The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 28, 1963 · Page 16
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 16

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Monday, January 28, 1963
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Page 16
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IfttK OTfAtf A HERALD Monday, Jan. 28, 1963 Farm Legislation Outlook For 1963 (Continued from page 1, Sect. 1) mately $25.00 an acre instead of $15.00. In other words, the voluntary portion of the program would be more attractive and might in-duce greater acreage reduction Let me point out that unless the 11964 wheat program should be •amended there will be no pay- .ments for acres diveiled after '1965. • This is something the Secretary has not pointed out and a •point of vital interest to the farm- ! er who must plan for the future. : Between now and the referen- •dum, the farmer must decide .wheather to vote "yes" or "no." The American wheat farmer is .about to witness the biggest propaganda effort ever launched by the United States Department ;of Agriculture in an effort to sell 'the 1964 program to the farmers. : If the referendum should fail, lit would be a blow to the administration and to Freeman's ;supply - management program. 'While every farmer should be conversant with the terms of the 1964 program, he should closely scrutinize all statements made by those favoring the program and .those who oppose it. Farmers want and are entitled to the facts, however, I believe •that since the farmer must make .the choice, it is not the prerogative of the Secretary of Agriculture or any other administration official to become entangled in -the referendum. If the facts are .presented fairly I have no doubt •the farmer will make the proper ;choice. ' As indicated, a new cotton program will receive top priority in tour committee, and since there is little interest in cotton generally in Kansas, I did not go into the details, in fact details on the proposed program are not yet Available. The cotton program of;ten exceeds the cost of the •wheat program, and so it is with Hgreat interest that I look forward 'to cotton hearings before our full committee and observe the reaction of committee members who ^appeared to delight in making iwheat the "whipping boy" for all •farm legislation. • I call attention to the growing threat of the European common jmarket upon the export of agri- 'cultural products, particularly jwheat and feed grains. Without Iquestion, we will witness a ^shrinking market for U. S. farm jgoods unless something can be |done to keep the trade doors in [the common market countries op- Jen to our farm products. ." To state the problem very sim- •ply, the common market countries lot Germany, France, Italy, Bel- ijgium. the Netherlands and Luxen- tairg are building up tariff walls jaround the outside of the com- Jmon market and at the same •time tearing down the tariff walls ;|»etween their own countries. The net result is that they will ftrade freely with one another and less and less from the out- As an example, late this summer tariffs on our broilers in West Germany, which is our biggest outlet, jumped from 4.8 cents a pound to 13 cents on 30 cent birds. Fruit tariffs were hiked in the common market countries by 36 per cent, and in the Netherlands duties on grain jumped from $13.00 a ton to $40.00 a ton. The seriousness of the problem is clearly recognized by the Administration and by members of Congress of both parties. It seems now, in retrospect, that some of us who voiced opposition to certain aspects of the Administration's "Trade Expansion Act" because it failed to protect agricultural areas may have been justified. It is difficult for me to understand how Secretary Freeman can advocate tighter controls for American farmers while at the same time advocating more liberal trade policies with common market and other foreign countries. The Republican members of the Agriculture Committee will soon request that our committee chairman hold full and extensive hearings to determine not only the effect of the European common market on American agriculture, and what legislative steps should be taken to protect the interests of the American farmer. I think, too, that the cost of agricultural programs is becoming more and more of a factor, and while President Kennedy indicated agricultural costs would be less in fiscal 1964 by 1.1 bil- lion dollars from 1963, this seems most unlikely. The President indicated in his 1964 budget that agricultural program costs in 1963 were approximately 5.8 billion, however it now appears that total 1963 costs will be in the neighborhood of 6.8 billion. It is, therefore, a source of discouragement to many members of Congress of both parties to learn that Secretary Freeman has requested authority to increase the number of full time employees in the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service from 2915 in 1962 to 7669 by 1964. To