The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 17, 1986 · Page 20
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 20

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Friday, January 17, 1986
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The Salina Journal Friday, January 17,1986 PageN2 At school By GaleNewby 305E.Prescott (Continued from Page Nl) established in memory of a student, Emily Berger, by her brother, the late Arthur Berger of Dallas. The KU Endowment Association administers the funds of both scholarships. The winners were selected from Kansas high school seniors who met the initial requirement of being National Merit semifinalists or commended students or of having a composite score of 30 or higher on the American College Test. Olson on CSU honor roll Karen J. Olson, Salina, was among 994 students named to the dean's honor roll at Central State University, Edmond, Okla. Those who achieved the honor recorded at least a 3.25 grade-point average for the semester. The university is the third largest in Oklahoma and was the first to offer classes in the state, beginning in November, 1891. Twp on BCCC dean's list Salinans Julie Campbell and Jeff Streit are among 110 freshmen and sophomore students who have been named to the dean's list for the fall semester at Barton County Community College. To qualify for this honor, students must maintain a grade point average of 3.5 or higher. New view of the cosmos reveals it may be a gigantic bubble bath By The New York Times NEW YORK - A new three- dimensional map of the universe shows that it is composed of gigantic "bubbles," with all the stars and galaxies, probably including our Milky Way, gathered on the surfaces of the bubbles. This new view of the cosmos could require basic revisions in current theories regarding evolution of the universe, scientists say. If the bubble structure is borne out by further mapping, they add, it could support a theory that a multitude of vast, powerful explosions, not the forces of gravity, were the primary shapers of the cosmos. The new survey, reaching out twice as far as previous ones, has shown a universe that, when viewed in two dimensions, appears to be made up of giant, bubble-like voids with galaxies distributed on their surfaces. "If we are right, these bubbles fill the universe just like suds filling the kitchen sink," said John P. Huchra of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass. Huchra is one of the authors of a report on the survey that is to be published in the March 1 issue of Astrophysical Journal Letters. His co-authors are Margaret J. Geller and Valerie de Lapparent, also of the Harvard-Smithsonian center. The observations, say the authors, "pose serious challenges for current models for the formation of large- scale structure." Other theorists suspect that the bubble structure is related to transitions in the nature of matter that occurred in the earliest history of the universe, which scientists believe is 10 billion to 20 billion years old. Both schools agree that conventional explanations for the evolution of large- scale structure in which gravity played a dominant role may have to be modified or abandoned. For the past decade the Harvard- Smithsonian group has been trying to chart the structure of the universe in one region of the sky, using the rate at which the galaxies are receding from the Earth to indicate their distance. Most, if not all, stars are organized into the immense assemblages known as galaxies, including the Milky Way Galaxy to which our solar system belongs. Because of the seemingly uniform expansion of the universe, the rate at which each galaxy or cluster of galaxies is receding from the Earth, as indicated by a shift of its light toward the red end of the spectrum, is used as a yardstick of distance. The galaxies are themselves organized into clusters and super- clusters, some of which, earlier surveys have shown, are linked into filaments spanning large parts of the observable universe. It also appears that there are voids containing almost no galaxies, including a large one in the constellation Bootes. The theory that the formation of the galaxies