Hutchinson News Friday, Oct. 1, 1971 Page 3 Local Sales Tax Wouldn't Help Some Towns, Says Economist By JEANETTE JACKSON Education is the "big fish among the little fish" gulping tax dollars. It is the largest consumer of state and local taxes, says B. L. Flinchbaugh, Kansas State Univerity economist. He outlined Kansas tax problems and possible alternatives in an educational seminar to 50 Extension p>eople from 14 counties Thursday at the Hilton. Mostly Property Taxes Approximately 65 per cent of the total cost for elementary and secondary education in the state is financed by local property taxes, with the balance picked up by state and federal governments. Thirty per cent of education's cost is paid by the state out of its general operating fund, financed primarily by sales and income taxes levied by the state. The remaining five per cent is covered by federal funds. Although . controversy s u r- rounds the Kansas tax problem, Flinchbaugh told the group the real tax question is: "How do we finance public schools?" Three Alternatives He outlined three alternatives, but refused to offer any as an answer or as a preferred course, saying he believed people should get the facts and decide the issue for themselves. The first alternative is to do nothing, letting the situation stand as it is with consequences continuing to ba identical to those over the last several years. The second would be to decrease property taxes, as advocated by farm organizations and taxpayer leagues, and increasing other taxes. This would mean major changes would have to be made in state sales and income taxes. The last alternative is to put more emphasis upon revenues from property taxes and less upon revenues from non-property sources. An alternative calling for more property taxes isn't likely to find much support among Kansas property owners, he noted. No Fair Tax Earlier in. the day, Flinch- baugh told the group that there was no such thing as a fair, just, equitable or desirable tax as far as all the people are concerned. The Kansas tax problem is simple: If some one else's taxes are lowered, yours will have to be raised in order to keep present services going, he said. "The tax issue is not a rural- urban issue as some people claim," he said. "The issue concerns all the people in Kansas, and Farm Bureau and labor are not going to get their way." During the morning Dr. Flinchbaugh gave background to listeners on tax and economic changes in the United States. Much of the controversy concerning Kansas taxes centers about property taxes, he said in the afternoon. One of the answers offered has been the property tax lid. "In 1968, the good governor came along with his tax lid," Flinchbaugh said. "It has worked. It has kept property taxes down, but along with the lid came the authority for local governments to call a referen- dum-for a Va to l*/2 cent sales tax at the local level." Only three Kansas cities have been able to pass a local sales tax — Manhattan, Lawrence, and Topeka. Voters haye rejected it in other towns. And for some small communities, a local sales tax would offer little improvement in their financial structure, he said. The tax lid was achieved, he said, because rural people wanted a property tax lid and large urban centers wanted a sales tax, so they cooperated to get it passed. They'll Go Elsewhere People will drive to another town to buy a new car if they can save money by not buying it in a community that has a local sales tax, Flinchbaugh said. While a local sales tax would help cities that are shopping centers for other areas —such as Hutchinson, Dodge City, and Wichita — the sales tax doesn't help reduce property taxes for counties like Stafford. If a 10 per cent property tax cut-had been made last year, Sedgwick County could have raised the needed taxes through less than a cent sales tax. Reno County could have achieved it on a one cent sales tax, but small counties like Stafford, would have had to levy a 3.77 cents sales tax to raise the same amount of revenue, he explained. Big Difference To raise the loss in properly taxes through a boost on income taxes, Stafford County would have had to go to a 3.4 per cent tax, compared with Sedgwick County, which could do the same with a 1.6 per cent income tax. The increase would be in addition to present taxes. To cut property taxes in half, as advocated by some Kansas groups, Stafford County would have to levy a 20 per cent sales tax to make up the same revenue previously brought in by property taxes. This would be on lop of the current three per cenl state sa!-s tax. On the state level, properly tax cuts of 10 per cent would mean the slate would have to find $49 million elsewhere lo pay for education or spend less on it. This could be raised by a one cent sales tax increase, boosting present sales taxes to four cents. A 50 per cent property tax reduction made up by the state would call for a nickel increase — to an eight-cent sales tax. "People could do away with prpperty taxes entirely and get the needed money by requiring a 13 cents sales tax, but you won't find politicians getting elected on that ticket," he exclaimed, drawing general laughter from his audience. On the income tax side of the picture, the needed $49 million for a 10 per cent property tax reduction could be raised by a 1.7 per cent increase in state income taxes, he said. Another way of reducing property taxes