The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 16, 1986 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Thursday, January 16, 1986
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Page 6
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Living Today The Salina Journal Thursday, January 16,1986 Page 6 Teens following parents' lead in their use, abuse of alcohol ByJANEE.BRODY N.Y. Times News Service NEW YORK — Despite the widespread concern about drug use and abuse by young Americans, alcohol remains teen-agers' most widely used mind-altering substance and the one that is most likely to get them into trouble. In one national survey, nearly a third of high school students who drank at all were "alcohol misusers" or Personal health "problem drinkers" — that is, they had been drunk at least six tunes in the previous year or had had serious difficulties two or more tunes that year as a result of drinking. In addition to causing school problems, destructive and delinquent behavior and violence, alcohol is the leading factor in fatal and nonfatal traffic accidents involving teen-age drivers. Although teen-agers represent only 10 percent of licensed drivers, they account for 20 percent of highway fatalities, and the vast majority of youthful accidents involve alcohol. Furthermore, because of inexperience in driving and in handling alcohol, teen-age dririk- ing-related accidents tend to occur at much lower blood alcohol levels than do adult accidents. Each year 5,000 young lives are lost in such accidents. According to a report last month in the Journal of the American Medical Association, alcohol abuse in early adolescence is a strong predictor of later alcohol abuse and other drug problems. But those who neither smoke nor drink as teenagers are virtually immune to later drug abuse. Thus, it is the misguided parent who is relieved to discover that his teen-ager drinks alcohol but steers clear of other drugs. Directly or indirectly, parents play the major role in determining their children's alcohol use patterns. By learning more about these patterns and the factors that influence them, parents can do more than any educational program or legal restriction to reduce the likelihood that their children will abuse alcohol or suffer an alcohol- related injury inside or outside the home. This should not be taken to mean schools should ignore educational efforts or states Look for trouble signs By The New York Times In a new booklet called "It's Up to You," the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations list these signs of possible alcohol and drug abuse: • Noticeable lack of interest in formerly rewarding activities. • Abrupt increase in frustration level. • Furtive telephone calls and meetings, and a peculiar secretiveness about possessions. • Frequent vague and withdrawn moods. • Change in eating and sleeping habits. • Physical evidence of drug or alcohol use, such as alcohol odor on the breath or bottles missing from the liquor cabinet. • Change in dress from reasonably neat and clean to unkempt and dirty. • Increased borrowing of money or stealing. • Formation of new friendships with people known to use drugs. should lower the minimum drinking age or ease off on penalties for teen-agers who drive when drunk. (In several states, raising the minimum drinking age to 21 reduced teen-caused traffic fatalities by about 20 percent.) But it does suggest it is time for parents to stop pointing the finger of responsibility at peer group and advertising pressures and social glamorization of alcohol as the primary causes of alcohol abuse by youngsters. Although peer group influences may predominate during the mid-teen years, parental influences dominate earlier and reassert themselves as children get older. They also tend to be long lasting. Studies have shown many factors influence teen-age drinking habits, but parental attitudes and actions can influence them all. A child's own attitudes and emotional health appear to be by far the most important determinants of safe and unsafe alcohol use. Clearly, the majority of teen-agers who drink in moderation do so for the same reasons that most adults drink — to help them relax and socialize. Alcohol is the most culturally acceptable and most easily accessible mind-altering substance. The picture is quite different for those teenagers who drink heavily. For some, alcohol is a means of coping with or blotting out some terrible aspect of their lives — parental divorce, destitute living conditions, physical or sexual abuse and the like. For others, heavy drinking represents an attempted escape from serious emotional or personality problems, such as poor self-image, feelings of parental hostility and lack of love, immaturity and impulsiveness, and rebellion against excessive parental controls. A 1983 study by the University of Michigan revealed that children tend to follow the drinking patterns of their parents, except for parents who are at either extreme of the drinking spectrum: Children whose parents were problem drinkers tended to drink less than their parents, and the children of abstainers tended to drink, the study showed. Indeed, the children of abstainers were more likely than their peers to develop a drinking problem, perhaps, the researchers said, because they had never been taught moderation when it came to drinking at home or because their drinking tended to be an act of rebellion against their parents. Raising a child with a strong self-image is the most important step in producing