The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 23, 1986 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Salina, Kansas
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Thursday, January 23, 1986
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Page 1
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BE?: T*1 Salina T 1 I he Journal Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas THURSDAY January 23,1986 114th year—No. 23 — 20 Pages Scott William. Volunteer Donna Macey checks out Scott Edmands during a mock-disaster exercise Wednesday. Both live in Salina. Red Cross shows disaster relief ability By GORDON D. FIEDLER Jr. Staff Writer Nurses were on duty to treat the injured. The green canvas cots were unfolded and set up. Volunteers stood ready to serve soup and sandwiches to the homeless and evacuees arriving at the disaster shelter at the Salina Labor Building, 2055 S.Ohio. The North-Central Kansas Chapter of the American Red Cross had prepared this shelter not to provide relief to victims of a disaster, but to let the community see first hand what the organization can do, and has done, when tornadoes strike or when winter ice storms leave cities dark and cold. It also was an attempt to publicize a national fund-raising campaign necessary to replenish the organization's disaster relief coffers. Chairman of local disaster services, John Degand, said national disaster relief is running $20 million in the red this fiscal year, which began June 1, because of the record number of disasters for which the Red Cross provided assistance. "This was the worst year for natural disasters — hurricanes, flooding, mudslides, not to mention all the small things," he said. "Historically, the most money spent on disasters was $37 million in 1979-80." During the past fiscal year, which ended May 31, the Red Cross aided victims of about 40,000 disasters, ranging from the devastating floods in the Southeast to house fires in communities across the country, Degand said. "For the first six months of the new fiscal year, we have spent $48.3 million," he said. "We're $20 million in the red. That's the reason for the campaign. We want people to know what we do." Locally, the North-Central Kansas Chapter worked 14 disasters in the four-county area, overspending its $2,000 budget by $2,500 in the last fiscal year, according to Harry Robinson, chairman of the local Red Cross board. So far this year, the local chapter has exceeded its disaster relief budget by $1,550, he said. The overruns are picked up by the national headquarters, Robinson added. "We have to raise $6,500," Robinson said. "That's our portion of the $20 million national goal." The local chapter has collected $1,000, he said. The campaign ends in May. The local chapter joined other chapters across the country in setting up a typical disaster shelter in order to encourage donations. Ironically, the Red Cross wasn't soliciting contributions during the demonstration. Degand said it is the practice of the Red Cross not to accept donations during a disaster. "We discourage gifts at the scene, "he said. Robinson said contributions will be accepted at the local office at 117 S. Seventh. Degand said about 40 volunteers staffed the shelter and served about 85 lunches. The shelter could have aided between 200 and 300 people. Among those assisting with the shelter at the labor building were members of the newly formed Red Cross Youth Council. The youth group includes student council representatives from each of the three Salina high schools. During the next year, the 13 members will receive training in a variety of first aid and disaster relief courses, said Vickie Sutton, assistant executive director of the local chapter. In addition to individual volunteers, others helping were amateur radio operators, student nurses and members of the Civil Air Patrol, the official auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force. WASHINGTON (AP) — Cheered on by President Reagan, thousands of anti-abortion demonstrators marched to the Supreme Court Wednesday to mark the 13th anniversary of a landmark decision they and the president want overturned. Later, two anti-abortion leaders quoted Reagan as saying in a private meeting that he might consider pardoning abortion clinic bombers on "a case-by-case basis." But a White House spokesman said the president said no such thing and others at the meeting said they interpreted the president's remarks differently. "I'm proud to stand with you in the long march for the right to life," Reagan told the crowd via a telephone hook-up between the White House and loudspeakers where the marchers rallied 200 yards away. Crowd estimates varied. March organizer Nellie Gray — crying "look how strong we are" to the demonstrators — estimated the crowd at about 100,000. But police estimated the crowd at about 36,000. Many protesters left to lobby members of Congress after completing the two-mile march to the Supreme Court building. But several dozen moved through