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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1949 Battlefield Death Data is Compiled Rifk Fir* T«rm«d "Mo«» Deadly", But Bombs Mor* Effective WASHINGTON -W)- Big guru lull the most soldiers. Yet rifles and machine guns are the most deadly. A hit from a bullet Is [ar more likely to cause death than at hit from a shell fragment. These are some of the facts brought out in » report on battle casualties made for the Army Ground Forces. It wa s "classified" until recently and so not available for publication. The "Infantry Journal" in Its September Issue reviews Its findings. Facts about death In action are n»rd to find. Medical men seldom have time to study battlefield dead. ^Usually about the only data the •Jrmy gelj is from graves registration personnel, who can only make rough tuesses, A few careful studies, however were made 'In the last war. The most thorough was done by medical personnel in the Bouvsrtibille, New Georgia and Burma campaigns. They found that a soldier had the least chance of surviving if he were hit by a machine gun bullet. Next came the rifle, then ar- tilleiy, mortar and grenade, fn that oraer. At Bougainville 58 per cent of Machine gun casualties died yet only six per cent of grenade casualties failed to survive. Rifle and machine gun bullets have high velocity;; the shock is lethal, one hit often is enoush to finish you. Bomb* Moct Deadly But in large scale engagements, wounds by shell fragmentation don't come one at a time. The Japanese didn't have massed artillery in the Bougainville and other early campaigns. The Germans had It in Europe and Africa, however There the story was different. One thorough study of 1,000 battlefield dead was made by medical officers in Italy. They found that . 85 per cent ol the deaths were caused by fragmentation wounds- artillery, bomB, grenade or mortar Only 170.7 per cent of the deaths were caused by gunshot wounds. The difference was that those f who died from fragmentation had an average of seven wounds. Those who died from gunshot had an average of 1.8 bullit "hits. The conclusion drawn by the "Infantry Journal" is that "multiple wounds appear to be the rule in battlefield deaths." To be killed by a shell you usually have to be close to the burst The fragments lose their lethal velocity at a relatively short distance. On the other hand, if you are close enough to be badly wounded by one fragment, you are likely to be itruck by many of them. In the New Georgia-Burma studies, it was learned that 80 per cent of those killed by mortar and artillery fragments were less than. 10 yards from the point of burst. Eighty per cent of those failed by rifle machine gun. Jire were hit at ranges of less than 100 yards. Infantrymen Bear Brunt Here are some other lacts disclosed by the studies: - 1 '.Y ery few men aie from wounds in the legs or arms. More than three-fourths of the men so wounded recover without leaving the theater in which they are fighting 2. Men who are wounded in the Jiead, chest or abdomen usually Wont survive and return to duty w if !* h * WOUnd is s «P e rticial. If -It is penetrating, it is fatal more often than not. Helmets prevent deep head wounds by shell fragments. Light chest armor would deflect missies, save many lives. 3. infantrymen, representing only 14 per cent of the strength of the army overseas, receives twice as many casualties as any other type of company i n an infantry division. And riflemen suffer almost gLTTHEVTLLE (ARK.)' COUNTER KBWS •AN OPTIMIST BY NATURE'— Andrei Y. Vishinsky (above), Soviet Foreign Minister, scratches his head as he ponders a question on his arrival at LaGuardia Field, in New York City to attend the general assembly of the United Nations. Smiling frequently and apparently in a "Pollyanna" mood, Vishtnsky. asked if he were optimistic about the outcome of the general assembly sessions, said. "Yes. I am optimistic by nature." (AP Wirephoto) Missouri University Enrollment Shows Gam COLUMBIA, Mo., Sept. 22. (AP)— Enrollment of 9,984 students at the University of Missouri was reported yesterday by Dr C. W. Mckane, director of admissions, who said the total was some 300 above expectations. Last year's figure was 11,360, and the final total this fall should be pushed well above 10,000 by late registrants. five times as many casualties as any other gruop of men in the division. 4. "The fact that * large proportion of our casualties is due to our own fire is little known," says the "Journal." "Accurate figures exist only for isolated Instances • . . Actually, M out of 393 casualties, or one sixth of all the Bougainville casualties, were due to fire of our own troops ... 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