Editorial The Senator Speaks Up Hutchinson News Friday, Oct. 1, 1971 Page 4 Courting the Little Guy 'Candidate 9 Muskie Gets High Mark for Candor The U. S. Tax Court has scheduled sessions in Wichita to accommodate taxpayers with small claims complaints against the Internal Revenue Service. In making the announcement, Sen. James Pearson hailed the court action as a "step in a field where the little guy too often takes it on the chin." That sums it up. In the Wichita sessions there will be no long technical opinions from the judge, no precedent established and no appeal. But disputes over income, estate or gift taxes involving $1,000 or less can be heard at the court's subsequent sessions. "Congress has recognized that many people simply do not file claims against the Internal Revenue Service because they think it is not worth it. These simple, inexpensive and speedy trial sessions can benefit the small taxpayer and help restore confidence in government," Pearson said. An attorney who recognizes that many persons feel they are wronged but can't afford to right it through the expensive legal channels available, Pearson earlier this year introduced a bill to establish a small claims court for consumers. It is a valid concept that has been kicking around the Kansas Legislature for the past two or three years. A major argument against it has been that an old small claims court law already on the books never was used by the public. The fact that the amount was set ridiculously low, and the mechanics of setting up the court were vague at best, is not spelled out in such arguments. The Tax Court rules appear to be realistic. The major step now is up to the taxpayer who feels he may have been wronged. This is a chance to beat city hall fairly and squarely, and without inordinate expense. In the Name of Law? In Leavenworth, a man was 6hot dead with a bullet in his forehead by another man who claimed he was window peeking. In Oklahoma City, a 15-year-old Indian boy was shot to death after police said he attempted to elude them in a stolen car. The boy, who was an escaper from a training school, was unarmed. He was shot twice in the head. Death is a severe penalty for car theft and window peeking. And while there are no statistics on the subject, capital punishment in the streets for non-capital crimes appears to be a growing U.S. phenomenon. It has to be checked. When he was running for office, Attorney General Vern Miller said law enforcement officers who kill or maim someone in the line of duty should be suspended immediately and have to go through the same court procedure as an ordinary citizen. He is right, and state lawmakers should act at the 1972 session to tighten up the procedures to provide more checks and balances on violence committed in the name of the law. Far too much blood is being shed in the name of authority and in the name of doing what is lawful. Capital punishment cheapens life. Capital punishment in the streets devalues it much more. A State Press Council Minnesota has established the first statewide Press Council. It's a project other states, including Kansas, should watch closely. Indeed, we should now consider imitation on a trial basis. The purpose of the Council is to hear complaints by citizens against the state's newspapers. Not about politics or comment, but about coverage and fact. The chairman is an associate justice of the State Supreme Court. Members of the 18-man Council include nine editors, publishers and reporters; educators, and civic leaders. People with complaints about newspapers first take their criticism to the paper concerned. If not satisfied, the citizen then asks a hearing before the Council, waiving his right to libel suit or other legal action. The Council then will hear the story, and report its finding on the conduct of the newspaper. At Wit's End Complaints are processed through the University of Minnesota School of Journalism. Sheer political backbiting is ruled out. The idea is not new. A Press Council has been an established tool in England for a half-dozen years. Some metropolitan newspapers have instigated local press councils in their home communities. Some discussion has been aired of the advisability of creating a national council. Citizens with complaints about newspapers are not stymied today. Most newspapers open their columns for critical letters, and for corrections of factual error. In most communities, radio and "second" newspapers provide outlets. Nonetheless, people often feel frustrated. The Press Council can relieve that frustration. It can also build better newspapers. For an opener, why doesn't the KU School of Journalism put this one on its agenda, for prompt consideration? Dividing Up Worries W Bombeck By ERMA BOMBECK My husband looked up from his paper and said, "What are we