The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 31, 1963 · Page 1
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 31, 1963
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OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 44 OTTAWA, KANSAS THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1963 FOURTEEN PAGES JFK Ask Dntrol O Would Cut Cost To Government .. ">*»™ - Franklin Ccmnl, «* only ha, provided leadership (or local tospllal auxiliary Uit ako for stale organhatioa. Pictured is Mrs. Joe Stephen.™, 819 S. Hickory wko semd is Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary president, stale auxiliary president and as pro-am co-ordinal™ fo, Uffi Mid-West Hospital Association's auxiliary meetings. (Herald Photo Dy Lois Smith) Improved Hospitals War's Silver Lining This is the second in a series of three articles on the history and services of the Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary—The Editor. World War H spread untold suffering and devastation, but through the importance it attached to making the workable even more efficient it also served humanity., Hospitals were directly affected. The improved systems of patient care and scientific advancement in equipment and techniques were made available to us through Ransom Memorial Hospital. Our hospital, like most others across the country, movec into this period of expansion dur ing the 1950's. While Ransom Memorial was concentrating on providing the community with up - to • date services and facilities, its auxiliary aso was meeting the challenge of this new era. By 1958, its purpose had been redefined in the first formal set of bylaws. The auxiliary's expanded purpose was "to promote and advance the welfare of Ransom Memorial Hospital . . through interpretation of the hospital to the public, through service to the hospital and its patients, and through fund-raising • • • Interpreting a hospital to the public had become a complicated process. Consequently the auxiliary pursued methods of education and sources of information. It became a charter member of Kansas Hospital Auxiliaries and joined the American Hospital Association. Delegates who were sent to state and regional meetings reported on their programs at the annual auxiliary meeting. Two members of the Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary served as state auxiliary officers and program coordinators for the 1962 Mid West Hospital Association's auxiliary meetings. Realizing the potential for a new kind of active and useful service to the hospital, the auxiliary established, in 1959, a group of volunteers; Their first assignment was to serve as receptionists in the, hospital out-patient clinic. These volunteers since have taken over the operation of t h e hospital's television rental service. They have served as registrars for the visiting tuberculosis X-ray unit and the county's polio vaccine clinic. Ransom Memorial volunteers also have taken part in state and regional conventions as hostesses and program participants. <u The money raised through the long - established "Penny - A Day Fund" has been used to purchase equipment and furnishings suggested to the auxiliary by the hospital's administrator. The 1950s and early 1960s have been years of change for the Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary. Through the transition, the auxiliary has endeavored to hold the interest and cooperation of early members while developing a foundation to accommodate even broader and more meaningful service to Ransom Memorial Hospital. Where early accomplishments had the lustre of tangible achievement, efforts dedicated to the intangible ideas of education and more effective physical service have attained a lasting glow. Smokers To Pay For Cancer Study By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer NEW YORK (AP)-In Iceland, cigarette smokers are raising a treasury for cancer education and research. A special tax of half a cent per pack has been levied, the money to go to the Icelandic Cancer Society. The society expects to reap about $50,000 a year, all above its current annual income of '$10,000 to $20,000, says Dr. Niels Dun- gal, society president. Part of the money raised when smokers smoke will go into a campaign to urge people, especially teen-agers, not to smoke. If this succeeds, th revenue from the cigarette tax will go down. Iceland apparently is the first country to earmark a tax on cigarettes for such purposes, Dungal said in an interview during a visit to the United States. The tax took effect Jan. 1. The society hopes to give regular smear tests for early detection of cancer of the cervix to all women aged 25 to 60 and to seek causes of stomach cancer. Dungal, professor of pathology at the University of Iceland, is among those who blame cigarette smoking as a cause of lung cancer, a position challenged by some others, including the tobacco industry. ! Study County Use Of Old Post Office By OVTO A. MARTIN AP Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP)-President Kennedy insisted today that the government must continue to help manage farm production. But in a major reversal aimed at 'Overcoming congressional opposition, he proposed voluntary instead of compulsory controls. In a special farm message to Congress, he attached no price tag to his proposals. But an administration spokesman estimated that new programs for feed grains milk and cotton would reduce annual federal farm costs between $300 million and $500 million a year. Farm aid programs have been costing about $3 billion a year. Under his new recommendations, Kennedy would have the government pay farmers to reduce production of existing surplus products—feed grains and milk. give the government power to set rigid production quotas and impose heavy penalties on over-producers. These programs would have required producer approval at referendums. Kennedy also recomended use of payments to solve a cotton marketing problem. Under the present cotton setup, foreign buyers get U.S. cotton at much lower prices than domestic users. Hence, the domestic users have been placed at a price disadvantage in textile markets and use of cotton at home has declined. The President would