OTTAWA HERALD <TOL. 67 NO. 41 OTTAWA. KANSAS MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 1963 7 CENTS TWO SECTIONS — 22 PAGES Wheat Referendum Top Topic In Washington The following report on federal agricultural legislative prospects in 1963 was written especially for The Herald's Conservation Edition by Bob Dole, Kansas First District Congressman and member of the House Agricultural Committee — The Editor. By BOB DOLE It is a pleasure for me to submit a statement concerning agricultural legislation prospects in Congress in 1963 for The Ottawa Herald's special edition. As a member of the House Committee on Agriculture in the 87th Congress and in this the 88th Congress, I have had an opportunity to hear experts on both sides of nearly every conceivable agricultural problem confronting the American farmer. Needless to say, when looking at the total agricultural program, one can quickly discern why there are disagreements, differences of opinion, and many times general confusion about a specific program. There were 35 members on the House Agriculture Committee in the 87th Congress, and it will in all probability be the same during the 88th Congress. Undoubtedly, the Democrat and Republican ratio will be the same; however, for the next two years, the committee will be composed of 21 Democrats and 14 Republicans. Since all Republicans were re-elected, they will likely remain on the committee unless, of course, they request assignment to another committee. * * * On the Democrat side there were six new members recently named. In my opinion, the return of Congress has not revealed any real changes in attitudes toward genera] farm legislation, though it still is far too early to speculate what may finally emerge from the committee. The primary interest now relates to proposed cotton legislation and committee assignments. While there appears to be no great change in attitudes among returning members, it is not known how freshmen members (there are 66 in both parties) will react to farm legislation when they vote. Since the 14 Republican members solidly opposed the Kennedy-Freeman bill defeated June 21, 1962, by a vote i of 215 to 205, it can be assumed * * * Conservation Contents The Herald is grateful for the contributions of several authorities on farm subjects in this annual Conservation Edition. Without the cooperation of the Franklin County Extension, Soil Conservation and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation offices, such an edition wouldn't be possible. — The Editor. Here's the list of major contents: Farm legislative Bob Dole, Pg. 1. outlook, by Congressman Native grass reseeding, Howard Wilkins, Extension Agronomist, Kansas State University, Pg. 2, 2nd section. Soil Testing, George W. Wright, Extension Specialist, K-State, Pg. 3, 2nd section. Land treatment in watershed program, edited by R. C. Lind, extension soil conservationist, K-State, Pg. 4, 2nd section. Soil nutrients, Prof. Floyd W. Smith, K-State, Pg. 5, 2nd section. Soil's need for lime, Wilkins, Pg. 6, 2nd section. See guest editorial by Irving Ross, work unit conservationist with Franklin County Soil Conservation Service, Pg. 4. Still Wild And Wintry Over Much Of Nation * * * The Weather COUNTY FORECAST — Mostly fair and warmer tonight with shifting northwesterly winds late tonight or early tomorrow. Considerable cloudiness will follow tomorrow with colder temperatures. Low tonight 15 to 20 with little temperature rise tomorrow. KANSAS FORECAST - In. creasing cloudiness tonight and tomorrow with occasional snow northeast and extreme west tonight and over most of the state tomorrow, mixed with some light freezing drizzle or sleet in the southeast by tomorrow afternoon. Warmer southeast and extreme east and colder west and north central tonight. Cold. er west tomorrow. Low tonight zero to 5 above northwest to 15 to 20 southeast. High tomorrow 5 to 10 above northwest to 25 to 30 southeast. FIVE-DAY OUTLOOK - Temperatures tomorrow through Saturday will average 10 to 15 degrees below normal; normal highs 38 to 45; normal lows 14 to 25. Precipitation will average .10 of an inch west to a quarter of an inch cast, occurring as snow about Thursday. High temperature Saturday, 15; low Sunday, 6 below zero; high Sunday, 14; low today, zero; high year ago to- lay, 42; low year ago today, 21; rec- >rd high this date, 65 in 1814; record .ow this date, 8 below zero In 1048; lourly temperatures, 24 hours ending t a.m., today: 9 a. m ........ -1 8 p. m ........ 4 10 p. m ........ 2 10 a. m ........ 3 ..7 ...10 ..11 ..12 ..14 ..13 ..12 . . 8 .. 7 .. 5 II a. m. Noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 6 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. 