doing about the ' ocelot?" "What should we be doing about the ocelot?" I asked. "Worrying about him. He's becoming extinct you J know." "I know," I said, "But! there are so many things to worry about these days. I've been spending my entire week worrying about where Henry Kissinger is. When I finish with that I've got to worry about whether or not the dented cans of soup on my shelves are safe and if my deodorant soap protects me ail day or just clings to my glasses. Why don't you worry about the ocelot?" "You know how busy I've been worrying over Joe Namath's knees," he snarled. "I haven't begun to think about what they haven't discovered yet on my car that will cause it to be recalled or whether or not the IRA and the British will resolve their problems." "You know what the problem is," I said flatly. "Unless we set up some kind of a schedule, we just aren't going to get around to all the things we should be worrying about." "You're right," he said, "We've got to divide it up. I'll take oil slicks, the war, hurricanes, the space program and trains disappearing from the American scene." "Okay, I'll take pollution, student riots, Martha Mitchell's mouth and David Frost's posture." "That's not much. You could work in the Burton marriage, drug abuse, and the red tide." "Then you take on sex education in the schools, dirty movies and what's going to happen to mini underwear when the maxi skirt comes in." "That's woman's worry," he said, "I'll be darned if I waste my time on mini underwear. Do you know how Jong it's been since I've worried about nuclear testing?" "And do you know how long it has been since I've worried about pornography at the corner drugstore?" "Maybe the kids could help us," he said, collaring a couple of them. "Do you suppose you could help us worry about all the things we should be worrying about?" "Are you kidding?" they said, "We've got to worry about the draft, getting a job, defending our hair, finding a college, limiting the population, being liberated, dodging Al Capp, voting, running out of clean air and saving the trees." "Well," said my husband, "maybe we can talk about it over dinner." "I thought you were worrying about dinner tonight," I said sharply. "I told you I've got ocelots and the devaluation of the Chinese yen on my mind." "I'll trade you Henry Kissinger and dinner for them,'* I offered. By TOM WICKER (C) 1771 N.Y. Timer; News Service WASINGTON - Sen. Ed Muskie is generally rated the front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination, but after this ritual concession the criticism usually begins. He does not have enough appeal to the left, or to the right fdepending on the critic); his campaign is too bland; the senator himself is too much a "centrist." Maybe so, but a pair of recent events tend to unsettle the notion of a wishy-washy Muskie trying to win the nomination by saying nothing. The first of these was tlra candidate's, remarkable statement to a I group of blacks in Los Angeles that ho believed he! would be defeated in 1972 "', if he chose a black for a j vice presidential running- mate. Wicker This might prove to be the biggest political blooper since George Romney's brainwashing, although there are said to be those who regard it as the shrewdest political move since John Kennedy's telegram to Mrs. Martin Luther King in 1%0. Events may well vindicate one of those judgments, but for the moment the overly political consequences of this statement are less interesting than the fact that a presiden tial candidate made it. Even the objective truth of Musike's remark is a little aside from the point: there is no doubt that he believed it to be true. So in fact docs virtually every other practicing politician in America today. So the first thing is that Muskie gets a higher mark for candor, which is always good, but particularly so at a time when two successive presidents have bsen so widely suspected of dissembling that President Nixon has even called public attention to his difficulty in convincing people that ho is telling the truth. Pious Complaint In fact, the president's pious complaint that Muskie had "libelled" the American people simply underlined the point. A man whose political strategy is to win the white South and the white suburbs by cutting into the George Wallace vote is standing knee- deep in the credibility gap when he defends the political effectiveness of a black on a national ticket. Muskie's statement represented more than candor, however. It was an obvious effort to face hard facts, not to take refuge in comforting sophistry. In a society choked with scapegoats, straw men, scare theories and euphemism, a simple willingness to face up to conditions in notable in itself — a fact which speaks volumes about the political climate of the Nixon-Agnew years. Moreover, a politician