an emotionally healthy person who is relatively immune to malignant social influences. A child with a healthy ego is well equipped to resist peer pressures to do things he or she knows are dangerous or foolish. Such a child does not need alcohol to feel powerful and accepted. Starting from birth, children need to be made to feel competent and loved — that is, lovable. Children's accomplishments, however minimal, should be applauded. Children draw duties in sitters'job system Dear Heloise: I have read and used many of the hints from your column and I hope you can use this hint from me: Many times I baby-sit neighborhood children in my home. I always had problems keeping the house clean until I invented "The Job Random." It is a small coffee can filled with slips of paper that have necessary small but fun jobs written on them. When a child draws a slip of paper whatever is written on it becomes that child's assigned duty for the day. Now we always have a clean house and it keeps the children busy. — A.M. When everyone helps it sure is easier and what a wonderful way to start teaching young children housekeeping skills. Good going, Mom.—Heloise Dear Heloise: If anyone in the family cannot tolerate milk or wants to cut down on fat, the following is economical and delicious. Boil potatoes as usual, adding one sliced onion (you can omit salt). When done, pour off water and save. Mash potatoes well with a small lump of butter or margarine — gradually adding the water you saved, as needed. The hot water makes them fluffy and the onion adds to the flavor. I use this recipe for my husband as he cannot have milk or milk products. —Jessie Donker Dear Heloise: The easiest way I have found yet to clean the grill of a gas barbecue is with aluminum foil. After you are through cooking, place a strip or two (depending on the size of the grill and the width of the foil) on top of the grill, shiny side down. Turn up the flame to high and let the heat burn off the encrustations Heloise's hints KING FEATURES for about 20 minutes. Turn off the fire and let the barbecue cool down. When cool just crumple the foil and use it to scrape off the remaining ash from the grill. By forming a sort of finger of foil you can even clean down between the "rails" of the grill. Mine comes out clean as a whistle every time with a minimum of work. — Burke Belknap Dear Heloise: I've found a great use for old rubber gloves. Often due to harsh detergents and long fingernails I have found myself with holes in the fingers of my rubber gloves. One day I had trouble getting a jar of olives open and the rubber glove was right there in front of me, so I picked it up and used it to open the jar. It worked like a charm. Now when my gloves develop holes in the fingers, I cut the fingers off and use the cuff as a jar opener. I keep it in a drawer in the kitchen so it is always handy.—Jane Hicks Waste not, want not, especially when you are struggling with a lid. — Heloise Dear Heloise: When my little boy started sleeping in his first "big bed" we slid his crib mattress under the bed and pulled it out at night so he had a soft landing if he fell out of bed. —LarriLong (Write to Heloise in care of Hints from Heloise, King Features Syndicate, 235 E. 45th Street, New York,, N.Y. 10017.) Exercise not enough to stop osteoporosis Add-a-Pearl says Dear Dr. Donohue: My wife has been a milk and dairy product hater all her adult life. Now she's concerned, as I have been over the years, about osteoporosis. I studied nutrition and was not surprised at the sudden realization that people needed calcium for good bones. Now here is my problem. My wife is on an exercise kick because she's heard exercise helps prevent osteoporosis. She is regular with her program, and I cannot convince her she still needs proper amounts of calcium. Please lend the weight of your authority to my ar- gument.—O.N.N. It is fact that exercise can help strengthen bones by increasing the bone balance of calcium and other minerals. But the person still has to have the minerals for those bones to use. If your wife is not getting calcium from food or supplements, she should be. Does that sound authoritative enough? Doctor Donohue NEWS AMERICA Dear Dr. Donohue: You told a woman with a stomach ulcer she would need follow-up examinations to be sure the ulcer healed, and only if it wasn't healed was it dangerous for cancer. I am 33, a female, and have had three ulcers. Each healed in about a month. I still have problems off and on, but then I've always had a lot of stomach problems. Should I be concerned? I've only had upper GIs at the onset of an ulcer and directly afterward.—C.C. If a stomach ulcer heals, everything is OK. If it doesn't heal, then that is a concern; an unhealed ulcer can be cancerous. I believe you're asking me if I think all your ulcers have healed and that your recurring "stomach problems" are from some other conditions. I can't from this distance comment on these things. You should find out, because an unhealed ulcer has to be biopsied. Now let me range into an area I studiously try to avoid, that of suggesting a diagnosis. I am a bit concerned that someone your age should have so many ulcers in the first place. Has consideration been given to checking you for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome? This condition is due to a tumor of the pancreas that makes that gland secrete gastrin. That hormone can cause excessive release of stomach acid and provoke ulcer formation. Recurring ulcer, like yours, brings