The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 23, 1986 · Page 14
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 14

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Salina, Kansas
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Thursday, January 23, 1986
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Page 14
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Farm The Sallna Journal Thursday, January 23,1986 Page 14 Briefly Beef production to be discussed ELLSWORTH — The Ellsworth County Extension Council will sponsor a beef production meeting from 6 to 9 p.m. Jan. 30 at the Ellsworth County Courthouse. Speakers will include: Don Mock, extension livestock entomologist, on "How to minimize fly tag resistance" and "What makes a good insect control program?;" Keith Zoellner, extension livestock production specialist, on "Review of cattle trials in Ellsworth County," "Cutting cowherd feed costs" and "Creep feeding;" and Homer Caley, extension veterinary specialist, on "Late calving cows," "Baby calf health" and "An update on drugs." Tom Anderson, a representative of Syntex, maker of Synovex implants, also will be on the program. A steak dinner will be available for $2 for producers who pre-register at the Ellsworth County Extension Office by Jan. 28. The meal will cost $5 at the door. Ag engineering school planned OSBORNE — An agricultural engineering school that gets down to the nuts and bolts of mechanical operations on the modern farm is planned Tuesday at the First State Bank and Trust of Osborne. Schools also are planned at Hugoton, Wichita and Nortonville. Kansas State University agricultural engineers will conduct the schools, and county extension agents will handle local arrangements. Farmers will hear about problems associated with grain storage, grain temperatures, aeration fans, sprayers, hydraulics, tractors and irrigation systems and how engineers recommend they be handled on the farm. "The purpose of the schools is to help farmers with problems associated with machinery and equipment so they can farm more efficiently," said David Pacey, extension agricultural engineer. The Osborne school is planned from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. FLBA's Roger Colby retires CONCORDIA — Roger Colby, who has worked for the Federal Land Bank Association of Concordia for 29 years, has retired. He started with the association in 1957 as secretary-treasurer. The bank's territory covered Cloud, Republic and Jewell counties and had less than 300 loans with a volume of about $3 million. Colby was named president in 1976. Under his leadership, the association's territory grew to eight counties — Republic, Cloud, Ottawa, Saline, Ellsworth, Lincoln, Mitchell and Jewell. At the same time, the number of loans grew to nearly 1,800 with a volume of about $118 million. Upon his retirement, Colby said he had the second longest tenure of FLBA presidents in Kansas, and the third longest tenure of any FLBA president in the four states served by the Farm Credit Banks of Wichita. Conservation district to meet CONCORDIA — Gustaaf van der Hoeven, extension landscape and environmental horticulture specialist, Kansas State University, will be the speaker at a meeting Tuesday of the Cloud County Conservation District. He will talk about "Farmers are the Landscape Architects of Kansas" at the VFW Building. Dinner will be served at 6:30 p.m., followed by a business meeting at 7:30. Banker awards will be given, and a supervisor will be elected to fill the job held by Calvin Schultz. Also honored will be winners of the Cloud County Poster and Essay Contest and the winner of the Cloud County Fair conservation exhibit. Conservation meeting is set MANKATO — The Jewell County Conservation District and the Jewell County Livestock Association will have their annual meetings Saturday at the high school here. Dinner will be served at 6:30 p.m., followed by a business meeting at 7:30. Entertainment will be provided by the Farmerettes, a group of 20 women from Kansas and Nebraska. Receiving Kansas Banker Awards will be Mr. and Mrs. Ted Carl and Mr. and Mrs. Ted Thummel. Mr. and Mrs. Charles "Bud" Thompson will be given a special Windbreak Award. Recognition also will be given to the winners of the Youth Conservation Poster and Essay Contest. Fike named Mitchell County agent BELOIT — Gary Fike has been named the new Mitchell County Extension agent. Fike, 26, has been Lane County Agent in Dighton since July 1983. He is a native of Ramona. He attended Colby Community College for two years, and graduated from Panhandle State University, Guymon, Okla., in 1983 with a major in ag education and a minor in animal science. Plan may be too good to refuse for farmers WASHINGTON (AP) — The conservation package in the Food Security Act of 1985 is turning into one of those offers that thousands of farmers won't be able to refuse, once they have studied all the angles. For openers, under so-called "sodbuster" provisions, those who plow up fragile land that has not been in crops since 1980 will lose federal , farm program benefits for each year they persist in using that land for crops. Lost benefits will include price support payments, crop insurance, and Farmers Home Administration loans. Producers who used fragile land for crops during 1981-85 will have to have an approved conservation plan by 