police lines at the building and knelt to pray and to chant "Stop The Killing" and other slogans. They were warned they would be arrested if they remained, and after several minutes police did take 10 into custody, charging them with illegally demonstrating on Supreme Court grounds. Reagan met privately at the White House with about two-dozen leading abortion foes. After that meeting, Paul Brown, chief executive officer of the Ameri- (See Abortion, Page 9) Report: Curbing aliens will hurt U.S. economy By The New York Times WASHINGTON - President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers warns in a new report that proposals to punish employers of illegal aliens would have adverse effects on the nation's economy. Imposing sanctions on employers for hiring illegal aliens would reduce the nation's production of goods and services and would impose a new "labor market tax" on employers, the council says in a confidential draft of its 1986 report. The report is to be submitted to Congress in early February. The report undermines the rationale for a comprehensive immigration bill designed to curtail the influx of illegal aliens by imposing penalties on employers who hire them. In the past, the Reagan administration has supported such bills, including one passed by the Senate in September and awaiting action in the House, But the Council of Economic Advisers said in its draft report that "restrictions on immigration, like restrictions on trade, are costly" to employers and to the economy as a whole. The report estimated that it would cost employers $1.6 billion to $2.6 billion a year to screen job applicants and weed out illegal aliens. The council did not give the basis for this estimate, which it called conservative. The draft report, obtained Wednesday from a White House official, said there was no firm evidence that illegal aliens displaced native- born workers from jobs in the United States. The number of jobs is not fixed, the report said, adding that alien workers contributed to an overall economic expansion whose benefits were "widely diffused" in the form of lower prices, new job opportunities and higher profits for investors. The report concluded that immigration to the United States' increased employment and production as well as the per-capita income of the native-born population. Conversely, it said, employer sanctions "would reduce employment and output." The study generally does not distinguish between legal and illegal aliens in assessing their effects on the economy. It is nearly impossible to draw such distinctions from the available evidence, which suggests that the two groups affect labor markets in similar ways. The main function of the Council of Economic Advisers, established in 1946, is to advise the president on economic developments. It appeared likely that the document would impede progress on the immigration bill, which is awaiting action in the House Judiciary Committee. Fanners want judge to block FmHA rules Thousands protest court's abortion decision BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) — A judge who prevented the Farmers Home Administration from foreclosing on borrowers for the past two years was asked Wednesday to keep the agency from using new rules to collect on old debts. A ruling by U.S. District Judge Bruce Van Sickle could affect more than 65,000 farmers who the FmHA says are delinquent in their loan payments to the federal lending agency. The FmHA plans to send letters to all delinquent borrowers, and stern notices will be mailed to those who have made no payments in three years or are suspected of hiding assets, according to Agriculture Undersecretary Frank Naylor Jr. Those letters would be mailed later this month or in Febriiary. But attorneys representing farmers in the class-action lawsuit against the FmHA argued in documents filed with the court that the new rules by the agency still do not protect the rights of borrowers and could allow it to starve people off their farms by refusing to release money to cover living and operating expenses. Wednesday's hearing was on a request for a preliminary injunction that would bar the federal government from putting its new rules into effect and sending out the letters. The farmers "will be plunged headlong into liquidation and foreclosure of their farms — and seizure of their income — if the government is not enjoined from preceding under these regulations," the farmers' attorneys wrote. "The government, on the other hand, will lose nothing if it is delayed." The FmHA is the federal lender of last resort for farmers. Farmers who have borrowed from the FmHA are required to hand over to the agency the money they get from the sale of crops. The sales money serves as the agency's security for the loan. The FmHA then returns some of that money to the farmer for living and operating expenses, based on a budget plan worked out in advance. In early 1984, Van Sickle ordered the government to make permanent changes in FmHA loan repayment and foreclosure