this syndrome to mind. Dear Dr. Donohue: How does in- fluenza differ from the so-called common cold? Or is there no difference, as I suspect? — Mrs. O.I. There are many differences beyond kinds of viruses involved. The flu is marked by-suddenness of onset, more coughing, less nasal discharge, pronounced muscle aching and greater fever. Generally, then, the differences involve severity of symptoms. If you've had both a cold and a flu attack you would need no one to describe the differences. For Mrs. R.M.R. — The American Medical Association publishes a directory of all physicians in the U.S. Your local library may have a copy. State and county medical societies are also sources of information. I am sure you will be able to find the doctor whose work you feel might help your husband. If you find the hospital where he's on staff, you can get in direct contact. Valentine" Hot bath exacerbates dry skin problem The Genuine Oriental Add-a-pearl Necklace says "I love you" over and over again. When you give her a Starter Necklace of one or more naturally formed pearls on a 16" 14K gold chain. And each time you add on pearls, her exquisite necklace grows in beauty and value. By The New York Times NEW YORK — Nearly everyone Dr. Jay Heldman sees these days has dry, irritated skin. Heldman, a dermatologist with Plastic Surgery and Dermatology Associates in Paramus, N.J., says itchy skin is one of the most common complaints of the winter season, and many of the methods people employ to treat the problem only make matters worse. In medical terms the condition is called xerosis or asteatosis and is caused by loss of moisture from outer skin layers that are exposed to cold weather and low humidity. The condition is aggravated by taking a long, hot shower or bath, Heldman said. Soap and hot water strip natural oils from the skin, he said, and the evaporation of water upon leaving the tub has a further drying effect. "It's ironic that what might promise soothing relief from cold winter weather — a steaming hot bubble bath — can actually contribute to skin's dryness," he said. During the winter, he and other dermatologists advise, keep showers short and use warm rather than hot SHELTER INSURANCE' For your Life • Health • Home Car • Farm • Business water. Soaps with high fat content and pH-balanced soaps are less drying than deodorant soaps or bubble baths, he said, and all-natural alkaline soaps can be particularly drying. In addition, it is better to pat yourself dry after a shower, rather than rubbing vigorously with a towel, and more effective to apply a moisturizing lotion when skin is still damp than after it dries. There are other ways to fight itchy skin, depending upon the seriousness of the condition. If skin is cracked, red, flaked and irritated, the cause might be a flare-up of eczema, and a doctor can prescribe anti- inflammatory ointments. The simpler problem of chapped or dry skin can be eased by the large variety of skin care products on the market. Heldman said he suggests a product with a moisturizer — a cream, lotion or ointment — which locks moisture inside the skin, and a humectant, such as urea, lactic acid and phospholipids, which draw moisture from the atmosphere. Be particularly careful to use such products on your hands and face, the areas most often exposed to the cold. Wear protective clothing, such as ski masks, scarfs and gloves. Lighter preparations such as lotions are best used on the face, Heldman said, because they are less likely to clog the pores. Most preparations containing humectants are generally lighter. Heavier preparations, in contrast, can be used on other areas of the body, as can oils and petroleum jellies. Another potential solution to the problem of dry skin is the use of a room humidifier. But Consumer Reports magazine warns some types of humidifiers appear more likely than others to promote illnesses. The reservoir in the humidifier, the magazine found, provides a breeding area for molds and bacteria. Conventional cool-mist vaporizers, typically, domed machines costing about $20, cough large droplets of water into the atmosphere and often spew out organisms with each drop. Ultrasonic humidifiers, box- shaped machines costing $50 to $100, send out a finer mist, and, the magazine reports, are less likely to spread as many germs. The mag- azine theorizes that the ultrasonic vibrations destroy the microbes,, perhaps by breaking them apart. Some mold and bacteria are allowed to enter the air, however, and may be irritating to people who are particularly prone to allergic reactions. ! WORKS From $13.50 HOURS: MOD. thra Fri. 9:30 m to 5:30 jut Tkis.'til 8:00 p.m. Closed Saturday ana Sunday 108 North Santa Fe Serving Salina For Over 50 Years Use Your VISA. MasterCard or American Express KITCHENS Inc. AT Willie. in * M«T« or rusarui mint JEAN BOSS AGENCY 2737 ••Imant Blvd. —- SHIIIO 01 ISHIIIIH CALL 823-5129 January Clearance Sale — 30%-50%Off Ends Jan. 31st All Stock Not Included New Arrivals of Pykettes & Koko Suits in Red, Pastel Blues, Rose & Green — Sizes 8 to 20 Also Graff Denims in Grey & Light Mauve 114 AS. 7th Salina, Ks. Specializing in fitting bras, girdles, mastectomies and prosthesis. Hours: I Oa.m. to 5 p.m. EUROPEAN STYLING IS ON ITS WAY. Our Kitchen Specialists offer Professional Custom Designing to suit your Individual Cabinet Needs. VISIT OUR SHOWROOMS South Industrial Area Salina, Kansas 67401 913-823-1532 Featuring Quality Wood Products By/Crastwooilne./

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