The Weekly Mississippian from Jackson, Mississippi on November 23, 1838 · Page 3
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The Weekly Mississippian from Jackson, Mississippi · Page 3

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Friday, November 23, 1838
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f . j filled the ce tf a member of licr !".....-for five cerisecuture years; of k rStiomJ law; and that of the pre- KlTJtefi of this judicial district for four d,ng They can testify that I Lave devot ee green and palmy cnysot my youm, t Ult anu)fment. or idleness, 10 P. . rA responsible labors of of M Oine' J " ... U.mAnL T My days are hasten- PVZ. "il low leaf.' The summer of Sid manhood will in a few years give "f-tn. the autumnal season of life.. My of existence has reached the nmndn; Solute progress is downward. My des 10 l unnml noon me a heavy respon !bilitv, and subjected m.i to weighty oUi-ls-T nro fulfil these to the extent of It humble abilities. - I roust provide the means of comfort and support for those t. made dependent on me. I have u. blessed witb a numerous family of tdildren who are thrown upon my sole care ad protection 1 have barely a competence J fortune. The necessity arising from dje considerations of economy,, and a jtricteT attention to my domestic duties and crests presses more and more upon my lli'Trer ' - l; u 1 .lln.l jttention. l he onicc 10 which 1 ui aill mply support me and my children. Jt will leave me wilh them, to nurture and 1 twm. and will. I fondly hope, afford Jl theatre upon which I may yet render to the State some service Darinslbe brief period I have served the c. ;n rVmoress. I labored to do my duty. m,;, I trust, will be conceded by the candid nf all rallies. I surrender this office into u Hands of thoae who conferred it, and teatertothem mv. cordial thanks for the Unnr done me. I hone, most candidly and sincerely hope too, that one may, and 1 have no doubt can be selected in my stead, who i more competent to perform its duties, and who will bring to the aid of superior talents. a zeal and an industry equal to that whtcn 1 felt and exerted to promote the public inter ests. It is. indeed a station of which any Citizen may be justly proud; I was not in sensible of its honors and its distinction. I should have been pleased to continue in it. The reasons I have given are my sole inducements Tor leaving it. They are paramount with me; I hope they will be satis factory to my friends. Should f be mistaking in the pleasing sup position that my new appointment accords with the popular wish, a few months will correct my error. If I am right if the suffrages of my fellow-citizens shall sustain the act of the Executive power, I will de vote the whole of my energies to fulfil its duties usefully and creditably. Respectfully, your ob't. serv't. JAMES F. TROTTER COMMUNICATIONS. DEMOCRATIC AND STATE RIGHTS MEETING. At a large and respectable meeting of the Democratic and State Rights parties, held agreeably to notice, at the Court-house in the town of Canton, on Saturday, the 17th November, 1938, on motion of Dr. James 8. Slade, Col. David M. Fulton was "called to the chair, supported by Jesse Ma-bry, and Jarncs o. Maine, iv-.-, - v; Presidents, and Messrs. W. S. Ragner,and Chas. J. Searks were appointed Secretaries. On taking the cliair Col. Fulton dearly and elerantly explained the object of the meeting to be to promote union and concert of action between the Democratic and Stale Rights parties, and with much ability adverted to the many considerations for producing harmonious action between said parties. A. II. Handy, Esq., then moved that the chair appoint a committee of three, to draft and report a preamble and resolutions expressive of the views and objects of the meeting. Whereupon the chair appointed Messrs. A. II. Handy, Dr. James B. Slade, and Col. John M. Elder, who retired for a short time and returned and reported the following preamble and resolutions: Whereas, two great political parties have existed since the formation of our federal constitution, whose views of the theory of our government are in direct conflict, the one maintaining the doctrines of consolidation, or a strong national government, with great and undefined powers: the other contending for a compact or a league of separate, sovereign and co-equal states, with a constitution of strict construction, and of defined powers and whereas the former, a federal, or national republican, or more recently, whig party, by forced interpretations of the constitution, has, at different periods, erected a National Bank, passed the alien and sedition laws, adopted a protectic tariflj established a splendid scheme of internal . improvements, and intermeddled wilh our Southern domestic institutions, all of which were opposed by the latter, or Republican Stale Rights party, and denounced as anti democratic, and which have since met witb the just condemnation of the American people.' And,-whereas, by a similar grasp at power, this same whig party, backed by almost .the entire moneyed influence of the country, is striving to give back the finances and the 'credit of the government to soul ess corporations, and thereby perpetuate that unholy union of Bank and State, which was surreptitiously palmed upon the coun try by their great federal leader, Alexander Hamilton, contrary to the constitution, and 