The Salina Journal Sunday, January 26,1986 Page 30 Eddie Garcia and others in San Francisco soon may lose their shacks to the bulldozers. They call their shacks home, but the city is ready with bulldozers SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Residents of a carefully camouflaged compound pieced together with scraps may think of their settlement of a dozen shacks as home, but the city health department says it is a dump and wants to bring on the bulldozers. "This is the last frontier," said Wendell Edwards, 25, an unemployed security guard who has lived in the village of about two dozen squatters for five years. In his own home, he showed off a plastic skylight, miniature television powered by a car battery and homespun art. "We all use our creativity to survive," he said. But the creativity of the squatters has created hazards, says San Shanties shelter survivors NEW YORK (AP) — Rabbit, Eli and Raymond huddled around the fire blazing in a dented metal trash can while Doc, curled up next to a dog in his unheated shack, slept off the booze. Mike Cruzado ushered a visitor into the muddy, vacant city lot past a junked sedan and a pile of crumbled bricks. "Welcome to Shantytown," he said with a sweeping gesture. Cruzado, his wife Delia Torres, and six other homeless men built the cluster of plywood shacks because they were afraid to stay in city shelters that they describe as overcrowded, dangerous and inhumane. Shantytown is their home "and we live here with dignity," said Torres. But now Shantytown is becoming a battleground in an unusual suit the street people hope will pave the way for squatters to build "Hoovervilles" across the city. Hovervilles, named for President Herbert Hoover, were the towns of shacks built across the nation by unemployed and poverty stricken Americans during the Depression. The trouble began in November when the city Department of General Services sent an official to Shantytown to tell the residents to get off city property. "They threatened to bring in the police to force us to leave, and they said they were going to clear the lot and throw our houses away," said David Jacobs, a bearded 34- year-old ex-Marine. "We think there should be Shantytowns all over New York City," he said. '•• On Dec. 20, an eviction notice was posted on the swaying chain- link fence around Shantytown, advising the residents to vacate within 10 days. The residents instead turned to the Center for Constitutional Rights, a nonprofit civil liberties organization that filed suit on their behalf Thursday in state Supreme Court. A hearing is scheduled in the trial court Tuesday. The suit against New York City, Mayor Edward I. Koch and General Services claims Shantytown is a symbolic protest against the government's failure to provide adequate shelter for the homeless, and that dismantling it would therefore violate its residents' First Amendment rights. General Services has "no plans to move them out anytime soon," said spokeswoman Barbara Perkins. "It's winter, and they've refused to go to shelters or be put on Francisco Health Department spokesman Paul Barnes. "Overall, it's just a dump. There's garbage and rodents there. It's a health problem..." he said. Creating the problem, Barnes said Thursday, are huts without running water or electricity, an outhouse built into the ground and residents cooking with propane gas. The city's public works staff has been ordered to bulldoze the village, which is sandwiched between offices of disposal company and a bus storage yard. The village, which features a small pet cemetery and a shower stall, has been hidden by tall bushes and mountains of garbage. Some San Francisco officials are searching for housing for the settlers, and a-few have been offered temporary residence in a hotel. "We're concerned about anyone who has an inadequate place to stay. We certainly don't want people living in a suitation that is hazardous to their health," said Deputy Mayor Hadley Roff. "I'm going to stay until they show me some papers from a judge," said resident Manuel Arroyo near the door of his two-room home. "The homeless don't got no jobs, we don't got no place to go," said John Arias, who has lived in the village for four years. "This is my home now," he said, patting the roof of his 1974 Oldsmobile station wagon. Party planned for hardware store Lawrence Corbett of New York's Shantytown faces eviction. lists for low-income housing. "We're somewhat sympathetic to their plight, but they are there illegally and it is city property." The Shantytown residents all have been street people for years, and say they're tired of sleeping in squalid city shelters, parks and subways, in doorways and on rooftops. They built their ramshackle community out of desperation and determination, they say, using scavenged wood, plastic sheeting, tarpaper and foam rubber. They support themselves through odd jobs, panhandling and rummaging in trash bins. Candles provide the only light and blankets the only refuge from the cold in the shanties. A bucket serves as the community toilet and water is hauled in five-gallon drums from a garage up the street. A resident of an apartment nearby sometimes lets Shantytown residents use his shower. The Shantytown residents cook over the trash can fire and sleep on old mattresses on the plywood floors of their closet-sized shacks. They share whatever food and clothes come their way. "We feed people who come by every night," said Delia Torres. "We do a better job taking care of ourselves than the city could." Rabbit, a slight 32-year-old man with a wry sense of humor, said he has been living in Shantytown since he wandered into the yard eight months ago "and was adopted." "This is 200 percent better than any shelter," he said. "Shelters are hell. You sleep next to a guy who's picking bugs out of his hair and when you wake up, you're lucky if you still have shoes. You can get stabbed over