The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 16, 1986 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Salina, Kansas
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Thursday, January 16, 1986
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Page 5
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Nation/World The Salina Journal Thursday, January 16,1986 Page 5 Shultz says U.S. might strike back By The New York Times WASHINGTON - Secretary of State George Shultz said Wednesday that the United States "cannot wait for absolute certainty and clarity" before using military force to strike at terrorist groups or countries that support them. Shultz also seemed to take issue with the view of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of Britain that such strikes would be contrary to international law. Shultz In a speech in which he repeated his call for tougher American responses to terrorism, Shultz did not specifically complain about President Reagan's decision nine days ago not to use force against Libya for its purported support of the Abu Nidal group, which Americans authorities think is behind the attacks last month on the Rome and Vienna airports. But State Department officials said Shultz, in the speech, mirrored his arguments within the administration that some kind of limited military strike be taken. Reagan, according to the accounts of several officials, decided to impose economic sanctions against Libya, but not to strike militarily because of the risks involved, including the presence of more than 1,000 Americans in Libya and the lack of a certainty of a target specifically linked to the Abu Nidal group. An aide to Shultz said the secretary was now trying to make sure that if there is another terrorist action emanating from Libya, there will be no hesitancy about striking back, now that virtually all economic sanctions have been imposed by the United States. Although Shultz's comments seemed to be implicitly critical of the president's decision, the White House said that "the president does not think that the secretary of state is off the reservation." America celebrates King's birthday By The Associated Press The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was honored 'on his 57th birthday Wednesday by schoolchildren and politicians, ministers and celebrities, who remembered the slain civil rights leader in ceremonies from his home state of Georgia to Hawaii. President Reagan told about 350 youngsters at Washington's Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary School that King was "a great man who wrested justice from the heart of a great country." "Our country is different, and better, because that was his attitude," Reagan said. South African Bishop Desmond Tutu, who like King won a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end racial inequality, told about 1,500 people at a Philadephia luncheon that "no one can ever be truly free unless all are free." "Thank God for Martin, thank God he was a giant among women and men, thank God for his vision, thank God for his moral and physical courage. He laid down his life for his friends," said Tutu, who is fighting to end apartheid in South Africa. The federal government has designated Jan. 20 as a national holiday to commemorate King, who was shot to death April 4,1968, as he stood on the balcony of a Memphis, Tenn., motel. Events are being held across the country to mark the" first observance of the holiday. "This is the seventh year in Pennsylvania that we've celebrated this holiday and every year it gets stronger," Lt. Gov. William Scranton told Desmond Tutu (right) touches the Liberty Bell as Wilson Goode watches. Tutu. "The dream of freedom can become reality, and it will cpnae true for South Africa." In Kansas, there was gospel music in the Statehouse Wednesday, and Gov. John Carlin urged an audience of about 1,000 celebrants to follow King's dream. The ceremony was attended by hundreds of schoolchildren and numerous state officials who crowded the second floor rotunda, pressed against surrounding railing on the third floor and filled balconies on the fourth and fifth floors overlooking the stage. Banners proclaiming peace, love and equality also hung from railings. Carlin told the crowd to uphold the principles for which King fought. "The dream Dr. King had was the American dream: freedom, Justice and opportunity for all," Carlin said. "Holidays such as this biielire an affirmation of faith, of our belief in what this country stands for." Carlin said the nation had made strides in promoting equality when it could point to black and hispanic astronauts, black government officials and even the first female player on the Harlem Globetrotters' basketball team. "We should think about living the dream," Carlin said.' 'We still have more work to do." In Atlanta, King's widow, Coretta Scott King, joined most of Georgia's top state officials at the state Capitol to unveil a plaque commemorating the first King national holiday. The festivities began with the Morehouse College Glee Club singing "Happy Birthday Dr. King." King called on residents of her late husband's home state to celebrate King's life by honoring his dream of a "spirit of brotherhood and cooperation in the nation." King was "a native son who led a movement which made our country a stronger and better nation," she said. "This is a new day," said Atlanta Mayor Andrew Young, one of King's top aides during the 1960s. "Ten years ago they put up Martin's portrait in the Capitol and we had the Klan inarching outside. I don't think they're here today." 