The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 14, 1986 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Salina, Kansas
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Tuesday, January 14, 1986
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Page 5
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Nation/World Vietnam vows to help locate MIAs The Salina Journal Tuesday, January 14,1986 Page 5 HnHSET™" NSU RAN CE WASfflNGTON (AP) - The Vietnamese government has pledged to investigate about 100 "live-sighting reports" of Americans missing in Indochina, a top Pentagon official said Monday. Richard Armitage, the assistant defense secretary for international security affairs, said hundreds of such sightings in the past decade have been dismissed by the Pentagon as fabrications or involve men already accounted for. But 95 reports remain under U.S. investigation, and the Vietnamese government has promised to look into them, he said. The Vietnamese also have begun investigating reports from their own people involving the status of missing Americans and to allow joint U.S.- Vietnamese teams to conduct "multiple" excavations at sites where American planes are known to have crashed during the war, he said. Armitage, condemning private attempts to find the misssing men, said the United States is making progress in its efforts to determine what happened to the 1,797 Americans still missing in Vietnam. There are more than 200 such crash sites, Armitage said, but the United States wants to begin the excavation work by focusing on about 60 "high-probability sites" hi rural areas where it thinks there might be a good chance of recovering bodies. Armitage repeatedly refused to discuss a published report Monday that at least one American had been captured in Laos last month while on a privately financed mission to locate missing servicemen. He said the State Department and Pentagon had received such a report and the State Department was investigating,' 'but we have no proof.'' "But the U.S. government is resolutely opposed to private forays unto Indochina," Armitage said. "We feel that they can only harm the issue. They do not have the technical means nor the expertise to deal with whatever they may find." Armitage also dismissed allegations contained in a private lawsuit in North Carolina, claiming American prisoners had been spotted in Vietnam and Laos as recently as October and that the U.S. government had done little to investigate. "We are serious people engaged in a very serious effort," Armitage said. "And I find allegations to the contrary to be absurd. I think in great measure (such suits) are a sign of frustration that we all feel. The families of our POW's and MLA's have been faced with this inhumane uncertainty for far too long." In discussing the live-sighting reports, Armitage • said the United States had received 806 "first-hand live-sighting reports" from Indochinese refugees since the fall of Saigon in 1975. Of those reports, all but 95 have been dismissed as either fabrications or reports involving men who have been accounted for. The remaining 95, however, "are under continuing investigation in an attempt to confirm the information," Armitage said. Seventy-nine of the 95 reports involve sightings in either North or South Vietnam, with 14 of the remainder coming from Laos. "Serving Salina Since 1927" PAT BOLEN RON DUPY U.S. official gives Reagan letter to Botha JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) — The State Department's top Africa specialist Monday gave President P.W. Botha a letter from President Reagan. Meanwhile, a judge upheld an order barring black activist Winnie Mandela from her home. The U.S. official, | Chester Crocker, assistant secretary of state for Crocker African affairs, is in Johannesburg to press the white-minority government on apartheid and independence for South-West Africa. He gave Botha the letter from Reagan in a 90-minute meeting in Cape Town. Crocker, who made no statement, then met for more than five hours with the foreign and defense ministers. The Cape Argus newspaper reported, without attribution, that Reagan appealed for "decisive action" on reforms in apartheid and on independence for South-West Africa, also called Namibia, which South Africa controls in defiance of the United Nations. In Johannesburg, Judge Louis le Grange upheld a Dec. 21 government order barring Mandela from her home in the huge black township of Soweto outside the city. Le Grange gave Mandela, who has been in hiding near Johannesburg for nearly two weeks, permission to appeal to the Supreme Court. Mandela, wife of jailed guerrilla leader Nelson Mandela, was not in court for the hour-long proceeding. Mandela's lawyers said they did not know whether she would await the Supreme Court decision or make another attempt to return to Soweto. Police arrested her both previous times she went to her home. Le Grange said in authorizing the appeal: "At issue here is the personal freedom of the individual, and I accept it is a matter of great importance and principle." Lawyers for Mandela, 50, argued that the order was "inhuman" and technically invalid because, until police took Mandela from her home Court agrees to hear case on benefits WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court, in a key case for American business, said Monday that it would decide whether employers can be forced to provide special fringe benefits for pregnant workers. The court agreed to study a challenged California law requiring employers to grant leaves of absence to pregnant workers who request them, even if leaves are not granted for any other cause. The California law also generally requires employers to rehire workers returning from pregnancy leaves. The law is being attacked by an unusual coalition — employers, feminists and the Reagan administration — as illegal sex discrimination. The court must assess the 1978 California law against a 1978 federal law, the Pregnancy Disability Amendment, that barred discrimination in employment based on pregnancy. The state law was challenged by the California Federal Savings and Loan Association in Los Angeles after state officials filed a complaint against Cal Fed for not putting receptionist Lillian Garland back to work quickly after she took four months off in 1982. Cal Fed's disability leave policy did not provide for such maternity leaves, and authorized the savings and loan association to refuse to rehire employees who take any kind of leave. After a federal trial judge