Local/Kansas The Salina Journal Tuesday, January 14,1986 Page 3 Tax hike, annexation bills open legislative session Sales tax increase among House bilk TOPEKA (AP) - A bill that would raise the statewide sales tax from 3 percent to 4.5 percent this year was among 55 new pieces of legislation introduced in the Kansas House Monday on the first day of the 1986 Kansas Legislature. The sales tax measure, which is not the same as Gov. John Carlin's proposed tax hike, would increase the state sales tax again in 1987 — to 5 percent. The proposal would ban all countywide sales taxes after July 1 but would allow cities to continue local levies. Carlin has proposed increasing the statewide sales tax by 1 cent on the dollar, from the current 3 percent to 4 percent, to fund his so-called investment budget. The House Committee on Assessment and Taxation is expected to introduce the governor's proposal today and'conduct hearings on it Wednesday. However, money generated by the bill introduced Monday by Reps. Don Crumbaker, R-Brewster, and Denise Apt, R-Iola, would go primarily for education. Crumbaker is chairman of the standing House Committee on Education and Apt is chairwoman of Crumbaker the joint Legislative Educational Planning Committee. Apt said 1 cent of the 1.5-cent statewide increase would go to compensate counties that now levy sales taxes. She said the state treasurer would divide the compensation money among all of Kansas' 105 counties, based on each county's total sales tax collections for the previous year. "In essence, those that had a tax would be getting the same amount back, those that didn't would get more that they would have otherwise but nobody would be getting less," Apt said. Of the 55 House bills introduced Monday, 53 had been profiled with the secretary of state before the session began, including the sales tax bill. Other measures would: • Allow Washburn University of Topeka to enter the state university system before Aug. 31 as Washburn State University. However, before Washburn could join six other universities and Kansas Technical Institute under control of the Kansas Board of Regents, Shawnee County voters would have to approve a half- cent sales tax to "support and benefit" the school after it is admitted to the state system. Washburn currently is the only municipal university in Kansas. • Place no conditions on Washburn's entry into the state university system. The second measure only provides for the mechanics of placing the school under control of the regents, which would occur on July 1, 1987. • Expand the state's severance tax on mineral production to include hydrogen, starting in 1991. The bill, which calls for hydrogen to be taxed at a rate of 8 percent, would allow a two-year exemption for newly discovered pools. The lightweight element would join oil, natural gas, coal and salt as minerals covered by the severance tax. • Force manufacturers of chewing tobacco and snuff to place warning labels on their products offered for sale in Kansas. • Exempt church parsonages from property taxes. Lawmaker raises among Senate bills TOPEKA (AP) — Proposals to increase pay for lawmakers by $3 for each day they are in session, increase the gross receipts tax on liquor sales and create boundary commissions to rule on annexation disputes were introduced Monday in the Kansas Senate. The liquor tax increase would generate about $4 million which Sen. Robert Frey, R- Liberal and chairman of the Senate Judiciary; Committee, said would be used to establish, expand and upgrade alcohol and drug abuse treatment programs and centers run by the state welfare agency. A related bill would abolish the gross receipts tax and replace it with a levy on the amount of liquor, spirits and wine purchased by a private club. The current 10 percent receipts tax would be replaced by a $55 tax per case of spirits, $1 per liter of wine, and $1.60 per gallon of beer pur- Frey chased by a private club. The pay bill would increase from $49 to $52 the amount the state's 165 lawmakers are paid for each of the 90 days the Legislature is in session. Besides the daily stipend, lawmakers receive $50 expense money for each day of the legislative session. During the interim months between sessions, lawmakers are paid $600 for postage, telephone and office costs associated with their elected positions. The bill also calls for paying a geographic-differential bonus to legislators who represent the 30 largest rural districts. In compensation for the extra miles some must travel, the bill would pay an additional $100 per month to 23 lawmakers whose districts cover 2,0004,999 square miles. The seven lawmakers with districts covering more than 5,000 square miles would receive an extra $200 monthly. The plan would cost an estimated $23,000—about $1,800 each for the seven biggest districts and $900 each for the other 23 large districts. The annexation measure was part of a package endorsed by a summer study committee. The group of bills would establish the boundary commission and reduce to 20 acres from Jogging the mind Runner shares his love of fitness through talks By JIM BOLE Staff Writer LINDSBORG — He is known as the "running doctor," but Dr. George Sheehan considers himself a preacher who is spreading the word about the religion of physical fitness. "The thrust of my 'sermons' is that a long life depends upon exercise," said Sheehan, 67, a cardiologist who has gained national recognition from his running exploits and writings on running and fitness. Sheehan gave a speech on "Technology and the Pursuit of Health" Monday night at Bethany College. He will conduct a running clinic and an open forum today at the college. At 8 a.m. today, he will talk to runners in Stroble-Gibson Centennial Center. At 10:15 a.m., he will conduct a forum in