Hutchinson News Friday, Oct. 1, 1971 Page 3 Local Sales Tax Wouldn't Help Some Towns, Says Economist By JEANETTE JACKSON Education is the "big fish among the little fish" gulping tax dollars. It is the largest consumer of state and local taxes, says B. L. Flinchbaugh, Kansas State Univerity economist. He outlined Kansas tax problems and possible alternatives in an educational seminar to 50 Extension people from 14 counties Thursday at the Hilton. Mostly Property Taxes Approximately 65 par cent of the total cost for elementary and secondary education in the state is financed by local property taxes, with the balance picked up by state and federal governments. Thirty per cent of education's cost is paid by the state out of its general operating fund, financed primarily by sales and income taxes levied by the state. The remaining five per cent is covered by federal funds. Although . controversy s u r- rouncls the Kansas tax problem, Flinchbaugh told the group the real tax question is: "How do we finance public schools?" Three Alternatives He outlined three alternatives, but refused to offer any as an answer or as a preferred course, saying he believed people should get the facts and decide the issue for themselves. The first alternative is to do nothing, letting the situation stand as it is with consequences continuing to be identical to those over the last several years. The second would be to decrease property taxes, as advocated by farm organizations and taxpayer leagues, and increasing other taxes. This would mean major changes would have to be made in state sales and income taxes. The last alternative is to put more emphasis upon revenues from property taxes and less upon revenues from non-property sources. An alternative calling for more property taxes isn't likely to find much support among Kansas property owners, he noted. No Fair Tax- Earlier in the day, Flinch baugh told the group that there was no such thing as a fair, just, equitable or desirable tax as far as all the people are concerned. The Kansas tax problem is simple: If some one else's taxes are lowered, yours will have to be raised in order to keep present services going, he said. "The tax issue is not a rural- urban issue as some people claim," he said. "The issue concerns all the people in Kansas, and Farm Bureau and labor are not going to get their way." During the morning Dr. Flinchbaugh gave background to listeners on tax and economic changes in the United States. Much of the controversy concerning Kansas taxes centers about property taxes, he said in the afternoon. One of the answers offered has been t h e property tax lid. "In i968, the good governor came along with his tax lid," Flinchbaugh said. "It has worked. It has kept property taxes down, but along with the lid came the authority for local governments to call a referen dum for a \-i to 1 1 2 cent sales tax at the local level." Only three Kansas cities have been able to pass a local sales lax — Manhattan, Lawrence, and Topeka. Voters have rejected it in other towns. And for some small communities, a local sales tax would offer little improvement in their financial structure, he said. The tax lid was achieved, he said, because rural people wanted a property tax lid and large urban centers wanted a sales tax. so they cooperated to get it passed. They'll Go Elsewhere People will drive to another town to buy a new car it they can save money by not buying it in a community that has a local sales tax, Flinchbaugh said. While a local sales tax would help cities thai are shopping centers for other areas —such as Hutchinson, Dodge City, and Wichita — the sales tax doesn't help reduce property taxes for counties like Stafford. If a 10 per cent property tax cut had been made last year. Sedgwick County could have raised the needed taxes through less than a cent sales tax. Reno County could have achieved it on a one cent sales tax, but small counties like Stafford, would have had to levy a 3.77 cenis sales tax to raise t li c same amount of revenue, he explained. Big Difference To raise the loss in property taxes through a boost on income taxes, Stafford County would have had to go to a 3.4 per cent tax, compared with Sedgwick County, which could do the same with a 1.6 per cent income lax. The increase would be in addition to present taxes. To cut property taxes in half, as advocated by some Kansas groups, Stafford County