The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 30, 1963 · Page 1
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 30, 1963
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OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 43 OTTAWA. KANSAS WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30,1963 7 CENTS PAGES We Pay For Defense So We Are The Boss Would Be Glad To Share Load WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara said today the United States does not want to dominate the North Atlantic Treaty Organization but will have to stay in the driver's seat as long as it carries so much of the Western defense load. "We would be happy to share more equitably the heavy burdens we now carry in the collective defense of the free world," McNamara said. "But as long as we do carry so great a share we cannot escape carrying a proportionately large share of the responsibility for leadership and direction." America's allies in Europe should be able to shoulder a bigger share of the burden than they have, he added. McNamara outlined U.S. hopes for the Atlantic Alliance in telling Congress about a five-year defense program designed to handle the Communist threat in situations ranging from guerrilla warfare to nuclear attack. In lengthy testimony to a closed-door session of the House Armed Services Committee, he estimated the fiscal 1964 spending for all the defense programs at $56 billion. The biggest share, $51 billion, is tagged for the military forces. In a wide-ranging summary of the present and future U.S. military position, he strongly hinted that the United States would send combat troops into South Viet Nam if the Communists launch an open attack from North Viet Nam. For the first time, he acknowledged the United States now has more than 11,000 military men in Viet Nam advising the native forces. McNamara told Con&gress that American strategic might is sufficient to absorb an enemy strike "and still destroy the Soviet Union." He said the United States will "retaliate in kind" to any main thrust of our efforts should be redirected to meet these rising threats," McNamara said in a discussion of U.S. air defenses. * * * If Russia Attacks: In Today's Herald Must insist on right to know, Editorial, Pg. 4. Loan repayments speak well of small farm, Pg. 6. Emphasis on management on the farm, Pg. 7. Bald men probably will stay that way, Dr. Molner, Pg. 4. No need to apologize if you have no children, Ann Landers, Pg. 5. County League teams win 4 out of 5 against outside competition, Pgs. 2 and 4. Retaliation In Kind Promised By Mac Russian nuclear attack, striking back at Soviet cities if American cities are hit. The defense secretary called for development "on an urgent basis" of a new missile to defend the United States against intercontinental ballistic missile attack. He sketched a radical new concept for organization and use of airborne infantrymen, one he said "would be particularly valuable for conflicts in areas outside of Europe." He said an increasing military strain on the Soviet economy might "tend to limit the size and help determine the character of the Soviet military program, at least over the next few years." He forecast that Red China will seek "to expand its own influence in the Communist camp and among the unaligned nations, resorting to armed aggression to satisfy its ambitions only where this can be done without a direct confrontation of U.S. military forces." "Our principal concern in the years ahead must be the dangers of an ICBM or submarine- launched missile attack, and the Carlson Speaker Instead Of HST INDEPENDENCE, Mo. (AP)Former President Harry S. Truman has cancelled a talk at the annual Mississippi Valley Ass. dinner scheduled in St. Louis Feb. 4. He is recovering from an operation. Sen. Frank Carlson, R-Kan., will speak instead. WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States will "retaliate in kind" to any Soviet nuclear attack-striking back at cities "in a controlled and deliberate way" if American cities are hit, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara said today. Thus McNamara coolly outlined for Congress how a flexible American "second strike force" plan would respond if the Soviet Union unleashed nuclear war on the United States. He said it could: 1. Hit the entire target system in Russia simultaneously. 2. Or, strike back first at missile and bomber bases and other military targets. 