't is believed, subversive of the best inter sts of the community, and hostile to our political and civil liberties. Therefore, 1. Resolned, That as the celebrated Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 98, and Madison's report and address of 99, were the creed of the Republican State lights party in regard to the constitutional compact, against federal encroachments atj that period, equally are tliey die ttue doctrines of the Democratic and State. Rights parties of the present day. 2. Resolved. That we hail the nresent as a propitious crisis, when it becomes all true Republicans to look back to those imperials able monuments of political principle, and disregarding ultria differences, the result of temporary causes rather than of lasting and radical difference, to unite in arousing the slumbering spirit of the times that gave rise to those resolutions 3. Resolved ', That we heartily congratu late all true Republicans upon the manifest disposition that prevails to effect such union. and that we will use every effort consistent with principle to promote the same. 4. Resolved, That we cordially concur in ihe absolute and unconditional divorce of Bank and State, now and forever, and that we give our earnest support to the great leading measure of the administration, the Independent Constitutional Treasury; be lieving it the best means yet suggested to purify tlie.currency of the country, to cur tail executive patronage, and to restrain congressional usurpation as free from con stitutional objection, salutary and expedient in its effect, and deserving the cordial approbation of all friends of equal rights. 5. Resolved, That we are opposed to a National Bank that we believe it, unconstitutional, inexpedient and dangerous, and by centering capital at the North, is calculated to thwart the interest and southern policy of a direct foreign trade. 6. Resolved, That we entirely approve of the scheme of a direct trade with foreign countries, as of vital importance to establish our commercial independence, and to rid us of our degrading vassalage to the North. 7. Resolved, That the influence of the late National Bank, and of the present United States Bank of Pennsylvania has been deeply injurious to the staple States of this Union, in establishing the money power in the .Northern States, the inevitable effect of which has been not only to make us dependent upon them, but to cause all the profits of our labors to be realized by them. 8. Resolved, That we regard the establishment of State banks upon a specie basis, under judicious management and a strict accountability, as beneficial to the community, and as fully competent, in the absence of an overshadowing National bank; to supply all the desirable purposes of. a bank paper circulation. - . 9. Resolved, That we highly approve of the present administration of the general government, not only as sustaining the correct principles of the constitution, as managed with prudence, sagacity, economy, and dignity, but as tending to promote that equality of sectional rights and interests s tondiy aesirea oy ine oouinera oiaico. -r 'lO. Resolved, That we regard with the sincerest pleasure and admiration the elevated and magnanimous course of the Hon. John C. Calhoun, in his late snorts in sup port of that distinguished measure of-.ttde-liverance and liberty,'1 the Independent Treasury Bill, and that we entertain a deep respect and gratitude for the ability and firmness "with which he. has sustained the administration of the general government in relation to the finances 11. Resolved, That it becomes all friends of republican principles, to use every bon orable effort to promote the election of members to the next Congress who will truly represent the principles, rights and in terests of Mississippi 12. Resolved, That we highly approve of the proposition to hold a general State convention at Jackson, on the 8th day of Janu ary next, and tbat the following gentlemen be appointed delegates to the same, viz .: R. M. Williamson, Wm. L. Balfour, Peter Goad, James B, Slade, Robert Hodge, E. H. Powell, R. M. Brickell, William D. Hen ry, John M. Elder, John Douglass, A. II Handy, Charles Moore, Henry A. Garrett, Owen Van Vacter, W. J. Austin, Daniel Rice, John H. Thomas, A. G. Bennett, John Briscoe, John B. Moore, Eli Nichol, Benjamin F. Chambers, Eli G. Henry, John B. Reid. ...$-.; 13. Resolved, Tbat ibe-foregoing resolutions be signed by the Presidspt and Vice Presidents, and secretaries, and published in such papers as will give general circulation to them. After the reading of the above resolutions, Andrew Hays, Esq., in answer to manv calls, rose, and in his usual im pressive and lucid manner, enlarged upon the principles of the parly and the objects of the meeting in support of the resolu tions. The resolutions were then passed unanimously. . --.