Hutchinson News Friday, Oct. 1, 1971 Page 3 Local Sales Tax Wouldn't Help Some Towns, Says Economist By JEANETTE JACKSON Education is the "big fish among the little fish" gulping tax dollars. It is the largest consumer of state and local taxes, says B. L. Fl'mchbaugh, Kansas State Univerity economist. He outlined Kansas tax problems and possible alternatives in an educational seminar to 50 Extension people from 14 counties Thursday at the Hilton Inn. Mostly Property Taxes Approximately 65 per cent of the total cost for elementary and secondary education in the state is financed by local property taxes, with the balance picked up by state and federal governments. Thirty per cent of education's cost is paid by the state out of its general operating fund, financed primarily by sales and income taxes levied by the state. The remaining five per cent is covered by federal funds. Although controversy surrounds the Kansas tax problem, Flinchbaugh told the group the real tax question is: "How do we finance public schools?" Three Alternatives He outlined three alternatives, but refused to offer any as an answer or as a preferred course, saying he believed people should get the facts and decide the issue for themselves. The first alternative is to do nothing, letting the situation stand as it is with consequences continuing to be identical to those over the last several years. The second would be to decrease property taxes, as advocated by farm organizations and taxpayer leagues, and increasing other taxes. This would mean major changes would have to be made in state sales and income taxes. The last alternative is to put more emphasis upon revenues from property taxes and less upon revenues from non-property sources. An alternative calling for more property taxes isn't likely to find much support among Kansas property owners, he noted. No Fair Tax Earlier in the day, Flinchbaugh told the group that there was no such thing as a fair, just, equitable or desirable tax as far as all the people are concerned. The Kansas tax problem is simple: If some one else's taxes are lowered, yours will have to be raised in order to keep present services going, he said. "The tax issue is not a rural- urban issue as some people claim," he said. "The issue concerns all the people in Kansas, and Farm Bureau and labor are not going to get their way." During the morning Dr. Flinchbaugh gave background to listeners on tax and economic changes in the United States. Much of the controversy concerning Kansas taxes centers about property taxes, he said in the afternoon. One of the an swers offered has been the property tax lid. "In 1968, the good governor came along with his tax lid.'' Flinchbaugh said. "It has worked. It has kept property taxes down, but along with the lid came the authority for local governments to call a referendum for a half to lucent sales tax at the local level." Only three Kansas cities have been able to pass a local sales tax — Manhattan, Lawrence, and Topeka. Voters have rejected it in other towns. And for some small communities, a local sales tax would offer little improvement in their financial structure, he said. The tax lid was achieved, he said, because rural people wanted a property tax lid and large urban centers wanted a sales tax, so they cooperated to get it passed. They'll Go Elsewhere People will drive to another town to buy a new car if they can save money by not buying it in a community that has a local sales tax, Flinchbaugh said. While a local sales tax would help cities that are shopping centers for other areas —such as Hutchinson, Dodge City, and Wichita — the sales tax doesn't help reduce property taxes for counties like Stafford. If a 10 per cent property tax cut had been made last year, Sedgwick County could have raised the needed taxes through less than a cent sales tax. Reno County could have achieved it on a one cent sales tax, but small counties like Stafford, would have had to levy a 3.77 cents sales tax to raise t h e same amount of revenue, he explained. Big Difference To raise the loss in property taxes through a boost on income taxes, Stafford County would have had to go to a 3.4 per cent tax, compared with Sedgwick County, which could do the same with a 1.6 per cent income tax. The increase would be in addition to present taxes. To cut property taxes in half, as advocated by some Kansas groups, Stafford County would have to levy a 20 per cent sales tax to make up the same revenue previously brought in by property taxes. This would be on top of the current three per cent state sales tax. On the state level, property tax cuts of 10 per cent would mean the state would have to find $49 million elsewhere to pay for education or spend less on it. This could be raised by a one cent sales tax increase, boosting present sales taxes to four