leave -untouched legislation enacted in 1938 authorizing mandatory production controls on cotton, rice, tobacco and peanuts. Likewise, he made no control proposals for livestock, poultry, fruits and vegetables- products now produced without any limitations. In the case of wheat, he threw the full weight of his office behind a new mandatory wheat control program to be submitted to a grower referendum in the spring. This plan is opposed by the influential American Farm Bureau Federation which wants less government in farming. The administration spokesman said the shift from compulsory to voluntary controls for feed grains and milk was dictated by the prospects that the new Congress, like the previous one, would reject rigid limitations. Other legislative recommendations submitted in the message included: Broadening of the Agriculture Department's program for training unemployed rural residents for nonfarm jobs and skills. Legislation authorizing extension of the food stamp plan on a nationwide basis. This plan, now on trial in a limited number of communities, provides low-income con- sumers with additional food purchasing power in the form of stamps redeemed by the government from regular stores. It would replace the long-employed direct surplus food distribution program. Last year he had urged, but without success, that Congress Authorization of additional funds to keep out of crop production land retired under the Eisenhower administration soil bank. Retirement contracts under the latter program are beginning to expire. The return of this land to crops could add to surpluses. Broaden the Agriculture Department's housing loan program to include nonfarm rural homes as well as farm homes. LOOK INSIDE FOR: GOVERNMENT - L e g i s- lature fusses over taxes and reapportionment. Pg. 11. Health — Excessive smoking isn't good for you, Dr. Molncr, Pg. 9. Recreation — A fisherman is supposed to grin, says Fisherman Harold Ensley, Pg. 2. Sports — Meet Baker University's new football coach, Pg. 2. Entertainment — Television highlights, Pg. 4. Education — Should a teacher shame a child? Ann Landers, Pg. 3. Reapportionment Legislature's Job TOPEKA (AP) - The Kansas Supreme Court announced today it will give the present Legislature time (o reapportion itself before ruling on a pending case. The per curiam opinion was on a case brought by four state newspapermen against Secretary of State Paul Shanahan seeking to force rcapportionment of the state Senate. The action had been upheld in Shawnee County District Court. In its opinion the Supreme Court specifically retained jurisdiction in the case, "If there is to be a judicial disruption of the present legisla- tive apportionment or of the methods or machinery for electing members of the Legislature it should not take place unless and until it can be shown that the 1963 Legislature has failed to perform its constitutional duty to reapportion," the opinion said. The opinion made direct reference to "the constitutional mandate to reapportion" the Legislature. "Over 15 years have passed since the Legislature has reapportioned the seats of the state Senate, but all the seats of the House of Representatives were reapportioned in 1961," it said. Bloodstained Stalingrad Lost In Shady Parks Of Volgograd A representative of the General Service Administration, R. M. James, Kansas City, Mo., and city and county officials yesterday discussed the possibility of turning over the present post office building to the local governments after it is vacated in midsummer. The Franklin County Commission has conferred with Congressional delegates to obtain the building for the offices of the department of social welfare, the health department and the agricultural extension council. The county leaders said Monday they would take the building, if it could be obtained without buying it. Sens. Frank Carlson and James B. Pearson and Congressman Robert Ellsworth are taking up the matter with the General .Service Administration and Department of Health, Edu cation and Welfare in Washington. The Ottawa Board of Education, and city and county commissions received letters from GSA some time ago, informing them of their priority rights in obtaining the old post office. The school board relinquished priority because the building was not accessible to schools and because the building did not seem a good place for a school in the busy downtown area. Also there would be no playground area. Don Capper, city clerk, said the city government told the GSA representative it had made no decision on the building since there is not sufficient funds to buy it The city would have to purchase the building at the appraised value if it were taken. The city has considered the building for a police headquarters. If the county would take the building, it possibly could be obtained for the minor 'costs of transfer, providing it would be used for the health department. The county commissioners said they may be required to sign a contract to maintain the building for 20 years if it is obtained for health and welfare offices. Under such a contract the building would have to be kept up for the purpose it was obtained. The present post office at the 2nd-Hickory corner will be vacated in mid-summer when postal operations move to a new building in the 400 block on Hickory Street. Mail Rate Hike Felt At Herald Effective Feb. 1, the mail subscription rate of The Ottawa Herald will be increased from $7 to $9 per year. The Herald has absorbed mail rate increases of the past years but finds now it must pass along to its subscribers the one which became effective early this month. The increase will be charged only as subscriptions become due. EDITOR'S NOTE-Eddy Gil more has returned to the Sovie Union, to see some of the areas he covered as a Pulitzer Prize correspondent, in the years 1941 53. This is the first of a series of dispatches the AP correspondent will file from time to time. Subsequent stories will tell how the Soviet Union looks 10 years after Stalin's death. By EDDY GILMORE STALINGRAD, now Volgograd, U.S.S.R. (AP)—Twenty years ago today, weary, frostbitten and half starved units of Hitler's once unbeatable army surrendered in the bloodstained rum's