3. And "if necessary strike back at the Soviet urban and industrial complex in a controlled and deliberate way." McNamara, in testimony to the House Armed Services Committee, put it this way: By building into U.S. forces a flexible capability, "We at least eliminate the prospect mat we could strike back in only one way, namely, against the entire Soviet target system including their cities. Such a prospect would give the Soviet Union no incentive to withhold attack against our cities in a first strike. "We want to give them a better alternative. Whether they would accept it in the crisis of a global nuclear war, no one can say, Considering what is at stake& we believe it is worth the additional effort on our part to have this option." However, he had some cautionary words about a nuclear exchange. Even with an extensive missile defense system and a more elaborate civil defense program than any now planned, "casualties counted in the tens of millions' would come, he said. Although McNamara said his estimate is that U.S. strategic retal- atory forces—ICBMs, Polaris missile submarines and Strategic Air Command bombers—could destroy, as of now, the Soviet Union, lie qualified this at another point. If Russia achieved a "very large increase" in the number of ICBMs emplaced in strongly protected positions and in the numbers of atomic-powered, ballistic missile launching submarines, he said, it would compound the .US. problem. "Even if we were to double and triple our forces we would not be able to destroy quickly all or almost all of the hardened ICBM sites," he said. "In this area we are in better shape with respect to warning than to active defense," he said. "It is now generally agreed that the Nike-Zeus system currently being tested would not be effective against a sophisticated threat in the late 1960s or early 1970s." McNamara asked for a $246-million- authorization to press development of the Nike-X, an advanced antimissile missile which would have an improved radar system and a speedier rockel booster. He requested a total of $450 million for antimissile research and development work. "I believe that the matter of antimissile defense is so important that we must make every effort to develop an effective system, even if we cannot now make a decision to procure and deploy it," McNamara said. He called for an increase of 15,000 men in the Army's permanent personnel ceiling to "organize provisional units to test some new concepts." The additional strength would provide men to be organized into new air assault divisions, highly mobile units which would be assigned about 460 helicopters and Army airplanes. He said the Pentagon plans a substantial increase in procurement of Army aircraft, to in crease troop mobility and prepare for tests of the new units. KANSAS DAY BIRTHDAY - When "Grandpa" Ensley Platt was born Jan. 29, 1869, Kansas had been a state only eight years. He lived with a son at Richmond before coming to Crestview Nursing Home last August where Cub Scouts from Pack 74, Gar- field School, visited him yesterday, taking tray favors and singing songs. Cubs (from left) are Danny Dowdy, Steven Kloster, Bill Stauffer, Jerry Stark, Jimmy Bacon and Doug Smith. Den mothers are Mrs. George Stauffer and Mrs. John Bacon. (Herald Photo) Ottawan Aide Of Governor Attorney Robert A. Anderson of Ottawa is one of three men named by Gov. John Anderson to assist him during the present legislative session as legislative liaison representatives. Anderson, a member of the Board of Social Welfare, will assist with welfare legislation. The others are John Morse, head of the right-of-way department of the State Highway Cem- mission, and Bob Jennison, of Healey, a former speaker of the House. Jennison will become a full-time liaison man after Feb. 15. Tauy's Toot I suppose our chuckles, when Khrushchev gets it, will be rattling our coffin lids. Bomber Down With Six Aboard MORA, N.M. (AP) - An Air Force B52 jet bomber carrying six men crashed and burned in rugged mountain country this morning about 10 miles north of Mora, northeast of Santa Fe. There was at least one survivor. Lt. Col. Nicholas Horangic, an Air Force radar expert, parachuted to safety. He was reported in good condition at a Mora clinic. A spokesman at the clinic said Horangic had no information about the other crew members. The six-engine bomber, based at Walker Air Force Base near Roswell, N.M., was on a routine training mission. A federal Aviation Agency radar crew said it lost contact with the plane at about 5:10 a.m. The crew reported air turbulence in the area shortly before the aircraft disappeared. No nuclear materials were on the plane, the Air Force said. The wreckage was located about 10,000 feet up on a ridge on the Sangre de Cristo Mountain range. State police reported rescue units had reached the scene. Weather in the area was clear but there was heavy snow on the ground. No Sign Of 14 Men In Navy Plane Crash NEW YORK (AP)-A four-engine Navy plane with 14 persons aboard disappeared in the Atlantic today. Search planes sighted two life rafts but there was no report of any survivors seen. The plane went down about 230 miles southeast of New York. Search planes spotted the rafts, debris and a dye marker and continued to circle over the objects. The Coast Guard said it. had no report rafts. Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-3092 Adv Democrat Bill Proposes Full-Fledged Wichita U. TOPEKA (AP)-A bill to bring Wichita University into the state system of higher education as a "full • fledged state university," was introduced today in the Kansas House by a group of 16 Democrats. The bill proposes the new institution be called the University of Southern Kansas at Wichita. Rep. Joseph Mikesic, Democratic floor leader who headed the list of sponsors, said the bill provides a means for bringing Wichita U. into the stale system with a final vote up to the people of Wichita. "It is introduced in keeping with the pledge of the Democratic party platform," said Mikesic. "This session of the Legislature is in its fourth week, with still no move by the majority party to solve this problem in the field of higher education. We Democrats feel the issue should be delayed no longer. Its importance entitles it to a full and open discussion now." Mikesic said Wichita is entitled to all the benefits of a full- fledged state university. He noted Wichita is the largest city in the state and said such a university would serve fully one-third of the state's population. "If this bill does not meet with the approval of the Republican power in this Legislature," the Democrats said, "then we promise our support to any sound proposal the majority may come up with, if it is fair to all concerned —particularly the young students most directly affected and the thousands to follow in the years to come." The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - A lit- tie moderation Thursday. Otherwise considerable cloudiness and continued rather cold through Thursday, with scattered brief snow flurries. Low tonight 5 to 10. High Thursday in 20s. KANSAS FORECAST - Clear to partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Colder southeast tonight. A little warmer west and north Thursday. Low tonight 0 to 10 above. High Thursday 15 to 25. High temperature yesterday, 26; low today, 10; high year ago today, 44; low year ngo today, 31; record high this date, 67 in 1931; record low this date, 13 below zero In 1949; hourly temperatures. 24 hours ending 8 a.m., today: a. m. 10 a. m. 11 a. m. Noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m, 3 p. m. 4 p. m. & p. in. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. ..19 ..21 ..22 ..23 ..24 ..24 ..25 ..23 ..20 ..19 ..18 ..17 9 p. m. 10 p. m. 11 p. m. Midnight 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. ..i .16 .16 15 .14 .13 .12 4 a. m 12 5 a. m. 6 a. m, 7 a. m. 8 a. m. .11 ..11 ..10 ..10 Meredith Is Going Back For More JACKSON, Miss. (AP)-James H. Meredith said today he plans to enroll for the spring semester at the University of Mississippi. The 29-year-old Negro, the first —and "still the only—person of his race ever knowingly admitted as a student at the university, made his announcement to newsmen here. "The Negro is not going," he told his news conference. "I, James U. Meredith, am going." Meredith said in a statement he had "pondered the question for several days" and had taken into consideration the feelings of people in' this country and throughout the world. "I weighed this against my own personal position," he said. Meredith arrived at the news conference in the Negro Masonic Temple smiling and dressed in a dark suit and tie. He said he had decided to make his decision known at a news conference because newsmen had requested they get sufficient notice "so they could be present if they desired." He added: "It is a great tragedy for America that it is a big news item whether or not a student will attend a university" he said. minutes late getting under way because a secretary who was to mimeograph Meredith's formal statement was absent. Meredith said he planned to register Thursday or Friday. Asked about his grades — reportedly low enough in some subjects to give him academic trouble—Meredith said he considered the matter to be a personal one. The news conference was 20 But he added that he had re- ceived notice he "was eligible for readmission in good standing." He was asked if the peacefu acceptance of Harvey Gantt, a Negro, at Clcmson had any effect on his decision to return. "It was certainly an item thai I considered," he said. Meredith told newsmen he hac talked with U.S. Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, but didn't go into detail about their conversation. of anyone being in the The Coast Guard at first reported survivors had been seen, but later said only the rafts, debris and marker were sighted. Search planes hovered over the area while the Coast Guard cutter Absecon and two Navy destroyers converged toward the scene. The Absecon, which had been on patrol, was expected to reach the. site by about noon (EST). The PSA Orion, out of Patuxent River (Md.) Naval Air Station, was last heard from at 2:48 a.m. when it made radio contact with Patuxent. At that time the plane was 225 miles southeast of New York City. The plane, engaged in a training exercise, was scheduled to return to Patuxent at 5 a.m. A naval spokesman said the plane's fuel would have been exhausted at 9:30 a.m. An extensive search began shortly after 5 a.m. Nine Perish In Plane Crash At Kansas City KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) - A sleek prop-jet airliner, coming in 'or a landing at Kansas City Municipal Airport, crashed into a dike at the end of a runway Tuesday night, killing sons aboard. all eight per- The four-engine Continental Air- ines Viscount had seats for 59 Jassengers but carried only five. All that was left was a mat. of angled wreckage that burned 'iercely for 20 minutes. Dead, in addition to the five jassengers, were the three crew members. All eight bodies were recovered. The victims included: Capt. Joseph William Smith, 46, Dallas Tex., the pilot. First officer S. Clark George, 34, Dallas. Hostess Ann Lewis, 26, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Lewis, Abilene, Tex. Passengers: Mary Ann Stewart, 21, Kansas City. Miss Stewart was on the public: relations staff of the People to People program. Her parents live in Wichita Falls, Tex. Mrs. Elmer Russell, 70, Kansas City, Kan. Her son, Richard, 32, Kansas City Kan. E.N, Johnson, Chicago Heights, Dl. Nathan E. Garber, St. Louis. R. 0. Zicgler, assistant chief of air traffic for the Federal Aviation Agency here, said plane Flight 290 from Midland, Tex., approached from north to south toward the business district, just across the Missouri River from the airport. "It made a normal approach until about 50 feet above the north end of the runway," Ziegler said, "at that time it appeared to level off and climb slightly. It proceeded over the runway until it reached the south end of the field, when the nose appeared to drop sharply and the aircraft dis» appeared from view behind the dike." Witnesses said the craft hit an earthen bunker and bounced over a 9-foot wire fence. It skidded up the slope of the dike and catapulted into undergrowth 150 yards from the river. J. W. Matthews of Bonner Springs, Kan., said the plane was afire as it approached. Matthews was on duty as a railroad foreman near the airport. See Growing Sexual Problem On Campus By G. K. HODENFIELD AP Education Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Sexual intercourse before marriage is increasing on college campuses, a group of educators reported today. Writing in the scholarly Journal of the National Association of Women Deans and Counselors, the experts emphasized that it is not just a case of wild youth growing wilder. Rather, they said, it is a reflection of: Young people pursuing their educational goals against a background of international tension and social chaos. A society which preaches strict standards of sexual morality, but does not practice what it preaches. The disappearance of adult control at the late adolescent level. The arrival on campus of a late adolescent who is largely unprepared for and often incapable of managing the responsibility for biological and social maturity. The Journal, a monthly publication, devoted its entire January issue to "Student Sex Standards and Behavior: The Educator's Responsibility." Kate Hevner Mueller, professor of higher education at Indiana University and editor of the Journal, posed the problem this way "Crises are inevtable, soul- searching routine and confusion rampant, for sex behavior and sex ethics have become national problems, unacknowledged, unsavory, and unsolved." Lester A. Kirkendall, professor of family life at Oregon State University, said "30 years' experience in working very closely with young people concerning all kinds of sexual problems and experiences" has led him to assume that: "1. College youth are confused and uncertain concerning sex standards. "2. Much premarital sexual intercourse occurs among college level youth. 1 believe that the proportion of college youth engaging in premarital intercourse is increasing. 3. At the late adolescent level, adult control has practically disappeared. The actual decisions as to what sexual practices shall be followed are made by the youth in their own privacy and their own way. Control imposed by authoritative adults are a thing of the past. We may not like this, but it is a fact of life." Kirkendall said "parental super. vision at the college level is gone, chaperones serve primarily in ornamental function, and college rules can, at the most, hamptf and inconvenienot rather prevent" ••••

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