The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 19, 1986 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Salina, Kansas
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Sunday, January 19, 1986
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Page 1
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T^l Sunday T 1 1 ne Journal Home Edition — 75 Cents Salina, Kansas SUNDAY January 19,1986 114th year — No. 19 — 50 Pages Pilot error blamed in fatal crash By JILL CASEY Staff Writer GAINESVILLE, Texas - The cause of a single-engine plane crash that killed two Salina men and a Texas man Friday in north Texas was attributed to pilot error Saturday by the National Transportation Safety Board. The Beech Bonanza M-35 crashed and burned in a fog-covered field about 8 miles south of Gainesville Friday morning. There were no survivors. The bodies of the pilot Mark Nelson, 24, 210 E. Walnut, and Roy Will, 30, 528 Seitz, were identified Saturday by the Dallas Medical Examiner's Office, said Justice Royce Martin of Gainesville. Nicholas Oliver, 30, of Wise County, Texas, was identified as the third victim. The men worked for Moss Sales and Service, State Street and 1-135. Warren Wandell, the safety board investigator, said Nelson was a visual-rated pilot who had not yet attained instrument-rated status. The heavy fog that enshrouded most of Cooke County, Texas, Friday morning probably severely hampered Nelson's vision, said Wandell. Also, he said, witnesses had told him the plane had circled the field several times before it crashed, leading him to believe Nelson had become disoriented in the heavy fog. "With the fog and the low cloud ceiling," Wandell said, "they probably didn't know the ground was coming up at them." A spokesman for .the Gainesville Airport said the airport had been closed until noon Friday because of the dense fog. Wandell said evidence at the crash site indicated the plane had been traveling at a "very high speed, so it looks like they weren't attempting to land." When the plane hit the fieldi' Wahdell said, it struck a ditch and flipped over. The plane's engine was buried about two to 2% feet in the ground. The three men were flying from Decatur, Texas, to Sherman, Texas, on business for Moss Sales and Service. Will was a sales manager for the company and Oliver and Nelson were salesmen, according to Robert Moss, president of the company. . The company sells fertilizing equipment in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colorado and Texas, Moss said. Will and Nelson left Salina Thursday morning and had stopped in Decatur overnight before leaving for Sherman Friday morning. Two company planes are used for business travel, Moss said, and the company's other plane was used to fly the Salina men's dental records to Wichita Saturday morning. From there, the records were flown to the medical examiner in Dallas so positive identifications of the bodies could be made. The bodies of Will and Nelson will be transported to Salina today, Martin said. Today SALINA SINGER- SONGWRITER R.J. McClintock breaks into the country music Top-100 with his fourth recorded song. See story, Page 7. THE SOVIET UNION offers to scrap its medium-range missiles in Europe if the United States does the same. See story, Page 2. SIXTEEN YEARS of Marymount College basketball excitement revisited. See Sports, Page 13. Business 30-31 Classified 34-39 Entertainment 40 Living Today 21-29 Local/Kansas 3,7 Nation/World 5 On the Record 11 Opinion 4 Sports 13-20 Weather 11 Weather KANSAS — Sunny and mild today statewide, with highs in the mid- to upper 60s southwest and in the low to mid-50s northeast. Mostly clear tonight, with lows in the lower to mid-30s. Partly cloudy Monday, with highs in the 60s. Jet crash kills all 90 aboard GUATEMALA CITY (AP) - A jetliner carrying tourists to famed Mayan ruins in northern Guatemala crashed Saturday in a remote jungle area, killing all 90 people aboard including six Americans, the airline Aerovias said. Col. Adolfo Corzo, director of Civil Aeronautics, had initially said there were 88 dead and 11 of the victims were from the United States. The airline at first said the toll was 87, including 10 Americans. The twin-engine Caravelle jetliner, operated by the private Aerovias company, went down as it approached the airport at Santa Elena, about 150 miles north of the capital of Guatemala City. Gerry Waters, a spokesman at the U.S. Embassy, said airline officials reported the control tower's last contact with the plane was at 7:58 a.m. and the pilot had not indicated there were any problems. He said an embassy official was sent to the crash site to confirm the number of U.S. victims. "Right now, we are just saying there were a number of Americans on the flight," Waters said. "We don't want to say specifically until we can get it nailed down." He said the jungle where the plane crashed is so dense that an area had to be cleared for a Guatemalan