The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 28, 1963 · Page 17
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 17

Ottawa, Kansas
Issue Date:
Monday, January 28, 1963
Page 17
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THE OTTAWA HERALD *f Monday, Jan. 28, 1963. */ Triples Farm Acreage And Terraces Most Of It By DICK CRAWFORD Chuck and Edna Hamilton cited for their soil conservation in 1962, moved to their present farm in the fall of 1944. A few months later, in the spring of 1945, Hamilton began terracing his land. The farm originally was 80 acres, but Hamilton expanded to an adjoining 80 in 1953 and then another 80 in 1957. Now there are a total of 240 acres, and 75 per cent of the cropland is terraced. Hamilton built all the terraces on the first 80 and has completed about 40 per cent of all the work. Contractors did the rest. In 1960 the Hamiltons built a new, modern home with all the conveniences a modern home should have, including a garage EVERYTHING UP TO DATE - Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hamilton, Pomona RFD 2, 1962 Conservation Award winners, built new home in 1960 with garage in basement. (Herald Photo) How's Your Soil Fixed? (Continued From Page 5) available slowly, and, therefore, an acute potassium deficiency may exist even though the total quantity in the soil seemingly is sufficient for many crops. Certain clay-pan soils are known to have a striking ability to "lock-up" or render the potassium unavailable. The clay-pan soils of southeastern Kansas are of this nature. We may expect these soils to have a large quantity of their potassium so held. Aside from the fact that our clay-pan soils may be expected to be potash deficient, certain other pertinent facts regarding this element need be considered. The deficiency, if it does exist, will become apparent first in the production of such crops as alfalfa, corn, sweet clover, red clover and soybeans, inasmuch as they all have high requirements for this element. Many clay-p a n soils frequently have corn yields reduced by half, or perhpas rendered complete failures, due to potassium unavailabilty. Striking symptoms of potassium starvation easily can be observed on crops of alfalfa, clover, and soybeans in such localities. Corn and small grains will suffer most noticeably following these legume crops because it is at this point in the rotation that the supply of available potassium is the lowest and because of abundant available nitrogen the need for •uch is greatest. The lime elements, calcium and magnesium, are not likely to be deficient insofar as actual nutritional requirements o f plants are concerned. Nevertheless plants respond favorably to their application. Why? Additions of calcium and magnesium carbonates not only contribute to a higher base saturation of our soil colloids but also serve to correct soil acidity by displacing the undesired hydrogen ions held on the colloidal complex. This in turn takes hydrogen ions away from the soil solution When all is considered plant growth is facilitated because roots develop better in neutral and slightly acid soils than in the strongly acid ones. Legumes, ex- pecially the excellent conservation ones, are encouraged in this process of hydrogen ion displacement because legume (nodule) bacteria can not thrive when hydrogen ions are abundant. Sulfur may become a neglected dement in the future, but, presently, it does not seem to be in deficient supply in most of our Kansas soils. It would seem that the maintenance of much organic matter in the soil would be the best means of insuring its future •imply because sulfur is stored in organic form. Trace element deficiencies are not so general as are deficiencies of the fertilizer elements, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but certain ones sometimes make their deficiencies evident on plant growth. Boron deficienciei thow moit every year in southeastern Kansas on alfalfa. These are especially evident in dry years and on soils which have been heavily limed — possibly even overlimed. When this deficiency occurs, it may reduce yield of alfalfa by about one-quarter ton per acre. Molybdenum deficiency does not have to be apparent in order to affect yields. In good years, increases of as much as four bushels per acre of soybeans have been noted with the use of molybdenum as a seed treatment. This element is more likely to be deficient on acid soils than on those which have been well limed. Because of trace element sensitivity to soul pH, it is important to apply the lime element in proper supply — neither too little nor too much. If this is done, and if no other real unusual condition prevails, there should be no real problem with respect to availability of the other trace elements: iron, manganese, copper and zinc, in Eastern Kansas. Soil testing to determine lime