The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 26, 1951 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Friday, October 26, 1951
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-f -r f rum cortTRTgn COURIER NEWg THl COURIER NEWS CO. K. W. KAINBB, Publisher T A. HAItrES, AM Want PublUfcec A. A. FMDRICKSON, Editor D. RT7UAN. Advertising Mantfw i H»«OM| Atfteittalng Representatives: • Wltm«r O», Hew Tork, Chicago. Detroit, AtluU, UmphU. Bntond u «*cond clias matter it the post" »l Bljrtheyille, Arkttuu, under act of Con- October », 1»17. Member of Th« Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By e»rrler In the city of Bljtheville or »ny Mburban town vhen carrier tervlce U main- Uined, lie per week. By mil), within > radius of 50 miles. 15.00 per ye»r, IS.50 for t\i months, $1.25 (or three months; mull outside 50 ml!« jone, 112.50 per year In «dv»nce. Meditations My flory *M fr«h in mr, and my bow was renewed in mjr hand.—Job Z9:2fl. * • * Th» shortest way to arrive at glory should be t« do that for conscience which we do for «l<*7,_ Monlaljne. Barbs In selecting hair shampoo the average woman should remember that she uses It In her eye*, too. • » * A Texu woman of 3fl married « boy of 19— «nd la Jutt 11 ye»r> she'll Insist they're the same 1C*. • • • Police arrested an Ohio man for giving hi» wife t shiner. She'll be her own perfect eye witness. • • * •Utte«le«, u well u figures, show thit the It* than the iveraie m.n. ifi what you do today that pays the real 4Mdendi on yesterday's education. Reds Must Negotiate Or Be Soundly Beaten ' Despite optimism over the resumption of peace talks in Korea, prospects for • settlement can hardly be described >s bright. Russia's rejection of the U. S. effort to break the impasse at the Moscow level inevitably casta B pall over negotiations. Up to now, the feeling in official •quarters has been that a bitter logic of compulsion hss brought the Communists b»ck to the council table ngain and again, when it appeared sll hope of further discussion was lost. The elements'of compulsion were »««n to be these: Heavy Communist losses in the field over more than a year's time. Inability of the Chinese and North Korean Beds to win from Russia enough new armor and other material to provide the punch for another offensive. The prospect of shivering out another cruel Korean winter with forces certain to be severely decimated by cold and disease. These elements still must be working their powerful logic on the Communist high command. Yet the Reds' performance at Kaesong and Panrminjom shows little sign they are ready for the only kind of settlement the military realities will allow. General Ridgway has recently informed them in plain words that each day's delay costs them territory, for as our soldiers advance they take the truce line with them. UN forces today are four to 15 miles beyond their line of Aug. 23, Ust day of real negotiations. But even this knowledge lias made no iubsta'ntial dent. Current optimism is over getting around the (able again- Hot over any concrete proposals for settlement. The truth is no progress at all has been made toward that objective, •nd we must at least entertain the thought that the Reds intend no settlement we could accept. At the start they may have been misled by early official U. S. declarations that a cease-fre along the 38th parallel might be satisfactory. Foreign Minister Vishinsky's reply to our Moscow overtures indicates the Reds still think in those terms. Apparently they were upset by our determination to take the truce line with ui as we advanced, and to seek a line more defensible militarily than the 38th parallel. It must be remembered that never in postwar history have Communists neen asked to yield land they held before an aggresson began. This is something they have never had to swallow. Despite harsh battlefield realities, they haven't been .able to digest this. To settle at the 38th would permit them to claim they had "repelled this Western invader b«nt en conquering North Korea." They could gloss over their failure to win their own goal- South Korea. r}ut they could not gloss over the presence of a potent enemy force 20 to 30 miles inside territory they once called their own,. That is their dilemma. They are meeting it by stalling, by going through truce-talk motions which tend to deflect attention from the battlefield and to water down firmer military resolve on our part. They may well be playing by ear, improvising as they go, hoping something will turn up to give them the break they need. The question before the United Nations is how long it will permit this fragile device to assist the Communists. If we do not have within the next month or so unmistakable evidence that the Reds