1990, or two years after a soil survey of their land, whichever is later. If they do not, program benefits will be canceled. Similar restrictions will be in force under "swampbuster" regulations aimed at keeping wetlands from being converted to crops. But the centerpiece of the package is the voluntary Conservation Reserve Program, which will offer farmers the opportunity to take up to 45 million acres of highly erodible land from production under 10-year contracts with the federal government. The program will provide farmers with annual rental payments for taking land from crop production, with the amounts determined by a bidding system. In addition, farmers will get federal cost-sharing to cover up to half of the one-time cost of establishing permanent vegetative cover to protect the soil. Federal costs are expected to be around $5 billion during the first five years of the program, mostly for the annual rental payments. Among the safeguards is a provision that limits the conservation "We are not going to run this program as a welfare program. It is going to be a program to retire highly erodible cropland." — Peter C. Myers reserve to no more than 25 percent of the cropland in a county, unless the USDA determines that a higher level will not hurt the county's economy. Department officials are confident that farmers will generally accept the idea of a long-term conservation reserve. Signup in the program will begin in March, when the department's 1986 commodity programs also will be ready. Although the details have not all been worked out, some idea of the program's scope was indicated last week by Assistant Secretary Peter C. Myers, who oversees USDA's programs for natural resources and environment. Myers was asked at a news conference about projections calling for at least five million acres in the reserve during the first year of operation and what kind of prices would a farmer need to have in mind to bid his land successfully into the program. "He would have to look at his own land value and what he could afford to bid it in at, and what he could produce as a crop on that particular piece of ground," Myers said. Studies have been made in North Dakota and Alabama that show "we may get land bids in as low as $22 to $23 an acre" per year, he said. But each farmer wjll have to look at his own operation and decide. Myers said state-by-state pools will be set up so that one state will not be bidding against another, with a farmer in Iowa competing against one in Minnesota, for example. The Soil Conservation Service uses eight classes of land, based on the risk of land damage or the difficulty of land use. Generally, the lower the class number — I through VIII — the better the land. Under the reserve program, the goal is to remove from fanning any cropland in classes VI, VII or VIII, because it is considered too steep or shallow. Cropland in classes II, III, IV or V that is eroding at more than twice the rate at which soil replenishes itself also will be targeted. To be eligible, the land must have been used to produce an annual crop any two of the five years, 1981 through 1985. According to SCS estimates as of 1982, there are 421 million acres of cropland in the United States. Of that, about 104 million acres would be eligible for the new Conservation Reserve Program. Myers was asked why USDA is targeting such a large amount of land for the program. If land is eroding at twice the "tolerable" rate — four or five tons per acre annually for deep soils, less for shallow soils — it has "a very serious problem," he said. ' 'On top of that, when you go to a 4045 million-acre conservation reserve as the law requires, we have to have a pool of at least 100 million acres," Myers said. When the idea first got off the ground, there was talk of putting only about 20 million acres into long-term conservation use. At that level, a much smaller pool would be needed. "We are not going to run this program as a welfare program," Myers said. "It is going to be a program to retire highly erodible cropland." In the so-called Soil Bank of the 1950s, the purpose was mainly to reduce crop production to help get supplies in line with demand by idling any type of land. There was no attempt by USDA to limit enrollment to highly erodible acres. Department officials hope to have at least five million acres enrolled in the new program during 1986, 10 million acres annually during 198789, and five million acres or more in 1990. Once in the program, a farmer will not be able to use the land for crops until the 10 years are up, unless he repays all of the government payments, plus interest. The annual rental payments are limited to $50,000 in cash or commodities. There is no limit on the cost-sharing to establish protective cover. The Corn Belt accounts for the largest amount of eligible acreage, with 25 percent of U.S. total. The Southern Plains, Northern Plains and Mountain states account for about 49 percent. Texas has the most of any single state. Standards to be set for vaccines WASHINGTON (AP) - A package of amendments to the 1985 farm bill provides assurance that every commercial animal vaccine will be required to meet government standards, even products that currently are unlicensed, a trade association says. The amendments, which are included in the Food Security Act, were sought by the association, the Animal Health