air force helicopter to land. The airline released a tentative list of the dead Saturday night. It said 53 passengers and five crew members were Guatemalans, and the other 32 victims were foreigners, including a Colombian flight engineer. It said of the foreigners killed, six were Americans; six were from Colombia; four from Venezuela; two from Mexico; two from Costa Rica; two from the Netherlands; two from Britain; two from Canada; two from • the Netherland Antilles; and one each from West Germany, Greece, France and Italy. One of the Venezuelan victims was former Foreign Minister Aristides Calvani, Corzo said. Corzo said the accident, the worst in Guaemala's aviation history, occurred eight miles northwest of Santa Elena in the northern department of Peten. Military patrols based at the airport arrived at the site soon after the crash. Aerovias had rented the French- build aircraft from the Ecuadoran airline Saeta for flights to Santa Elena because of a greater-than- normal demand to travel to the area, authorities said. Calvani, like some of the others aboard the flight, were in Guatemala to attend last Tuesday's swearing-in of President Vinicio Cerezo, the nation's first civilian head of state in 16 years. The plane left Guatemala City at 7:25 a.m. for the 40-minute flight to Santa Elena, which is 37 miles south of the Mayan ruins of Tikal. The airport is used by travelers flying to see the ruins. Tikal is one of the largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities. It consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps and interconnected by bridges and causeways. Aerovias has regularly scheduled flights and charter flights in Guatemala. Calvani, who would have celebrated his 68th birthday today, was active in the international Christian Democrat organization and a leader of that party in his country. Enrollment, fund slumps force cuts Scott Wllllomt Despite Saturday's sun, Michele McMichael said she prefers snow at this time of year as she washed her car. Unseasonable spring may nip fruit trees, flowers in the buds By BRENT BATES Staff Writer It might not be nice to fool Mother Nature, but she's certainly pulling a fast one on some plants and trees in Kansas. Normally at this time of the year the mercury seldom peaks above 35 degrees, with lows around 14 degrees. But for the past few weeks, high temperatures have been hovering in the mid-60s, and temperature records have fallen by the wayside. On Friday, a new record of 69 was set, breaking by 2 degrees the record set in 1923. The weather has encouraged tree buds, flowers and winter wheat to join the sun worshippers in basking in above-average temperatures. But if it stays warm much longer, and then typical winter weather returns, officials say plants might be nipped in the bud. "If it (the warm weather) continues for another week, we could have a problem," said Carl Garten, director of the Saline County extension office. "We could see some problems with wheat injury." Garten said Saturday that as the weather becomes warmer, wheat begins to break out of its dormancy and starts to grow. The more growth there is, the more tender the plant becomes, and that makes the plant more susceptible to cold temperatures. Trees and flowers also are being fooled by the warm weather. Buds are beginning to swell on some trees and some bulb plants are beginning to emerge from the ground. Charles Miller, county extension horticultural agent, said fruit trees, especially peach trees, could be hurt the most if the weather stays warm for two to three more weeks and then turns cold. Miller said trees replace leaf buds that are frozen and killed, but if cold weather nips a fruit bud, it will not be replaced. The warm weather followed by cold weather could reduce the yield of fruit trees, he said. A bark wrap can be placed around the tree's trunk to prevent bark from splitting — a common affliction of thin-barked trees, such as some maple and fruit trees — during warm-then-cold spells. Mulch also can be placed around the base of the tree to protect roots from the cold, he ' said. But Miller said there's not much one can do to protect fruit buds from a freeze. "God only knows (how bad the damage will be)," Miller said. "Only time will tell." Flowers that are beginning to peek through the ground also could be damaged by cold weather, Miller said. These plants, such as the tulips and daffodils of early spring, might go ahead and grow come springtime, but the bloom will be smaller and there will be fewer leaves, he said. George Phillips, weather specialist for the National Weather Service in Concordia, said no bitter cold weather should slip into the area for the next 10 days, although temperatures should be nearer to normal for the season by Tuesday. He said normally in the winter, Kansas temperatures are influenced by air from Canada. However, this year the air is coming in from the Pacific. "It's more of a summertime pattern with