are negotiating seriously, we might well consider that the time is at hand for more vigorous prosecution of the war. In war there are some things even a Communist may be brought to accept. And the peril of irreversible defeat is one. Answers Wanted Though there has been no official statement, reliable reports from the Pentagon imlicnte the great intramural debate over Air Force expansion has been resolved in favor of a 140-gi'oup armada. These accounts declare that in the enlarged force, tactical aviation will receive "much greater stress than now. American weakness in this field has long been remarked. Thus if the reports ar accurate, that glaring shortcoming is about to be remedied. Whatever the new make-up of our military establishment is to be, the American people are entitled to see the basic justifications for it. What kind of defense are we now to have? What new concepts of balance among air, sea and lam! power'are at work? What kind of war are we preparing to fight—if that should become necessary? It is not enough that only the men in the inner circle of government know the answers to tnese questions. Views of Others People's Income And U. S, Budget Everything is relative, it U laid One musi-lean heavily on the rule'of lelativity to get th» full meaning of the $97,678,326,891 appropriated by the Eighty-second Congress. Prior to World War I the Federal Government was spending about 11,200,000,000 annually. The national debt was approslmntely th* s»me. Th« war brought expenditures to a level of »bout IS billions and ran the debt to 39 btllloni. After th« war the annual expenditures were brought down to an average of less than 3 billions. National income rose gradually from 59 billions In 1932 to 18 billions in 1020. The depression brought national income down to a minimum of 44 billions In 1033 with a national budget of more than 4 billions. By 1935 Income had risen to 65 billions and federal expenditures to 7 billions. In that year total federal, stat« »nd local government expenditures in the United States were about 14 billions. World War II expenditures lopped 100 billions slightly In the peak year and dropped to nbout 38 billions In Ihe low year thereafter. National Income had risen to more than 200 blllionn. Now we have a peacetime preparedness and foreign-aid program ol 97 billions in addition to which annual state and local governments spend about 45 billions. Total government expenditures will run close to hair the national' Income, which Is rising rapidly because o[ Inflated values, placed by a national debt of moie than 250 billions. It will take, a lot of people to spend so much money. In both military and civil services. They trmrl be withdrawn from our civilian goods producing Industries. Thus inflation kicks Itsclt upstairs. We must prepare for war. and spend a lot of money In the preparation. We must carry out our foreign-aid policies with still more expenditures. Bui we must not overlook the fact that a government can not safely spend half Its people's income nor can it long meet a bad situation by Inflating values. No Marxist prophet has ever ssid that Communists would o\errun the United States. Their unvarying prediction has. been that we would pull our own house down upon our heads. —DALLAS MORNING NEWS SO THEY SAY When Iran Is In danger, there Is only one front—all will fight together for the country's rights and Independence.—Hosein Fatemi, Iran '•"Ice premier. * • . The men and women striving for freedom desperately need our Aid. . . . In exchange we have a right to ask of them Iheir maximum et- fort (n the common cause. But, we must, ourselves, put forward our own maximum effort, whatever the cost. What would it profit any nation to hoard its substance and lose Us Iree- dom?—Corddi Hull, former secret»ry of sute. 'How About Pulling in Your Own Belt for a Change?" »J A. A. Pfedrkki. the b°s« ° f th<! CU " ent 1>hllo6<>phies ttmt lM °*" in me > pain near" '^'1 Conceivably, It may be difficult o understand why a highly beneficial business such as education should be denied the outpouring of ederal cash that ts going into public power, relief, pensions, business (the RFC ain't dead yet) and ag- SOCIAMSM THAT HAS been creeping along for lo, these many years with the slow pace of a hungry greyhound has covered a dangerous amount at ground to date Peter fdson's Washington Column Figures on Congress' Budget 'Economy May Be Deceiving 117 A aUTlU^rTVi^r i «..