Burnett Center Auditorium. The forum, "The Politics of Fitness," will include a look at the fitness phenomenon and reactions of those involved and profiting from it. Sheehan's visit is part of Bethany's interterm activities. This year's interterm — with the theme of "Science, Technology and the Liberal Arts"—began Jan. 6 and ends Jan. 29. At the age of 44, Sheehan took up the sport of running and soon found himself passing most of his younger competitors at marathons and other races, he said. When he was 50, he ran a mile in 4 minutes, _ 47.6 seconds, which was a world's record for his age group. When he was 61, he ran the Marine Corps _ Marathon in 3 hours, 1 minute, 10 seconds, his best marathon time. He has competed in more than 20 Boston Marathons, including the one in 1984. He did not complete in the 1985 marathon because of an injury, but is planning to run in this year's, he said. "Running increases your total life," Sheehan said. "Not just by adding years to your life, but by adding hours to your day." Runners often are more productive than those who don't exercise regularly because running improves a person's stamina, strength and other physical functions of the human body, he said. "You can become a better human if you can improve the performance of the human body," he said. After experiencing the benefits of running first hand, Sheehan combined them with his career in medicine and came up with new ideas about both, he said. He spread his ideas on running with lectures throughout the country, in magazine and newspaper columns and in books such as "Dr. Sheehan's Medical Advice for Runners," ' 'Running and Being: the Total Experience'' and ' 'How to Feel Great 24 Hours a Day." He also is part of a movement in the medical community that wants to help people to maintain or improve their health, rather than work- Cralg Chandler Dr. George Sheehan smiles during a talk about running at Bethany College. ing solely toward doctors' age-old purpose of curing sickness, he said. "We really don't' know exactly what makes people healthier as well as we know how to cure diseases," Sheehan said. Advances in medical technology and growing acceptance of healthier lifestyles are two of the keys to increasing the length and quality of people's lives, he said. Running and other forms of exercise are one of the best ways to improve a person's lifestyle, he said. Besides the health benefits, regular exercise offers pleasure and satisfaction that can't be found elsewhere, Sheehan said. Some pleasure might come from the chemicals in the brain — such as endorphins — that are generated from exercise, he said. Other pleasure comes from experiencing new sensations that come from exercise and sports, especially when there is the challenge of competition, he said. Training, competing and the feelings after competing are all enjoyable sensual experiences, he said. "Taking a shower after a tough workout is the highlight for me," Sheehan joked. The challenge of competing against others in running or other sports is healthier because people try harder to reach their limits, he said. Some people, including himself, enjoy running almost as an obsession, Sheehan said. "But at least running doesn't take as much time as dancing or playing the piano," he said. Most serious runners do not spend every waking hour running, but become obsessed with their performance, he said. When Sheehan is not running or writing or lecturing about fitness, he works as a cardiologist at a Red Bank, N.J., hospital. He is a member of the President's Council of Physical Fitness, as well as the hospital's electro- cardiology and stress testing board of internal medicine. 55 acres the amount of unplatted agricultural land that a city could annex in most cases without owner permission. In addition, the bills allow pre- annexation agreements in which cities and counties can make Arrangements for the extension of municipal utilities if the landowner agrees to a future annexation. An unrelated bill would simply prohibit any future annexations by cities. Also introduced were bills which would: • Allow limited branch banking in communities with a population of 750 or less, which suffer the failure and closing of their only bank. • Require all school buses to be equipped with seat belts for all passengers. • Exempt from personal property taxation a list of items including agricultural produce grown by the seller, and goods sold at fairs, auctions, trade shows and bazaars. • Put supervision of the state's 19 community colleges under control of the State Board of Regents. • Exempt from property taxes parsonages used exclusively as a\ residence or a place of ministry by a clergyman of any church society and up to one-half acre of adjoining land. Commission OKs fees for downtown renovation project By GORDON D. FIEDLER Jr. Staff Writer The Salina City Commission Monday approved the 1986 assessments for the downtown Business Improvement District. The assessments are expected to generate about $11,000, or 31 percent of the budget for the improvement district, which oversees the downtown renovation project. The rest of the money for the district's budget will come from local sales tax revenue as part of an agreement signed by the commission in 1984. The commission committed the city to supplying $5 of public money for every $1 of private money raised for the $6.5 million downtown project. Progress on the project in 1985 cost $797,393 out of a budget of $800,000. City Manager Rufus Nye said most of the money, $575,250, went for land and building purchases. Other expenditures were made for architectural services, $182,982; appraisals, $24,325; legal fees, $8,821; abstract fees and title insurance, $2,376; and relocation expenses, $3,639. The first stage of the development — adding