The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 20, 1986 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Salina, Kansas
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Monday, January 20, 1986
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Page 1
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Journal Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas MONDAY January 20,1986 114th year—No. 20 — 16 Pages SLIP SLJDIN' AWAY — Kevin Rundell, 8, Wichita, and his dog, Maynard, share a trip down the slide in Sunset Park over the weekend. Kevin was staying with his grandfather, Ralph Bigler of Salina. Tutu threatens to use civil obedience ATLANTA (AP) — South African Bishop Desmond Tutu stood Sunday in the pulpit once occupied by Martin Luther King Jr. and promised a campaign of civil disobedience against apartheid laws. Tutu was the keynote speaker at an international conference honoring the slain civil rights leader and preacher of non-violent civil disobedience on the eve of the first national holiday marking his birth. If the South African government does not change its racial policies, Tutu said, he would lead "a campaign of civil disobedience against unjust laws." "Our people are peaceful to a fault," he said. "We are stupid, for we keep going up against an intransigent government. They use tear gas, bullets, dogs and whips." Representatives of 40 nations attended the conference at Atlanta's Ebenezer Baptist Church, were King was pastor until his assassination in 1968. A candlelight memorial service was conducted Sunday night at King's tomb in Atlanta, in advance of today's official holiday. His widow, Blacks, whites gather to honor King By JILL CASEY Staff Writer The First Presbyterian Church resounded in "amens!" and "hallelujahs!" Sunday at a worship service honoring the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. There, about 200 Salinans joined hands and sang hymms. Together, blacks and whites celebrated King's civil rights accomplishments and prayed for the continuing improvement of race relations in the United States. "God warned us about the sin of divisiveness," said William Augman Jr., who gave the sermon. "Yet we have even built churches along color lines and class lines." The First Presbyterian Church, 308 S. Eighth, has an all-white congregation. The Rev. Tom Glenn, the church's pastor, said he hoped the gesture of acting as host for Sunday's service would open doors to more integrated worship in Salina. Augman is an associated professor of religion and sociology at the'United Theological Seminary in Dayton, Ohio. He spoke Friday at Kansas Wesleyan and was invited also to give the sermon at Sunday's special service. "If God were to give a test here on race relations in Salina," Augman said, "I wonder how you'd fare." Today Martin Luther King Jr. Day will be celebrated for the first tune as a national holiday. During the past week, Salinans have had several celebrations, which will culminate with a prayer vigil from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. today at the Allen Chapel AME Church, 1021W. Ash. "Martin Luther King taught us to love because he was filled with love," Augman said. "Now we hate our enemies and draw lines between 'we' and 'they.' Are we ready to pass God's love on to everyone regardless of race, color, sex or age?'' Augman elicited the loudest "amens!" from his listeners when he said "Martin knew segregation was a social evil and was not the natural order of things. And he also knew that Christians aren't exempt from these weaknesses." Coretta Scott King, was to place a wreath at the tomb today. Today's scheduled observances included "Living the Dream," a mu- sical celebration by several top recording stars and others in Washington, New York City and Atlanta. Performers will include such people Government may reduce role in pension plans By The New York Times WASHINGTON - The Reagan administration is developing proposals to reduce the role of the federal government in insuring private pension benefits paid to millions of Americans. There is no private insurance of pensions. Under federal law, most pension plans must carry federal insurance. Administration officials said the switch to private insurance would not harm workers or retirees. Private insurance companies would have a financial incentive to write such insurance if they could set premiums high enough, the officials said. They also said the current system, under which employers are charged a flat rate, subsidizes pension plans that are financially weak. Private insurers could charge rates that vary according to risk, they argued. But some insurance executives and actuaries said private insurance was not feasible. Few insurance companies would seek the business, they said, because there is no accurate way to predict the costs, which could be immense. In the absence of a government guarantee, they warned, some workers would probably lose their pensions, as many did before 1974, when federal pension insurance began. The effort comes a few months after two large companies whose pension plans were insured by the government acted to transfer their unfunded pension liabilities to the government. The Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. is ending four pension plans covering 21,600 people, and, pending review of the case, the government is to assume an unfunded liability of $475 million. The government has already taken over $165 million of pension obligations to retired employees of the Allis-Chalmers Corp., a producer of industrial equipment. Together, these claims double the deficit of the government's pension insurance agency, to $1.3 billion. This represents the difference between assets on hand and the current value of all benefits owed, after adjusting to account for the fact that they are to be paid by the government over several decades. The proposal for private pension insurance is an example of the administration's effort to transfer government programs to private industry. Reagan appointees are also exploring the possibility of selling the Federal Housing Administration, which insures home mortgages; the Bonneville Power Administration, and a portion of the Naval Petroleum Reserves. Since 1974, most corporate pension plans have been insured by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp., a federal agency to which pension plans pay a premium of $2.60 a year for each covered worker and retiree. Marxist rebels appear to win in S. Yemen as Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Quincy Jones, the Rev. Jesse Jackson and Patti Labelle. Harry Belafonte and Bill Cosby will be co-hosts. By The New York Times ADEN, South Yemen — Forces loyal to the former