ruled against Garland and the state law, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the ruling. Shuttle crew isn't getting the picture SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP) — Columbia's astronauts spent their first full day in space Monday attempting to repair balky equipment, including a light intensifier that threatened to spoil unprecedented close-up photos of Halley's comet. The seven-member crew — which includes Rep. Bill Nelson, D-Fla. — reported malfunctions on a medical device, an astronomy instrument, a materials processing experiment and a special camera that was aimed at the comet. On the ground, National Aeronautics and Space Administration officials indicated they would consider shortening the much-delayed mission from five days to four. This would help NASA keep on its tight schedule of launching 15 shuttle missions this year, a flight director said. Astronaut George Nelson attempted to take pictures of Halley's comet using a camera attached to a light intensifier, but discovered the device would not work. Mission Control told Nelson to re- move the light intensifier from the 35 mm camera and take long exposures of the comet. Nelson reported that he and astronaut Steve Hawley searched the heavens for the comet, but were uncertain that they found it because it was obscured by light from the moon. "Without the intensifier, the comet is difficult to find," Nelson said, "but I think we got it. We got five different exposures, but I'm not sure how bright they're going to be." The light intensifier had been turned on before it was stowed for launch, and the batteries were drained, Nelson found. He replaced the batteries, but the device still failed to work. Halley's comet is approaching its nearest point to the sun. Experts said the ice in the speeding body is boiling off, creating a bright tail. Photographs from Columbia were to be the first ever taken from space of the comet while it is so near to the sun. Bonnet in good condition after 4-hour heart surgery BOSTON (AP) - Yelena Bonner was in satisfactory condition Monday after major heart surgery, and a hospital spokesman said it was uncertain whether she would be alert enough to call her exiled husband in the Soviet Union. Surgeon bypassed six ar-> teries — three I main arteries and I three branches —I which is "an un-l usual number," | said Martin Bander, spokes- _, man at Mas- Bonner sachusetts General Hospital. "The operation went very well and she is now doing well in intensive King's son: Equality still a dream By The Associated Press The youngest son of the late Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. said Monday that work remains to be done before his father's dream of equality is achieved. "If he were alive today, he would say we still have a job ahead of us. Because no man is free until all men are free," Dexter Scott King said at a ceremony in Washington at the Department of Health and Human Services. Ceremonies and rallies mark the week leading up to the first national holiday honoring the elder King's civil rights work. Although the federal holiday honoring the Nobel Peace Prize winner is Jan. 20, King was born Jan. 15, 1929. He was shot to death by James Earl Ray on April 4, 1968^ Gov. John Carlin will lead an observance in Topeka Wednesday of King's birthday. Carlin will head a march of officials and citizens from the Kansas Judicial Center to the Capitol at 11:45 a.m., then speak at a commemorative ceremony in the second floor rotunda at 12:15 p.m.. The governor also will present the second Martin Luther King Governor's Award, given annually to a person in Kansas "who best exemplifies Dr. King's work." Also speaking during the rotunda ceremony will be Margaret Myers of Topeka, who will relate some of her personal experiences working with the King family in the civil rights movement. King's birthday is Wednesday, but the state will observe it as an official holiday next Monday. "I have a dream," King told 250,000 civil rights protesters at the Lincoln Memorial on Aug. 28,1963, "that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal.'" Health and Human Services Secretary Otis R. Bowen said at the Washington ceremony that for his agency "Dr. King's legacy offers a special challenge — a challenge of service, and a challenge of self- reliance." "Today, let's not only remember the man. More ceremonies are planned throughout the week at several state capitols, although not all states have established a state holiday for King. Dec. 21, the government had ignored her living openly in Soweto for five months in defiance of a previous order. The judge said Mandela had proved only that the police failed to establish her "unlawful presence" hi Soweto or that they had shown "forbearance." Under the previous order, Mandela was banished for eight years to the remote town of Brandfort. The new order says she can live hi any black area except those of Johannesburg and neighboring Roodepoort, which include her home and the nation's largest black townships. She is to appear in court Jan. 22 on charges of violating the order. GET PERSONAL WITH THE BOSS. You'll have an answer on a Personal Loan in 24 hours. At Beneficial? the boss just so happens to be a very friendly manager. Someone you can talk to about what you want. No committees. Just you, the boss—and a Personal Loan in just 24 hours. So go ahead. Shake hands. And talk personally to the boss. The boss is in at the following location: For Lease Space formerly occupied by the Diet Center in Kraft Manor 211 W. Cloud Phone 827-7O2O SAUNA— Kraft Manor Building 1825 South 9th Street 827-5501 Evtnlnga ud weekend*by appointment. All loons subject to credit approval. Individual and joint creditavailable. Beneficial ©1985. BMCA Talk to the manager, and you're talking to the boss. mmtimmimniimmmmiirmmmimfmn care," he said. The bypass operation took just over four hours and ended about 12:30 p.m., Bander said. He said Bonner would be at the hospital for eight to 10 days. "She was feeling very bad before she went into hospital and she was having trouble walking and breathing," Bonner's mother, Ruth Bonner, told The Associated Press. "Clearly, the operation was necessary, and I hope it will ease her condition." Her family said Bonner went into surgery concerned that for the last two weeks she has not heard from her husband, Andrei Sakharov, a Nobel Peace Prize winner who lives in internal exile in Gorky, an industrial city 250 miles west of Moscow. 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