would have to levy a 20 per cent sales tax to make up the same revenue previously brought in by property taxes. This would be on top of the current three per cent state sales tax. On the slate level, property tax cuts of 10 per cent would mean the state would have to find $49 million elsewhere lo pay for education or spend less on it. This could be raised by a one cent sales tax increase, boosting present sales taxes to four cents. A 50 per cent property tax reduction made up by the state would call for a nickel increase — to an eight-cent sales tax. "People could do away with prpperty taxes entirely and get the needed money by requiring a 13 cents sales tax, but you won't find politicians getting elected on that ticket," he exclaimed, drawing general laughter from his audience. On the income tax side of the picture, the needed $49 million for a 10 per cent property tax reduction could be raised by a 1.7 per cent increase in state income taxes, he said. Another way of reducing property taxes would be to increase income taxes by eliminating federal deduction of individual income taxes from state income taxes. This would raise $37 million; corporation taxes on this basis would raise another $21 million. Adding revenues from banks and savings companies, altogether it would raise $60.5 millions. "The state could distribute this back to schools who in turn could lower the property tax levy. I said they could I didn't say they would," ho stated. "School districts are political boundaries not economic," he continued. "I am not proposing to merge school districts. I like to live too well. What I am saying is that small districts have high costs . • . Small town basketball teams are damned expensive. If you want to pay the bill, don't ask me to help pay for it." he exclaimed. "If you want to have local pride, you have to pay for it." Big Schools More Efficient He said schools with 1,000 students were more efficient cost-wise than schools with 100 students . He compared pupil costs of Hamilton County with Sedgwick County as an example. Hamilton County, with 92 students, has a per pupil cost of $1,573 compared to S489 for Sedgwick's No. 266 district with 980 students. The stale is trying to cut tax costs by cutting slate aid to ex tremely small schools. He explained one small school in the Moscow - Hugoton area of Stevens County has more students than teachers and receives very little state aid. Can't Starve Them "But the state can't starve them out because they have large gas companies paying for it. There's a $150,000 valuation behind each pupil. It's no wonder those gas companies are paying taxes under protest," he stated. He said population sparsity wasn't the problem here and that the state is more understanding about having pupils hauled long distances to a school. Greeley County Does It He pointed out that Greeley County, a sparsely populated county, has only one school district. During the 1969-70 tax- year, the school had an enrollment of 501 students. Average cost per student was $866 and state aid per student was $199. "If they (Greeley County) can do it, others can, if they so desire," Flinchbaugh said. JlICOS NcC(l Most Rain During Fair To Expand In Chemistry About 20 Kansas junior college chemistry instructors attended an all-day meeting at the Hutchinson Community College Science Building Friday. They represented the 12 institutions of the Kansas Association of Jun- icr College Chemistry Teachers. Main topic was the need to expand the offering of organic chemistry in Kansas junior colleges to 10 hours. Five ju- cos, including HCC, now offer 10 hours, and the group endorsed a statement urging others to follow suit. The field has increased in importance tremendously during the past few years, said Clyde Hiebert, Butler County College instructor, and co-director of the association program. It will be needed by the increasing numbers of workers in the pollution, ecology and paramedical fields, as well as the present degree courses in pre- j med, pre-dental, pharmacy, biology and chemistry. If the student has to go to a four-year j college an extra semester to. take the additional organic: chemistry hours, he loses the j economic advantage of having attended a junior college, instructors were told. The association of chemistry instructors from 12 Kansas • jucos has received a $60,000 grant of the National Science Foundation to work on chemistry