Institute, and supported by the Agriculture Department. According to a recent report by the institute, the amendments "provide for uniform federal regulation of all commercially manufactured veterinary biologies" and include "a system for mandatory licensing of currently unlicensed products and manufacturing plants." The new provisions will be eased into place over four years and will be handled by USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which administers the 73-year-old Virus-Serum-Toxin Act. As reported by the institute, the new provisions will: • Consolidate regulatory authority under the USDA, putting all animal biologies under the department's licensing authority, whether the products move across state lines or are made and sold within a state. • Preserve state licensing authority where the state laws and regulations meet or exceed the federal requirements. A recent USDA survey showed "only two states actively regulate veterinary biologies made within their borders." Those are Calif ornia and South Dakota. • Allow USDA to exempt veterinarians and animal owners who make vaccines for use in their professional practice or in their own animals. • Allow for special licenses under which biologies needed in a disease emergency or to fight localized disease problems may be manufactured. "No unh'censed product will come off the market now because of these amendments," said Fred H. Holt, president of the institute. "There's every reason to believe that most of the currently unlicensed products marketed today will be licensed during the four-year phase-in period.'' However, the institute said products "that cannot be shown to be safe, pure, potent and effective will eventually be removed from the market." Would the new restrictions cause vaccine prices to increase? "Many animal vaccines are already produced by more than one licensed company, so effective competition already exists, and there would be little effect on the prices of such products," the report said. "Prices would be expected to rise some for other products, not now licensed, because their manufacturers will be faced with increased production costs associated with USDA requirements. However, for that higher prices, purchasers will have the valuable assurance that the products have been tested and proven to be safe and effective for their recommended uses.'' U.S. sales to Soviets decline in '85 WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States has not sold a significant amount of wheat to the Soviet Union since last summer, but Australia appears to be doing well, according to the Agriculture Department. "Australia recently concluded its largest sale ever to the Soviet Union," the department's Foreign Agricultural Service said in a recent trade report. The sale was for 2.5 million metric tons, making the Soviet Union the most important foreign market for Australian wheat producers, the report said. "As a result of large sales to the Soviet Union, Egypt and China, Australia is forecast to have its second straight year of record wheat exports," report said. Sales of U.S. wheat to the Soviet Union totaled 2.9 million tons in the 1984-85 year that ended last Sept. 30. Only 152,600 tons have been sold for delivery so far in 1985-86,, according to the department's weekly export sales reports. Do you need another employee? Hundreds of readers are looking through the classified ads every day. Phone 823-6363 and an ad-taker will help you. Value of farm exports decline 20 percent WASHINGTON (AP) — The value of U.S. farm exports in the first two months of the fiscal year that began Oct. 1 dropped 20 percent from its year-earlier level to $5.1 billion, according to an Agriculture Department report- Actual volumes of shipments also dropped sharply, down 14 percent from a year earlier to 22.5 million metric tons during October and November, the report said. A metric ton is about 2,205 pounds. The sharpest year-to-year declines in value and volume were in wheat, corn, soybean oil, cotton, tobacco and sunflower seeds, the report said. Some increases were reported for soybean meal, pulses, dairy products, and livestock and livestock products. Imports of agricultural products, meanwhile, were reported at $3.07 billion, down 5 percent from October- November of 1984. Department trade experts have projected total U.S. farm exports this fiscal year at an eight-year low of $29 billion, down 7 percent from $31.2 billion in 1984-85. The peak was $43.8 billion in 1980-81. The volume of shipments this fiscal year is currently projected at 120.5 million metric tons, down from 125.7 million tons in 1984-85 and the peak of 162.3 million tons in 1980-81. Send your news tip to The Salina Journal; up to $45 in cash weekly. January WHITE SALE PAINT 826-W-914 Latex Ceiling Paint White WHITE ONLY New formulation provides excellent coverage, easy application and clean up. Virtually odorless and dries in minutes. Decorate and save! CREDIT TERMS AVAILABLE HPC Hour*: Mon..Frl. 7:3O-S:3O lit. 8:OO-5:OO Crawford and Broadway S«||JM, K.. 823-8381 January CLEARANCE SALE Hurry In For Best Selection Men's, Ladies' & Boys' BOOTS Durastically Reduced SAVINGS OF 50 % .60M5 On Fall & Winter COATS, SWEATERS, SHIRTS SLACKS and SPORTSWEAR. 1^^ SLJNSHT PIwAZA Mon.-Fri. 9-9 Sat. 9-6 Sun. 1-6 SUNSET PLAZA SHOPPING CENTER

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