11 p. m. Midnight 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-3092 Adv By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Snowstorms and unseasonable cold plagued broad sections of the nation again today after a weekend of wild weather in northeast sections. A blustery snowstorm which hammered New York State and New England over the weekend tapered off after dumping up to 18 inches of snow in some areas. The storm swept into the lower Great Lakes region and along the western slopes of the Appalachians. Heavy snow fell in some areas and strong, westerly winds caused considerable blowing and drifting. No immediate break in the prolonged spell of cold weather was in sight. The number of weather- related deaths since last midweek rose to 162. It was below zero again this morning in most of the upper Great Lakes region, the Ohio Valley and westward across the northern plains. The core of the arctic air was over the Mississippi Valley from St. Louis to Duluth, Minn. Among the coldest spots were Moline, 111., and Lone Rock, Wis., with 24 below zero. It was the lowest temperature in Moline since Feb. 13, 1905. Rochester, Minn., reported its 17th consecutive day of below zero readings, a record. Des Moines has had 16 straight days of subzero cold. It was -9 in Louisville, Ky., and the -13 in Chicago beat the record low of -11 for Jan. 28 set in 1885. Evansville, in southern Indiana, reported -15, a record for the date. The icy air dipped deep into the Southland. It was near zero in parts of Tennessee and read- County Wants Old Post Office Building A representative of the General Service Administration, Kansas City, Mo., will meet with the Franklin County Commission this week to discuss the possibility of the county acquiring the present post office building for county health and welfare offices after the building is vacated in midsummer. Congressman Robert Ellsworth and Sens. Frank Carlson and James Pearson have notified the county commissioners that they are taking the matter up with the General Service Administration and Department of Health ^J Education and Welfare in Washington. State Rep. Wayne Angell told the commissioners that the purchase of such a building is not covered by statute, according to the attorney general. The commissioners said they hope the building can be obtained free from federal agencies. Ordinarily the building would be sold on a bid basis. The present post office will be vacated in mid-summer when postal operations move to a new building in the 400 block on Ce' dar Street. ings in the teens chilled central sections of Alabama and Georgia. Near freezing was reported in northern Florida, with the low 30s reported along the Gulf Coast and up to the 60s in extreme southern Florida. Miami's 66 followed Sunday's high of 85, a record maximum for Jan. 27. With temperatures near zero, most of the 25,000 residents of Sedalia, Mo., were without heat after natural gas service failed Sunday night. The snowstorm which hit the Northeast left eight inches of snow in Pittsburgh and from four to six inches in Philadelphia and suburbs. Deaths related to the two snow storms in New York State since last Friday numbered 16. * * * 85 At Miami MIAMI, Fla. (AP) - The temperature reached 85 degrees m Miami Sunday, the warmest Jan. 27 in Weather Bureau history. Many persons went swimming. their opposition to increased acreage cuts and mandatory wheat and feed grain programs is about the same. A vital controversy of interest to Midwest and Kansas farmers will be the wheat referendum. Though the referendum date has not been set by the Secretary of Agriculture, the wheat referendum is a dominant topic of conversation among Midwest Congressmen. Many responsible legislators are stating publicly no farm legilsation should be considered by the Ag Committee until after the wheat referendum. Others indicate the 1964 wheat program should be patched up to insure the referendum will not fail. Secretary Freeman himself has indicated a desire to push * * * through a feed grain program prior to the referendum containing provisions which would permit the wheat farmer to substitute wheat on feed grain acreage Under a mandatory or perhaps even a voluntary feed grain program where feed grain acres are diverted, the substitution clause would permit the wheat producer to produce wheat on the diverted acres. This would make the 1964 wheat program more attractive to the wheat producer and would tend to offset the mandatory cut in acreage in 1964. It is interesting to note that during discussion of the 1964 wheat program, before it became law, the administration talked of a 20 per cent cut below the 1963 allotments, but in an obvious ef- * * * fort to "sweeten" the '64 program administration leaders now talk of a 10 per cent reduction. Highlights of the 1964 wheat plan to be voted on in late May or early June, according to a recent announcement by the Secretary, will provide a cut in acreage allotments of 10 per cent below 1963 along with support at an announced price of $2.00 per bushel for certificate wheat estimated to be 86 per cent of the expected crop of one billion, seventy million bushels. Support for non-certificate (feed) wheat would be about $1.30 per bushel; however as many of us have pointed out before it would be difficult to support (feed) wheat at this price if the present feed grain law and the 1964 wheat act remain unchanged. * * * It appears more likely the sup* port price for (feed) wheat would be around 90 cents per bushel. Diversion payments for the 10 per cent mandatory reduction in allotments will be 30 per cent of support level times normal yield. For example, a farmer with • normal yield of 25 bushels per acre in a county with $2.00 support price would receive a diversion payment of $15.00 an acre. In addition, as briefly mentioned