programs in cooperation with Kansas State University. The Hutchinson meeting was the second this fall at the member junior colleges. A session was held at K-State under Francis Larming, K-State associate professor of chemistry, last May and an 8 -week summer school is planned this year. During the year the group will discuss other common problems, said Hiebert, including the effort to stay current in the face of rapidly increasing knowledge and the new audio-tutorial method of teaching chemistry, completely individualized, now being used at Coffeyville Junior College. Charge Two in Death of Boy (Sae Story Page 9) SALINA - Mrs. Joy Boardman and Kevin Hall, both for- r.r-ly of South Hutchinson. '••-••-> arraigned on charges of "'a r y manslaughter in Sa- r '-v-- y Magistrate Court F-'dav morning. <-'••• g'i.s against the ccu- —• ci' nf the death Sat- f ? T rs Bcardman 's son, • :'cl Edward M. Bian- •)•"!?-; Job Corps . I raining irya R:ed, 22, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Reed, 512 .North Jackson, graduated this month from the Women's Job Corps Center at Excelsior Springs, Mo. She completed a 13-month course for nurse aides and has begun working at Providence Hospital, Kansas City. While ' working in Kansas City, she will complete a cosmetology course • started at the center. Miss Reed is a 1969 graduate of Hutchinson High School. September Left Warm, Dry Mark It might have seemed as if September was a rainy month if you wanted to visit the State Fair, but the figures show a serious deficiency in moisture for the month and for the crop year to dale (August and September.) Measurable moisture fell only three days in Hutchinson during September and each lime the rain was a long way from being a gully washer, with less than a half inch falling each time. Hutchinson Moisture Score Inches September 1971 1.27 September 1970 .. 5.50 September 1969 .... 1.59 September Average 2.84 1971 Rainfall to Date 21.06 Average 1st Nine Months 23.97 Deficiency 2.'/l Crop Year (Aug. 1-July 31) Rainfall to Date (two months) 2.11 Last Year This Date 6.52 Two Years Ago 5.36 Two Month Average 5.94 Deficiency 1 3.83 Annual Average 28.53 Rains on the 4th. 22nd, and 25th of the month showed a remarkable uniformity with .46, .41. and .40 falling on those dates. The rest of the month was uniformily and and unfortunately dry, as lawn and tree watering became a regular practice in a month where these chores generally can be forgotten. The year's moisture deficiency isn't as serious with pre cipitation total at 21.OC inches, :about 10 per cent less than the ;average of 23.97 accumulative • total for the first nine months |of the year. Crop Year Deficiency ! But August and September, ; the first two months of the crop year, show a 3.83 inch deficiency, a figure which could spell : trouble if the dryness continues, j The usual swings in temperature occurred during Septem- jber with the month's high be ting 97 degrees on both the 7th and 13th.The low was a chilly ;40 degrees posted the morning | of the 18th, a day when the jtemoerature didn't rise above i 48. ' j On September 19 the morning (low was 43 degrees and the : weather then warmed up for ;the rest of the month. September 17 was remarkable in its uniformity of temperature with the high for the day being 58 degrees and the low 5C. On Warm Side In spite of the few cool days, September was definitely on the warm side. The average highs of 80.8 degrees and the average lows of 62.3 produced a mean temperature of 76.5, 5.6 degrees above the long range mean September temperature of 70.9. At the end of the month there was no front movements that promised any sort of relief from the dry spell, or even the unseasonably warm weather. ! Dati j 1 I 2 3 | 4 j 5 1 6 ! 7 I 8 9 10 |11 12 I 14 j 15 16 17 18 I" 20 |21 I 22 !23 '.24 ! 25 126 28 29 130 . i Da September High W 91 94 85 93 97 85 84 95 87 9.) 