« . i w. ... . ^^""^ WASHINGTON (NBA)—It will be some weeks m months after Congress packs up and grjes home be- tore Bureau of the Budget will be able to give any idea of Just how much economis- ing — If any — was done this session. Every paragraph o f every appropriation bill has to be studied carefully to see whether It pro- ffi— T j-._' "'d* 8 /or » real reler Cd*on savjng „ mwel deferred spending, If It's the latter. a supplemental appropriation bill will have to be introduced In the first six months of next year. This type of economy doesn't save the government anything, though it make* current figures look good. U. S. Chamber of. Commerce has Just put out an estimate that money bills passed by Congress "this year" will be »13 billion under original request* made by the President. This figure sounds awfully good, but has to be carefully explained. To get this estimate, George Smith, the rj. s. Chamber's government-spending watchdog, added all the money requests mentioned by President Truman thus far in the calendar year 1951. The total came to 1105 billion. Some of these Ideas were never more than a gleam in the Presidential eye, and were never pre- lh" U ful| U> Con8 ! e ' s5 " reo - UMts lor. requests would total J96.5. But more the fuJl amount. Anyway, for all these items. Congress appropriated S83 billion, according to Mr. Smith's figures. Of the *12 billion "saving." he credits M billion to Congressional action, $8 billion to action by the President cutting back on his own first estimates. The figures are a little confusing because the government keeps books not on a calendar-year basis, but on a fiscal-year basis-July i to June 30. So a lot of these Items are chargeable to last year. Korean War Alraort Doubled Budget In his budget message to Congress in January. 1950. President Truman asked originally for »45 billion. Along came the Korean War By January. 1951. Congress had appropriated Ml billion. This obviously wasn't very good economizing In his January, 1951. budget message. the President Asked for |71 billion. In June, Asst. Budget Director Elmer staats was able to tell Congress this would be cut back by the President to 3 minimum of S68 billion. This Is money to be spent this fiscal year. If the new tax bill raises only an additional $2.5 billion, on top of estimated present taxes of »58.5 billion for a total of $61 billion. It will leave the government »i bll- non In the red next June 30. Authorization requests transmitted to Congress for this fiscal yea now total $95 billion. The Presi ' . e resident's budget message estimated requests are to come. One little it«m is Defense Secretary Robert A: Lovett's last-minute request lor a lo per cent pay hike lor the armed forces. It will cost WOO million a year. In all, Department ol Defense expects to ask for between 15 billion and *10 billion extra next year, on top of the Indicated $53 billion tn the regular appropriation bill. Congress did order a 2\£ per cent cut on sll military spending Items, to save »15 billion. BtMtet Full of False Economy Cuts False economy cuts of this kind appear all through the appropriation bills. Tor. instance, on the new Savannah River hydrogen bomb materials plant. Congress cut, a request lor . , million construction funds to «28i million. But the «00 million "saving" will have to be voted later, or else construction stops. Similarly, Congress cut Federal Security Administration grants to the states by J150 million on the assumption that under full employment, big relief payments wouldn't be needed. If that's a right guess, well and good. If not, more will be asked for later. In spite of these somewhat misleading cuts in the budget for this year, as it now stands. Congress did effect economies of about five per cent of total authorizations. The indicated savings will be in the nature of KS billion, with action on several money bills still incotnplet- 8e« EDSON on Page 1Z HOLLYWOOD' (NBA) — Exclusively Yours: -why should I be afraid ol playing a gangster part drawn from real life?" Luther Adlcr talking on the set ol "The Hoodlum Empire." and not pale at all that certain men questioned by the Kefauver committee aren't Jumping tor Joy about the picture or his role. "My business Is to be »n actor,"] Adlrr mapped. "Theirs Is to be un- [ deruorld, 1 juppose. I'm not afraid I at all." Maybe it's Prankle Costello he's playing and maybe it's not ^- the' studio wont say — but Claire Trevor Is playing a lass named Hill! in the same film and I don't mean I Blueberry Hill or Mocking Bird' Hill. | "All I'll say." she winked. "Is that! I'm playing a tough Southern girl j with no honey-chile stuff ab^ut her. Shes a snapping Dixie babe." i ror THAT, JACK A letter from Jack Benny appealing for charity funds was sent to the Charles Laughtons addresstu: "Mr. and Mrs. Elsa Lanchester." Laughton immediately replied: "Mr. Ljvingstone. 