highs from the Pacific rather than from Canada," Phillips said. By DAVID CLOUSTON Staff Writer Former Marymount College President John Murry knows the perils of running small colleges, including the constant struggle for operating funds. "I had not planned on a deficit — whether that would have happened is hard to tell," Murry said Thursday, speaking about Marymount's financial situation during the time he helped develop the school's 1985-86 budget. "I would be the last one to be critical, however, if someone can't get a balanced budget at a small college. It's tough," he said. Many related factors are behind the lack of a balanced budget at Marymount, forcing them to cut programs. The chief culprits are slumps in enrollment and anticipated annual revenue. Related to that are low freshmen American College Test scores leading to increased dropouts, competition for students from state schools and a worsening farm economy. When Murry, now employed by Brown Industries, left Marymount College June 30, the college was essentially debt-free. A $580,000 loan on Antoinette Hall, the women's residence hall, was paid, the college's fund raising programs attracted more than $740,000 in 1984-85 and the college had planned to collect at least $700,000 in 1985-86. The goal for annual fund-raising now is $625,000, a goal Development Director Jeanne Kobuszewski says is 95 percent complete. But combined with a 6 percent drop in full-time enrollment, the college anticipates a $300,000 operating deficit at the end of the year. Marymount receives most of its annual revenue, aside from tuition, from the Salina diocese, alumni, the business community and the Sisters of St. Joseph, founders and former owners of the college. Nearly 92 percent of its annual $3,500,000 budget is spent in Saline County. Marymount's financial instability became evident with President Dan Johnson's announcment Tuesday of proposals to cut the college's athletic budget, to cut the faculty by 25 percent and to eliminate some academic programs. The proposals are to be considered by Marymount College Board of Trustees Monday. Other factors are linked to Marymount's economic woes, including the quality of students entering the institution. Some Marymount freshmen, for instance, have had much lower than average American College Test scores. In many cases the students find they cannot cope academically and therefore drop out. In the report containing his proposals, Johnson recommends a minimum American College Test Score of 13 and a high school grade point average of 2.0 for entrance to Marymount. Kansas Wesleyan will require next year's freshmen to have a minimum (See Cuts, Page 11) Abused children caught between state, families ByDAVERANNEY Harris News Service Last year in Kansas, state social workers investigated 1,403 reports of sexual abuse of children. Most involved incest. » Reports have doubled since 1979. Family rape is up in Kansas. Child abuse no longer goes unnoticed. But enlightenment has not produced a unified attack on the problem. Instead, troubled children are caught in the contradiction between the state Department of Social and Rehabilitation Service programs, which are intended to help them cope, and life's harsh realities. CMdren at risk First in a series Local program directors say the state is trying to save money by allowing troubled children to stay too long in troubled homes, or pulling them from foster parents before they're ready to go home. Not so, say state caseworkers, who say a change in federal philosophy now discourages long-term foster care. Caught in the middle are 5,400 Kansas children up to 18 years of age: 3,500 are termed "children in need of care," meaning they are victims of parental abuse or neglect; 1,900 are termed "juvenile offenders" because of run-ins with the law. All have been referred to SRS after court proceedings. Figures for fiscal year 1986 show $22,697,301 set aside for foster care ranging from overnight stays with loving families to much longer placement in structured group homes. "There's a crisis on the horizon that we can either address now or pay a big price for later," said Robert Whitfield, executive director of United Methodist Youthville, a program serving 135 children in facilities at Salina, Newton, Dodge City, Fort Scott, Wichita, Emporia and Garden City. "As a nation, we are spending millions of dollars to build bigger jails," Whitfield said. "But I tell people they ain't seen nothing yet because the young people who need to be in our programs aren't getting in — and if they get in they aren't being allowed to stay long enough. "The jails will get only bigger and bigger because there's nothing being done to reverse the trend. There are times when I think we're just a big babysitting service." In years past, children assigned to Youthville stayed for three to five years. Today, stays rarely last a (See Abuse, Page 11)

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