97 83 75 71 58 64 71 71 64 64 61 77 87 94 85 68 82 Low 74 73 74 7.1 70 61 74 76 53 69 69 70 60 63 61 47 56 tCi 43 47 SO 58 50 46 56 59 72 72 71 72 Pr. y High Average ... Daily Low Average Mean Temperature for Sept. Long Range Mean Deviation Moisture .40 80.fi 62.3 76.5 70.9 S.6 1 .27 I Arrest Lounge Owner Richard NT. Adkinson, 44, 1407 North Washington, was arrested by police early Thursday morning at Dick's Lounge, 732 West 2nd. Adkinson is owner and manager of the lounge. He was charged with illegal consumption of liquor, intoxication and permitting dancing after hours. He was released on $220 bond to appear in municipal court Oct. 5. KING SIZE Blue Dragon dominates a caged gray- hound (inset), symbol of the Ft. Scott football team with the admonition to "cage the hounds" on this homecoming float. The annual HCC homecoming parade was on Main Friday morning. The two teams clash at 8 p.m. at Gowans Stadium. Salt Minors To Wicliita DRESS PAINTING—Iris Decker's second grade class at Lakeview School each took a turn at painting on the teacher's dress. The dress was first cut out and basted, then the children 'drew designs and figures on the material. Miss Decker took the pieces home and sewed them together. Connie Frager, left, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Frager, 418 Justice, and Brad Way, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jerold Way, 422 South Lorraine add finishing touches. | The Salt Minors Chorus of the local Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barbershop Quartet Singing in America will compete Saturday i afternoon in the Central States district convention at Wichita's Century II. Seven States Represented Twenty-six choruses from seven states will enter the competition to represent the district at the international convention in Atlanta next summer. States of the district are Kansas, Colorado, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and South Dakota. This past summer the Salt Minors took second place at the Kansas chorus contest at Lawrence. The district convention programs on Friday evening, Saturday morning and evening will 03 devoted to quartet competition. Two members of the local chapter. Jack Curry, tenor, and AI Albright, baritone, will combine their talents with Don Kready, Colby lead, and Dick Woodall, Ness City bass, to form the Intra-Statesmen Quartet. They also will be competing to represent the district at Atlanta. At the local chapter meeting Thursday, members brought' bed sheets to be donated to the Institute of Logopedics in Wichita. The institute is the service project of the international barbershop society. Since the institute was adopted by the society more than a half million dollars has been donated by the barbershoppers. 'Connie' to Vietnam SAN DIEGO, Calif. (AP) Ignoring a long protest campaign by antiwar groups, the attack carrier Constellation left on schedule today for her sixth tour of duty off Vietnam. A threatened sea -going picket line fizzled when only two small boats, one with a sign saying "Peace," showed up in San Diego Harbor. Volley of Laughs In Guild Play The new Hutchinson Theatre |weis was limited in lines, but Guild season was launched with a volley of laughs Thursday evening at the Little Theatre. The play, "Catch Me If You Can," contains an above-average quota of funny lines and the cast deftly uses them for all they're worth. In carrying the main load of ths twisty, mystery plot, Abe Weinlood and John-David Pulver act and react to each other beautifully. As the country inspector, Weinlood, a Theatre Guild veteran, Thursday lived up to the audience expectations of a good performance as he went about his detective work, in his words, "cherchez la hanky-panky." Mel Haines, a 17-year veteran in television and radio, but a newcomer to the Theatre Guild, was a smooth addition to the cast. Kathy Niven, as the bride her husband didn't recognize, projected well and so did Raymond Gabica, in a smaller comedy role, and Gary Wittorff, in a supporting role. Elaine Schne- added to the stage decoration. With this season, the Theatre Guild seems to have come into its own. It is accustomed to its new home, the remodeled, air - conditioned church at B and Plum. It is beginning j At School ISight Boy Scouts, Cubs Sign 484 Youths A total of 378 boys joined the Cub Scouts, 106 joined Boy Scouts and 63 adults joined as leaders in K a n z a Council's third annual School Night for to explore new lighting and (Scouting, according to J o h n sound effects, now that rou- jEriksen, 610 Adair Circle, tine procedures are under control. And the "Catch Me If You Can" cast demonstrated a group spirit that comes from hours of hard work and good direction, the latter in the hands of Helen Anderson. The play will be given tonight and Saturday evening at 8:15 and next week, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. M.A.C. Focus on rrincess SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Princess Alexandra of England is the focus of attention as San Francisco celebrates British Week, which officially opens today. School Night chairman. More than 125 schools in Kanza's 11-county area were involved in the program. Results for each of Kanza's four districts are: Cheyenne District (Barton and Rice Counties) — 107 new Cubs, 41 Boy Scouts, 23 leaders. Lakota District (Barber, Comanche, Kiowa, Pratt Counties) — 69 Cubs, 27 Boy Scouts, five leaders. Mohawk District (Reno, plus the city of Sterling) — 138 Cubs, 17 Boy Scouts, 15 leaders. Sioux District (Edwards, i Pawnee, Rush, Stafford Counties) — 65 Cubs, 21 Boy Scouts, 20 leaders. He Took Bus But Didn 9 t Leave Driving to Them DADE CITY, Fla. (AP) - Broke and 350 miles from home, Joey Tripp decided to take a bus home. Police corraled him three hours later highballing a $65,000 Greyhound bus along State Road 98. "I knew I wasn't going to make it," said the 18-year-old Joey. "I just thought I'd try." Police Chief Norris L. Nixon said Joey's flight toward his home in Pensacola ended Thursday about 60 miles from where it began. Orlando police had put out an alert for the big silver bus and said it was headed toward Dade City. "He was going 65 in a 45 mile zone when we saw him," Nixon said. Nixon hauled Joey to the city jail where the youth unwound his lonesome tale. "He said he was homesick. He lives in Pensacola and didn't have any money. He said he saw a bus refueling and decided he would take a bus, literally," Nixon said. In a telephone interview from the jail, Joey said he had been returning from a five- month stay with his uncle in Atlanta when he found himself broke and hungry in Orlando. He had lost his bus ticket en route. Joey was charged with driving without a license and speeding. Seen and Heard Hutchinson's Fall Foliage show is starting. Several hard maple trees on West 13th have begun to turn and in all their glory within 10 days rival any color produced in Vermont and New Hampshire which the News Fall Foliage tour will view this weekend. Probably the largest and most colorful tree is at t h c Virgil BasncU home. 17 West 13th. A •> • Gasoline nriccs, which h a d dinned as low as 26 .9 cents a gallon for regular gas at some stations here, were up Friday with major companies posting orices of 35 .9 a gallon for regular and other stations' prices ranging clown to 31 .9 cents a fal- lon. A • • Mrs. Dwain Gill and her 13- year-old daughter, Carol Diane, Sylvia, were surprised to learn that September had 31 days Friday morning. When Carol, an eighth - grader at Sylvia Grade School, turned the pages on a calendar in their home (from Parrott-Hodnett Inc., Hutchinson) looking for Oct. 1, she found a page for Sept. 31. • • • It was a case of confusing the flag with the flagpole in a News outline Thursday. Dedication ceremonies were held at Wesley Towers Wednesday for the flagpole, donated by Anna Daniels and Mary Fairchild, both residents of the retirement home. Wesley Towers had had the flag for about a year with no place to fly it. Dale Whitaker, 222 Countryside, hand dug the hole in which the pole was set. • • • Rock Castle Jaycees will hold a car wash at the Kansas State | Industrial Reformatory from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m. Saturday. Legion Commander Here on Vets Day Lysle Rishel Post No. 68, the American Legion will entertain the state commander, Marvin Jardon, on Veterans Day which is Monday, Oct. 25 this year. The post also plans to stage a parade starting at 10 a.m. at 9th and Main. The post held a parade last year but bad weather interfered. A covered dish dinner will be held at the clubhouse that night with the Auxiliary members also attending the dinner and meeting. The Hutchinson post has missed only a few times in the last 25 years or more in entertaining the department commander on Armistice Day or Veterans Day. Liquor License Suspended 30 Days The retail liquor license of Doris M. Humiston, operator of the Humiston Liquor Store, 832 West 4th, has been temporarily suspended by the state Alcoholic Beverage Control board. E. V. D. Murphy, ABC director, announced the 30 day suspension, effective Monday. The action was taken after one of the store's employes was charged with making a gift of alcoholic beverage to a minor, a violation of the state liquor law.
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