would be to increase income taxes by eliminating federal deduction of individual income taxes from state income taxes. This would raise $37 million; corporation taxes on this basis would raise another $21 million. Adding revenues from banks and savings companies, altogether it would raise $60.5 millions. "The state could distribute this back to schools who in turn could lower the property tax levy. I said they could I didn't say they would," he stated. "School districts are political boundaries not economic," he continued. "I am not proposing to merge school districts. I like to live too well. What I am saying is that small districts have high costs . • . Small town basketball teams are damned expensive. If you want to pay the bill, don't ask me to help pay for it," he exclaimed. "If you want to have local pride, you have to pay for it." Big Schools More Efficient He said schools with 1,000 students were more efficient cost-wise than schools with 100 students . He compared pupil costs of Hamilton County with Sedgwick County as an example. Hamilton County, with 92 sludents, has a per pupil cost of $1,573 compared to $489 for Seclg- wick's No. 266 dislrict with 980 students. The slate is trying to cut lax costs by cutting state aid to ex- tremely small schools. He explained one small school in the Moscow - Hugoton area of Stevens County has more students than teachers and receives very little state aid. Can't Starve Them "But the state can't sta.rve them out because they have large gas companies paying for it. There's a $150,000 valuation behind each pupil. It's no wonder those gas companies are paying taxes under protest," he stated. He said population sparsity wasn't the problem here and that the state is more understanding about having pupils hauled long distances to a school. Greeley County Does It He pointed out that Greeley County, a sparsely populated county, has only one school district. During the 1969-70 tax year, the school had an enrollment of 501 students. Average cost per student was $866 and stale aid per sludent was $199. "If they (Greeley County) can do it, others can, if they so desire," Flinchbaugh said. Jucos Need To Expand In Chemistry About 20 Kansas junior college chemistry inst'-'uclors at- tendsd an all-clay meeting at the Hutchinson Community College Science Building Friday. They Most Rain During Fair arm T , . , , , . . c , ..... . . , , „, „,, . . . Tt m 'S ht have seemed as lf | c f l f ° n t0tal at 21.06 inches, repressed the 12 institutions of September was a rainy month if ! about 10 per cent less than the accumulative rst nine months the Kansas Association of Jun- icr College Chemistry Teachers. you wanted to visit the State ' ° Fair, but the figures show a Main topic was the need to | serioua deficienc y in moisture for the month and for the crop year to date (August and September.) Measurable moisture fell only three days in Hutchinson during September and each time the rain was a long way from being a gully washer, with less The field has increased in im- than a half inch falling each expand the offering of organic chemistry in Kansas junior colleges to 10 hours. Five ju- cos, including HCC, HOW offer 10 hours, and the group endorsed a statement others to follow suit. urging porlanca tremendously during the pasl few years, said Clyde Hiebert, Butler County College instructor, and co-director of the association program. It will be needsd by the increasing numbers of workers in the pollution, ecology and paramedical fields, as well as the present dsgrec courses in premed, pre-dental, pharmacy, biology and chemistry. If the slu- dent has to go to a four-year college an extra semester to take the additional organic chemistry hours, he loses the economic advantage of having attended a junior college, in- slruclors were told. The association of chemistry instructors from 12 Kansas i jucos has received a $60,000 tune. Hutchinson Moisture Score Inches .. 1.27 .. 5.50 .. 1.59 . . 2.84 .. 21.06 . . 23.97 . . 2.91 September 1971 September 1970 September 1969 September Average 1971 Rainfall to Date Average 1st Nine Months .. Deficiency Crop Year (Aug. 1-July 31) Rainfall to Date (two monihs) .... 2.11 Last Year This Date- 6.52 Two Years Ago 5.36 Two Month Average 5.94 Deficiency 3.83 Annual Average 28.53 Rains on the 4th, 22nd, and total for the of the year. Crop Year Deficiency But August and September, the first two months of the crop year, show a 3.83 inch deficiency, a figure which could spell trouble if the dryness continues. The usual swings in temperature occurred during Septem- oer with the month's high be- ]J ing 97 degrees on both the 7th and 13th.The low was a 40 degrees posted the morning of the 18th, a day when the temperature didn't rise above 48. On September 19 the morning low was 43 degrees and weather then warmed up for Ihe rest of the month. September 17 was remarkable in its uniformity of temperature with the high for the clay being 58 degrees and the low 5C. On Warm Side In spite of the few cool days, September was definitely on the S een and 25th of the month showed a re- warm side. The average highs markable uniformity with .46, .41, and .40 falling on those dates. The rest of the month was uniformity and and unfortunately dry, as lawn and tree watering became a regular grant of the National Science | practice in a month where these chores generally can be for- The ency Foundation