1 presume." (Signed) Charles Laughton." Bette Davis Is annoyed at announcements that she'll play ths Shirley Booth role In Hal Waliis' [ilm version of "Come Back Little Sheba." "I turned It down months ago.' Belte fumetl. "Some things arc right for you and some arc not. This one just isn't right for me." John Boles Is being tested by Pegaus Productions for a top role in "The Slasher." L;li St. Cyr, bubble bathing again, wears a Kenneth Hopkins' hat in her take-it-off routine. "It matches her G-string," Hopkins Ls whispering. * * • Red SkeUon's a till tinkering with See UOLLVWOOD on Page V, IS Years icjo In Blytheyille — For the first, time in seven years -,„• Blytheville will have two eagle Boy I ?," Scouts after certificates art award- _ -^. ....^QLCO tue awarded m the candle-light ceremony tonight at the city hall, beginning at seven o'clock. Parents and others inlercsted in scouting are invited to attend the meeting when Leon Smith and Ben Smith will be presented these awards. Max B. Reici. district governor of Lions Intel national, will leave this afternoon for a tour which will take him to various parts of the stntc. He will be accompanied by Bernie He.!!, of Little Rock, secretary of the stale organization. •JACOBY ON BRIDGE By OSWALD JACOBY Written for .VEA Service Don't Ignore Any Of Your Ploys Opportunity knocks only once, according to the proverb, but today's hand copied the postman by knocking twice. The trouble was that South was deal enough to miss both of them. West opened the kinc of hearts, and Snmh had his first chance to make his gamp, contract. He should have allowed West to win thc first trick. What would West do next? If he led another henrt he would seem to bo helpine declarer (although It would actually be his best continuation). It he led a trump, to stop dummy from riiffinr hrarU<. dummy would still have the ace of hpart.s to control that suit. Declarer ivoiiia draw trumps, try (he club finesse, and eventually discard hii last heart on one of dummy's clubs. However, declarer ignored the first knock. He won the first trick with dummy's ace. Now he had a sure-fire play for his contract, but he Ignored that too. Instead. South began at once on the trumps. Alter drawing three - °' ttUmP5 S ° Uth took thc '' ^ a ' on wlth the , ,1! Ubs lnd ret - Mned '"« ° f h€arti ' ™ s « ave , OCTOBER M, once over lightly- Sunday School Lesson By WILLIAM E. GILROY, D.D. One of the things that has made the Bible's old Testament so vitally related to human experience, an dso persistent in its symbolism is thefact that every phase of what has happened, and what is happening, to humanity is somewhere found in the record. Periods and episodes 'of greatness, prosperity, and splendor ar interspersed in that history with periods of depression, deep suffering, and utter destruction. The enslavement of the J«ws who were driven from Palestine to Egypt by famine, where they hari shared at first In the power and popularity of Joseph, was only the first of great and tragic disasters that fell upon the pe'ople. The national strength developed under King David, and the "glory of Solomon." had barely passed before the nation was disrupted by Internal strife, a prelude to the destruction and dispersion of the Nothren Kingdom of the Ten Tribes, eight centuries before Christ,,and the carrying olf of the mass at the people to exile in Babylon, 136 years later. The Jews have been exceptional in their spirit and their power to Slavery an,d some form of bondage have been the condition of the vast mass of mankind all through the ages, and freedom except in the conception of it that began early with the Jews of Jubilee, and the provisions against perpetual servitude for debt) has been a comparatively modern affair. What Is more to the point, and more amazing, i s that that ancient history, surveyed against present- day events /and conditions, often reads very much like the Twentieth Century. The oppression of the Jews by a hostile Pharaoh in pypt can he compared with Hit- lers attempt utterly to annihilate the jews in Germany, and to extend th an annihilation to even- part of the world that he hoped 'i conquer. So the Old Testament Scriptures have interest, vividness, and significance for discerning readers rf y ',K hat eE " p " those wh ° Have ast ° n ' y 8S records of the ' What Is most deeply significant- n those Scriptures, however is that out of. and in. 2 world of > " "i. • v* Lfi iu Ol In??' "£" bcntia S e ' '"ey not only contain the essential idea of freedom, but they reveal the hope v?