- On motion of Mj.vE. H. Powell, the President, Vice Presidents, and Secretaries were added to the delegates to the convention at Jackson. V On motion, the meeting then adjourned sine die. DAVID M. FULTON Preset. Jesse Mabrt, I J as. C. NaWBR, V V.Pres'ts. W. S. Raykkb, a Sec'ys. Chas. J. Seabi.es, Canton Madison county, Nov. 17, 1838. ' 1 FAREWELL TP SHINPLASTERS! Vt- The Directors' pf the Commercial Rank of this nlace have raided a resolu tion to pay all $0 notes issued the bank in specie, Manchester Gaz, For the Mississippian. "Stop that ball,'"' says the whigs; hut alas, for the poor whigs, the democrats have put it in motion and given it such an impe tus, that with all the powerful exertions made by the whigians, it still rolls on with its native velocity! And it will never stop until the bone and sinew of the land (the hardy yeomanry) are tired of, and willing to, abandon our free, happy and democratic form of Government, "and that will never happen until ignorance triumphs over intelligence and the good sense of the people. ' The ball is in motion Madison county is coming to the rescue. She has spoken in a voice not to be misunderstood (and more especially by the whigs.) On Saturday last the 17th Nov., agreeably to previous notice, a meeting' of the Democratic and State Rights party was held at Canton. The hop. DAVID M. FULTON was appointed president, and Colonels Jesse Ma-bry a.'.d Napier appointed Vice Presidents, and Messrs. Reynar and Searls, acting as Secretaries. Although the day was quite inclement the meeting was well attended; and perhaps the largest democratic meeting ever held in the county atleast,so several whigs have told me. The President (Fulton) explained the object of the meeting in a bold, concise, and-patriotic manner. He alluded, in a happy manner, to some remarks, intended to be sarcastic, made by a few whigs, about a political marriage that was about to be celebrated. Yes, said he, a re-union lias taken place, but not between tiro separate and distinct parties, but a re-union of a portion of the same family of politicians who had separated upon the ultimate right and power of nullification and who now were re-united in the common defence of the rights of the States and the Constitu tion. This is what the much-tatted of marriage has been consummated for and every lover of his country has good cause to rejoice in the alliance every true patriot, every well-wisher of his country's good, irill rejoice none others will none others should. The address of tlie president had great effect the bold stand he assumed -the self-evident facts clearly demonstrated the happy fruits resulting from the tree of democracy the happy allusion on the course of a few whigs, met a hearty response in the bosom of every democrat present. ' I am truly sorry I cannot give you his entire remarks, as they were such as were well calculated for the meridian of Madison county, but would answer fur the whole States of the Union, without the va ridtion of a second! By special invitation, Col. Andrew Hays, late of Tennessee, addressed the meeting. As to giving you an - idea of bis patriotic sentimerns, 1 am iouu; r, - old and venerable man a democrat of the old school his every word went into the hearts of both democrat and whig. To bear him tell what was democracy (democracy and State Rights being synonymous,) and what was federalism and whiggery, (the two terms being also synonymous,) it was only to hear to be convinced he told a straight forward and unvarnished story. He was born a democrat and a democrat he hoped ever to live. He had exjerieuce in the honor and integrity of the people, and when left to their own good sense, they would never do wrong. This is our creed, and we glory in its being the creed of our forefathers, and we are content in ever fol lowing in their footsteps. The remaks of Col. Hays were very appropriate and to the point he was listened to with deep interest, and all felt their truths. The Colonel isa host within himself. The preamble and resolutions prepared by the committee will speak for themselves. They are spirited, pointed, bold and decided, and just such as the times and the occasion should call farth from a people ever jealous and tenacious of their rights they are such as ever wiil be commended by the democratic and State Rights party throughout the land. The proceedings of the meeting will be sent you for publication . The meeting proceeded without the least interruption, and the preamble and resolutions were' passed without a dissenting voice. Although there were some present busily employed in taking item, and with their pockets filled with documents ready cut and dried for the occasion. But not a word was beard not a murmur was breathed! ' Although the president invited, nay insisted, that if any person, of whatever party (and, too, including those that had said in the counting-rooms, that they were invited by the call of the meeting, and would attend,) wished to make any propositions or remarks to the meeting, previous to the resolutions being put upon their final passage, they were at liberty to do so. But nay, not a whig was heard to say " Stanly, on, on to the rescue" not a soul moved ! '-Neither did the wcH-tempered document leap from its scabboarded pocket but,, instead of this, a good-humored foco says, the document was doomed to a fiery or deal." I do not vouch for the fact it maybe or it may not, for all I know. But this much I do know, tbat I heard many 3ay, previous to the organization tf the j meeting, that some counter preamble and I resolutions, would be submitted to the de- j mocratic meeting by a modern whig; and, ! further, that after being requested to do so, not one dared to attempt it! And it was well they did not there were tor many of the honest hardy yeomanry of the county present for amy one to attempt any thing of the kind with the remotest hope of sue