electoral margin over Charles Evans Hughes in 1910 was only 23. In Pennsylvania, where officials expect liUO.OOO to 3UO,Uuy Holdier bal- loU. the absentee vote will be counted November J2ft "The votes of •> r. ROME, Aug. -1. <C.D—American mechanized columns were reported to* have sealed the Franco-Italian Alpine passes after a lightning OS-mile advance from Grcuoble to the Swiss frontier, while Allied land, sea and air forces*broke down the last German defenses in the encircled naval base ot Toulon. There was 110 official confirmation of the reported thrust to the Swiss frontier which, if vert- lied, would put the American columns within 175 miles or less of Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's tank spearheads sweeping down on Troyes from the Paris area. Tho report said American battle- flags had been planted near the shores of Lake Geneva, about 62 miles northeast of Lyon, after a forced night march from captured Grenoble. With American troops astride the Franco-Swiss frontier, the mountain routes of escape into northern Italy would be closed to German armies in southern France, squeezing them into a narrowing pocket between Allied Mediterranean forces and Anglo-American armies in the north. Fortifications Breached Meanwhile. French infantrymen battled through the streets of Toulon behind a tremendous air and sea barrage, herding the German garrison back into the old port area. The ureat naval base's main fortifications already had been breached, huwcvur. and an official spokesman said the complete occupation of the port was imminent. (London radio reports, unconfirmed by Allied official sources, said American and, French troops also had liberated the French west coast port of Bordeaux.i Much of Toulon already had been liberated. General Sir Henry Mait- iand Wilson announced in his daily communique, arid front reports said French forces finally had overwhelmed giant eom:ret»* fortifications past of the city and smashed into the eastern and northeastern outskirts after a four-day battle. Sit Ion Captured To tho west, American armored spearheads swept !JO miles beyond newly raptured Marseille into the, delta of the Rhone river some 20 miles from Aries. Salon, 27 mllea northwest ul Marseille, was captured, alony with a number of smaller hamlets. Allied headquarters again clamped a prnU'ctivo cloak of secrecy around Hit, 1 American columns which libe.r- uted Grenoble in a spectacular dash l-io miles from th Riviera, but they were believed fanning out toward the biw coinunications center of Lyon, 58 miles tu the northwest, and Chambery, ~'2 miles to the north on the !asi German-held railway between' France and Italy. (The clandestine Atlantic radio said-. American tanks have occupied Lyon* The Algiers radio reported merely that the advance on Lyon had begun and it was anticipated that Maquis patroling the Lyon area soon would' make contact with the Americans.) The latest Allied advances In-.. ciVased the Allied bridgehead in- southern France to KOOO to 8000' .square miles—an average of nearly moo square miles a day liberated*' since the invasion forces swarmed-. ashore, August 15. '•/. Marseille Details Lucking The number of prisoners seized at Marseille and other details of the : capture still were lacking. France'* largest port and second largest city r Marseille has metal working, engineering, railway ^epair, chemical and; food processing plants in addition to its vast harbor facilities. An official spokesman said, however, that a "substantial number" of prisoners was captured at Alar* seille. CimtlniwtJ on P*«*Two t A Election Outcome > 100,000 to l^a.ono persons could easily Hwing a close election," commented a member of Governor Edward Martin's official family. "We may not know who has won until thi» absentee votes are counted." California Defers Count California, who.se secretary of state predicts :i service vote of 175.000 to L'OO.ooo, will not canvass it until No vein nor '24. Missouri, receiving more than 1000 ballot applications daily, will start counting absentee votes the Friday after flection day. Of the stales which will defer their soldier vote count, eight uave President Koosevelt a total of !H» electoral votes in UMo. The other three save Wendell L. Willkie 1". Besides Nebraska. Pennsylvania, California and Missouri, tho states which will add up some or nil of their .soldier votes after election day are: Colorado. *i electoral votes. November '2'2; Delaware. U, November i); Florida. 7. November 17; North Dakota, 4. December 5; Rhode Island. 4. December 4; Utah. 4, November '21' and Washington, K, November 27. Florida's canvassing boards usually meet the Friday after election although the law gives them until November 17. Ttuh counts state ballots on election day but federal ballot^ urny bo counted until November 1^. and would not be shown In the tot-u count until the official canvass November '2 t ./•A-

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