may have been trig- gered by shock waves from great explosions was proposed in 1981 by Jeremiah P. Ostriker of Princeton University and Lennox L. Cowie of the Johns Hopkins University. Observational support of the concept, Ostriker said Friday, "is very good news for me." Their concept was that early in the history of the universe, newly formed, very massive stars burned out, collapsed and exploded in what astronomers call a supernova. Closely spaced explosions, initiating one another in a chain reaction, would generate a shock wave that, like a great expanding bubble, would compress material in its path, stim ulating the formation of stars and galaxies. The observation of "starburst" galaxies in which such chain reactions appear to be taking place made the concept seem more plausible. That a similar process, on a smaller scale, has occurred within the Milky Way is evident in photographs showing filamentary structures formed by expanding shock waves from past supernova explosions. Because of this, parts of the heavens have a striking "bubble bath" appearance. The Ostriker-Cowie concept envi- sionedjjubbles far smaller than the larger ones found in the new survey, one of which appears to be more than ROOFING —Free Estimates— 827-0107 Hot Asphalt Specialist All types and sizes References 'Insured 'Guaranteed 160 million light years wide. The Milky Way Galaxy, by contrast, is less than 100,000 light years wide. That giant bubble found in the survey is nearly circular and its edge, the authors of the report say, "is remarkably sharp." One possibility, Ostriker said, is that the largest bubbles formed by a consolidation of smaller ones. Dr. David N. Schramm of the University of Chicago said in a telephone interview that nonexplosive processes could account for the bubbles, such as phase transitions in the nature of matter in the formative stages of the universe. He likened such transitions, generating new structures, to those in which dissolved material forms into long, needlelike crystals. Dr. Vera C. Rubin of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, an authority on galactic structure, noted in an interview that the mapping had been based on velocity rattier than absolute determinations of distance. Hence, the structures have been charted in what she called "velocity space" rather than "position space." The new cosmic map shows 1,100 galaxies within a slice of the sky 6 degrees wide and 117 degrees long in the general direction of the Coma Cluster of galaxies. The Moon, seen from the Earth, is half a degree wide. Study shows smokers burn calories BOSTON (AP) — Smokers burn up more calories than non-smokers, and this may explain why people often put on weight when they kick the cigarette habit, a Swiss study concludes. The researchers found that when people smoke 24 cigarettes a day, they expend 10 percent more energy than when they don't smoke. At this rate, reformed smokers-might be expected to gain as much as 22 pounds, assuming their food consumption doesn't change. The fact that people often gain weight when they stop smoking is well known, but the reason for this is a matter of controversy. Some experts suspect that it occurs mainly because they start to eat more. However, the new study argues that some of the weight gain results from reduced expenditure of energy. The change they found "was clearly sufficient to account for at least part of the well-established difference in body weight between smokers and non-smokers," they wrote. "In addition, the present findings help to explain why people gain weight if they stop smoking without decreasing their caloric intake." The study was directed by Dr. Angela Hofstetter of the University of Lausanne, and it was published in Thursday's New England Journal of Medicine. The research was based on the experiences of eight regular smokers, all of them in their 20s. Each volunteer spent two 24-hour periods in a chamber that measured the levels of oxygen and carbon monoxide in their breath. The first time they smoked 24 cigarettes, and the second time they smoked nothing. Every person expended more energy while smoking than while abstaining, and the average increase