who has been around as long as Muskie could not have been under much illusion about the political risks of making such a statement. If making it turns out to be an asset in the long run — which is by no means clear — it still will be true that it was a gamble to have done so. These aspects of the statement on blacks were to some extent duplicated in Muskie's later speech to the governor's conference the night after the bloody recapture, of the Attica prison. Putting aside a prepared text on revenue-sharing, the senator told the gov ernors that "at this moment there is only one thing to say . . . The Attica tragedy is more stark proof that something is terribly wrong in America.'' That is not a line generally recommended to presidential candidates, nor was Muskie's advice to his audience to "ponder how and why we have reached the point where men would rather die than live another day in America." And while all politicians are fond of making statements like the pledge that followed ("The only decent course now is a single, clarifying decision — at last, a genuine commitment of our vast resouces to the human needs of people"), still the context in which the senator was speaking gave it a certain ring of determination. Speaks Frankly This speech also represented an apparent effort to face up to unpleasant hut important facts and to speak frankly about them, even though incurring some political risk. It also arose obviously from strong emotions: And if the ability to feel something passionately is the opposite coin of the fabled Muskie temper, hurrah for that. These remarks may not make K<i Muskie much more or less a front-runner than lie already was, nor do they necessarily show him to be the best man or the best candidate the Democrats have. Hut id least it ought to he noted thai there was nothing bland, wishy-washy or centrist. ;tbout. tin: Muskie who made those statements: maybe the image is only in the eye of the beholder. Merry'Go-Round Doctor Discovers Aerosol Sprays May Cause Cancer /thought Martha Mitchell!" By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - A Colorado doctor has uncovered alarming, but strictly preliminary, evidence that aerosol sprays may cause cancel'. We reported on Aug. 3 that hair sprays, deodorant sprays and other aerosol cosmetics "contain chemicals which may sear the eyes, damage the lungs and weaken the heart." Now Dr. William O. Good of Montrose, Colo., has rushed us his own urgent findings. Seventy-five of his patients, who had been exposed to aerosol sprays, were given sputum pap tests by the nationally known pathologist, Dr. Geno Saccomann. The tests revealed "pre-malignant cells," which could develop into cancer. Dr. Good sent us the actual pathology reports on 48 patients whose names, of course, had been blotted out. In each case, "atypical or dyplastic cells"—that is, pre-malignant, cancer-causing cells- were found. They ranged from "mild" to "marked." "No one can say how many of these patients will develop full blown lung can- Anderson Rich Pants for Biff 'A $200 Suit for My Hippie Son? 9 Baker By RUSSELL BAKER (C) 1971 N.Y. Times Nev/s Service WASHINGTON - This nightmare began developing about two weeks ago with the onset of the fall advertising season when the newspaper ads began to fill up with men wearing $200 suits. It opened with a heartwarming announcement by Biff, who is 18 now and fancies himself the soul of, fashion when decked out, as he always is, in shattered overalls and rope sandals. "Well, Dad,'' Biff said, "now that I am a man the time has come to put aside this childish clothing and begin dressing in regular gentleman's ready- to-wear." When Biff said this there was a wan woman—probably his mother, but things are often vague in dreams—who broke into tears of gratitude. Someone barbecued a calf on the small backyard grill. Relatives came from many states to celebrate Biff's return to traditional garments. "Yes." Biff was felling Uncle Harold, "the next time you s?e me. I shall be wearing a haircut and one of the new $200 suits." "Two hundred dollars!" shouted Biff's father, very loudly in the night, as he came awake with a spasm of terror and sat bolt upright in bed. "Go back to sleep," said Biff's mother. "You were just having another one of your nightmares about taxes." Two nights later the dream resumed. As it began Biff's father was saying, "All right, anything to save you from becoming a hippie. Even a $200 suit." Could See Logic And they were transported magically to the $200 suit store, where a salesman who looked exactly like Adolphe Menjou—white tie, tails, spats, carnation in lapel—was forbidding them entry. "You can't just walk in here wearing worn-out overalls and buy a $200 suit," he said. "Look!" He showed them a parking lot filled with Rolls-Royces and Dusen- bergs. "Our