above, there would be voluntary acreage diversion provisions which would permit total cuts up" to 20 per cent of alootments. Payments on the voluntary portion would be 50 per cent of the support times normal yield, or in the case above cited, approxi- (Continued on Pg. 6, Section 2) * * * "Big Job Ahead" In Conservation The following message from Robert F. Ellsworth, U. S. Congressman from Kansas' Thrid District, was written especially for The Herald's annual Conservation Edition— The Editor. By ROBERT F. ELLSWORTH Soil and water are the two most important resources we have in Kansas—always have been, and always will be. The conservation and development of those resources is, accordingly, task. our most important It is a task that requires leadership, cooperation and good judgment — at all levels. The individual farmer, the county, the state and the federal government must all work together if soil and water conservation is to continue and improve, building on the foundation of what has gone before. A recent inventory of Kansas soil and water conservation needs showed that approximately 30 per cent of the area of our state expected to be in crop land by 1975 already has the desirable soil and water conservation treatment. The big job lies ahead. Actually, much has been accomplished in the past, more than 16 million acres of the 22 million acres on which the main problem is wind or water erosion, still need soil and water conservation practices. Many thousands of acres will require conservation practices to correct problems of excess water, unfavorable soil conditions and the like. At the federal level, nearly $6 million dollars have been autho- rized by Congress for cost-sharing under the ACP Program in Kansas for calendar year 1963. The basic authorization or allocation for Franklin County is $65,000. As the United States Congressman representing Franklin County (among others) I cannot emphasize too strongly my interest in and concern for continued development of soil and water conservation programs and practices in our state and in Franklin County. Without Gas In Zero Weather SEDALIA, Mo. (AP)—Gas main breaks which left two west central Missouri cities without natural gas were repaired this morning, but full service is not expected to be restored until late today. The temperature plunged to below zero in this city of 25,000, where a 12-inch main burst last night. About midnight a second break in the main cut off gas to Lamonte, a town 12 miles west of here. An emergency crew of 300, brought in from other parts of the state, began turning on gas to individual consumers. But it will be a door-to-door task of testing and re-lighting pilot lights at each of the more than 8,500 connections. Each home and business house has to be checked individually. Mayor L. L. Studer declared a state of emergency, giving Civil Defense the power to take action for relief of residents. About 20 buildings with alternate sources of heat were opened and many moved in from their chilly residents. Four rest homes Tally's Toot The Conservation Award winners have a farm program going turned patients over to relatives. that'll beat designs. any Congress Some residents went towns for the night. to other Fight For Common Market Membership For Britain BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) — Five Continental friends of Britain fought an llth-hour battle today to keep alive the British application for Common Market membership and thereby prevent French domination of Western Europe. The ministers of West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg said privately they knew they were playing for tremendous stakes. They felt the future of the Common Market, the solidarity of the Western Alliance and the place of the United States and Britain in Continental affairs rested on their efforts. The five gave first priority to maintaining a solid front against French pressure, informants said. At a meeting with French ministers later today they planned to put forward a compromise proposal—largely the work of the West Germans—to delay a showdown on the British membership issue for at least two or three weeks. With time, the five thought they could head off radical realignments inside the Western camp which they felt could only give comfort to Soviet Premier Khrushchev in the long run. AGENTS PLAN AHEAD — Agricultural extension agents from Douglas, Miami and Osage counties met here today with Don Brown, Franklin County agent, to review needs of K • State specialists for next program year. Specialists address farm groups in counties periodically throughout year. Agents (from left) are Sonny Sisk, Miami County; Joe Divine, Osage County; Deal Six, Douglas County, and Rjown. (Herald Photo) The representatives of the five shared the same fear. They are convinced that French President Charles de Gaulle envisages a Western Europe permeated with sour mistrust of the English- speaking peoples and organized as a third force capable of reaching an accommodation of its own with the Soviet Union. In the struggle the key issue is whether Britain can get into the Common Market. Informants Water Level Up In Area LAWRENCE, Kan. (AP)-Watter levels declined in most western Kansas wells but rose in most wells in central and eastern