ceeding, The friends of State Rights, in this county, are up and doing. The meeting appointed twenty-eight delegates to the Jackson Convention, to be holden- on the 8th of January next. I do not at present recollect their names, but you will see from our proceedings. The demo cracy of Mississippi must be united, and will, if we are only determined to be so. . UNION. ADDRESS. TheContmittee appointed at an adjourned meeting of a Targe number of the citizen of Hind;, Madison and Yazoo counties, held on the 23tb August, 1838, at Brownsville, Hindi county, concerning rhe formation of a new county, to prepare an Address to their fellow-citixmt in relation thereto, beg leave to submit the following : Fellow-Citizisns : In discharge of the duty devolving upon them in addressing you, the committee have to congratulate themselves that, while their subject presents a wide field of abundant and obvious facts, their appeal will be to minds at once enlightened end predisposed to favor their views. It is therefore with equal satisfaction and pleasure that they contemplate their comparatively easy task performed in presenting a simple statement of self-evident truths arri making such natural and peccssary de-dnctions from them as most readily suggest themselves. It were presumption to attempt instructing this community upon a matter so nearly affecting their interests as the one under consideration especially where wisdom has been sn dearly purchased by experience, and it were as futile as presumptuou.i to attempt imposing upon it either by falsehood or sophistry. Forbearance, under minor grievances, and caution in disturbing old prescriptive land marks in the civil and munici- pal relations 01 society, in accordance wuh the benign spirit inculcated by their noble institutions, are distinguishing characteristics of the American people. Reposing in conscious strength, i, i, on.y when roused by evils of magnitude tbat they rise, giant-like, to redress, which is ever applied with equal promptitude and wisdom. Inthe nresent orni.;. r .V. Hinds. Madison nnd V. ... I,, i.. ii. ' - 0 ",v" ""iiures ' 1 J - ed under an evil of a very oppressive nature, and i lay eery anomonai ueiay . ( wr)0,iy unworthy ot notice. one calling loudly for a remedy. Not withstand- ' Pene nn f,'' reaching the goul and ' In conclusion the committee have only to add " . 1 - : ,.,. txt h hanri .irV ha that in a matter fraught with such important inter- me the crvine nature of the evil mnfliriinr nrU i winning the race, exnaustea inn nenn sies, no ... . , . . ...g - "j".5 mcevii, connicung pri-; j esw lo (he community at large, thev conceive any vate interests and local opposition have hitherto ; nnfI ,h"' not onlT ,he P""" wbwh he Mas won, , abore, BrKmeDt or appeal, superfluous, and that deterred action in relation to it. Forbearance tmpjr, but he is compelled to mj forfeit. It is an , where enlightened intelligence is joined with a and concession have been yielded till they are 00 old maxim that 'justice delayed is justice denied vwwytUl and to do in the premises, longer virtues-and action-prompt, decisive, e- : "d another might be added, perhansequally true, jMj Jju'. j,nuary , ergetic, united action is demanded. It is for j hat justice bought is valueless. If right is only iVOice of every man who has an interest in rela-this purpose that a portion of your fellow citizens ! la " l80 f,w years of painful pursuit, and after tion to this measure be heard there and our ob- - .uffering like yourselves, have been deputed to ad- j dress you; and if they shall succeed in awaken- j ins publrc attention to this subject and effecting a : anion of energetic action in attaining rhe obvious ' remedy they will have accomplished their highest! aim. j Co-mile were originally formed for Ou p..Pe of facilitating the administration of H'- OT i ' more re-; for j,js attempts to reorganize- the Militia of this purpose, two consideration, were paramount, "ra thT .- be ! gtafe Uce jf a .h v:mmuam,eoruwy,. Originally, under j e, P " wronged. Thnscr.me ai -.4fg. tre Hope his exertions will be settle old English sy f inrisnrudepce. from tnWnr are protected-htmen, suffers . m to ; conded in a manner worthy of the great V--t me Cows followed the Xhgtj ofliberty thHfis amtulted. These are,, importance of the object in view. It has petson in his excursions through his dominions, i considerations which interest and affect ever por- j ljeen jUSy remarked by an eminent States- and subsequently became stationary at London, woens me jving presided in person or represented by his judges. The inconvenience of this system from placing the tribunal of justice at too crreat a distance from the subject, was earty perceived, and was soon followed hy territorial divisions and subdivisions in which, at stated periods, courts were held. Courts were ' thus comparatively brought home to every man; and business being dispersed among many tribunals was promptly disposed of ; thereby obvtating all unnecessary dif- ficnlty and expense in the attainment of justice, and bringing it within reach of the lowest subject. Hence our system, the wisdom of which ages have attested. For tbe purpose of better subserving at once the convenience and economy of the citizen counties were organised with dimensions proportioned first tn the population to be embraced in them, and second, to the extent of territory