The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 24, 1986 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Friday, January 24, 1986
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Marcos' war role discredited in U.S. The Salina Journal Friday, January 24,1986 Page 6 By The New York Times WASHINGTON — The Army concluded after World War II that official claims by Ferdinand E. Marcos that he headed a guerrilla resistance unit during the Japanese occupation of his country were "fraudulent" and "absurd." Throughout his political ca-| reer, Marcos, now president of the Philippines, has portrayed himself as a heroic guerrilla leader, and the image has been | central to his political appeal. In almost every speech throughout his current re- [ election campaign, including at' least one this week, Marcos has Marcos referred to his war record and guerrilla experiences in part to show that he is better able than his opponent, Corazon C. Aquino, to handle the present Communist insurgency. But documents that had rested out of public view in U.S. government archives for 35 years show that repeated Army investigations found no foundation for Marcos' official claims to the United States that he led a guerrilla force called Ang Mga Maharlika in military operations against Japanese forces from 1942 to 1944. Marcos declined Wednesday to respond to a list of six written questions about the U.S. government records, which came to light only recently. After repeated telephone calls to the Presidential Palace Wednesday, an aide explained that Marcos was busy with meetings and a campaign appearance and "didn't have the opportunity to look into the question." The aide said the president might have a response later. In the Army records themselves, Marcos wrote that he strongly protested the Army's findings, adding that "a grave injustice has been committed against many officers and men" of the unit. Between 1945 and 1948 various Army officers rejected Marcos's two requests for official recognition of the unit, calling his claims distorted, exaggerated, fraudulent, contradictory and absurd. Army investigators finally concluded that Maharlika was a fictitious creation and that "no such unit ever existed" as a guerrilla organization during the war. In addition, the U.S. Veterans' Administration, helped by the Philippine Army, found in 1950 that some people who had claimed membership in Marcos's unit had actually been committing "atrocities" against Filipino civilians rather than fighting the Japanese and had engaged in what the V.A. called "nefarious activity," Including selling contraband to the enemy. The records include no direct evidence Unking Marcos to those activities. The records, many of which were classified secret until 1958, were on file at the Army records center in St. Louis until they were donated to the National Archives in Washington in November 1984. In 1983, when & Filipino opposition figure asked for access to them a few weeks after the assassination in Manila that August of the opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., the Army refused to let him see them. Alfred W. McCoy, a historian, discovered the documents among hundreds of thousands of others several months ago while at the National Archives, while researching a book on World War II in the Philippines. Dr. McCoy was granted the access normally accorded to scholars, and when he came upon the the Mah arlika files he was allowed to review and copy them along with others. Archives officials did not learn what the documents contained until after they were copied. In the Philippines, Marcos is widely known as the nation's most decorated war hero. The Philippine government says he won 32 medals for heroism during World War II, including several from the United States Army. Sears CORRECTION In Sears Wed., Jan. 22 ad, the VCR #5334 states with stereo. It does not have stereo capabilities. Sears regrets any inconvenience this may have caused our customers. CUSTOM MATTING & FRAMING M-F 11-6 Local/Kansas 2 •••••IMMHMM^MHMMiMHHMHM^H^^M^^H^HBBl^^^^^^^ Psychological tests for police proposed The Salina Journal Friday, January 24,1986 Page 7 Bill Roomie ^ 823-6077 H Civil (Continued from Page 1) the firing of executive director Michael Bailey two months ago. Two months earlier, assistant executive secretary Sharai McConico quit in dissatisfaction over Bailey's handling of the agency. But Carlin said his ability to improve the agency has been hindered by factionalism among minority leaders, according to Mike Swenson, the governor's press secretary. "It's not working the way he wants it to," Swenson says. "In the past, he has been concerned about the quality of work but it is difficult to effect change because of disagreements among groups. He's always caught in the middle." The criticism is evidence of a long- simmering dispute over the state agency, a dispute that has split Kansas black leaders. Although the state NAACP chapter and some leaders such as Rep. Norman Justice, an outspoken black state legi- Banks fear they'll lose on