The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 28, 1963 · Page 14
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 14

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Monday, January 28, 1963
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Page 14
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Does Your Farm Need These Conservation Practices? Windbreak Terraces £lfew:Si*S iafe&te$.^ ffiwEillBiilliiJiiiiliiilH^ Land Treatment Key In Watershed Program The following article on watersheds was edited by R. C. Lind, extension soil conservationist, Kansas State University, Manhattan — The Editor. Experience with watershed programs to date indicates that there is some misunderstanding as to the purpose and objectives of such a program. The watershed approach to the conservation program is not new. The first federal soil conservation program started in 1934 was planned on watersheds. A watershed program consists of two parts: the first and most important part is the treatment of land with conservation measures such as grass seeding where necessary, developing waterways, building terraces and contour farming to control erosion, proper use of crop residues, using a good crop rotation to maintain good soil tilth. Land treatment measures are the backbone of the watershed program. The success of this phase rests almost exclusively with the land owner or operator. The second part of a watershed program con- sists of floodwater retarding structures to prevent runoff waters from spreading over the flood plain. These structures may or may not require federal assistance. The landowner's part in any watershed program begins with development of a soil and water conservation program on his own farm. If the land in the watershed is not properly treated before flood water retarding structures are built they will soon fill up with silt and thus lose their effectiveness. When farmers of an entire wa- tershed work together to sqlve their problems, the application of soil conservation practices to the land can be speeded up. If and when flood control structures are built in the watershed, they may be built with federal assistance if enough of the land treatment is applied to the land. These structures will usually give some degree of benefit to the land upon which they are built. Therefore with the benefits goes certain responsibilities for maintenance of these structures. Federal assistance can be given to a watershed much more effective- ly if the farmers of a watershed are organized and working together. Soil conservation districts have been established in all counties in Kansas and technical assistance from the Soil Conservation Service is available to all districts. Cost sharing payments are available through the Agricultural Conservation Program in all counties. The Extension Service provides educational assistance. Loans for carrying out soil conservation practices are available from the Farmers Home Administration. , Grain Signup Period Begins Feb. 1 The signup period for 1963-crop corn, grain sorghum and barley will be from Feb. 1 through March 22, 1963, Gilbert W. Egbert, chairman, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation state committee, has announced. The signup period for wheat in winter wheat areas ended Dec. 14. The voluntary diversion programs for feed grains and wheat are generally the same as in previous years. Of a few provisions which are slightly different, the principal one is the price - support payment which will be available to farmers participating in the program in addition to the regular price-support loans and purchase agreements. Egbert gave these highlights of THE OTTAWA HERALD Monday, Jan. 28, 1963 the 1963 feed grain program: For small farms — with total feed grain base acreages of 25 acres or less — on which the producer diverts the entire feed grain base I acreage (1959-60 average acreage, I as adjusted) the payment rate will be 50 per cent of the county support rate on the normal production of the diverted acres. The county support rate reflects the recently increased national average support prices of $1.25 per bushel for com, $2 per hundredweight for grain sorghum, and 96 cents per bushel for barley. (These farmers will receive no price - support payment, since they will have no 1963 feed grain acreage.) For other feed grain farms, the payment on the first 20 per cent reduction from the base acreage will be at 20 per cent of the county support rate on the normal production of the diverted acres. For All Kinds of Soil Conservation Work PONDS-TRENCHING PLEASE SEE... SHORTY BOUSE Ph. TU 3-6474 - Wellsville Grading — Bulldozing APPROVED SOIL CONSERVATION CONTRACTOR Have the OTTAWA HERALD SENT TO YOU! On any acreage diversion above the minimum requirement, payment will be at 50 per cent of the county support rate. The maximum diversion is 40 per cent of the base acreage or 25 acres, whichever is larger. In addition, participating farmers (except those on small farms who divert all their feed grain base acreage) will receive price- support payments on the normal production of their 1963 feed grain acreage, without regard to whether they feed their grain, market it, or place it under price support. The payments will be figured on the farm's normal yield regardless of the actual yield on the farm in 1963. These payments will be 18 cents per bushel for corn, 14 cents per bushel