The Salina Journal Friday, January 17,1986 Page N5 Indians (Continued from Page N4) their heaters in the summer. "One lady told me she kept her sheep in her house and she lived in her hogan" built next door to the house by friends, she said. Commission chairman Ralph Watkins defended the operation, saying past problems had been corrected and work on new housing was now proceeding smoothly. All that is needed to complete the job, he said, is more money and a little more time. Watkins, a Phoenix developer, promised the commission would come close to relocating all the Navajos willing to move from Hopi land by the deadline. "There's some real concerns from me as to what's happening to those people," Watkins said. "But I know what my job is and I'm going to do that job." Not all the relocations have been disasters, and not all the Indians have fought the chance for a new $70,000 house and the $2,000 in cash. CA.SEILER. OWNER SPECIALIZING IN CUMMINS ENGINES MINOR A MAJOR REPAIR 20 YEARS EXPERIENCE FAIR • REUADlf SERVICE • FREE ESTIMATES LOCATED IN LAKEWOOO INDUSTRIAL PARK, BUIIDINO C 827-9215 David Shaw-Serdar, a commission researcher, studied the 456 houses bought off the reservation for relocated Indians from June 1977 through last May and found that 144, or 32 percent, had been resold. "Some did sell because of debt. Some were involved in sales because of alleged misbehavior on the part of some real estate people," Shaw- Serdar said.' "There was a third set of circumstances that was real positive — people who had jobs, got better jobs or got promoted and sold the house to make the move." The relocation's history is a complicated controversy in itself. In the Indian tradition, people are merely caretakers of the land, which is owned by the creator. But in the white man's tradition, people own land, and this land was "owned" by the Hopis. In 1882, President Chester Arthur designated 2.5 million acres of northern Arizona land for use by Hopis and "such other Indians as the Secretary of the Interior may see fit to settle thereon." Over time, the larger, more nomadic Navajo tribe used more and more of the designated Hopi land, eventually encircling the 653,000- acre Hopi territory with a 16 million- acre reservation about the size of West Virginia. Its boundaries cross state lines in Utah, Arizona and New Mexico. The Hopis went to court in 1958 seeking return of the disputed land, and, in 1962, a federal court in Arizona determined that both tribes had claims to 1.8 million acres occupied byNavajos. In 1974, Congress authorized dividing the 1.8 million acres in half, Does Your Health Insurance Set Limits On. •Surgery costs? •Semi-private room charges? •Intensive care expenses? •Miscellaneous hospital expenses? CALL NOW About Our HEALTH INSURANCE WAITER FREOERKING 1521 E. Iran HITO MM* tUV/USS HlAtm tiff . 827-9339 SIRLOIN STOCKADE PRESENTS A SPECIAL TREAT FROM THE SEA... Fish Platter Tender Fish Fillet, fried golden brown...served with your choice of a steamy baked potato or french fries, salad and hot food bar, and free ice cream cone! $O79 . Fri. & Sat. 11 am-10pm STOCKADE 1200 EAST CRAWFORD, SAUNA Offer Good At Salina Store Only relocating those on the wrong side, freezing improvements or construction on partitioned land without approval of both tribes, and reducing livestock herds to protect the land from overgrazing. The tribes still share the rights to the rich coal and uranium deposits. The Navajos say the land dispute exposes race discrimination and is a return to the time in 1863 when the government man sent Col. Kit Carson, by then commander of a regiment of New Mexico volunteers in the Civil War, to round up alleged Indian marauders and imprison them at Fort Sumner, N.M. In three previous Indian land disputes this century, in New Mexico, Alaska and Maine, the government paid tribes for lands now occupied by whites, said Peterson