1-10x13 (Will pnoto) 1-8x10 2-5x7 2- 3x5 16-King Size Wallets 8-Regular Size Wallets 99° Deposit 1Q oo Due at Pick up (plus tax) COME MEET OUR NEW PHOTOGRAPHER CAROLYN PIERCE AT Gemayel defeats Christian rivals in Lebanon BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) — President Amin Gemayel's militia defeated his Christian rivals in a 10- hour showdown with tanks, artillery and gunboats Wednesday that killed 100 people and wounded 300. Military sources said Elie Hobeika, the Lebanese Forces militia chief fighting the Maronite Catholic president for leadership of the nation's 1.5 million Christians, had surrendered to the Lebanese army commander. Gemayel opposes the peace agreement Syria negotiated with the Lebanese Forces and the country's two most powerful Moslem militias in an attempt to end the decade-long civil war that has cost at least 100,000 lives. The victory of the Gemayel loyalists appeared to dash hopes for the success of the peace pact. The Syrian-brokered accord would give Moslems more power in the government and military, which traditionally have been dominated by Christians. It was signed Dec. 28 in Damascus by Hobeika, leader of the largest Christian militia; Druse chieftain Walid Jumblatt and Nabih Bern, leader of the Shiite Moslem militia Amal. Wednesday's fighting was the heaviest between Christian factions in nearly five years. Hobeika's much larger force had Gemayel's Phalange Party gunmen on the run only two days earlier, but then Hobeika's second-in-command joined the president and took half of the Lebanese Forces militiamen with him. Gemayel's militia and defecting Lebanese Forces gunmen led by Hobeika's chief of staff, Samir Geagea, attacked the Hobeika loyalists at dawn. Hobeika's 6,000 men had outnumbered the Phalange fighters 6-to-l, but Geagea's desertion left him facing a superior force. Phalangist radio stations called it the "final showdown" of the long power struggle between Gemayel, who has become increasingly isolated in recent months, and Hobeika, a 29-year-old former bank clerk. Militia sources said more than 100 people were killed, most of them combatants, and about 300 wounded in the day-long battles. They said many wounded men bled to death because medical teams could not reach them. Fighting engulfed east Beirut, the capital's Christian sector, and the Christian heartland north and northeast of the city. Apartment blocks, schools and factories were reported hit by shellfire, with some set ablaze. The main thrust was against Hobeika's "war council" headquarters in east Beirut's Karantina quarter overlooking the harbor. Military sources said Gemayel's men pounded the four-story complex with fire from tanks and gunboats from Geagea's main base in the ancient port of Byblos, 22 miles north of Beirut. They said Hobeika radioed the army commander, Gen. Michel Aoun, from his underground command post at 1.30 p.m. to report hand-to-hand fighting at his headquarters and announce his surrender. 901 W.Crawford DATE: Thursday, Friday & Saturday January 16, 17 & 18 HOURS: 9 am-Noon 1 pm-7 pm WE USE KODAK PAPER Group charge 99'per person FOR CREA TIVE COLOR PORTRAITS Fighting in South Yemen capital continues to rage 4 DAYS ONLY MANAMA, Bahrain (AP) — Opposing factions of South Yemen's armed forces Wednesday fought for control of the Marxist country's capital, diplomats and sources in the region said. Some reports said forces loyal to the president, who reportedly made a televised appeal for calm, were making gains. Arab diplomats in Sanaa, the capital of neighboring North Yemen, and shipping executives in the United Arab Emirates said artillery, tank and warplane battles still were raging Wednesday afternoon between government troops and even more radical Marxist rebels. Other reports, however, indicated the fighting had lessened since Tuesday in the Soviet-allied nation at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. "The fighting has been sporadic throughout the day (Wednesday), somewhat less intense than yes- terday (Tuesday)," according to a Western diplomat in Sanaa. Reports on the fighting in South Yemen often are contradictory and have been impossible to confirm. South Yemen's communications links to the outside world, tenuous even in peaceful times, virtually have been severed for the past three days. Meanwhile, the Bahrain-based Gulf News Agency quoted unidentified "knowledgeable sources" in Sanaa as saying South Yemen's President All Nasser Mohammed appealed for calm in a nation-wide television address. Earlier reports had said he was seriously injured in the fighting. The Kuwait News Agency, in a dispatch from Rome that quoted "reliable sources," said Mohammed was "in good health and was not injured" and had spoken to the nation over an "internal radio." AN INCREDIBLE SPECIAL PURCHASE OFFER! I I ES-WE OPEN THE WORLD TO WHERE SPECIALS ARE...SPECIALS! TOP QUALITY IMPORTS AT FANTASTIC PRICES! An awesome opportunity to get twice as much for your dollars! You can't top the comfort, quality and style of an Action recliner. And you can't top the price unless you get one free. Choose any of the styles shown. Pay the regular price...get another of equal value FREE! There's a catch. Offer ends soon! If you don't need two, tell your neighbor or bring a friend and share the cost and the savings! 60" Twisted Base PEACOCK CHAIR Reg. 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