they were to include. Embracing superabundant population, and consequently we may presume an excess of business, tbe wheels of justice were liable to be cloyed by the large amount of business, or with a superabundant territory the inconvenience of the journey to, and the expanse in, remaining at the seat of justice, would deter many an honest citizen from pursuing his rights, and be a lordship of no ordinary character to the juror. The first of these considerations will apply to citizens generally, as well to those at the connty seat as to those remote from it, but the latter will apply : in its fullest extent to those only residing at the. extremities. If there be too much busines npon the docket of a court, either it will be undone or illy done, or vexatiously delayed. Court sessions must be protracted or suits must go off from term to term unadjudicated, or business must be hurried, thereby opening a door for much irregular ad-1 judication. Thus much nnjust delay and protracted litigation are caused with their attendant onerons waste of time and means. Again, if compelled to travel an .unnecessary distance to conn, Ihe litigant and juror are nut to a burden some and expensive inconvenience. And thus, what between accumulated expenses, vexatious delays and waste of time, the honest litigant comes to the very natural conclusion that 4 'twere better to sleep upon his injuries and suffer the; defaulter and villain to go tinwhipped of justice.' ; It is in accordance with the true spirit of our free institutions, and the primary object of our ex cellent system of jurisprudence, that justice be made accessible to all alike to every degree and condition of the citizen. It is therefore obvious that a just adaptation of courts and counties in their jurisdiction and territorial extent, to the convenience and business demands of the community, but subserves a wise economy and the primary purpose of their organization. The application df these principles to the facts of our case is easy. The Constitution provided that no new county shall be formed of less dimen sions than five hundred and seventy-six square miles; thereby making the lequisite number of townships to. a county to be sixteen of thirty-six square miles or six miles square each. The coun ty of Hinds contains rather over twenty-five town ships, and it is of a maximum or hypothennse length of more than fifty miles to a mean breadth of about twenty, presenting an area of a rectan-enlar parallelogram figure, in length double its breadth. Madison county contains twenty townships, and is of n maximum' length of over sixty toa mean width of luxlve miles. And Yazoo, wjth.n'similar number of townships, it upwards of ninety miles long and proportkmably less in width. Thus it will be seen that while these counties have a very considerable surplusage of territory over the constitutional quota, their , formation for the pur pose of reaching any central point in them is of the most inconvenient description. Premising their county seats to be in their centres the ex tremities are placed at a distance, in Hinds of twenty-five miles, in Madison of thirty mites, and in Yaxoo of thirty-five miles or more distance of no trivial importance, when it is to be travelled daily, or weekly, for some one, two, or three months annually. " These are considerations, hnw- 1 In 1 a. r..tl fnimi hw nnrtiflfl nnlv ftf the community ; and burdensome as they may he to them, their force is very mnterinllv lessened . in the estimation of those who experience pone of their inconvenience. On the other hand, n most cogent argument in support, as well as in illustration of onr premises, presents itself in the vast amount of business on the dockets of onr courts. The statement of a single fact will suffice. The county of Hinds at its last May term of the circuit court presented the extraordinary spectacle, nnparallelled in Ihe nn-nnls of litipation, of a civil and Stnte docket of more than four thousand cavset. The same term of the Madison court presented a ducket of twenty-five hundred cnues or more. And that of Yazoo exceeded the latter. It may he urged, and with some force, that this was the consequence nf straordinary circumstances affording no ground for a reneral conclusion. Yet if we concede the hnlf of this number or causes on these dockets to have been occasioned by peculiar considerations resulting ftnm the nature of the times we shall have conceded all that the most sanguine can expect for ntany years to come, and more than the experience of the past warrants; and still retrench ment it loudlv demanded. It may be affirred with safety, that even with a diminution of half . trie enormous docket of the county or Hinds the numbering so many rnnses could not be found upon the Globe. During a silting of six weeks . . , . t,,e r h. (the ume allowed by law) not the half of the riicnit court business in this country was disposed of. Under the press of business much ambition is i A . . Kn..k 4 n .Cuwua nf il f h lfr-- ;!" l" i - ket is gniiopea tnrougn ano, per ncrec, .. ....... ' ' impetfectly done. ,, A door is thereby opened for br ""'" anhpr ch',nne, .Pr,,on of ,he , floml of litigation that is daslnhg wildly a en mi it i eiiaer the honest litigant is often compelled toseek Utice bv appeal or eo off from term to term ol - ... the circuit hence months or perhaps years of de- : - 1. . 