more than double the number of permanent positions in the ASCS in a two year period is clearly indicative not only of the j complexity of Mr. Freeman's pro' grams, but of his intent to load | the USDA payroll with those who will "sell" any program he might advocate. It can be hoped that Congress will act responsibly in the interest of the taxpayer and the farmer in this instance. I continue to be amazed by the fact that each year we have fewer farmers and fewer acres in production, yet we add thousands to the federal payroll. This is but one example of how any bureaucracy grows and grows without limitation, and in my humble opinion Congress must face up to its responsibility with quick, decisive action, for this trend must be stopped now or never. Congratulations To the Farmers who have done so much in recent years to Conserve Soil! Franklin County Farmers . . . Attend the 17th Annual Soil Conservation meeting in Ottawa — Wednesday, Jan. 30, then visit and shop our VETERINARY DEPARTMENT -- FEATURING GLOBE and FRANKLIN Products RANEY REXALL DRUG L Downtown Ottawa PRESCRIPTION DRUGGISTS Ph. CH 2-3092 Pattern for Conservation Farming... The aerial view shows the new look in conservation farming for much of Franklin County. Through a proper combination of grassed waterways, terraces, contour farming and crop rotations this farmer is keeping his soil and water at home where it belongs. Good Conservation Pays Off . . . ask the man who has carried out these practices, he knows! And so do we! WILLIS NURSERY CO. Ottawa, Kansas Soil Needs Lime To Support Cover This article dealing with the value of lime to Kansas soil, was written especially for The Herald's Conservation Edition by Howard Wilkins, Extension crops and soils specialist, Kansas State University, Manhattan—The Editor By HOWARD WILKINS The use of a cover crop, whether it be a grass or legume, depends on the success establishing and maintaining a stand. A soil that has been properly limed will support a cover that is desired. Northeast Kansas is blessed with mumerous lime processing plants, so lime is available to those who desire agriculture lime. Soil tests in the past have shown that a large per cent of the farms could benefit by the use of lime. Agriculture lime serves two main purposes when applied to the soil. These purposes are: 1. Lime neutralizes excess ,soil acidity and creates a soil environment which favors the best availability of other essentials plant food nutrients. 2. Lime stone supplies calcium and magnesium, which are two essential plant food nutrients and are necessary for the health and vigor of plants. • There are other benefits due to lime that occur, but are hard to measure. Lime helps to liberate other plant food nutrients and increases efficiency of applied fertilizer. The use of lime is essential in legume production because it stimulates the nitrogen fixing bacteria on the roots of the legume. Many of our legumes need lime in order to maintain their stand and produce adequately. The Kansas Lime Producers Assn. stands ready to deliver lime to any farmer in the state of Kansas. Trucks are available and will spread the limestone on your fields. Generally speaking, limestone should be applied prior to the seeding of a legume. Legume tends to, show the greatest and most dramatic response to lime. Other crops respond to lime, but their response is not always I For Fast Results t, ^READandUSE IE WANT ADS ,- REGULARLY! CH 2-4700 as dramatic as in the case of legumes. If possible, lime should be applied on dry plowed ground. Subsequently, tillage operations insure thorough mixing of the lime with the soil. If a spring seeding of alfalfa is contemplated, be sure (o (est the soil in order to know whether lime should be applied. The Herald pays S5 every week for the best news tip turned in by a reader. Robert W. S nod grass All Types of Soil Conservation Work Approved Soil Conservation Contractor 832 North Main, Ottawa ITS run CHOIC A thriving farm ... or a barren one? Much of the answer depends on what you do now about soil conservation ... with tested techniques to keep erosion from draining farm productivity. • ^ Contour plowing for sloping land} drainage for wot land; crop rotation to pr«vt>nt coll depletion... these and other methods can help you conserve/ maintain/ Improve your land. Livestock is an important key to soil rebuilding. . .more profitable farming. BETTER SOIL BETTER PASTURE BETTER MILK We Congratulate The following award winning farmers for their part in Soil Conservation Work. Mr. and Mrs. William Rice, Rt. 2, Ottawa, Ks. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hamilton, Pomona, Ks. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Me Mi lien. Wellsville, Ks. Attend the 17th annual Soil Conservation Meeting Wed., Jan. 30, Memorial Auditorium The BENNETT CREAMERY Co Ottawa, Kansas "Makers of Better Dairy Products" For Over 58 Years CH2-I7I6'

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