was 10 percent. The researchers speculate that the increase results from the effects of nicotine on the nervous system and the body's metabolism. Amy Schneider practices the "stop, drop and roll" technique for putting out a fire on her clothing. Fire Department educator Carol Rhaesa tells Jeremy Ryan about good and bad fires. Phuong Nguyen plays in the classroom's toy fire truck. Tots visit fire department When Sacred Heart Grade School's pre-Kindergarteners came back to school after visiting the fire station, they sat around the tape recorder and talked about what they saw and learned and liked. Some of the comments: Amy Schneider, 5: I liked the big trucks and coats. I liked their beds, too. Jeremy Ryan, 4: I liked all those "things" that were in there, like those suits and the fire trucks and ambulance. Andy Lively, 4: I liked those big hoses that were hanging from those high hooks. Jeff Jaquay, 4: I liked putting on the hard helmet and the lady hit the helmet. Claudia Quezada, 5: I liked the beds and the hoses and the boots. Brenda Schneider, 6:1 liked when the firemen slid down the pole. Sarah Richardson, 5:1 liked it, too, and I liked when Amy put the boots and the pants on. Phuong Nguyen, 5:1 liked the fire trucks. Nhon Tran, 5:1 liked the fire trucks and the hat. Michael Jaquay, 6:1 liked the fire trucks, too. Melissa Guerrero, 5: I saw the fireman slide down pole. I liked the bedrooms and the big, long hoses. Top marks for Barkley Steve Barkley, Salina, has been named to the president's honor roll at Colby Community College for the fall semester, 1985. The president's honor roll includes only students with a 4.0 (all A) grade point average. KSU lists honor students Kansas State University's deans have announced names of students who earned scholastic honors for the fall 1985 semester. Students receiving honors ranked in the top 10 percent of their class within their college. Among the students earning scholastic honors are: ABILENE — Koran Mori* Holiton, Alan L. Myers, Craig Alan Rob ton, Laurie A. Ron abaugh, Jon G. Whitehall-. ASSARIA — Mkhoel J. Chliam, Steven C. Johnion. BENNINGTON — Mary Ann Forgy, Andrea J. Gam. CULVER — Stephanie Lynns Beornot, Robert Donald Reese. ELLSWORTH — Kendall D. Clkanek, Kelly Maria Conyac, Steven R. Janda, Rebecca D. Svaty. GYPSUM — Donna Ruth Glllmore. KANOPOLIS — Vernon LINDSBORG — Jennller Lee Gammell, Boyd Allen Hoik, Dawn A. Seymour, DennU A. Shleldi. MINNEAPOLIS — Eric Allen Adee, Cynthia Kay Cote, Brad S. Grldley, David A. Plaschl, Jennifer L. Stewart, Suian L. Todd, Gayla Sue Weiley. SALINA — lynn A. Blngham, 2429 Robin Road; Mary R. Botch, 204 E. Republic; Laurie Lynn Brown, 1117 Elmhurst: William Todd Brown, 1301 E. Minneapolis; Klmberly Ann Clark, 914 N. Eighth; Rex K. Crumpacker, Rt. 3; Jilt L. Donleli, Rt. 2; Alysun Jan Deckert, 2065 Quincy; Roger L. Drake, 505 E. Republic; Danny Eugene Green, 2608 Colonial Lane; Thomai M. Hemmer, 110 Mt. Barbara; John D. Herman, 827 E. Wayne; Michael Edward Jackion, 130 Mt. Barbara; Kathryn Ann Jllka, 2026 Leland Way; Cheryl Christine Klrby, 651 Upper Mill Heights; Douglai Herman Lauxman, 1221 Wayne; Russell Edward Macomber, 410 Purdue; Llia Kay Mlnnlch, 1510 Arapahoe; Amy Kathleen Morrison, 210 Greenway; John F. Neuman, 1739 Glen; Gary G. Olion, Rt. 3; Brian D. Powell, 2817 Bret; Lorna A. Rlbordy, Rt. 2; Jeanette lenae Roberli, 2112 Nottingham; Lori Ann Rock, Rt. 1; Deborah Sue Rohrer, 429 Falrdale; Diane Christine Schmidt, 603 Delaware; Laura Beth Schmidt, 603 S. Delaware; Barbara Ann Schrelber, 829 Manor; Todd Alan Soderberg, 2162 Kensington; Cheryl Ann Tlllberg, Rt. 3; Frank E. Triplet!, 2111 Melrose Lane; Kathryn lynn Wehmeler, 1014 Sunrise Drive; Michael D. Werth, 1313 Derby. SOLOMON — Mary Anne Martin. KTI names honor rolls Twenty-two students have been listed on the president's honor roll, and 55 have been listed on the dean's honor roll for the fall 1985 semester at Kansas Technical Institute. Students must earn a grade point average of 3.75 or higher with no grades below "C" to be named to the president's honor roll. Each must also be classified as a full-time student. To achieve a place on the dean's honor roll, a