oil loans NEW YORK (AP) — Some of the nation's biggest banks are sweating out a plunge in oil prices that has cast a giant cloud over prospects for collecting multibillion-dollar loans to oil companies and petroleum producing nations. "If the prices stay where they are now, bankers would worry a lot," said George Salem, who follows the fortunes of the banking industry for the investment firm Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette Securities Corp. Investors appear concerned too, with bank stocks among the big losers as Wall Street responded to the dramatic January thaw in oil prices. Analysts said Thursday that banks in the nation's oil patch — Texas, Louisiana and Oklahoma — have the biggest exposure to energy loans. But some giants in the international banking arena, such as Citicorp, BankAmerica, Chase Manhattan and Manufacturers Hanover Trust, hold billions of dollars in loans to debt- ridden oil producers Mexico and Venezuela. Security Pacific Corp. reported record earnings last week but said even those results were hurt by loan problems. About a third of its credit losses of $353.1 million last year represented energy loans. The problem for the banks is that oil is pledged as collateral for loans, and the price of oil is in a tailspin that threatens the economic viability of their customers as it reduces the value of the assets backing the loans. In commodities markets, the price of the major U.S. grade of crude oil, West Texas intermediate, stood near $32 a barrel as recently as late November. In the past week it has collapsed from $25 to about $20, and briefly fell below $19 during frenzied trading Thursday. Prices under $20 a barrel is "where the pain really gets inflicted," Salem said. "The banks and their own customers have definitely been planning for a lower-price environment," said William Gibson, a senior vice president at RepublicBank Corp. in Dallas. "We did not expect a $10 drop in one month." Gibson said RepublicBank, the largest bank in the Southwest, is confident its own loan portfolio is sound. It has cut the portion of energy loans nearly in half from a peak of more than 20 percent. slator from Kansas City, are sharply critical of the commission, the commission is defended by other black leaders such as state Sen. Eugene Anderson, D-Wichita, and James Butler, a retired Army warrant officer who chairs the commission. Commission members and supporters say the agency is doing a good job of handling civil rights complaints in Kansas, but critics such as Groves say the commission is poorly trained, inefficient and too reluctant to take the side of victims of discrimination. The blame for the commission's problems leads back to Carlin, Groves says, because the governor appoints the commission members. "It would appear obvious that even though we had a quasi-liberal governor (Carlin), he has one of the worst civil rights commissions in the country," Groves said. "We stack up with Alabama and Georgia." In 1982, fewer than two of every 100 complaints filed with the commission ended up with finding of "probable cause," Groves says. Surrounding For Lease Space formerly occupied by the Diet Center in Kraft Manor 211 W. Cloud Phone 827-7020 states and the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission generally find probable cause in 10 percent or more of the complaints they process, Groves says. Commission supporters such as Sen. Anderson, who served as commission chairman before being elected to the state Senate, concede that the agency has had serious management problems, but they also say it has greatly improved its effectiveness despite those problems. "Prior to 1981, the commission had never collected more than $100,000 (in settlements for complainants)," Anderson said. "By 1985, those figures were up over $200,000. That speaks for itself." Commission chairman Butler also defends the commission's record. "We just can't say probable cause when it isn't there," he said. "Many times, we feel there is discrimination (in a complaint) but we can't prove it. There is a difference between emotion and legality. Certainly, I, as a black person, would want the truth." In contrast to the NAACP criticism of Gov. Carlin, Butler supports the governor. "I don't say this just because he appointed me, but John Carlin is liberal and fair — he wants to see these cases expedited," Butler said. The NAACP's contention that commission members are poorly trained, with a feeble grasp of civil rights issues, is disputed by Susan Marshall, a Lincoln attorney who has served on the commission under both Carlin and former Gov. Robert Bennett. "I would think at this point on the commission you have some people with some years of experience in their own field, and one to two years minimum experience on the commission, and they do begin to have a handle on what is what," Marshall said. We'll prepare your taxes without taxing your patience. Beneficial Tax Center believes you shouldn't have to wait in line to see a tax preparer. So, here at Beneficial, we're prepared to wait for