™"' nn d persistant spirit of Bur- No t only Is it significant that the spirit of freedom persists In a world of bondage, but religiously there is the miracle of the survival »i faith, and the aspiration for truth and righteousness. Despite the deep-dyed sins of nation and individuals, in the history of Isiael. what shines forth is a pure and perfect aspiration for God, and a sublime devotion to the commonweal. Did patriotism «er have a nobler expression than |tnat in Isaiah 62:1? count on the suit, since he knew that East had started with exactly four hearts. Hence West cashed exactly two WEST A953 NORTH (D) * AS » QJ 10983 *AQJ7 EAST • A 4V" - » 10852 *»V » K6S SOUTH 4AKQJ108* 4>7 464 East-West vul. North E»st Sooth West J • Pass I* Pass *+ Pass 4 A Pass F»s» Pass Opening lead—tK hearts and then cashed his ace of diamonds. This gave the defenders four tricks, and South could score only his honors. Do you sec the risht play at the second trick. Instead of drawing Irumps, declarer must lead the queen of clubs from the dummy. East cannot alford to refuse the trick, of course, and now nothing can stop declarer from making the contract. The defenders can lake one diamonds and only one heart trick. Dummy's lowly deuce of trumps slops the enemy from taking * second heart. South can regain the lead to draw trumps, and then he can discard his last heart ou one of dummy's high clubs. But when it t , then vZv e L B f 1'"',? < ducatlon . ifthere'. >l, brolh "' dead be left £ nV.* that ° USht tO W, the S ch™if ° P '. ts °™ musde "' Itwould *£ « * "' ™ r y° un S'<"«' . hasty* celsa W^'C-wav? ' "' Ct "" r0ls that this P- creating his own breere "Education is one „, "I h " e "™' foundations upon which the future provide'(or' eve'r^boy^ncl''^'^ in the nation the best and most com 2'capable"'' 0 " °' WWch he °' she * * • I BRUSHED AWAY a tear and caught myself iistening for' the sound of "America the Beautiful" dying away In the background. Then it occurred to me why these glow. Ing words had such a familiar ring • Every schoolboy, every freshman debate student, every politician who eier faced a speechifying aslgnment has, with minor variations on the with"thi° <:keCi h ' S audierlce to ! 'eep fr.-P^tJ 30 ^ that can be ^tilled from this corn are true. The theory is sound and the idea,proven. But I personally resent the insult to my ntelligence that results from hav Mt 1 S lhou « ht gift-wrapped in nan, fid 3 "" and handed ' me as » control. Education "ha^beenThuj praised for a multitude of purposes but use of these high-flown words «> make governmental meddlinz seem appealing Is a new low in sales- mansnlp. ' ANYWAY YOU LOOK at It edu- sadTno 5 '" " 3t h ° me " affair ' " is states like Arkansas are sThelpless" tL? 1.. , sloppily administered Sadder yet is the fact that brin"-- Ing education, includine financing ill i" i the local levcl ls not '^fc "KeJy to happen for quite a spell 'T BV™i., -! he Bureau 0( Internal «e\enue and the Arkansas Revenue Department each grabbing a leg an d shaking you till your pocket! ara deaned. out, It l s Impossible to sell locally through accurate 0 asfess- mcnt*. (I have been told by the boys in the business that trying to raise assessments here would be "political suicide and they are right. The voluntary system would hamstring them,anyway.) • * * ™ SOME, THERE may seem little difference in paying high federal ana state and low local taxes, and paying low federal and state but »£ 'fL a ! taxes ' Ev "y«me you add a middleman, however, the end cost goes up and awkward strings have a way of becoming attached. At this point, 'the bureaucrats wush and stammer denials that they would even think of being pa- <i,. ternal about the whole thing. This 'ik £ *. fr'-L,"™ 111 '* w "« h RCP, T The determining factor in any proposed federal aid to education program will be the degree ol objectivity with which such legislation can be written and administered." That would be nice indeed. But f«<l«al objectivity, which also would ni£ ,T» nlc ? in the cnse 0( the SET percenters 3 '.S'toTin'M thirfg'" 5 ' SMmS to "* a 50meUD « HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted famous statue, tho - Belvedere .7 It was fovmd in the ruins of 13 Dark red H Fight 15 Place- 16 Different 18 Japanese ' outcast 19 Pronoun 20 Ruined 22 Preposition 23 Unaspiratcd 25 It is now in 2T Paradise 28 Wing-shaped 29 Gutta (ab.) 30 Cerium /symbol) 31' Measure of area 32 Half (ab.) 33 French novelist 35 Bearing 38 To the sheltered side 39 Opposed 40 That is (ab.) 41 Musical compositions 47 To (prefix) 18 Feline 50 Pattern 51 Mimic 52 Nfade amends 54 Whispers 56 Arboreal mammals 57 Deepest VERTICAL 1 Sealed glass bulb 2 Hesitated 3 TiAle scrap 4 Bcholdl 5 Closed curv* 6 Atop 7 Brolher of Cain (Bib.) 8 Nostril 9 Trinity term (ab'.) 10 Follower 11 Last syllable 12 Baser 17 Salutation (coll.) 20 Guards 21 Greek coins 24 Nullify 26 Hydrocarbon 33 Unprofessional 34 Ester of oleic acid 36 Storehouses 37 Most precise 42 Hebrew measure 43 Bows 44 Paid notice 45 Fresh-water duck 46 And' 49 Boy's nickname 51 Fruit drink 53 Greek letter 55 Isle, o! Wight

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