something to eat. Here, everyone eats or no one eats." Doc, a beefy 46-year-old, founded Shantytown in a larger lot across the street two years ago when he invited Mike and Delia to build a shack next to his own. Since then, everyone is welcome as long as they build shacks within a week and help haul water and trash, the residents say. It doesn't matter how much you have in Shantytown, as long as you share it. "We're a self-help shelter, and our system works," said Torres, a 33-year-old mother of five whose children live with their grandmother. A child's crayon drawing decorates the wall of her shanty above a jar of wilted flowers. Randolph Scott-McLaughlin, the Center for Constitutional Rights attorney representing the Shantytown residents, described his clients as "refuseniks." "They are refusing to participate in a shelter system that is abominable and a welfare system that is demeaning," he said. BETHESDA, Md. (API — Sen. Bob Packwood and David Brinkley have been meeting quietly for years in private Saturday morning encounters where the two public figures can get down to nuts and bolts without the glare of publicity. But when the Senate's chief tax writer and one of America's best known newscasters bump into each other at their neighborhood hardware store, politics and the business of Washington generally are far from their minds. Now the 106-year-old establishment, with its worn wooden floors and slightly dusty air, is giving way to a high-rise development. The old store has remained a place where customers are treated with care and where no repair problem is too small. Where the person who loves to fix it himself — or at least try — can linger over the screwdrivers and hammers and the wrenches and saws. Where there is plenty of free advice from clerks who seem to have just the thing for every problem known to homeowners. They're still scattered in big cities all over American, these reminders of slower times and smaller places. But they're going fast. So it's little wonder that Packwood and Brinkley are determined to see that when Community Paint & Hardware of Bethesda goes, at least it goes in style. The 700 or so invitations sent out for a Feb. 1 good-bye Fake principal exposed after he wrote letter NASHVILLE, Term. (AP) — A school principal hired to be a teacher at age 19 was forced to give up his teaching certificate after he wrote a letter filled with grammatical errors pleading to keep his job when officials questioned his education. Officials say they are amazed that the man, Kenneth Ballard, could teach in the state for three years without anyone checking his credentials. Ballard left his job at 150-student Elk Valley Elementary School in the rural East Tennessee community last week, although superintendent Kenneth Miller asked that he be allowed to stay on. "Mr. Ballard was doing a very good job," Miller said this week. "He just did not have the credentials." Ballard's problem began when Robert K. Sharp, an attorney for the state Department of Education, questioned whether he really had a college degree. Sharp said records indicate that Ballard graduated from Jellico High School in May 1981, three months before he claims to have received a bachelor's degree in elementary education from a DePaul University, for which he listed an address in Paris. He said the department's letters to DePaul in France were returned saving no such school existed there. Sharp said he wrote Ballard Sept. 11, saying he could have completed his degree only by correspondence, given the tune span, and that correspondence work may not total more than 25 percent of the credit needed for state certification as a teacher. In a handwritten letter Sharp received a week later, Ballard wrote (sic): "The schoolinwhichI attended DePaul University I have wrote several tunes myself. I was informed there had been a fire which destory most if not all of it. I hope this explain why yours letters have been returned." Ballard went on to plead for his job. He said (sic): "At the time which I took my courses I wasn't aware of the percentage of correspones ... I love teaching more than anything and I hope to remain as a teacher." Miller said Ballard was about 19 or 20 when he was hired as a teacher three years ago. "I'd like to meet him," said Nelson Andrews, state Board of Education chairman. "I don't know how he did it. The most amazing thing is how did he get to be the principal?" Andrews said Ballard's credentials should have been questioned. Ballard agreed to give up his certification and leave the school rather than consent to a hearing to revoke it. Ballard said Friday he still hopes to teach. "I just need to go back and get some more credits," he said. bash read: "Susan and David Brinkley and Georgie and Bob Packwood warmly invite you and your family to join them for a neighborhood get-together and fond farewell to our friends at the Community Paint & Hardware Store of Bethesda." "I hate to see it go," said Brinkley, a cabinet maker in his spare time. "I've been going there for 30 years. "It's a great place. It's kind of cluttered, the floors are creaky. They've got everything you need. Alfred (the owner) knows where every nut, bolt, and washer is to be found." Invitations to the party give the address of the store as, ' 'If you don't know after all these years, you never will." Under dress:' 'Hardware store casual." "When the senator visits the hardware store, he usually wears khakis, a plaid flannel shirt and the saddle shoes, he's worn since college," said Etta Fielek, of Packwood's staff. Packwood had the idea for the party and invited Brinkley to join him as co-host, the newscaster said. "Invariably when the senator was there, David Brinkley would be there, too," said Fielek. Alfred Broadhurst, president of the business, said he was surprised to be offered a party but thinks it is a "great idea." 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