1 - - il ' 1. : : 1 paMg onr way to it with gold until expense and delay have rendered the object worthless until j we ha ve thrice paid the price pf the justice we ! -! better be wronged better bow our necks j ? the yoke of injury that conies not loaded with! th stalliim mockery of reparation in a coon of- , - That justice which is obtained from onr t ! ,,on ' bese counties those residing at the coun- y equwiy who muse rrfioing ai toe exiremi- lies. But is it asked how shall these evils be lemedied t : ! We reply, BY THB FORMATION OF A j j NEW COUNTY. This it will readily be per- j '! ceivetl, can De none from adjacent portions of the !ountiesof Hinds, Mafinn,and Yaxoo, yielding ! to the new county the territory required by the ! constitution without unduly diminishing ,hat of !.u. u . ! . . . j ,hR old ones and at the same time g.vs to each a form and dimensions every way more convenient and desirable for the population and business facilities. Hence, while by reducing the dimensions of the old counties, as very desirable and proper reduction will have been effected in their respective, large amouiits of business of a litigious description and a decidedly improved compact form be given them, another county will have been formed, and therewith another court to embrace and dispose of the surplus business. Counties wealthy and populous as those to contribute territory to the proposed new one, it is justly conceived, should never materially exceed the constitutional dimensions; ifnd were it consistent with the maintenance of ability and efficiency on the bench, still less might be advisable. But inasmuch as one judge can as well transact the same amount of business in numerous small counties as in a less number of large ones, and with greater convenience to the public, perhaps the only objection would consist in the extra expense of public buildings an objection, however, that vanishes in view of the time, trouble, and necuniarv exoense 1 thereby saved. The force of the latter consideration will be more apparent by a simple statement of the absolute expenses nf attending court, to say nothing of the onerous amount of time and travel required and the very considerable loss thereby in neglect of domestic business. In the connty of Hinds, the circuit court may sit three months annually, or eventy-two judicial days. Twenty-four men are constantly required for that length of time as ju ror, at an average expense each per day of $4, and a compensation of only $2. It follows that each juror's absolute expense per day, over and above all compensation is $2, per week $12, per term of thirty-six days $72, and per two terms annually $144, and of the whole number of jurors for the whole time $3456. This is a tax paid by the juror alone. The number of litigants and witnesses in constant attendence is presumed to exceed that of the jurors. But estimated at the same, their entire expenses being absolute at $4 per day, makes a round sum of yearly expenses of $6912, which, with thatjof jurorss swells the amonnt to over $10,000. Could the estimate be made it is not doubted that the indirect expense and loss accruing from other sources above designated would enhance this amount to more than double or to $20,000. In the counties of Madison and Yazoo the estimate would be varied to the size of their respective districts, the length of their terms of court, and the inconvenience of reaching court. If one-half be deducted from the above estimate for the necessary cost of litigation, be the Mze or form of the county or amount of business of any of the. most desirable or appropriate description, we shall still have left $10,000 as snr- plu expense and loss annually in the county of Hinds and proportionably in each of tbe other counties. A large proportion of this amount is a tax upon the population of the proposed new county. By its formation this enormous waste of time and money will be measurably saved juror, litigant!, and witnesses may generally repose beneath their own, roofs of a night, instead of incurring huge tavern bills, and while the length of way to court is lessened to their convenience the sumost practical economy and promptrtade will characterize their proceedings. Another desideratum of importance result mg from the proposed measure, will be found in a salutary redaction of the extraordinary emoluments of certain offices under the present organisation of the counties. We allude to the oCces of theriff and clerk. In the county of Hinds, the office of sheriff is, it is believed . worth $60,000, at the lowest estimate, ami that of county clerk $40,- 000. It needs little argument to prove that the profits of a pubtie office so vast and princely as either of these is, if not dangerous to the general welfare, at least unjust, and greatly disproportion- ed to the nature of tbeir trust or the value of the services performed. Should the income of these offices, however ,'not be materially diminished, f1 will at least be divided, and the feast, now a surfeit for an army, may reasonably fatten another file of hungry office-holders. There are some views which ought not to he overlooked in coming to a conclusion in this matter, and which, though they temper, should not abate, our zeal in prosecuting it to the desired result. Among ttiese are the location nf a county j"t-tle expense in ereeting county buildings Ice. " ,ocauo" coumT " some "u"J apprehended a difficulty mainly relied upon by a few interested opponents to defeat the whole tnea sure. - Concetsiob on the part of those disposed to be exacting, will, however, obviate all difficulty, and a very little reflection must convince every one of its policy and necessity. The minor questitm of j .