The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 23, 1986 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Thursday, January 23, 1986
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Page 5
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Nation/World The Salina Journal Thursday, January 23,1986 Page 5 Rebel forces invade South Yemen capital ADEN, South Yemen (AP) Rebels moved through South Yemen's capital with tanks and rocket launchers Wednesday, and the president called in loyal tribesmen to a "last-ditch battle" for control of the Soviet-allied Arab state, diplomats say. Arab diplomats in Djibouti, which faces South Yemen across the southern entrance to the Red Sea, said the struggle between rival Marxist factions had brought the Soviet Embassy in Aden under fire. But they said they did not know which side was shooting at it. Direct reports are not available because regular communications have been cut. Arab diplomats estimated the death toll at 10,000 and the wounded at twice that number in the fighting that started Jan. 13. Both President Ali Nasser Mohammed and the rebel leaders support Moscow, but Mohammed's recent overtures to pro-Western Arab nations apparently inspired the coup attempt. The Soviet Union has two military bases in strategically located Arabian Peninsula country. One diplomat said the fighting "has been raging from house to house" in the suburbs of Aden. "Decomposing corpses are everywhere, and almost all houses in Aden have either collapsed or are pockmarked with bombs and bul- lets," he said. Maki al-Galaf, a Kuwaiti evacuee who arrived in that Persian Gulf emirate, said he saw combatants "using corpses as barricades. It's a sight that I will never forget.'' An Egyptian seaman gave this description of Aden: "Buildings were ablaze, others collapsing. Snipers were shooting at the tanks from the hills. Terrified people were running around and I saw terrified children running out of their school into the streets. I could see the children screaming and weeping." The seaman, Ismail Mohammed Ahmed, is a crewman on the Greek freighter Dimitra. It docked Wednesday in Djibouti, a tiny African enclave 150 miles across the Gulf of Aden from the embattled South Yemeni capital on the Arabian Peninsula's southwestern tip. Some refugees said warplanes fired at foreigners waiting on beaches for evacuation to Djibouti. One of the diplomats said: "Ali Nasser (Mohammed) ordered his forces to descend from the provinces on Aden to stifle the rebellion in what would be a last-ditch battle." The Arab diplomats said much of the fighting with heavy weapons was concentrated in the Aden suburb of Khbrmaksar, where embassies and key government buildings are located. Striking workers calm as Hormel plant reopens AUSTIN, Minn. (AP) — National Guard troops cordoned off an entrance to a strikebound meatpacking plant Wednesday, and workers drove through to reopen the factory that authorities had closed for one day to avert violence. The troops, carrying billy clubs and bundled in arctic gear, formed a double line to keep strikers about 50 yards from people entering the George A. Hormel & Co. plant, where 1,500 workers walked off the job five months ago. At least 150 cars entered the plant through the cordoned-off north gate after receiving instructions on local radio stations. The plant reopened Jan. 13., and' tension has run high since Monday, when the first replacement workers began taking the places of union members. On Wednesday, as temperatures dipped near zero, the scene was relatively calm. Union members, who forced the plant to close Tuesday by taunting and mimicking Guard members and harassing returning workers, called on Gov. Rudy Perpich to remove the peacekeeping force. He refused. Storms delay shuttle launching SMis convicted of murdering Gandhi NEW DELHI, India (AP) - A judge seated behind bulletproof glass convicted three Sikhs on Wednesday and sentenced them to death for the murder of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984. More than 200 riot police! guarded the jail to prevent a I possible attack by Sikh mili-j tants and to enforce a 48-hour I ban on public assembly that| authorities imposed Tuesday in surrounding neighborhoods. One of those convicted," Satwant Singh, was accused Satwant of firing the shots in the garden of the prime minister's residential compound, along with another guard who was killed at the scene. The other two defendants were found guilty of conspiracy. No date was set for the executions, which in India usually are by hanging. Gandhi was assassinated Oct. 31, 1984, four months after she sent the army into the holiest Sikh temple to route out Sikh terrorists who were using it as a refuge. Estimates of the number of people killed in the fighting range up to 1,220. Special Judge Mabesh Chandra rejected the defense contention that the assassination resulted from a Gandhi family conspiracy. Defense attorneys called the verdict "judicial murder" and said they would appeal. Chandra found Satwant Singh, a 22-year-old member of Gandhi's