of Stalingrad The capitulation of the once proud Wehrmacht was a great turning point in the most terrible war in history. For Germany, the battle of Stalingrad was perhaps its gravest defeat ever. For the Soviet army, it was the supreme victory. For a large part of the Free World—staggered by an almost unbroken series of Nazi and Japanese victories—it was the moment when Allied victory became more than a hopeful dream. Twenty years ago this correspondent—with a few other newsmen stationed in the Soviet Union —slogged through the snow to a small wooden house. Within that house, in understandable dejection, sat Friedrich von Paulus. A tall, gaunt soldier of the old German army, Von Paulus had commanded Hitler's broken legions, encircled in a temperature of 37 below zero at Stalingrad. Only a matter of hours before Von Paulus gave up, Hitler made him a field marshal and added, in what must be one of the most hopeless and desperate messages of war. "Never in history has a German field marshal surrendered." Neither this nor his elevation to field marshal rallied Von Paulus. With Soviet artillery pounding the German positions and disaster as apparent as the Soviet winter- Von Paulus had turned to his chief Asks More Talk On Zoning Issue The question of rezoning an area on South Main Street from general business classification to apartment use classification is going to be discussed more fully before action is taken by the city officials, it was announced last night at the city commission meeting. The area in question is the west side of Main Street from 13th to 15th Streets, extending west to the Santa Ft railroad right-of-way. Last night several of the property owners of the area attended the meeting to protest against the change in zoning. With the group was Attorney Tom Gleason, who spoke for the property owners. After hearing Attorney Gleason, Mayor Charles Williamson said he would like to meet with he property owners and with the banning commission so the ques- ion can be discussed by all concerned at the same time. The meeting is set for Tuesday evening, Feb. 5, at the city hall. Gleason stated that the property owners feel the area is a proper one for a business, or shopping district, and that it should not be re-zoned for apartment use. since it has been business-zoned for several years, and since some of the property owners have made efforts to develop it into a business or shopping area. He pointed oul what he callet an inconsistency in the fact tha property at 9th and Main ha been zoned for business, but jus four or five blocks south of (ha point the city officials are talk ing of removing an area from business zoning. He also stated that he is in formed the planning commission did not inform the city official of a protest petition that hac been submitted to the planning ;roup by property owners of the area. of staff, Maj. Gen. Schmidt, and asked: "What shall de do now?" "In God's name," replied Schmidt, "send for the Russians." He did and surrendered. By Feb. 2, the last German soldier had surrendered at Stalingrad. I can't remember the exact date, but it must have been just, after this that soldiers of Soviet Gen. Chuikov, one of the victors of Stalingrad, led us to Von Paulus' wooden house. After six or eight minutes, the door opened. Still in his uniform, Von Paulus stiffly walked forward a few paces. The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - Partly cloudy skies and warming through tomorrow.. Lows tonight 15 to 20. Highs tomorrow 35 to 40. High temperature yesterday, 1»; low today, •8; high year ago today, 53; low year ago today, 22; record high this date, as in 1811; record low this date, 8 below zero In IBIS; hourly temperatures, 24 hours ending a a.m., today • a. m 10 » p. m ii }0 *• m n 10 p. m. ....'.'.\io "• m 12 11 p. m a 13 Midnight g Noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. * p. m. 5 p. m. 0 p. m. 7 p. m. 1 p. m, — is ....16 ....18 ....17 ....18 ....14 ....13 ....12 1 a. m. 2 3 4 5 m. m. m. m. m. m. m. Dari Treat Drive In Will Open 'Feb. 1. Adv . Over to one side of the house, an unending stream of German prisoners straggled silently down the short west bank of the Volga and across the ice and a timber bridge to prison camps. The field marshal gave his men a long, dismal look. Then his gaze slowly turned to us. One of us who spoke German began what we hoped would be an interview: "What is your name?" "Von Paulus," he replied in • flat voice utterly without emotion. "Why for so long did you refuse to surrender?" someone asked. At that the muscles in the field marshal's face tightened and his eyes narrowed, but he made no reply. Today, 20 years after, you hardly would know Stalingrad was a city in which the Germans lost over 132,000 men and where 123,000 were captured, a city in which men fought hand to hand, from building to building, from room to room. It has been rebuilt greatly and parks — welcome when the hot winds blow up from the south in summer — cover most of the city battlefield. An old apartment house and an old factory are preserved as na- .ional monuments to the battle that helped turn the tide of World War II. A year after his surrender, Von 3 aulu s figured as the chief name n a new Soviet-sponsored "Free Germany Committee." Many former German officers in it became prominent in organizing Communist East Germany. But Von Paulus apparently ipent most of his time in a camp near Moscow until 1953, when he returned to East Germany. He ied there of a stroke in February 957. In recent years articles in the ioviet press have built up Soviet- Vernier Khrushchev as the archi- ed of the victory at Stalingrad, n Khrushchev's de - Stabilization ampaign the city that was the cene of the great battle was rt> amed Volograd. CITIZEN OF YEAR - Don Woodward, 619 N. Cedarf manager of Ottawa Boys' Club Inc presents Danny Ledom, 14, son of Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Ledom, 214 S. Oak wiKauihters of Amencan Revolution Good Citizenship Award. Danny was chosen for award by oL d5b mem DAR ^ap J spSnsorS awarl Tauy's Toot To the farmers it must be nice to be asked for change. Prescriptions-Raney, CH 2-3091

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