parking and enlarging pedestrian arcades — will begin within 30 days with the demolition of certain buildings north of Walnut between Santa Fe and Fifth, Nye said. On the demolition list are the former Wehmeier Bakery at 127 S. Santa Fe; the Smoky Hill River Pub at 140 S. Fifth; the Brass Buckle at 124 N. Santa Fe; and the Uptown- Kier Apartments at 126 S. Fifth. In other action, commissioners rezoned certain lots in six blocks along South Santa Fe. Residents sought the change of zoning from multiple-family residential to single- family residential. The request — which came from Nancy Hodges, 850 S. Santa Fe, on behalf of her neighbors — was endorsed by the Salina Planning Commission. Her husband, Mayor Merle Hodges, abstained from the vote, which was 3-0 in favor of the rezoning. Commissioner Joe Ritter was absent. Commissioners also heard from Nye, who said the city could be receiving more in general revenue sharing than expected. Nye earlier predicted the city would receive about $400,000, but because of new data used in the revenue sharing formula, the figure now is $490,000. Nye said the estimate did not include an announced 8 percent cut in revenue sharing allocations. It also still is possibile the federal program could end before the end of the fiscal year, leaving the city with much less than originally expected. Nye said the new data included the local sales tax that was imposed after the last revenue sharing entitlements were figured. Local tax efforts, Nye said, receive a high rating in the revenue sharing formula. In other business, the commissioners authorized the mayor to sign an agreement with Bucher, Willis and Ratliff to design an expansion of the restroom facilities at the Bicentennial Center and accepted the low bid of $43,890 from Bob Albers Construction Co. Inc. for renovation of the Smoky Hill Museum. The museum was moved from a building in Oakdale Park to the former post office building on West Iron. Nye: New IRB limits won't cripple Salina Beech Aircraft layoffs to affect Salina plant WICHITA (AP) — Most of the 300 Beech Aircraft Corp. workers who are expected to be laid off during the next three months will be from Wichita, but some will laid off from Beech's Salina plant, a company spokesman said Monday. The action reflects the impact of continuing softness in the general aviation market and the transition from development to production of the Starship I, Beech's new generation composite turbo-prop, said spokesman John Gedraitis. The layoffs will be gradual, and company officials will monitor their effects, Gedraitis said. If market or other conditions improve, layoffs may stop before they reach 300, he said. No schedule or list has been prepared, but most of the layoffs will be with employees producing the King Air line of turboprop aircraft, he said. "The bulk of layoffs will be in Wichita," he said. Beech plants at Boulder, Colo., and Selma, Ala., won't be affected, he said. The layoffs involve only the production of existing products, Gedraitis said. Work on the company's Starship project won't be affected, he said. Beech, a subsidiary of Raytheon, now employs about 8,000 worldwide. It has about 5,000 Wichita employees and 250 to 300 in Salina, Gedraitis said. He said there wasn't a breakdown available yet to show how many employees will be laid off in, each city. As a small aircraft sales slump that started about five years ago continued, Beech and the 36 other manufacturers in the General Aviation Manufacturers Association reported further sales declines in 1985. GAMA members finished the year with 2,032 aircraft shipments worth $1.42 billion compared with 2,432 shipments worth $1.68 billion in 1984. Staff writer Jim Bole contributed to this report. By GORDON D. FIEDLER Jr. Staff Writer The federal government's attempt to limit the use of industrial revenue bonds will not have a crippling effect on industrial development in Salina, officials say. City Manager' Rufus Nye said he doesn't see big changes this year for Salina's industrial bond uses. "I don't think | 1986 will be any different than 1985! in any significant way," Nye said. The federal government has set per-capita ceilings on the amount of bonds states may issue in 1986. For Kansas, the allocation is $362,144,850. Salina's share of that allocation is $3,578,500. Last year the city commission authorized the issuance of $2.4 million in industrial bonds, which are to help finance the development of a senior citizen housing complex. On the other hand, 1984 was a record year for approval of the bonds: $10.4 million was issued for four separate projects, including two department stores for the proposed Central Mall. If in 1986 the bonds are as popular as they were two years ago, the city 1 would not be locked under the $3.6 million lid. Salina will have additional "money" at its disposal if it exhausts the initial allocation, said Gordon Criswell, an ecoonomic development representative with the Kansas Department of Economic Development. Salina is considered a "historic user," meaning the city has issued an average of more than $100,000 in bonds for the past three years. Historic users have their own bond pool, while smaller issuers, those that did not issue at least $100,000 yearly, have an allotment of their own in a potential users pool. Once a historic user exhausts its allocation, it can draw on the potential user pool on a first-come, first- serve basis, Criswell said. The Salina Airport Authority also is a historic user and received an allocation of $100,000 for 1986. Executive Director Tim Rogers §aid he was not expecting any hardships with the new bond procedure. The airport authority has approved only one industrial bond issue, in 1984, for $400,000, Rogers said.
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