Zah, chairman of the 180,000-member Navajo tribe. "In all three cases, they never told white people to be relocated. The United States is using a double standard," Zah said. Percy Deal, a Navajo whose land is split by the partition line, would agree. He recalled that as a child at a Bureau of Indian Affairs school, "one of the first things the United States government taught us was the Pledge of Allegiance.... At the time, they were just words. But now I think of those words, words like 'for liberty and justice for all.'" Zah said he would ask Congress to extend the July deadline. He remains optimistic that Congress or Reagan will intervene, perhaps giving other unpopulated lands to the Hopis, a minority of whom, mostly elders, oppose the relocation and support the Navajo elders. "I believe the American people believe in social justice. I believe they believe in fairness. I believe they want to provide a quality life to all people. I believe those beliefs are so strong that they won't allow July 1986 to come," Zah said. Sidney, on the other hand, has rejected calls for settlement. Congress and the Hopis did propose granting "life estates" to the Navajo elders, letting them retain the land until their death, but the Navajos rejected the concept as unfair to families. Next summer, when the deadline comes, Sidney said, the Hopis will ask that those who have refused to relocate be declared trespassers and removed by U.S. marshals. In anticipation of a confrontation, the American Indian Movement has moved onto the 7,000-foot Big Mountain and established a "survivalist camp" to live with the elders and share their plight, according to Larry Anderson, the AIM regional coordinator. The group is training Indians and non-Indian sympathizers in civil disobedience techniques, he said. "We had some Navajo elders approach us and say they needed help," Anderson said. "If all of these other alternatives do not work, there is a possibility of another Wounded Knee," he said, lEHOIJSE SLIGHTLY DAMAGED MERCHANDISE 50°/( 0 All Ready Reduced Priced Brass & Copper Prices $ 10°° and up Jewelry Prices starting at $ 5°° 14K Gold Chains as low as *55°° Over 300 styles of fashion necklaces! ALL 50% Off Marked Price! 2760 Centennial Road referring to the 1973 siege in South Dakota by 200 armed Indians that lasted 71 days and resulted in two deaths. Katherine Smith, the matriarch who fired the warning shot, only smiles now when asked if she'll shoot again at government officials if they come to evict her. "Let them shoot first," she said. Mail averaged 7.8 years a mile PRIDE, La. (AP) — When the Bankstons mailed a postcard in 1907 to Dollie Kelly 10 miles away, they probably didn't expect the post office to average 7.8 years a mile to deliver it. Lorena Kelly, 89, of Pride, is still scratching her head after getting the card, with a 1-cent stamp and dated Nov. 22,1907, that was addressed to her sister who died 15 years ago. "It must be a record in somebody's book," said Zachary Postmaster Morris Carpenter with a laugh. "But, we delivered it. "The card was sent here in 1907. Pride is about 10 miles away. Who knows what happened? It could have been in someone's possession, who didn't know what they had. And, they just put it in the box recently for delivery." Carpenter said that at times mail will get stuck in old equipment "but we don't have equipment that old. I'm glad I don't have to take the blame. I'm 45." WE DELIVER! JIM CRAM R. PH. "I WMI Jo b» your pfwnMcbl" •Charge aeeoonta and delivery •A»k skoal gtntric wrings «*n»Me on SOTW medlcatiene. •P»twnt records and T«* and In- *ur«it«e information srallable. •We mail nmeriptioas »i BO «rt» chart*. .................. _ JIM'S PHARMACY In The Mowery Clinic 737 E. Crawford Old furniture can look new again... FREE ESTIMATES Fabric Samples •Homes-RV's •Carpet and Furniture Cleaning Available JERRY'S UPHOLSTERY