policies. The 36-page opinion ordered the agency to allow delinquent borrowers to defer making loan payments if they were financially strapped because of circumstances beyond their control, such as a drought. In addition, the" FmHA had to grant hearings to borrowers before taking any action to foreclose or to demand immediate repayment of a loan. The agency has not moved against delinquent borrowers for two years, while it drew up regulations to comply with the judge's orders. In November, it published its final draft of the rules, which covered some 200 pages in the Federal Register. Today Inside SALINA CENTRAL and Wichita Kapaun-Mt. Carmel win first-round games in the Salina Invitational boys' basketball tournament. See Sports, Page 11. Classified 16-18 Entertainment 20 Farm 14 Fun 19 Living Today 7 Local/Kansas 3,15 Markets 8 Nation/World 5 On the Record 9 Opinion 4 Sports 11-13 Weather 9 Weather KANSAS — Increasing cloudiness today and tonight with lows from the mid-20s to around 30. Can't fit into your jeans? Your genes may be at fault Study says obesity depends on heredity BOSTON (AP) — Whether people grow up to be fat or skinny depends in large part on their genes and seems to have nothing to do with the eating habits they learn as children, a new study concludes. The research helps explain why some people remain chubby even when they diet constantly, while others stay trim no matter what they eat: Fatness and thinness are in their genes. The findings were based on a study of adopted children. They often grew up to have the body builds of their biologic parents. Slim offspring frequently had slender natural parents and overweight children had fat ones. There was no evidence that they mirrored the shape of the adoptive parents who raised them. Many experts think heredity plays at least some role in obesity. But they also often theorize that fat people get that way because they learn bad eating practices early in life. ' 'The real surprise is that the adoptive family has no impact at all, as far as we can tell," said the study's director, Dr. Albert J. Stunkard of the University of Pennsylvania. "I had certainly thought that early childhood eating habits have a lot to do with becoming fat. They maynot." Authorities have long argued over whether nature or nurture is the key to obesity that runs in families. Dr. Theodore Van Itallie of St. Luke's- Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York concludes that the new research "appears to resolve that controversy." But the study, to be published in today's New England Journal of Medicine, was not intended to imply that people have no control over their weight or that calories don't count. "What has been shown here is that there is a strong genetic factor," said Dr. Jules Hirsch of Rockefeller University. "What isn't dealt with is: What has society done to permit the maximum uncovering of this gene? Thanks to fast food and so on, the fullest impact of obesity is now visible as never before." Stunkard cautioned that his findings certainly don't mean that the war on fat is hopeless. Lots of people with two fat parents — probably the highest genetic risk for obesity — take off weight and keep it off. Kansas town hopes to lose ton of weight By JILL CASEY Staff Writer MULUNVILLE — This southwest Kansas town of 300 — 350 when the cats and dogs are counted—is adamant about reducing. Residents Wednesday began dieting for their "Mullinville Ton-Off." About 150 of the town's residents got off of their chubby duffs to complete a weigh-in at the high school gymnasium. Their collective goal is to lose a ton of weight before May 7, a date aptly picked because that's the night of the town's booster club meeting. To reach their goal, each of the residents who weighed in would have to pare about 13 pounds, give or take a few ounces. Paul Hayse, Mullinville farmer and Ton-Off organizer, said Wednesday's weigh-in was a "madhouse." "But everyone's having fun," he said. "Everyone's there, it's kind've a social event for us." He came up with the losing idea when he decided several weeks ago that he should drop a few pounds. "One day I looked down and couldn't see my belt buckle," Hayse said. "I looked around the town, and I thought, 'Boy, this town could lose some weight.' "I told the county health nurse about the idea, and she went plum nuts. She wanted me to do it for the whole county.'' At the gym, Kiowa County Health Department nurse Ellen Peters and three assistants scribbled names and weights on charts. They also gave advice on how to lose weight safely, Hayse said. "Even though most people weren't even close to being too thin," he said. No one seemed to be embarrassed about tipping the scales with half the town as witnesses, Hayse said, because they'd been assured of confidentiality. "It's between them and the nurse," he said. "We aren't going to post their weights for everyone to see." Hayse, 41, was none too modest in revealing (See Town, Page 9)

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