student must have earned a grade point average of between 3.25 and 3.75, again with no individual grade lower than "C," and must have been a full-time student. The students listed on the president's Honor Roll are Gordon Abell, Grinnell; Jerome Bonham, 822 University: William Booe, 855 S. Fifth; Randall Bourbina, 2161 Shallmar Drive; Mike Boyer, Belleville; Dlna Branfort, Lincoln; Joe Doffing, Conway Springs; Gregory Dome, Newton; William Granger, Burlingame; Elizabeth Greenwood, Smolan; Joseph Lee Jones, Manhattan; David Ketter, Tlpton; Valerie McDowell, Assarla; Allan Moore, Colby; Jeffrey Myers, Geneseo; Kevin Parker, 808 Plaza Drive; Rick Strieker, Gardner; Jeffrey Sulior, Hunter; Mlk* Threewlt, Westmoreland; Tlmm Walker, Abilene; Steven Ray Wlldeman, Park: Ovid I. Woods, South Hutchlnson. The students on the Dean's Honor Roll are Bart J. Albers, Colby: Rodney Bevan, Halstead; David Blaakley, Junction City; Kerrl Jan Brandt, Ulysses; David Brent, Silver Lake; David Britting, McPherson; Steven Loyd Collins, Hugoton; Sh'errl Colvln, Oakley; William C. Delker, Chapman: Gerald Devine, 1421 Bachtold; Dan Z. Dole, Almeno; Larry Elsenhour, 1318 Derby; Peggy S. Elrod, Paola; Dawn Essllnger, Bern; Michael A. Folk, Andale; Edward R. Fenton, Topeka; Kay Fern, Minneola; Dean Gler, Abilene; Gerald Glroux, 302 Center: Ricky Gosnell, Salina; Bryan Guy, Longford; Steven Hallacy, Conway Springs; Robert T. Hanson, Lindsborg: Matthew Harper, 501 E. Crawford; Turley Hayes, Manhattan; Robert L. Hemry, Geneseo; Paul S. Henson, Second; Ken Kuhlman, Oakley; Dana G. Labbe, 101 E. Klrwln; Kris Lee, Syracuse; Lisa M. Lewis, Moran; Cynthia Ann Paquette, Downs; Cheryl M. Payne, Ellis: Maurice E. Planalto, Atwooa; Brenda Relter, 124 W. Prescott; Dan Rempo, Plainville; Michael J. Robben, Oakley; Jeffrey L. Smith, Pawnee Rock; Michael Smith, 110 Bel Air; Eric G. Snell, Medicine Lodge; Keith D. Sprenkle, Enterprise; Diana Toney, 681 Duvall; Robert Tromble, Lincoln; Tony M. Wllkens, Goodland; Don Wright, Clay Center; Jeff Zamrzla, 127 W. Ellsworth. Difference! COST CUTTER LOW PRICES ON U.S.D.A. CHOICE MEAT Rib Steaks $ 3.O9 u» Beef Short Loins $4 QQ ... (T-Bones & Trim). .................................................... I |99 Lt> Pork Spare Ribs (by^s^ 89° Lt». USDA Choice n ^m ^m ** Beef Sides $ 1 .1 9 LI>. (Cut & wrapped to your specifications) Plus a FREE Smoked Turkey with a beef side order USDA Choice ^ _ _ _ Pork Sides $ 1 .OS ub. (Cut & wrapped to your specifications) Plus a FREE V-z Smoked Turkey with a pork side order. 'Little star' born from fusion energy LIVERMORE, Calif. (AP) — Using a gigantic system of lasers to; produce fusion energy, scientists at Lawrence Lavermore National Laboratory have come close to duplicating the temperatures and pressures at the centers of stars. For a billionth of a second, the system poured 100 trillion watts into: a spot the size of a pinpoint, produc-; ing more than twice the entire electric generating capacity of the United States, researchers said. "We made a tiny little star," said Erik Storm, director of the Livermore's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. The successful firing of the huge "Nova" battery of lasers was the first in a series of tests as researchers continue their search for a way to use fusion energy to generate electricity. Fusion energy is the power that fuels stars in outer space. In the tests, the 10 laser beams in the $176 million device converge on a a tiny glass sphere containing hydrogen isotopes in a vacuum chamber. The fuel in the pellet fuses to form helium and releases energy. The output of the test was about 10 times more than the previous record for such devices, held by the "Gekko" machine at Japan's Osaka University. The test was the latest mark in scientists' search for a way to make cheap electricity through fusion energy. 215 W. Klrwln 827-1311 Insurance — Insurance SALINA I WORKS! 1405E, IronAve,'827-7232 \ Agents: \ 3" • Dick Anderson " • Allen McDonald 2 'Lynn Nelson • Scott Norris • »V. Murl Richmond •Dennis E. Poer,c.p.c.u. s • Martha Robertson LE. Shottenkirk Loran Slaughter 5 ' 3 • John L. 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