customers," he said, "acquire monogrammed underwear, shoes made of leather from the finest Spanish bulls, and neckties inlaid with mother -of -pearl before they come in for a $200 suit." Biff said he could see the logic of that. It would be silly, he said, to put a $200 suit on over bare skin with nothing but rope sandals to keep the cuffs from rubbing against dirty feet. "For those items," the salesman said, "you go to the $10 underwear shop, the $55 footwear boutique, and the damn -the- freeze harberdashery." With a great effort, Biff's father forced himself to wake up before he could drain the last of his bank account for Biff's wardrobe. He refused to dream any more that night, but next night the thing was waiting for him. Decent Furniture "If I'm going to be respectable," Biff's opening lines went, "I can't go on living in a crummy pad, with nothing on the wall. I shall be wanting you to buy me some decent furniture. Some Ouppendale ..." "Wake up!" Biff's mother cried t 0 Biff's groaning father. "With pleasure," said Biff's father. But the very next night, around 3 a.m., Bill told his father that they couldn't really pull up at the $200 suit store in his father's drab 1968 sedan. "A 1927 Dusenberg can be had quite reasonably from The dream has not resumed for the last three nights. Whenever Biff's mother starts to tell Biff he should do something about his shabby appearance, Biff's father kicks her shins and snarls. cers," said Dr. Good. But the ominous indications spurred him into sending us the results rather than waiting to publish them. He found the pre-malignant cells, incidentally, in patients of ;ill ages, some as young as 17. The propellant in most sprays is a form of Freon, a Dul'ont product long used as a refrigerant. Freon has damaged the hearts of test animals and has been linked to the deaths of youngsters who inhaled it for a "high." Danger To Lungs Dr. Good believes Frcon or other ingredients, at least indirectly, may also cause non-cancerous king infection. The chemicals damage or destroy the tiny hairs that act as "sweepers." They no longer citn keep out dust particles, he said, thus leaving the lungs vulnerable to infection. Dr. Good has just reported his findings to the American Medical Association, which notified both the Food and Drug Administration and the- aerosol industry. The industry immediately dispatched a physician to confer with Good. At FDA, we reached Dr. .John Gowdy, an expert on aerosols, who is winding up a limited study of the effect of hair sprays on 200 beauticians. He found they have slightly more lung diseases than normal. Cancer was discovered in two of the beauticians. But he said these were the first two cancer cases found among 2,000 beauticians tested in Germany, England and in other U.S. studies. He added cautiously that the higher incidence of lung diseases among beauticians can't be linked definitely to hair sprays. But he acknowledged the question "needs to be looked into." The cosmetics industry, upon learning of our investigation of aerosols, sent us medical information supporting their view that aerosols do not damage lungs. No Evidence A 1959 FDA test and studies in 1963 and .965 by Dr. Robert Giovacchini produced no evidence that aerosol sprays affect the lungs. Dr. Giovacchini's studies are summarized in AMA's Journal which notes without comment that he was working for Toni, a cosmetics firm, at the lime. Footnote: Guinea pig tests by Lt. Col. George Ward, a physician - researcher at Fitzsimmons General Hospital, turned up long lesions caused by spray deodorants. And at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in North Carolina, a study has just been started of aerosol deodorants, using rats and a rabbit. Looking Backward Ten Years Ago in 1961 Hutchinson Home Builders were staging their annual home show with houses displayed by Tucker Agency, Jayhawk, Messing Realty, United Real Estate, Warren Schmitt, Bob King, Bob Ging, Hutchinson Investment, Rowland, Atkinson and Right- linger. Police at State Fair announced some of the items lost at the fair — a trumpet mouthpiece, a leaky fountain pen, glasses, empty wallets and a box of cookies left from last year. Twenty-five Years Ago in 1946 A dozen Nazi war leaders were sentenced to death by the Nueremberg court. Three men were sentenced to life imprisonment. The Santa Fe Super Chief and El Capitan were to depart on alternate days from Chicago to Los Angeles. Bank clearings in Hutchinson were at a near peak — 1295,320,635 in September. Fifty Years Ago in 1921 Wichita was staging its International Wheat Show at the Forum. The show didn't continue many years. The cornerstone was laid at the United Presbyterian church at 6th and Elm. "My! How I envy your dazzling white wash!"
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