cents. A 50 per cent property tax reduction made up by the state would call for a nickel increase — to an eight-cent sales tax. "People could do away with prpperty taxes entirely and get the needed money by requiring a 13 cents sales tax, but you won't find politicians getting elected on that ticket," he exclaimed, drawing general laughter from his audience. ews Briefs Aims at Monopolies NEW YORK (AP) - Sen. Fred R. Harris, D-Oklahoma, candidate for the Democratic party's presidential nomination, said Thursday a major aim in his campaign was to break up business monopolies for the benefit of the consumer. Harris held a news conference outside the eastern headquarters of General Motors, one of his target firms. He said he introduced a bill in Washington Thursday morning to authorize the Justice department to file antitrust suits to break up "shared monopolies" — where four or fewer firms control 70 per cent or more of the sales. • • • To Get Subsidy WASHINGTON. (AP) — For the first lime since France helped it win the American revolution of 1776, the United States is to get a direct subsidy from a foreign government. Negotiations are moving toward cash payment by West Germany to help support U.S. troops there. Hays Enrollment Off HAYS, Kan. (AP) - Fall enrollment at Fort Hays State College was 5,246 Registrar James V. Kellerman reported Thursday. The figure is a slight drop from the 5,442 students enrolled last year. March Halted SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (AP) — Police turned back 100 white youths marching on city hall Thursday in this city beset by a week of clashes involving blacks and whites and youths of French and Spanish extraction. Prison is Calm LANSING, Kan. (AP) - The warden's office at the Kansas State Penitentiary reported Thursday the situation at the prison continues "under reasonably good control." Plane Fired Upon WASHINGTON (AP) - The Pentagon reported Thursday that a Soviet warship fired on a U.S. Navy patrol plane Tuesday in the Sea of Japan. The commander of the 7th Fleet patrol force, the Pentagon said, reported that "the firings were not considered by him to be hostile and that the plane was not endangered." • • • Pope, Lobby Clash VATICAN CITY (AP) - The Third World Synod of Bishops opened Thursday with a clash between Pope Paul VI and a well-organized lobby of priests and laymen seeking radical change in the Roman Catholic Church. Pact is Signed WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of State William P. Rogers and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko signed two disarmament side agreements Thursday and promised anew that the big powers will strive for a major accord to curb their missile systems. Dodge City Priest Returns Draft Card By EVELYN STEIMEL DODGE CITY - Fr. Cletus G. Stein, 30, associate pastor of Sacred Heart Cathedral here, returned his draft card to the Meade County Selective Service board Thursday. He called upon all other ministers to do the same. Fr. Stein said he did it because he believes the Vietnam War is immoral and that "no minister can truly call himself Christian if he does not have to deal with the draft as do his other fellow Christians and citizens. The card carried the 4-D qualification granted to ministers and divinity students which exempts them from military service. Stein indicated his willingness to face whatever consequences his act causes, but acknowledged there are likely to be none. "I know that in other parts of the country there have been other ministers and priests who have turned in their cards, and nothing has happened," he said. "But here in the Midwest we have taken no stand and I think it is time." A spokesman for the Dodge City draft board said as long as a priest continues his practice, he still has the deferment, whether or not he has a draft card. Nevertheless, the move was one that Fr. Stein, who is called Jerry by his family and friends, has contemplated seri ously for the past six months following much study of the war, and letters on his thoughts regarding the Vietnam conflict to congressmen, government officials and the public. The letters relayed his opinion that silent acceptance of the Vietnam situation was in conflict with his conscience as a priest, and continued acceptance would mean that "I am responsible before God for all this killing and destruction and suppression." The letter stated that in the past eight years this nation has done "a great amount of harm" to people here and abroad, while pronouncing it good. Fr. Stein referred to substantial material gifts to many foreign countries in the form of military equipment, while providing only token rights" here. He also said he believed Vietnamization was a clever deception, in that while American causalities are reduced while greater numbers of Vietnamese are