to work on chemistry programs in cooperation gotten. with Kansas State University. The Hutchinson meeting was the second this fall at the member junior colleges. A session was held at K-State under Francis Lanning, K-Slate associate professor of chemistry, last May and an 8-week summer school is planned this year. During the year the group will discuss other common problems, said Hiebert, including the effort to stay current in the face of rapidly increasing knowledge land the new audio-tutorial method of teaching chemistry, completely individualized, now being 'Used at Coffeyville Junior Col- 'lege. Charge Two in Death of Boy (Sae Story Page 9) : SALINA — Mrs. Joy Boardman and Kevin Hall, both for- mr-ly of South Hutchinson v—-> arraigned on charges of "'ary manslaughter in Sa'-•-. u ,vy Magistrate Court F-iday morning. ' •• r'T? g;S against the cou- -'-< o'i; cf the death Sat• -f Mrs. Boardman's son, • --c'cl Edward M. Bian- 'V^Vte". lob Corps ''T-O Aide Training l,:ycs R:sd, 22, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Reed, 512 .North Jackson, graduated this month from tha Women's Job Corps Center at Excelsior Springs, Mo. She completed a 13-month course for nurse aides and has begun working at Providence Hospital, Kansas City. While ' working in Kansas City, she will ' complete a cosmetology course • started at the center. Miss Reed is a 1989 graduate of Hutchinson High School. of 80.8 degrees and the average lows of 62.3 produced a mean temperature of 76.5, 5.6 degrees above the long range mean September temperature of 70.9. At the end of the month there was no front movements that promised any sort of relief Mean Temperature lor Sept. Long Range Mean Deviation Moisture year's moisture defici-|from the dry spell, or even the isn't as serious with pre- unseasonably warm weather. Arrest Lounge Owner Richard N. Adkinson, 44, 1407 North Washington, was arrested by police early Thursday morn-j ing at Dick's Lounge, 732 West 2nd. Adkinson is owner and manager of Ihe lounge. He was charged with illegal consumption of liquor, intoxication and permitting dancing after hours. He was released on $220 bond lo appear in municipal court Oct. 5. KING SIZE Blue Dragon dominates a caged gray- hound (inset), symbol of the Ft. Scott football team with the admonition to "cage the hounds" on this homecoming float. The annual HOC homecoming parade was on Main Friday morning. The two teams clash at 8 p.m. at Gowans Stadium. Salt Minors Volley ofLaughs In Guild Play The Salt Minors Chorus of the local Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barbershop Quartet Singing in America will compete Saturday I afternoon in the Central States district convention at Wichita's Century II. Seven States Represented Twenty-six choruses from seven states will enter the competition to represent the district at the international convention in Atlanta next summer. States of the district are Kansas, Colorado, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and South Dakota. This past summer the Salt The new Hutchinson Theatre |weis was limited in lines, but (Minors took second place at the I Kansas chorus contest at Lawrence. The district convention pro- Guild season was launched with a volley of laughs Thursday evening at the Little Theatre. The play, "Catch Me If You j Can," contains an above-average quota of funny lines and the cast deftly uses them for all they're worth. In carrying the main load of ths twisty, mystery plot, Abe Weinlood and John-David Pulver act and react to each other beautifully. As the country inspector, Weinlood, a Theatre Guild veteran, Thursday lived up to the audience expectations of a good performance as he went about his detective work, grams on Friday evening, Sat-[in his wor ds, "cherchez la han- DRESS PAINTING—Iris Decker's second grade class at Lakeview School each took a turn at painting on the teacher's dress. The dress was first cut out and basted, then the children 'drew designs and figures on the material. Miss Decker took the pieces home and sewed them together. Connie Frager, left, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Frager, 418 Justice, and Brad Way, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jerold Way, 422 South Lorraine add finishing touches. urday morning and evening will be devoted to quartet competition. Two members of the al chapter. Jack Curry, tenor, and Al Albright, baritone, will combine their talents with Don Kready, Colby lead, and Dick Woodall, Ness City bass, to form the Intra-Statesmen Quartet. They also will be competing to represent the district at Atlanla. At the local chapter meeting Thursday, members brought bed sheets to be donated to the Institute of Logopedics in Wichita. The institute is the service project of the international bar- Dershop society. Since the institute was adopted by the society more than a half million dollars has been donated by the barbershoppers. 