The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on October 10, 1996 · Page 2
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 2

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Thursday, October 10, 1996
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THE SALINA JOURNAL NEWS THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1O, 1996 A3 BRIEFLY Appeals court upholds McDougal's contempt CONWAY, Ark. - A federal appeals court Wednesday upheld a contempt citation against Whitewater figure Susan McDougal, who refused last month to testify before a grand jury investigating President Clinton's Arkansas business dealings. The 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis said McDougal had no right to refuse to testify and had no right to take her lawyer into the grand jury room. The court also said if it allowed witnesses to remain silent because they feared the grand jury or prosecutors had a different perception of the truth, it would "frustrate completely the investigative function." McDougal has been held at the Faulkner County Jail in Conway since Sept. 16 after she refused U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright's order that she answer questions from a Whitewater grand jury. Federal deficit at 15-year low in 1996 WASHINGTON — The nation's budget deficit sank to a 15-year low of $109 billion in fiscal 1996, two Republican lawmakers projected Wednesday in a statement claiming credit for the drop. The announcement, pre-empting the Clinton administration's release of the figure later this month, came from Sen. Pete Domenici, R- N.M., and Rep. John Kasich, R- Ohio, chairmen of the Senate and House budget committees. They attributed the figure for the fiscal year that ended Sept. 30 to "Treasury Department data that are not expected to change significantly." "This is good news for American taxpayers," Domenici said. "It shows that when Congress really wants to control spending, it can." Their figure, the lowest since the $79 billion deficit in 1981, would represent the fourth consecutive decline in the deficit and a 33 percent drop from $164 billion in 1995. Pope's condition good a day after surgery ROME — Roses, recipes and warm wishes poured in Wednesday for Pope John Paul II, who was feeling just a bit of pain and pleasing doctors with his recovery the day after surgery to remove an inflamed appendix. John Paul even took a few steps, sat in an armchair and sipped tea, his doctors said. Dr. Corrado JOHN PAUL V EDUCATION Say wha More students s By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — Spanish remains the No. 1 studied language, but heightened interest in Asia and the Middle East have made Arabic and Chinese the fastest-growing foreign languages on college campuses, a study says. Chinese enrollment rose by 36 percent, to 26,471 students, between 1990 and 1995, according to a survey released Wednesday by the Modern Language Association of America. "Wo yidianr dou bu qiguai — I'm not at all surprised," said Jerry Norman, a Chinese language professor at the University of Washington in Seattle. "There is a lot of interest in Chinese because China is the up- and-coming world economy." Interest in Chinese plunged after the 1989 crackdown on pro- democracy protesters in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, said Wendy Larson, chairwoman of the University of Oregon's Department of East Asian Languages and Literature. Since then, Chinese has reasserted itself, partly because students seeking jobs know Chinese is spoken not only in China, but Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore — some of the fastest- growing economic markets in the world. "Also on the West Coast, Chinese-American kids are hitting the universities, and their families are encouraging them to take it," she said. Arabic registrations climbed 28 percent, to 4,444, between 1990 and 1995. Douglas Black, 24, a Georgetown University student from Binghamton, N.Y., takes two hours of Arabic every morning, Monday through Friday — one hour for grammar and the other for conversation. "The language is very logical t? studying Chinese and Arabic Foreign languages Today*! 6ollege students are forgoing French and Russian language classes In favdr. of Chinese and Arable. Which languages are In vogue, and which are hot: ^ FalM 990 and Fall 1995 foreign language registrations in U.S. colleges ^| Pf»ff»nw— ^- • -iflB-r " — - jjft • ' 'HMitf-V Language Registrations Registrations Change "Aiiderrteifeek 16,401 16,272 -0.8 Arabic 3,475 4,444 +27.9 Chinese 19,490 26,471 +35.8 '^errnan ! " 133;348 96,263 -127.8 Hebrew* , 12,995 13,127 +1.0 Italian ,49,699 . 43,760 . , -11.9 Japanese 45,717 44,723 -2.2 Latin 28,178 25,897 -8.1 1 "" ' 7: ' 6.53K " Xl r ^ &£ * 7 f • ' ^feliiarf ^'•^^ > '"''^^ ' "'"^'^''^HGSS 24,729 -44.6 Spanish 533,944 606,286 +13.5 Other languages 17,544 24,918 +42.0 TOTAL 1,184,100 1,138,772 -3.8 *77)e 1995 total comprises 5,648 registrations in Biblical Hebrew and 7,479 in Modem Hebrew. The equivalent figures for 1990 are 5,724 and 7,271. Source: Modem Language Association AP/Amy Kranz — much more so than English, a 31-year-old student from Italy You read it right to left. That by who also is earning a master's itself is not so difficult," said degree in Arabic studies. Black, who is studying for a Overall, 1.138 million students master's degree in Arabic stud- were registered in foreign lan- ies and wants to be a policy- guage courses in the fall of 1995 maker. — down nearly 4 percent from Arabic is a must for a person the 1.184 million in 1990. who wants to understand the The number of students in for- Arab world, Black says. „ eign language class also has not "The thought process is em- kept pace with college enroll- bedded in the language," he ment increases. About eight of says. "Translation can only do every 100 college students took a so much." foreign language in 1995, down Pierfrancesco Consalvo's in- from 14 in 1968. terest in the Middle East "Students are becoming more prompted him to sign up for cosmopolitan in their choice of Arabic at Georgetown. languages," said Phyllis "The Arab language is spoken Franklin, executive director of in a large part of the world. It's a the association, a group of 31,000 skill that can be very important college scholars and teachers that for finding a job," said Consalvo, fosters foreign language study. T CHARITIES so many i i trust State Farm for life insurance? 