Kansas in 1961, a year of above-normal rainfall, the State Geological Survey reports. The report was based on measurements for 873 observation wells in 78 counties. Pumpage for irrigation was the reason given for the drop in the level of most western Kansas wells. All municipal supplies of the area also are from ground water. said that if the British are kept out, the French will have won a tremendous victory. Ironically, the fate of the British membership application seemed to rest ultimately in the hands of former foes — the West Germans. It generally is conceded that if the West Germans wilt under French pressure, the British case will be lost for good. The compromise plan proposed by West Germany would refer the membership question to the nine- man Common Market Commission, an executive body of international civil servants. The commission would study the problem and report back to the six Common Market members and the British in two or three weeks. Members of the commission met in emergency session this morning under the chairmanship of Walter Hallstein, a German. Britain's chief Common Market negotiator, Deputy Foreign Minister Edward Heath, spent a busy morning explaining Britain's desire for a reasonably prompt decision. Christian Hcrter, President Kennedy's trade representative, left for trade talks in Geneva. ROBERT F. ELLSWORTH Anderson Brushes Off Rift Rumor TOPEKA (AP)-Gov. John Anderson today brushed aside comment on a news story published Sunday speculating on a growing rift between himself and Sen. James B. Pearson, R-Kan. "Don't pay any attention to it," he told newsmen at his morning news conference. The story, in Sunday's Kansas City Star, said a definite coolness had developed between the two and that it was drawing comment in Washington. It has also been commented on among Kansas political observers. The two have been friends for years. Anderson appointed Pearson, his former state campaign manager, to the U. S. Senate after the death a year ago of Sen. Andrew F. Schoeppel, R-Kan. Pearson announced at the time he would seek election to the remainder of Schoeppel's term, which he did last November. Anderson won a second term as governor. Gifts Of Many Helped Ottawa Build Hospital This is the first in a series of three articles which describe the work of Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary from its organization in 1934 through the present, and its plans for the future—The Editor. The history of morial Hospital is Ransom Me- filled with names of many men and women from Franklin County whose contributions of money and service have been outstanding. There is the name, A. L. Cook. It was Mr. and Mrs. Cook, who, in February, 1929, offered $50,000 and almost eight acres of land for the hospital if the community would subscribe another $50,000 to complete the project It was also their suggestion that the proposed hospital be named to perpetuate the memory of James Harvey Ransom, an Ottawa pioneer contractor and builder. This offer was the real beginning of concentrated efforts by the Cooks and many other community citizens which culiminated in the opening of Ransom Memorial Hospital, May 12, 1931. Another name connected with the development of the hospital is Mrs. W. A. Swift. The devotion of this small, but energetic and determined woman led to the establishment OD April 23, 1934, of the Ransom Memorial Hospital Auxiliary. To quote the charter meeting's minutes, membership in t h i s group would "require no dues, just interest and cooperation." In attendance at that first meeting were women from Centropolis, Homewood, Lane, Ottawa, Princeton, Quenemo, Richmond, Wellsville and Williamsburg. Original auxiliary officers were Mrs. Swift, president; Mrs. J. Henry Bennett, vice president; Mrs. J. W. Scott, secretary, Mrs. H. L. Gault, treasurer; and Mrs. Lee Perkins, correspondent. During the following two decades, the auxiliary served the hospital effectively in many ways. It stimulated civic, social and church groups as well as individuals to contribute equipment, furnishings and services to the hospital. Through its own "Penny-A-Day Fund" the auxiliary was able, to donate many items which pro- vided comfort and convenience for hospital patients and employees. It had a large part in the installation of a nurses aide training course. The auxiliary was instrumental in establishing the fund which provides special nurses for financially handicapped patients. This fund has received bequests from several estates through the years and has grown to be a self- sustaining, permanent service to patients who could not otherwise afford the care of a special nurse. The efforts of private and group members of the auxiliary helped to build the hospital's new wing which was opened in 1953, and also helped to provide this addition with essential equipment and colorful accessories. By May of 1956, when Ransom Memorial Hospital celebrated its 25th anniversary, the auxiliary had an outstanding record of service to the hospital and the community. Friends and hospital officials stated it justly deserved the recognition it received as it had indeed fulfilled its long-standing purpose of stimultaing "interest and copperation" for the hospital.
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