president of Southern Yemen, a hard-line Marxist, claimed victory Sunday in a six- day battle for control of the impoverished nation, the Soviet Union's strategic toehold in the Middle East. In Aden, the capital of Southern Yemen, a radio broadcast said forces of the former president, Abdel Fattah Ismail, were "in control of the situation, relying on the party's collective leadership." The broadcast said that a bid by the incumbent president, All Nasser Mohammed, to impose a dictatorship had failed and that "hired elements of power" under him "have been eliminated." But Mohammed, who was said to have flown Saturday from Aden to Addis Ababa, was reported late Sunday night to be on his way back to South Yemen. The Ethiopian government television reported that Mohammed had left the country and was believed to be on his way to Yemen, Southern Yemen's neighbor. One possible explanation for Mohammed's trip was that the more conservative regime in Yemen fears that events in Southern Yemen might encourage hostile border tribesmen to begin raiding its territory, leading to further destabilization of the area. A lull in the fighting Sunday, which could indicate the beginning of a cease-fire, allowed further evacuation of foreigners from Aden by several nations. At least 3,000 people, most of them Soviet or East-bloc citizens, have been evacuated from the country since the fighting flared. The evacuation, with women and children leaving first, has been difficult. It was halted Saturday when rebel soldiers drew return fire after taking advantage of the cease-fire to take up positions near the beach where the foreigners had gathered. The refugees, many of whom were taken out on the British royal yacht Britannia, described tank battles in the streets, shells slamming into embassies, the city morgue filled with bodies, and men who wore the same uniforms fighting each other. Gloria Thygesen of Calgary, Alberta, said: "There was lots of fire and smoke all over the city. The whole sky was gray. There was no safe place in the city." The evacuees were brought to this African port, about 200 miles from Aden, aboard the Britannia, several French navy vessels and Soviet freighters. The Britannia had been on its way to serve as Queen Elizabeth's headquarters at a state function in New Zealand. The refugees who had been able to follow the political situation painted a picture of confused factional fighting and indicated the battle might well not be over. The relief worker said the rebels appear to be winning. Today Inside Classified 13,14 Entertainment 16 Fun 15 Living Today 6 Local/Kansas 3 Nation/World 5 On the Record 7 Opinion 4 Sports 9-11 Weather 7 Weather KANSAS — Mostly clear today, with highs near 70 west and in the low to mid-60s east. Mostly clear tonight, with lows in the 30s west to the low 40s east. Partly cloudy Tuesday, with highs in the low 50s northwest to the mid-60s southeast. Foster care becomes last resort for abused children ByDAVERANNEY Harris News Service The horrors of child abuse in Kansas slide off desks and into welfare office files like an old snake sheds its layers of skin. New reports arrive each day. They accumulate with the others. Then the pages yellow and they become old reports. All the while, hardened caseworkers barely bat an eye. The reports' pages are filled with incest, or children left to rot in their own dung. Infants are strangled, drowned, set afire. Or they might be beaten bloody — to pulp or to death. There are the teenage mothers and fathers turned criminal. And there is the torture of neglect. Every day in Kansas more tragedy is added to the files. But recently a new fodder had fed the files, the fallout from a federal order issued nearly six years ago: Troubled homes or abused children are not to Child Of T ren Second in a series split families to save either. Foster care for abused children is no longer the first alternative to trouble at home. The move to keep families together, no matter the effect, started with a 1980 federal order to cut dependence on foster care programs. The order reversed the 40-year practice of pulling children from home at the first sign of trouble. Champions for this change said children were being left in foster care programs too long. The return of foster children to their true homes was almost impossible after stays of two to five years. The pendulum now has swung the other way. Children today are taken from troubled homes under only the most drastic circumstances. Instead, counselors are to visit the homes periodically. Foster care advocates say the new policies help in some cases of abuse, but hurt many children who need earlier intervention. They say the visiting counselors help, but can only scratch the surface. Deep emotional problems go untreated too long. Worse is the suspicion that children in foster care programs are yanked early to save money. Of the state's 1986 foster care budget, most of the $22.7 million is divided among 17 area offices. Each office decides how its allocated funds will be spent. Five offices — Salina, Hutchinson, Garden City, Hays and Pratt — expect to be operating in the red by June 30, the end of the fiscal year. Projections for last year fell short by $1.3 million and cut into 11 area offices. About 3,600 children assigned to Kansas Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services custody are victims of neglect or abuse. They are living either at home, in a foster home, or in one of 62 residential programs. Another 1,800 children have been declared juvenile offenders after trouble with the law. A third of them are crowded among the 463 beds at the state youth centers at Beloit, Atchison, Topeka and Larned. Admissions to the youth centers have increased 38 percent in the past 18 months. Advocates say the increase is because funding for the youth centers comes from outside the area SRS offices. A repeat offender who might benefit from placement in a tougher foster care program is being sent instead to a youth center, perhaps taking pressure off of the area office's budget. "It's possible that some of that is happening, but I doubt that finances are the deciding factors," said Ben Coates, director of SRS juvenile offender programs. "Our population (at the youth centers) has gone up, but its profile hasn't changed. We're still seeing the same kinds of kids." Coates said few juvenile offenders are referred to the youth centers without first getting a shot at foster care. Figures show that most Have gone through two or more placements, some as many as four. "The important thing is that kids who need services are being served — and that is happening," Coates (See Children, Page 7)

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