needs is just as essential to guard against an over supply of such as it is to detect deficiencies. With due consideration of these problems of nutrient availability, soil conservation can, indeed, be promoted! in the basement. The garage is one feature both of them particularly like on these "frosty mornings." Hamilton terms alfalfa, silage crops and milk his top products. He raises some wheat. Holstein cattle are the main livestock on the farm. Hamilton milks 20 to 24 regularly. The crops he raises are fed to the livestock for the most part. All the conservation work that remains to be done is the planning. Hamilton said he began realizing the value of terracing within the past two years. Fertility has increased, crops yields are higher and the soil stays in the field, he said. Hamilton's have one daughter, one son and three granddaughters. Lists Gains In Conservation Forty-six new cooperators signed up with the Franklin County Soil Conservation District during 1962, it is reported by Irvin Ross, work unit conservationist. In other work in the department of planning future activities, 23 new basic farm plans were drawn up and 13 plans were revised during the year. Conservation practices carried The daughter is Mrs. Willard Ogle, 1034 S. Cedar. The Ogles' daughters are Penny, 3, Linda, 2, and Ten, 6 months old. The son Don, 13 is an eighth grader at Greenwood School. He is vice president of the Greenwood Rockets 4-H Club and a member of the Square Teens, a square dance group. All the Hamiltons are square dance fans. Mrs. Hamilton is president of the Ladies Aid Society and a member of the Grange and HDU. She lists crafts and square dancing as her favorite pastimes. Hamilton is a member of the Greenwood Township Board, serves on the cemetery board and is a Greenwood Baptist Church trustee. He likes fishing, hunting and "just about any sport." The Hamiltons have no qualms about their conservation work. It has paid in the past and will continue to pay in the future, according to them. out in the county during the year included: 359,035 feet of terraces; 32 stockwater ponds; 206 acres of grassed waterways; 15,382 feet of diversion construction; 31,620 feet of drainage ditches; j 527 acres of brush control; 835; acres of pasture planting; 3,- > 285 acres under conservation cropping system, and 1,768 acres of contour farming. Call Us for Anything From ROAD-MAKING to EXCAVATING We have the equipment to handle anything from the largest development to the smallest project, with the maximum speed at minimum cost. B. J. BRUMMEL CONSTRUCTION CO. Garnett, Ks. Phone 448-6614 Approved Soil Conservation Contractor Member of the Kansas Conservation Contractors Assn. SAVE Your SOIL.. And You'll Boost Your CROPS INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER SHELDON Truck & Tractor Co. Urge all their Friends and Patrons To Attend the SOIL CONSERVATION MEETING Machinery Prices Are Lower Than Ever BUY NOW! BLUE RIBBON Equipment • Tractors • Trucks • Hay Machinery • Tillage Equipment • Saws and Miscellaneous The Man to See In Your Town.. . Sheldon Truck & Tractor Company, your local International Harvester Dealer has been a working partner with the farmer for more than 24 years. They offer a full line of modern farm equipment and the power to operate it — for LIVE. That's his business, all kinds and sizes of farms, and for all the different jobs on those farms. you see, and you are invited to make use of his knowledge and experience. Let Sheldon Truck & You'll find too, that this Dealer is well versed in the best farming practices, IN Tractor hel P y° u decide THE AREA WHERE YOU what kind of equipment will serve you best, for the kind of work you want to do. Your International Harvester Dealer is equally well equipped to aid engineering contractors doing soil conservation work. Phone CH2-I463 heldon TRUCK AND 102 TRACTOR CO. s . Walnut NUZMAN LUMBER HEADQUARTERS For FARM BUILDING SUPPLIES Over 40 Years We've got what you need to build anything from shelters for livestock and poultry to storage for gram and equipment. We carry only the BEST quality Building Materials and our Prices are RIGHT. YOU HOLD IT IN YOUR HAND... Forest Conservation helps everyone... Your forests provide watershed protection, soil stabilization, recreation, and forage and habitat for wild life. Conserve your forests. Our Most Important Natural Resources •• Soil - Water - Forest Soil Conservation is of tremendous importance to j our Nation's economy and we urge all farmers to co- ' operate with their County Agent and Soil Conservation Service to do the best job possible in saving that valuable topsoil. Attend the 17th Annual Soil Conservation Meeting Wed., Jan 30th, Memorial Auditorium Our Reputation Was Built on Your Satisfaction! NUZMAN LUMBER 113 E. First CH2-I572

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