dying by ground fire and bombing raids. "Finally, our nation, contrary to its own traditions and principles, not to mention those of Christ, has become thoroughly militaristic," he wrote. "I love my country and its people very much, and it is for that very reason that I have suffered through such an important decision. . ." The thin-faced young cleric, who wears his hair slightly longer now than in his ordination picture, was ordained in Rome in 1966. He was reared in Ashland, where his mother and two sisters still live. "I guess I have wanted to be a priest most of my life," he says. "I went to a Catholic high school in Oklahoma, and I guess that was the beginning of the broadening of my education. At Denver in the seminary I met many young men from all over the country, and the four years at the Gregorian University in Rome was an education in that one met people from every country in the world. Father Stein, upon returning to his own country, was impressed at the attitude of his Fr. Cletus G. Stein brothers, both of whom have won classification as conscientious objectors. "My brothers had a very difficult time, both in wrestling with their consciences, and in taking a brave stand and in winning the classification. It made me see how simple it was for me to ignore the war. I oould see how unfair it was," he said. Counseling other young men, visiting with several who had felt they had to go AWOL, strengthened his feelings about the injustices of the war and of the draft system. He joined the Catholic Peace Fellowship, subscribed to its points, and in April he went to Washington to be a part of the large demonstration that i n- cluded 400,000 people from all over the country, including government workers and servicemen. (This was not the later May Day disruption that resulted in mass arrests at the Capital.) "Before mailing the draft card to Meade, I checked with my superiors," said Stein, "and generally they were pretty sympathetic. They were willing for me to make my own decision." Garden Citian Found Guilty GARDEN CITY - Gladys (Big Mamma) Tillis, 64, G a r- den City, was found guilty of perjury Thursday in Finney County district court. Jury deliberation lasted 55 minutes on the charge that Mrs. Tillis gave false testimony at the May first-degree murder trial of Jimmie DeLu na. Defense attorney D u a n e West said he would file a motion for a new trial on Oct. 11. Judge L. L. Morgan, Ulysses, said he would hear the motion Oct. 20. Mrs. Tillis is free on her original bond of $2,500. As she left the courtroom with friends and family, she commented, "Well, at least I'm not going upstairs," referring to the jail on the floor above the courtroom. Judge Morgan, ordered a pre- sentencing investigation be made. Perjury is a class C felony with a minimum sentence of 1 to 5 years and a maximum of 20. A fine up to $10,000 may be assessed. ACCK Colleges Lauded; Cited as 'Clean Industry By MARY ANNE CRABB Value of the private colleges to the mid - Kansas economy was stressed Thursday at a Wichita meeting of representatives of the Associated C o 1- Ieges of Central Kansas and the news media. The six colleges of the association have a student body this fall of 3,200 and a combined faculty and staff of 620, according to ACCK reports. Payrolls total nearly $5 million yearly. "Our operating budgets will total $10 million this year," said Roy Just, president of Tabor College, Hillsboro, and chairman of the ACCK executive committee. "Almost half of this is money brought into Kansas by out-of-state student tuition, gifts and federal funds." The six colleges are Bethany, McPherson, Sterling, Tabor, Bethel and Kansas Wesleyan. Community representatives attending the meeting included Mayor Harold Wiebe, Hillsboro; Mayor Hugo Lindahl, Lindsborg; Mayor Kenneth Swanson, McPherson; Brad Wells, North Newton; Ralph Teen Pinned Bv Tractor GREAT BEND - A Great Bend teenager escaped serious injury Thursday night in a harrowing accident north of town. Charles Drescher, 15, was pinned for four hours with his leg caught under the wheel of an overturned garden tractor on a creek bank. The boy was being treated for a bruise of the leg and minor burns from spilled gasoline late Thursday night at the Central Kansas Medical Center. Alarmed when their son had been missing home for a while, the boy's parents called t h e Barton County sheriff's office to report a missing person. When they noticed their garden tractor also was missing, the parents started searching their property and discovered the accident. Extend Poverty Plan WASHINGTON (AP) - The House extended the antipoverty program for two more years Thursday night, adding to it a massive new child development program. Sues Dodge Mortuary WICHITA — A Dodge City funeral home is being sued by a California man for alleged beating and detainment