guard, guilty of murder and conspiracy and convicted Kehar Singh and Balbir Singh of conspiracy. Singh, which means lion, is a part of the name of every adherent of Sikhism, a sect founded nearly 500 years ago as an attempt to reconcile Hinduism and Islam. Satwant Singh and a another Sikh guard, Beant Singh, were accused of shooting Gandhi. Police commandos killed Beant Singh at the scene and wounded Satwant Singh. Chandra said the prosecution "established beyond a reasonable doubt" that the Sikhs conspired to kill Mrs. Gandhi. The prosecution claimed the assassination was an act of revenge for the June 1984 army attack on the Golden Temple in Amritsar. "Men may tell lies, but the circumstances do not," Chandra said in his 260-page written report on the trial, which began in May. "The chain of circumstance is so well connected that no element of doubt arises. Exiles say contras need more than money WASHINGTON (AP) — A U.S.-, sponsored Nicaraguan rebel unity group — central to President Reagan's plan to resume military aid to the insurgents — has failed to heal the deep divisions that have plagued the war against that nation's leftist government, prominent Nicaraguan exiles say. Many of the exiles, longtime opponents of Nicaragua's Sandinista government, also expressed doubt that even renewed American military aid can avert the rebels' ultimate defeat as long as the movement is run by leaders the exiles contend are hand-picked by the U.S. government. Several exiles said the only realistic hope for ousting the Sandinista government is direct U.S. military intervention to crush the Soviet- supplied Nicaraguan army. But the Reagan administration repeatedly has rejected that option. The assessment by Nicaraguans exiles comes as Reagan prepares to ask Congress for as much as $100 million in military and non-lethal aid for the contras, as the rebels are called. CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) The launch of Challenger with a teacher as passenger will be delayed one day until Sunday because sand is obscuring visibility at an emergency landing site in Africa, NASA said Wednesday. Challenger's liftoff was rescheduled for 8:36 a.m. CST Sunday . and added a second emergency landing site at Casablanca, Morocco, to the one at Dakar, Senegal, that is affected by the desert sand. If the shuttle developed trouble a few minutes after liftoff the pilots would have to abort the mission, cross the Atlantic and, land on a commercial airport runway in North Africa. Dakar visibility has been poor for several days because of sand, dust and haze blowing off the Sahara, and officials said chances were slim it would clear up by Saturday. Similar conditions caused one of Columbia's record seven launch postponements earlier this month. The crew of the flight includes Christa McAuliffe, a teacher from Concord, N.H. A White House official confirmed Wednesday that Reagan has "approved in principle" a plan to resume military aid to the contras. The official said the plan calls for $90 million to $100 million and would do away with a congressional ban on paying for ammunition or weapons. Administration and congressional officials say the success of Reagan's expected request hinges on persuading moderate House members that the rebels' principal umbrella group — United Nicaraguan Opposition or more commonly UNO—poses a unified and effective democratic alternative to the Sandinistas. "UNO will have to show that it is the legitimate political leader of the contras, that it controls the military and has a platform for a democratic society for Nicaragua," said Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind., Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman. But 22 Nicaraguan exiles questioned UNO's success in unifying and controlling rebel ranks after it was created at the administration's urging in June. "UNO is designed to do battle in Congress, not to do battle in the front lines, with the people of Nicaragua," said Silvio Arguello-Cardenal, a former Nicaraguan vice president who lives in Miami. "It owes its existence exclusively to U.S. intelligence agencies that provide it direction and exercise strict every-day control over its military operations and political pronouncements." Jose Medina Cuadra, a Nicaraguan attorney living in Miami, said he resigned from UNO because "the group was set up to function on paper, but not in action." He said the group "hasn't done anything either for those fighting in Nicaragua or those in exile." Even with a massive infusion of U.S. military aid, the rebels "can never overthrow the Sandinistas on their own," Medina said. He said he would support direct U.S. inter- Mia America Inn Restaurant MONDAY NIGHT SPECIAL 9-11 Oz. WHOLE CATFISH 50 1842 N. 9th Salina, Ks. vention in Nicaragua "because the Soviets and the Cubans have already intervened and control Nicaragua." Conservative exiles sharply criticized the inclusion of former Sandinista officials, Arturo Cruz and Alfonso Robelo, in the triumvirate that runs UNO. shindaiwa! 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