you. Because Beneficial Tax Center offers you an appointment at your convenience. With a tax consultant who will review your return carefully. So carefully, in fact, Beneficial has the confidence to guarantee we'll stand behind every return we prepare. If the last thing you want at tax time is to wait in line, call our line...our telephone line. We'll be waiting for you. 316-722-5345 /T\ Beneficial Tax Center * When it comes to your taxes, the difference is Beneficial. TOPEKA (AP) — Law enforcement officers in Kansas would be required to undergo two psychological tests — one when they are hired and another when they begin training — under the terms of a bill introduced Thursday in the Kansas House. Rep. Sandy Duncan, R-Wichita, vice chairman of the Joint Committee on Rules and Regulations, said no test to determine psychological fitness of law officers is currently required in the state. "We cannot afford a single incident in Kansas where an officer who is not psychologically fit would react adversely under a stressful condition," said Duncan, whose committee sponsored the bill. The proposal would mandate a psychological exam whenever a new officer is hired and a second test when the officer enrolls in a training program at the Kansas Law Enforcement Training Center in Hutchinson, Duncan said. The testing question came to the committee's attention last summer when officials of the training center proposed dropping the tests there because they were not required in all cases, Duncan said. However, the panel decided not only to mandate the tests at the training center but also to require tests upon hiring, he said. "We took it one step further, to require testing before officers are hired, because they could serve as a law enforcement officer for several months before undergoing training," Duncan said. Three other bills that were introduced Thursday are aimed at making changes in the State Water Plan. Joe Harkins, director of the Kansas Water Office, said one of the measures would establish minimum streamflow requirements for nine additional waterways in the state. The state already has set minimum streamflows for nine other creeks and rivers, he said. "It is designed to prevent overappropriations from the streams, so the quality and the quantity of water in the streams will be sufficient to meet the needs of the water rights holders," Harkins said. The bill would set minimum volumes of water that would flow in the Saline, Smoky Hill, Medicine Lodge, Chikaskia, Big Blue, Little Blue and Republican rivers as well as Mill and Delaware creeks. Another water-related measures would establish a procedure to deposit money the water office earns from selling state-owned water in federal reservoirs and the third bill would transfer administration of a watershed district financial assistance program to the State Conservation Commission. Pharmacies would be required to keep records called "patient profiles" for each customer under another newly introduced bill. The patient profiles would be required to contain information on which medications have been dispensed to the customer as well as potential adverse drug interactions. lola shooting deaths ruled murder-suicide IOLA (AP) - The shooting deaths of the president of the Allen County Community College president and his wife were probably a murder-suicide, the county prosecutor said Thursday. It was almost certain that Paul Hines shot his wife, Pauline, and then turned a gun on himself Tuesday, said Allen County prosecutor Nanette Kemmerly- Weber. She said she planned to meet with investigators late Thursday afternoon and hoped to make an official declaration today. "There is no fact or evidence that puts another person in the house," she said. Handwriting in a note left behind was Hines' handwriting and a thumb print or a fingerprint on a gun found laying near Hines' body was his, the prosecutor said. The note said that "he had something very heavy on his mind and that he wanted peace of mind," the prosecutor said. Hines had been shot in the chest and Hines was shot in the head with a small-caliber gun. The bodies were found in a college- owned home just off campus by another college administrator. People at the college said they had no indication that something was bothering Hines. Hines, 51, was vice president and dean at Marshall University in Huntington, W.Va., from 1976 until he became president at Allen County Community College in 1982. He was president of Barton County Community College in Great Bend from 1971-75 and was president of Rio Grande College in Ohio from 1975-76. Angell tells senators he's 'inflation fighter' WASHINGTON (AP) — Calling himself a dedicated "inflation fighter," Wayne Angell, a Kansan and nominee for the Federal Reserve Board, outlined his monetary policy views Thursday to a Senate panel intent on knowing how he would steer the U.S. economy. Angell, an Ottawa banker and economist) stressed his rural Kansas heritage as a guiding force in his career. He told the Senate Banking Committee that he would work to prevent a reoccurence of high inflation, which he blamed for causing many of American agriculture's problems. "There is no way I will ever advocate any policy that will return our nation to the course of inflation," Angell said. "There has been too much pain and too much agony on the farm for us to do that again.'' Angell, 55, was nominated last fall for an unexpired term on the board of governors of the Federal.Reserve System, which plays a key role in shaping economic policy. The appointment requires confirmation by the Senate, and his appearance before the Banking Committee provided the first opportunity for lawmakers to probe Angell's economic theories. Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., who recommended Angell's nomination, introduced his fellow Kansan to the committee praising his background in agriculture. During questioning by lawmakers for about two hours, Angell drew considerable praise from the committee members. "I guess we could call you a three- f er—agriculture, small business and economics," said Sen. Jake Garn, R- Utah, the committee chairman. He said Angell's "hands-on" experiences would be of "considerable value" to the Federal Reserve Board. Bloodmobile coming to Salina The Red Cross Bloodmobile will be in Salina next week for its quarterly visit. The collection site will be Sunrise Presbyterian Church, Beloit and Roach. Bloodmobile hours will be 1 to 6:15 p.m. Monday, 9 a.m. to 2:15 p.m. Tuesday and 8 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. Wednesday. The goal is 150 units of blood a day. "Salina has failed to reach its quota during the last two Bloodmobile visits," said Wilma Ray, executive director of the North Central Kansas Chapter of the Red Cross. "In fact, blood collections are down at the Wichita Center and at other area Bloodmobiles." Any healthy person age 17 or older may donate. Appointments are honored and can be made by calling 827-3644. Free refreshments are served to donors. Baby-sitting and transportation services are available, if needed. Man found guilty in 1-135 fatality An Abilene man pleaded no contest Thursday in Saline County District Court to leaving the scene of a fatal accident. Michael T. Massaro, 24, was found guilty of leaving the Oct. 4 accident in which a pedestrian, Arturo Martinez Arias, 18, Salina, was killed while crossing Interstate 135. The accident occurred about 4:30 a.m. on the southwest edge of Salina. Massaro had been scheduled for a jury trial Thursday before Associate Judge John Weckel. Weckel previously had refused to accept Massaro's no contest plea until the defendant underwent an competency evaluation. Marijuana possession charge filed A Salina man was charged Thursday with possession of marijuana with the intent to sell. Paul L. Lewis, 19, 621 S. 12th, appeared before Saline County Associate Judge Gene Penland. Police said they received a tip Tuesday night that someone was trying to sell marijuana at the C.C. Lounge, 723 Bishop. Lewis was arrested after police questioned him at the lounge. His bond was set at $5,000. Museum sign purchase delayed The decision to purchase a $1,551 nameplate for the front of the Smoky Hill Museum was postponed by the Salina Arts and Humanities Commission Thursday until a replica of the sign can be viewed by commission members. The proposed nameplate, as recommended by museum director Ed Stelfox, would be 2 feet wide, 45 feet long, and constructed of porcelain enamel. Stelfox, who researched the project, said he believed his recommendation was the best option for the cost. 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Before voting on the resolution, the panel decided to strip out Senate- passed language that would target lottery revenues for property tax reduction. The committee also deleted a portion of the Senate version that detailed the composition of a commission that would oversee lottery operations. Rep. Robert H. Miller, R- Wellington, the chairman of the committee proclaimed the panel's action as histor.% noting that no proposal to est.oiish a lottery has ever before been approved by one house of the Legislature and then approved for passage by a committee of the second chamber. The measure still faces a floor battle in the House, where Speaker Mike Hayden says he believes the resolution remains about five shorts of the 84 necessary for a two-thirds majority required to pass constitutional amendments. Hayden has said that if the measure gains enough support, he wants to bring the lottery poposal to a vote during the first week of February. Most of the committee's discussion before the vote centered on whether the proposed constitutional amendment should contain language governing what should be done with the lottery revenue. shindaiwa! An *ll.irJ*hlc plfi.uw. ll vusuKunim; it I>U- t.H ,,>KJ. M»n Sill- IT vrJ mjkr Slim.Um fii' • •Hotikhlc tlun rt -o.m-uiiMii-v.iNr MII uviwlu jnJl,.» Mln.in.-n - K.H-.llvunJ,,,,:,,,.!!^ shindaiwa wim»u»uKiii«iimiii Ar«a Outer Lloyd's Welding & Repair Brtdgopod,KS67416 913-887-2»16

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