against his will after paying respects to the relative of a friend. In a suit filed this week in U. S. district court here, Gene Marin, Bakersfield, Calif., seeks $35,000 in damages from the Barber - Dunsford Funeral Home. Mr. and Mrs. James Barber, funeral home proprietors, are listed as defendants. Marin alleges he was assaulted, beaten, strangled, bruised and cut "without cause or provocation" March 8 during an alleged argument which developed over release of personal property of the deceased relative. Marin said the defendants "unlawfully, forcibly and maliciously imprisoned and restrained" him in the funeral home against his will by "locking or pretending to lock the front door" of the funeral home. Don Smith, Dodge City, attorney for the defendants, said the defendants "categorically deny anything like that h a p- pened. There's no question about it." Wilson, Sterling; and Sherwood Parks, Salina. Just referred to the colleges as a "clean industry" of sizable importance. "A new survey by the American Council on Education shows that the average student spends $85 each month on personal items beyond his room and board. Applied to our 3,200 students, this amounts to more than a quarter of a million dollars each of the nine months they are on our campus. That's about $2.5 million each year going into the mid - Kansas economy." 50-50 Chance The tuition grant program under consideration by the Kansas Legislature is thought to have about a 50-50 chance in the next session. If enacted, the bill would provide a sum of money paid by the state toward a student's tuition at the private college of his choice. A student would have to prove financial need to obtain a grant. An ACCK representative said many public colleges and universities have more students this fall than can be accommodated, while most private colleges have places which are unfilled, creating an uneconomical situation and, in some cases, deficits. Higher Part Paid A student at a public college or university pays about 25 to 30 per cent of the cost of his education, and taxes pay the balance. A student at a private college pays about 70 per cent of the cost of his education, and! gifts to the colleges from p r i- vate sources make up the dif -i ference. I FIRE - BREATHING FLOAT? — With homecoming at Hutchinson Community College rolling around Friday, Scott McCoy, 1725 West 4th (left), and Mike Hauschild, HOC students, appraise their work on a paper dragon that will be painted blue and (News Photo by Linda Shipley) pulled down Main Street in a parade at 10 a.m. Friday. The dragon will feature eyes made of horse trailer lights. The HOC Blue Dragons meet the Ft. Scott Greyhounds on the Gowans Stadium gridiron at 8 p.m. Panel Seeks New Plan on School Aid TOPEKA. Kan. (AP) — A special legislative committee on school finance agreed Thursday to try to develop a new plan of state school aid. Members indicated such a plan would be a major departure from the present state finance program, both in the formula for distributing the money and in the amount of money involved. While the committee did not draw up any specific bill, two members submitted plans they had developed on their own. Estimates were that the proposals by Rep. John Bower, R- McLouth, and Sen. Robert Bennett, R-Prairie Village, could mean up to $50 million or more per year in additional state aid. Under the present, program of state foundation and supplemental aid, the total money going to schools this school year is estimated at $105.7 million. No Leadership A majority of the members on the committee took the position there is no leadership with regard to school finance from any other source, and that an education committee, in good conscience, should propose a recommended financing program. Earlier, the committee chairman, Sen. Joseph C. Harder, R- Moundridge, noted the committee was considering proposals to hike school aid. He said the committee would have to decide whether the legislature is in a mood to provide significantly greater aid. Oct. 16 Is Newsboy Day WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon Thursday proclaimed Oct. 16 National Newspaper Boy Day and said that without newsboys "freedom of the press would be more an ideal than a reality." "Since the newpaper boy is the actual link between publisher and reader," the proclamation said, "he gives practical expression to this basic American right." While his document was couched in masculine terms, one of the callers was a 13- year-old "newspaper boy" for the Washington Star, who is a girl. Gretchen McHale presented the chief executive a door knocker pin, an award that goes to outstanding youngsters who get the papers to the readers at home. Nixon accepted it with an expression of delight. But he was equally delighted with 12-year-old Jimmy French of the