Jerry Glessner 2665 Ray 913-825-8559 An IRA from AAL Robtrt N. QenUfr PIC LUTCF District Representative 3126 Applewood Lane Salina, KS <740I Telephone (913) 833-3444 MdAMoeMhm BUDGET SIGN SHOP 1416 S. Santa Fe Salina £ Phone: 825-6367 Professional Signs At Budget Prices •All Types of Signs •Fast Service •Bumper Stickers •Paper Signs •Poster Boards •Magnetics •Vinyls •Menus •Metal Signs •Wood Signs •Realtor Signs •Retail Signs •Indoor or Outdoor INTRODUCTORY PRICES THROUGHOUT JANUARY Marvin Keating Tamala Keating Owners & Operators V^JfWhite-Westinghouse Heavy Duty Washer and Dryer $ 679 pair price with qualified trade Color extra WASHER Large capacity Two wash/spin speeds Three water level selections with reselect Three water temperature selections Porcelain enameled wash basket Deep ramp agitator Lock'n Surf" safety lid — locks during spin Lint filter and reclrculation system Four leveling leg ptional fabric soft Optional fabric softener dispenser Models LA500E DE500E DRYER Three temperature selections — Regular, Low, Air Fluff Perm press/knit settings End of cycle signal Automatic cool down Porcelain enameled basket Up front lint collector Safety start button Optional stationary drying shelf 109N. 5th L & J APPLIANCE CENTER 'We Service What We Sell' 823-2722 Neighb V/ See The En 7 iace See The Entire Salina Journal Classified Section Beginning On Page 14 SERVICES WANTED: ELECTRICAL work. Have twenty years experience, licensed. Kresln Service, 827-2626; Home, 8275024. LOOKING FOR loving mature woman to babysit part time In my home or yours tor 2 children ages 2Vi and 1.823-9428. SERVICES JORGENSEN HOT ROOFING Statewide Service All Types of Hot Work. 913-825-7992 AUTOMOTIVE 1982 RELIANT, 44,000 miles, power steering, brakes, air. $4,300.827-8361. WINTER SAVINGS on carpet cleaning and housecleaning. McGinley Carpet Cleaning, 827-9963. REAL ESTATE foe. We Take Service Calls At JD REPAIR Farm Machinery Service & repair with over 29 years experience. Jean and Dallas White J827-9748I M 00 W, Grind | TAKE ONE CLASSIFIED AD ...THEY WILL CALL YOU IN THE MORNING INVESTMENT PROPERTY A lot for the money. This Is a well-rented up and down duplex. Can easily covert to a S or 6 .bedroom single family resl- dence. Good basement and attic, fenced patio. See this one today. Priced In the 30's. MEADOWLARK SCHOOLAREA You will en|oy this 4 bedroom, 2 story home, only 1 block from school. Formal dining, open kitchen and family room plus main floor laundry room and finished basement. Call now for your personal showing. FIRST TIME BUYERS This Is a must to seel Three bedrooms, garage, plus new paint and paper. Unique spiral staircase to master bedrooms. Price reduced. EDGEOFTOWN Open kitchen and dining, fire- plan, 2 car garage, full basement and large deck with built- in spa. Price recently reduced. inc. 2103 S. Ohio FOR RENT: Fenced lot in small quiet park. 827-7538. Classified ads get results. FOR SALE TWO WHEELS, size H78X15 (5 hole hub), fits Ford car. Ideal tor mounting mud 8. snow tires. $10 for the pair. 823-2372. . 13" COLOR portable TV, $65. Gold floral 3-cushlon sofa, $75. Quality cocktail table, like new, $100. 2334 Qulncy. DO-IT-YOURSELF IDEAS A READER SERVICE OF THIS NEWSPAPER MULTI-PURPOSE WORK TABLE Use this contemporary, heavy-duty table for sewing, drawing, working on hobbies, or whatever. The table top measures 36" x 48" and is adjustable to three different positions. Once it is adjusted, it will stay in place. Built from pine or fir, the table also adjusts in height from 31" to 38". Plans include step-by- step instructions and photographs, plus a complete materials list. Send check to: Si Pattern Oept. PO Box 23f3 Van Nays, CA 91-409 D t/604 Work Table .... S4.00 P 112-page catalog .... $2.95 (Picturing 700 projects) Name Address . City_ State. Zip.? Price includes 1st class postage.
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