-- -""' i vient to the main one of obtaining the nnw conn- , y nn(J jg not conc(.ive,, ,na, sny precmct lo be ; embraced in the new county would either favor or j oppose its formation npon the illiberal ground alone 1 obtaining or not obtaining the county seat. j be narrownof Bem;. roenf as , be.ex,,ected as unworthy of any in this community and adverse to the interests of . 1. . 1 . . r .1 ... . 1 11 l 1 i UU. , The expense of county buililinga ami other in j cWenl.,, expenses attending, when viewed in the ; abstract, assumes an imposing aspect that might necn ! into comparative insignificance. Ami when it is j con,;, tna, lbe vlns. of pert, aps two years j resulting from the convenient ami economical ad- , .....,. ... ju..cr uuner ors-n...on o. t the nw rmintv wmtlrl tw. amnio to riptrtv t .1 . 1 .1 1 1 . ir . . .,7 . . . , 1 . ' iexoenseof this rlrscrintion. it becomes nn ' .. . ' ' item CHARLES S. SPANN, I. O. WILLIAMS, W. W. HALL, JAMES Df'PREE, A. S. CUNNINGHAM, Committee. McNntl It entitled to gre plBC ! man, that u eternal vigilance is ihe price of liberty." Manchester liazelte. MARSHAL'S SALE. Davenport Sc Ulzioff ) Fi. fa to Msy r .term, 1839. Shields ) Y virtue of the above stated writ I will sell ' Es9 at the court bouse in Raymond, on the 1st ! """ "f.cer negro man (a good 1 blacksmith.) named Kobin, levied on as the prop- t(t o j,,, SMM 0 lisf the jUaglnel,t fn jthe above, stated case. WM. M. GWIN, Marshal. 38 id. Nov. 22.1, 1838. THE JACKSON CLASSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL SCHUOL. SAHIS School will commence on Monday, the iJL 26th instant. Each term will continue for three months. Terms of Tuition. For Greek, Latin and Ihe higher branches nf Mathematics, per term, $25 00 1 be higher and lower branches of English, per term, 20 00 Attention will be given to the theory and practice of "Civil Eugineeiing" and the Natural Sciences. Tuition must be paid at the expiration of each mouth. C. RAMSEY. From personal acquaintance we take pleasure in recommending Mr. C Ramsey as a gentleman and an accomplished scholar. He taught tbe Raymond Academy in 1336, and gave general satisfaction as a proficient Instructor. J. B. PEYTON. D. PEYTON HARRISON. WM. M. RIVES, Raymond, Nov. 22d, 1838 38 if NOTICE. Y virtue of an order of the probate court of Hinds county, at April term, 1(438, 1, as the administratorof the estate of James F. Beac-ly, deceased, will expose to public sale, on the premises, in the town of Jackson, tbe followinejots or parcel of ground, situate in the town of Jack son, known as the northeast part of a ten acre lot, No. one. North, fronting 106 feet on ' ' street and running back to the creek, and adjoin-ing the ten acre lot owned by C. C. MuVsort, the 30th day of June, 1634; and, also, lot. No. four, F, S. South ; No. two. South, in said. town. .Said property will be sold on a credit of 12 months from the flay of sale, bond and security required. Said sale will take place on the 29th day of De. cember, 1938. A. G. A. BEAZLEY, Adm'c Nov. 10, 1838 38 3t REAL ESTATE FOR SALE. ON Monday the 17th day of December next, I will sell, at the plantation of Mesback King, deceased, on a credit of twelve months, the follow, ine described lands, belonging to the estate of said King, and the plantation on which h resided to wit: section 2J, township lb, range a, eaat east half of section 22, township 16, range 5, east Tbe southeast quarter of section 23, township 16, range 5, east The west half of sonthwest quarter of section 24, townsntp in, range o, eastiNortn-west Quarter of section 24, township 16, range 5 east The west half of northwest quartet' of section 27, township 16, range 5, eastand the east half of the northeast quarter of section 26, township 16. ranee 5, east which said lands are sold by order of the honorable the Probate Court of Carroll county. Bona and approved security required. B. G. WHITEHEAD, Administrator de bonis non of Meshack King, dec. P" S. At the same time will be sold a pin statiri. and several other articles of personal property. Nov, 23, 1828 38 3u JACKSON MONEY MARKET. Corrected by R. 17. Kent, Broker. Union and Planters Bank notes taken as th sfandard. Exchange en Phi!' and New York 10al2prenu. do - Louisville CincrBuMti 810 -' ch .New Orleans 5 7 BANK NOTE TABLE. Commercial k R R Batik of Vicksbunr f-ir' Grand Gulf Rail Road luk ,0 Bank of Port Gibson 5aI0 disc'f; West Feliciana do futn t Commercial Bank of Rodnev 5a 10 i Lake Washington k Dees Creek Pk 3a 5 do Bauk of Madison County, Misnssipi" par. Bank of Vieksburg 10 per ct. disc't Water Works Bank 5al0 disc't. Citizens Hnuk of Madison Countv Tombigby Rail Road Bank Bank ,of Lexington r Commercial Bank of Manchester Real Estate Baak of ColusobM Brandon Bank Aberdeee and Pontotoc R R Bank Benton and Manchester R R Bank Batik of Grenarfe Jackson, 22d Nov., 1838 . 