Philadelphia Daily News who looked up at Nixon earnestly and told him, "I've been an admirer of yours for a long time." Coroner's Jury Finds Pair Caused Fatal Blows to Boy SALINA — A coroner's jury i ruled here Thursday afternoon that a former South Hutchinson woman's son died from blows to the head "caused feloniously by Kevin Hall or Joy Boardman, or both." Saline County Attorney Bill Crews said he would file charges of negligent homicide against both Friday morning. Mrs. Boardman moved with her two-year-old son, Edward M. Bianucci Jr., to South Hutchinson in June from California. The child was pronounced dead on arrival at a Salina hospital at midnight Saturday. Hall, 18, who lives with Mrs. Boardman in a Salina apartment, was taking care of the boy while Mrs. Boardman was working. Thursday's inquest featured 5'/ J hours of testimony and a walkout by the court reporter, John Apt, who repeatedly warned Hall several times to talk more slowly on the stand. Finally Apt got up and walk ed out, saying he couldn 't take any more. After a brief recess the inquest resumed and Hall slowed down. Hall testified he left the boy in the bathtub while he was in the living room reading. He said he had just taken Mrs. Boardman to work. He said that when he went to check on Edward about five minutes later, he found the boy slumped with his face partway in the water. Was 'Hysterical' He said he was "hysterical" but gave the boy mouth-to-mouth resuscitation before calling an ambulance. Pathologist C. J. Weber, Salina, testified that there was little fluid in Edward's lungs, ruling out drowning. Weber said the boy had numerous bruises on top of his head which he estimated occurred less than six hours before death. Weber said a blow on the head stopped the respiratory center of Edward's brain. Hall admitted on the stand that he had been charged with felonious child beating of Edward last April 20 in San Francisco. The charges were filed by Edward's grandmother, Mrs. Mary Boardman, San Francisco, who later dropped them. .He also admitted that h i s mother, Mrs. Frances Hall, 214 North Main, South Hutchinson, had complained of his t r e a t ment of the boy to Reno County Welfare authorities. Mrs. Hall testified that while Edward was visiting her home Sept. 21 he suffered a fainting spell, and that while he was visiting her home the day of his death, he was struck on the head with an electric guitar held by Hall. Edward's mother contended in her testimony that Edward had suffered several bruises on his head in the past week due to accidents, among them a fall in the bathtub and a mishap in which he hit his head on a car dashboard. K. C. Teens Captured After 'Keystone Cops 9 Scene KANSAS CITY (AP) — Police halted a looting and shooting spree by four teen-agers at a Kansas City residence by apprehending three of them and a search was under way Thursday for the fourth. No one was injured in the caper, which at times became reminescent of the old Keystone Cops movies, with the youths on the losing end. Sgt. John Cowdrey of the police robbery unit said the armed youths surprised Curtis E. Kenyon, 39, as he was loading his car in his garage with supplies for his vending machines. Brandishing pistols, the four teen-agers ordered Kenyon into the basement and bound him. They then went upstairs where they tied Mrs. Kenyon, then began ransacking the home. The quartet took the loot to the basement and carried it out to Mrs. Kenyon's car, which was parked in the driveway. It included two television sets, radio, rifles, jewelry, money and other items. But after taking the last load, the automatic garage door suddenly slammed shut. Unable to get in the house, the four then drove off in Mrs. Kenyon's car, despite the fact that none of them knew how to drive. At this point, Thomas Scott, a friend of the Kenyons was driving toward the Kenyon home when he noticed Mrs. Kenyon's car reel down the street and suddenly stall. Scott told police he got out of his car and approached the youths, who promptly pulled guns and robbed him of $4. The boys then demanded that Scott drive the car, but he convinced them he was unable to drive. Scott said the youths then forced him to walk with them back to the Kenyon home and request admittance. When the Kenyons, who had freed themselves, refused to open the door, one of the youths shot several times into the house, broke a window and entered. Scott ran and one of the boys fired several times at him and fled himself. Barricaded in Bathroom By then the Kenyons were barricaded in a bathroom and called police on the bathroom telephone. Police units of both Kansas and Missouri converged on the house on the southwest edge of Kansas City and apprehended three of the boys near State Line Avenue. The fourth slipped away.
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