'Connie' to Vietnam SAN DIEGO, Calif. (AP) Ignoring a long protest campaign by antiwar groups, the attack carrier Constellation left on schedule today for her sixth tour of duty off Vietnam. A threatened sea-going picket line fizzled when only two small boats, one with a sign saying "Peace," showed up in San Diego Harbor. added to the stage decoration. With this season, the Theatre Guild seems to have come into its own. It is accustomed to its new home, the remodeled, air - conditioned church at B and Plum. It is beginning to explore new lighting and sound effects, now that routine procedures are under control. And the "Catch Me If You Can" cast demonstrated a group spirit that comes from hours of hard work and good direction, the latter in the hands of Helen Anderson. The play will be given, tonight and Al School Night JLL card Hutchinson's Fall Foliage show is starting. Several hard maple trees on West 13th have begun to turn and in all Iheir. glory within lo clays rival any color produced in Vermont and New Hampshire which the News Fall Foliage tour will view this weekend. Probably the largest and most 1 colorful tree is at the Virgil BasncH home, 17 West 13th. Gasoline prices, which had dinned as low as 26.9 cents a gallon for regular gas at some stations here, were up Friday with major companies posting orices of 35.9 a gallon for regular and other stations' prices ranging clown to 31.9 cents a fal- lon. A •*••*• Mrs. Dwain Gill and her 13- year-old daughter, Carol Diane, Sylvia, were surprised to learn that September had 31 days. Friday morning. When Carol, an eighth - grader at Sylvia Grade School, turned the pages on a calendar in their home (from Parrott-Hodnett Inc., Hutchinson) looking for Oct. 1, she found a page for Sept. 31. Boy Scouts, Cubs Sign 484 Youths A total of 378 boys joined the Cub Scouts, 106 joined Boy Scouts and 63 adults joined as leaders in K a n z a Council's third annual School Night for Scouting, according to John Eriksen, 610 Ad air Circle, School Night chairman. More than 125 schools in Kanza's 11-county area were involved in the program. Results for each of Kanza's four districts are: Cheyenne District (Barton and Rice Counties) — 107 new Cubs, 41 Boy Scouts, 23 leaders. Lakota District (Barber, Comanche, Kiowa, Pratt Coun- Ky-panKy. Mel Haines, a 17-year veteran in television and radio, but a newcomer to the Theatre Guild, was a smooth addition to the cast. Kathy Niven, as the bride her lusband didn't recognize, projected well and so did Raymond Gabica, in a smaller comedy role, and Gary Wittorff, in a supporting role. Elaine Schne- and next week, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. M.A.C. Focus on Princess SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Princess Alexandra of England is the focus of attention as San Francisco celebrates British Week, which officially opens today. ties) — 69 Cubs, 27 Boy Scouts, five leaders. Mohawk District (Reno, plus the city of Sterling) — 138 Cubs, 17 Boy Scouts, 15 leaders. Sioux District (Edwards, Pawnee, Rush, Stafford Counties) — 65 Cubs, 21 Boy Scouts, 20 leaders. He Took Bus But Didn 't Leave Driving to Them DADE CITY, Fla. (AP) - Broke and 350 "He was going 65 in a 45 mile zone when miles from home, Joey Tripp decided to we saw him," Nixon said, take a bus home. Police corraled him three Nixon hauled Joey to the city jail where hours later highballing a $65,000 Greyhound bus along State Road 98. "I knew I wasn't going to make it," said the 18-year-old Joey. "I just thought I'd try." Police Chief Norris L. Nixon said Joey's flight toward his home hi Pensacola ended Thursday about 60 miles from where it began. Orlando police had put out an alert for the big silver bus and said it was headed toward Dade City. the youth unwound his lonesome tale. "He said he was homesick. He lives in Pensacola and didn't have any money. He said ho saw a bus refueling and decided he would take a bus, literally," Nixon said. In a telephone interview from the jail, Joey said he had been returning from a five- month stay with his uncle in Atlanta whsn he found himself broke and hungry in Orlando. He had lost his bus ticket en route. Joey was charged with driving without a license and speeding. It was a case of confusing the flag with the flagpole in a News cutline Thursday. Dedication ceremonies were held at Wesley Towers Wednesday for the flagpole, donated by Anna Daniels and Mary Fairchild, both residents of the retirement home. Wesley Towers had had the flag for about a year with no place to fly it. Dale Whitaker, 222 Countryside, hand dug the hole in which the pole was set. Rock Castle Jaycees will hold a car wash at the Kansas State Industrial Reformatory from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m. Saturday. Legion Commander Here on Vets Day Lysle Rishel Post No. 68, the American Legion will entertain. the state commander, Marvin Jardon, on Veterans Day which is Monday, Oct. 25 this year. The post also plans to stage a parade starting at 10 a.m. at 9th and Mam. The post held a parade last year but bad wea- jther interfered. j A covered dish dinner will be eld at the clubhouse that night vith the Auxiliary members also attending the dinner and meeting. The Hutchinson post has missed only a few tunes in the ast 25 years or more in entertaining the department commander on Armistice Day or Veterans Day. Liquor License Suspended 30 Days The retail liquor license of Doris M. Humiston, operator of the Humiston Liquor Store, 832 West 4th, has been temporarily suspended by the state Alcoholic Beverage Control board. E. V. D. Murphy, ABC director, announced the 30 day suspension, effective Monday. The action was taken after one of the store's employes was charged with making a gift of alcoholic beverage to a minor, a violation of the state liquor law.
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