0 SECURITY State Farm has the highest financial strength ratings from A.M.Best-A++ MOODYS-Aaa Standard and Poors-AAA Weiss Restarch-At ^PRODUCTS Affordable, sensible life insurance tofilyourneeds. 0 SERVICE I For life Insurance backed by good neighbor service, see you nearby Stale Farm agent today. RAYMOND HOWEY 827-9991 1101 S.Ohio Salina gStateFaniiSellsLifelnsurance, STATE FARM UFE INSURANCE COMPANY . p Fewer Americans are giving more T CRIME PREVENTION Some cities DARE to stop program While the number who give is down, how much they give is up By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — Americans gave more to charity last year than they did two years earlier, but an increasing number of people gave nothing, according to a Gallup survey. Contributions in 1995 were 16 percent higher than in 1993 — 10 percent higher when adjusted for inflation, the survey says. In constant dollars, the average contributing household gave $1,017 in 1995, compared with $928 in 1993. That represented 2.2 percent of household income, a slight increase over the figure two years earlier, 2.1 percent. But only 69 percent of households reported giving anything last year, compared with 73 percent in 1993. The survey has been conducted every other year since 1987 by the Gallup organization for Independent Sector, a coalition representing 800 voluntary groups, foundations and corporate giving programs. Gallup questioned 2,617 adults in face-to-face interviews this spring. The survey had a sampling error of plus or minus 3 percentage points. In another finding, participants expressed growing mistrust over how charities use their money. The proportion who disagreed with the statement "most charitable organizations are honest and ethical in their use of funds" has increased from 20 percent in 1990 to 31 percent this year. In the five surveys taken since 1987, the year Americans were most generous was 1989, in a time of economic upturn. Seventy-five percent of households reporting giving that year, and they gave $1,201 in inflation-adjusted dollars, which represented 2.5 percent of household income. The survey found similar patterns for volunteering. It said 49 U.S. charity Fewer Americans gave ttr charity last year than In 1893, Contributions Increased. contributing to charity: 78,1% 1987 1989*^199,1''?! Average household contribution (constant 199Stlolter8)Y >.* ' V, i ^ * Source: Giving and the United States, 1 AP/Cari Fox percent of households reported volunteer activities in 1995, up^ percent over 1993. The average volunteer contributed 4.2 hours a week, a figure that has not changed since 1991. Visit our new location! 833 E. Crawford, Salina 913-827-1100 Real People. Real Deals. Manni, chief anesthesiologist at Gemelli Polyclinic, where the pope has been hospitalized since Sunday, said the pontiffs condition was "excellent, above the average" for a 76-year-old man with health problems. The pope has had six operations since he was shot in the stomach by a would-be assassin in 1981. Muslims to open new prayer hall at mosque JERUSALEM — Muslim authorities angered Israelis on Wednesday with plans to open a new underground prayer hall at the Al Aqsa Mosque, on the site revered by Jews as Temple Mount and beside the Israeli tourist tunnel project that set off rioting last month. Hassan Tahboub, the Palestinian minister of religious affairs, said the hall would open in two days once floor tile has been laid — in time for weekly prayer services Friday. The announcement comes as Israelis and Palestinians try to reconstruct a peace shattered after Israel opened a new entrance to the tunnel at the base of the complex. From Wire Service Reports By The Associated Press SPOKANE, Wash. — It is the nation's most popular drug-education program, offered in at least 60 percent of school districts nationwide, reaching 25 million youngsters here and in 41 other countries. It is a program that has drawn praise for its efforts to being uniformed police officers into the classroom to promote self-esteem and clean living. Even Chelsea Clinton is a graduate. But you don't DARE in Spokane. Last year, spurred by a budget crunch and concerns that the program does not work, Spokane joined a handful of cities that are just saying no to Drug Abuse Resistance Education. Oakland, Calif., ended its $750,000-a-year DARE commitment two years ago, said City Councilwoman Sheila Jordan. "I felt like it was a very expensive, program with very poor results," she said. Seattle may soon follow suit. Police Chief Norm Stamper wants to remove the four-officer, $250,000-a- year program from next year's budget. "We're now beginning to recognize that this enormously popular and enormously expensive program has been from a statistical point of view an enormous failure," he said The cut won't go unnoticed, he said. "The problem is that DARE is identified with everything that is good and important and desirable. It is in many ways a symbol, like the American flag," Stamper said. DARE started in Los Angeles in 1983, a brainchild of then-Police Chief Daryl Gates. "It's grassroots, it's truly a local program," said Bill Alden, deputy director of DARE America, the program's Los Angeles-based, nonprofit parent corporation. "Parents feel good about it... because (DARE officers) create these sound, positive relationships with kids at a very early age." But this comes at a cost. The cost to Spokane was $557,000 a year Most of the DARE budget went to cover the salaries of six full- time officers and staff. Carl Strecker - Sales Wayne Wetzel-Owner 913-667-3375 Dcl's Electronics Center HARVEST s -/ SELECT ATHLETICS for .WOMEN, and KIDS 1990 "'w.^ REG. 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