for barley, and 29 cents per hundred - weight (16 cents per bushel) for grain sorghum. Crops from participating farms also become eligible for price- support loans or purchase agreements at the county loan rate (reflecting national averages of $1.07 per bushel for corn, 82 cents per bushel for barley, and $1.71 per hundredweight for grain sorghum). Price support on 1963-crop corn, grain • sorghum, and barley will be available only to producers taking part in the feed grain program. For both feed grain and wheat producers who sign up under the 1963 programs, eligibility for diversion payments and price support in 1963 is contingent upon the farmer's diverting an acreage equal to the total intentions shown on his agreement. Advance payments will again be available at the time of signup. Final payments under the diversion program and price-support payments will be made after compliance has been determined. Egbert urged farmers to get in touch with the ASCS county office for further details about the 1963 feed grain program. When You... SAVE SOIL... YOU AMI? . .SAVE MONEY! '<- ''^W^^^BF^SP !• . . '*" J n U"" Reduce Erosion . Increase Production . . and You INCREASE Your Income! This waterway was shaped and seeded in a natural ditch. Natural water courses are used whenever possible for projects of this kind. An area such as this can be more productive and reduce erosion when it has been controlled by a grassed waterway. In this case a liability has been turned into an asset. The cost of shaping this area will be returned many times over, by reduced erosion. But a waterway without terraces is like a saw without teeth—it can't do the complete job. Waterways are intended for terrace outlets, without them the job is only V£ done. We Invite You to Use Our Bank's Services Be Our Guest at the Soil Conservation Meeting in Ottawa, Wednesday, Jan. 30th. FREE Dinner Will Be Served at Noon. Peoples State Bank Richmond, Kansas Member F.D.I.C. After making full use of the assistance available through these federal agencies, a watershed may find that they have some water management problems too difficult to solve. These problems may be flooding, drainage, water storage, gully control and other related problems requiring group action because they effect more than one farm. When such conditions exist, the Federal Government will furnish assistance through the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention program. This is a long time program and requires a lot of cooperation on the part of all people. To be successful, a watershed program should possess the following attributes: (1) Local people must have a real interest and desire to do something about their problem; (2) All the state and federal agencies must cooperate because each have a responsibi- lity and a part to play; (3) A local watershed committee composed of farmers in the watershed should be elected or appointed to direct the activities in the district; (4) Local leaders should be selected by the watershed committee to be responsible for small areas within the watershed. Local leadership is the key to success in any watershed program; (5) Set up definite goals that can be reached. Let the people in the watershed set up their own goals; (6) Approach the watershed program as a means to better family living, better crops, better pastures, better livestock, etc. After such a program has been in effect for sometime and the people have made use of all available assistance, then they may be ready to use some additional help such as may be provided under the Hope-Alken Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act. STOP • GULLIES • EROSION • STANDING WATER We have Caterpillar-built equipment and an earned reputation for quality work. Call us for free estimates. EVERETT POWNER Aproved Soil Conservation Contractor Mail Address: Rt. 5, Paola Ph: Osawatomie PL 5-2460 ^^^^^^•^^^^^^^••^^•^^^^••^^^^^^•^^^^•••^^^^••••^^^^^^••••^^^•I^H What Is Happening To Our Land? 1 I I LET'S TAKE A LOOK. . Ground Wafer Gully Erosion removes the more productive upper layer or topsoil. At least 15 million acres of Kansas cropland washes and gullies. On the average, one-third of the topsoil is gone. Deeply gullied land is even poor for pasture or woodland. Wind Erosion . carries away the finer, more fertile particles of soil leaving coarser, less productive sands to drift. About 12 million acres of Kansas crop land has suffered some loss of soil due to blowing. Damage is more severe when soil is barren and loose. Poor Soil Structure brought about by tillage and loss of organic matter seriously affects crop yield by causing poor tilth, increased runoff and lower moisture intake. For Soil Conservation and Farm Accomplishments, you're better served and serviced at the Ottawa Farm Implement Co. "Complete Line of Farm Machinery and Oliver - Massey Industrial Machinery" South Hi-Way 59 - Where Farming Begins! rising steadily over the past ten years has caused thousands of acres of land to become too wet for good production. One and one- fourth million acres of Kansas land is too wet or too alkaline for good production. Floods destroy crops, damage improvements and damage land. About 900,000 acres were flooded in 1951 in the Kansas River basin alone. At least 100,000 acres were affected by silt or sand deposition, channel cutting and scouring. .

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