15a 20 do 15a 20 do 26a25 do par. 35a40 dise't, 35a40 do 5055 do 50.55- do 50a55 do TnE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, Hancock Cwjtvrs. Probate Court, September Term, 1838. STpO all persons interested in tbe lands, tenp- meats nnd hereditaments of Militi Macarty, alias Lessassie;, late of said County, deceased, you are hereby cited to be and appear at the Probate Court of said county, to be heJHeo at the Court House in Shieldsborough, on the fourth Monday in November next, to shew cause if any you have, why said Court should not then order and decree that the lands, tenements and hereditaments of the said deceased be sold.. - . Witness the honorable Lewis Dante!!, Judge . of Probate of said connty, the foarth Monday to September, 1838. Bbieldsoorougb , Nov. 23 38 6c LOTTERY OFFICE. There is a tide in the affairs of men, which, taken at the flood, leads on to Fortune. Grand, Wjodge JLottery. Class No. 18. 'To be drawn at Natchez, Nov. 17. GRAND SCHEME. 1 PRIZE of - - - $20,000 1 do ' - - - - 10,000 1 do - . . 5,000 1 do. - - - - 2,000 1 . do .... 1,500 10 do .... 1,000 20 do .... 400 20 do ..... '250 165 do - - - 100 Tickets $5 Halves $2 50 Quarters $1 23. A Parkage of 25 Whole Tickets contains all the numbers in the Lottery, and of course most contain all the drawn numbers, and may draw the four first prizes which are $S7,000. Tickets by the packace or single, for sale at the Lottery and Exchange Office opposite the Capitol. Drawn Numbers of Class No. 1 6. 50-35-1 l-39-.6-57-66-65-75-3-S. ,-. .Drawn Numbers of Class No. 17. : 38-7-73-55-47-22-59-35-11-10-52-36. R. C. KENT. J.cksou, Nov. 9, 1838. 36 tf NOTICE TO PLANTERS. THE undersigned having been appointed agents for Messrs. A. &. J. Dennistaun k Co, are prepared to make advances on. and attend to the hi Dm en " utton -H- -, eitner in Ijverpool, Havre, Glasgow, or New York. ..'The nettoroceeds will be settled either in New Orleans! or Natrhtz, as the shippers may desire. Mr, Alexander H. Ringgold, who is fully antho-ized to represent us, will attnnd to any arrangement necessary during this season. He will be at Jackson or Vernon, to which placet letters can be addressee). W. k R. FERRIDAY k CO. Natchez,. Oct. 27,. 1838, 35 2m. '" AoDrToa'a Office, Jackson November 6th, 1838. J COLLECTORS of Taxes, who would not will liugly see themselves reported as defaulted to the Legislature, at the January session, for smal balances, or the whole amount, will be expected to settle during tbe ensuing mouth, as all will have to be reportrd. A. B. SAUNDERS, Auditor. Jackson, Nov. 9, 1838. 3.4, GENERAL AGENCY!!! 1Tk.HE undersigned proposes lo act as general 4Jk agent for all those who may be disposed to entrust to his care, their business with the I'nien Bank, on the following terms, to wit : for the renewal of all notes not exceeding $1,000 one-half per cent. ; for the renewal of all notes over $1,000 - and not exceeding $2,000, three-eighths per cent. ; lor the renewal of all sums over $2,000, one-fourth per cent. He will also attend to all oiders for obtaining discounts in the Bank upon tbe same terms, and remit the amount, by check, certificate of depcite, or in any way directed. He hopes, by a punctual attention to business, to receive a share of public patronage, and curtail a large expense incurred by bis friends in travelling 4c. , to the Bank. An letters (post paid) directed to A. B. Saunders, G. A., will be attended to. A. B. SAUNDERS. Jackson, Mi., November 9, 183H. 36 tf JOHN BATTAILE, TTORNEV AND COL'NSELLOL AT LAW, Benton, Yazoo county, Mississippi Reference is respectfully made lb: Hon. Francis T. ' Brookes, Judge Court Appeals. Hon. John M. ration, Kienmond, Vu. Hon. R. M. T. Hunter,- Virginia. Hon. Hiram G. Runnells, Jackson, 'Miss. Charles Hill, Esquire, Raymond. Gen. Henry S. Foote, Clinton. Dr. James Hagnn, Vicksburg. James R. Creecy, Esquire, 1 Messrs. John W". Fuqua, and Manchester. E. M. Adcock, Parham Buford, Esquire .1 Messrs. O'Reillys' &. Side, - - -Aaoer G. Haruisoti, Bentoa. - George Fisher, J" Thos. Rawlings, Esq. j May 25, 1833 12 6m-if I I : STATE OF MISSIS SPP1 Jit Rules held tn the Clerk's Office of the Superior . Court of Chancery of the stale of Munsstj pi on 'Monday the fifthday ofJTovembcr,s2.D. 1838. Benjamin Williams, Complainant, ' TS. F. L. Claiborne, J ane Williams, et it-, DefU TfrT appearing satisfactorily, by the affidavit o JL the Complainant, tbat ihe Defendant Jane Williams, is not an inhabitant of this State, but tbat she resides beyond . tbe limits thereof so that the ordinary process of this court cannot be served npon her, and furthei, that she has failed to enter her appearance, and plead, answer or demur to the bill of complaint Sled in this cause according to taw and the rules of Court; it is therefore ordered, that unless said defendant appear on or before the third day of the next January term of said court and plead, answer or demur to said bill, the Several allegations thereof will be taken as tally confessed, and such order or decree made thereon as tbe Chancellor may deem equitable' and just. It is further ordered, that a copy of the above rule be forthwith inserted in the Mfssissippiart, week for the apace of two months successively, and that another copy thereof ba posted at the front door of the court room of tbe court aforesaid for the rime space of time. Att.: ' ' - : R. L. DIXON, Clerk. . Jackson, Nor. 16, 1838., . 37-9t-pr. fee $15 iioHN II. THOMAS, Attorney Arm 4 Counsellor at Law, Canton, Madimtn. ounty Mi. . Jan. 1,1836

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