Editorial Political War on Gravel King Charles I of England had many a fuss with Parliament. He became so exasperated he sent troopers to the chambers to arrest members of Parliament who opposed him. John Mitchell, meet King Charles. The English experience was strong in the minds of the writers of our Constitution, which is a big reason they wrote that senators and representatives "shall not be questioned in any other place" than their House for what they said in that chamber. Now, ,the Department of Justice has threatened Sen. Mike Gravel, the Alaska Democrat, with subpoena and incrimination. His crime: reading from the Pentagon Papers at a night subcommittee meeting in June. Attorney-General Mitchell's troops are taking an oblique tack. They said Sen. Gravel may be subpoenaed in an argument seeking the calling of an aide to Gravel to talk to a federal grand jury in Boston. The brief declared the senator must respond 1o a subpoena and could retain his rights under the Fifth Amendment not to answer questions which might incriminate him. The courts have said our legislators may be subpoenaed in such cases as that of Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, winch involved a civil court judgment in a private problem. That's hardly the Gravel case. Mitchell and his staff lost its case against publication of the Papers. They have lost at least three other cases where they tried to go against the Constitution's grain. The Supreme Court has said the government has proved no damage through the Pentagon Papers. A threat to a senator for letting the public in on something it learned anyway hardly adds to the stature of the Justice department. Fewer Farm Deaths The totals and annual average fatalities on Kansas farms declined dramatically in the past three decades. The 1970 statistical report from the State Department of Health reveals that the five-year total of such deaths from 1966 to 1970 was 218, compared with 399 in the 1936-40 period. The annual average has dropped from 79.8 in 1936-40 to 43.6 in 1966-70. The total, of 34 farm work accident deaths, was the lowest on record since the statistics began in the early 1900s. At first glance, this is a great victory for safety. In part, it may be. Strong efforts have been made to develop awareness of hazards on the farm. But it must be noted that in 1940, more than 30 per cent of employed Kansans worked on farms. By 1970, this percentage had decreased to less than 10 percent. One significant statistic in this list should not be overlooked — the steady increase in the number of tractor accident- fatalities. These deaths jumped from 11.8 per cent of the total in 1940 to 51.8 per cent in the past five years. It is inevitable that increasing mechanization will produce increasing macliine threats for Tarm workers. It is not inevitable that the number of tractor deaths keeps climbing, if the work of safety experts continues. We're killing fewer on the fann because we have fewer working there. The safely-first job remains. Do It in Public The county attorney at Garnet! checked into the shooting death of a 19-year-old Kansas City girl who stopped at an Anderson County farmhouse for information and he decided it would be best to suppress t h e facts of the case. His reason? It is in the best interests of rehabilitating the juvenile boy who, it is alleged, shot and killed the girl. And too, he is concerned about the expense of a jury trial. That may ring bells with the taxpayers' associations, but the general public would rather hear the facts to judge for themselves. Kansas Attorney General Vem Miller agreed and pressured the Garnett official into proceeding further. This case illustrates well t h e stupidity of public servants who do not feel accountable to the public. Other Editors A Loss Indeecl At Wit's End Don't Consult-Insult •NEWSDAY Distributed by L.A. | Time* Syndicate AFTBR . . . AMERICA, AMERICA, X SHED MY GRACE ON By ERMA BOMBECK There are no other taxi drivers in the world like there are in New York City. On my infrequent trips there I have always been entertained by the abuses heaped on me. Oh sure, there are other fun things in New York like muggings, outrageous prices, air unfit to breathe and shoddy service, but for me the brash, outspoken, rude taxi drivers ,are always a must. I stand timidly on the curb like a'bull fighter with stomach cramps and say apologetically, 'taxi.' Then*: a burly cab driver with a I balding spot leans out of[ his window and yells,[ "Whatya doin, lady? Trying to wreck my cab? I got a wife who needs an operation and a kid I'm sending through Juliard." I then recoil into the crowd and walk the 15 or 20 blocks to my destination. A tourist experience like this keeps the midwestern audiences regaled with laughter and amazement throughout an entire winter. On my last New York venture, I stood on the curb and bravely extended my forefinger out over the curb. A cab screeched to a halt in front of me and a driver with a smile reached over behind his seat and opened the car door for me. I mistrusted him immediately. "How are you today?" he asked cheerfully. Western Front Bombeck "Whatya mean by a crack like that?" I snarled. "Where to, ma'am," he asked politely. "What if I told you I wanted to go to LaGuardia in the 5 o'clock traffic. How would that grab you?" "Anything you say,'' he said pushing down the flag. "No, wait. I only want to go two blocks from my hotel." "You're the boss," he grinned. We rode in silence. "You wanta tell me what's wrong with the world today?" I asked. "Actually," he said, turning a clean shaven side to me, "I don't feel qualified to impart my profundities on the ills of today's society." We rode in silence. "That woman just attempted to cross the street with the light," I said, tapping him on the shoulder, "Aren't you going to brush by her with your right fender, shout obscenities and teach her a lesson?" "No," he smiled, "I figure the streets belong to everyone." "Are you sure you're a New York cab bie?" I asked suspiciously. "Actually," he giggled, "I'm an account executive with an advertising firm who felt the pressure of the recession and decided to drive a cab. In fact, if you run across a firm in need of someone with five years n college and 12 years' experience . . ." "Stop the cab," I said, "I didn't come to New York to be consulted. I came to be insulted. Let me out at the next corner." Bow your heads, America, an institution just passed by. THEE AND CROWN THY GOOD WITH BROTHERHOOD FROM A 1[A70 -*,^ -f V TV 1,* O 5EA TO SHINING- SEA . . . WHAT p/p NIXON SAY?' rXW&VV OI I OUF lUgJltS f They judge the public to be an ass, and never mind how they got elect- eel to office. Imagine living in Anderson County or any county where there is a case of alleged wrongful death, yet you are left to guess what happened. Tlie public is entitled to know the details of what happened. For one thing, if county attorneys can operate in closets, how can they be monitored? Under the juvenile proceedings of Kansas, the accused does not have the full rights of a d u 11 citizens. What if the hoy was being railroaded? And in a world where editors are known to err, it is not too fantastic to imagine the same of judges, county attorneys and such in similar higher stations. Public business needs to be conducted publicly. (Whitley Austin In tha Sallna Journal) Tt was in the Spring of 1937, the dusty days of the depression, that Orla Kearney went to work in the composing room of the Hutchinson News where I was the city hall and jxjlico reporter. Later on, we put out the Sunday morning edition together, fighting the bugs in the back shop, battling the deadlines, putting out the Extras that the news of those pre-television days demanded. They were exciting times. In 1952, when Hap Karris retired as composing room foreman for The Salina Journal, 1 brought Orla here to take his place. We planned the move from the old brick building at Seventh and Iron to the new Journal otfice. And during a January blizzard in 1962, we watched the heavy linotype machines swung, pushed and cajoled into place at 333 S. 4th. Our most trying time came with tlve conversion to cold type composition and offset, printing. All of us had to lean) new trades, brand new skills, and upon Orla fell the responsibility for the back shop changeover, an intricate interweaving of personalities and electronics. This summer, the shake-down was completed. Orla had done a good job. lie and his wife took a trip East to see their son, and Air Force officer, and returned to send their daughter to college at Manhattan. He was relaxed, in prime spirits. Thursday morning he suffered a heart attack. After so many years of close partnership, it is a loss indeed. Looking Backward i < i: Ten Years Ago in 1961 Salina 's population was 40,894, Hutchinson 's 37,703. Thirteen coin machines were seized by the government at Emporia and lola American Legion clubs for failure to pay taxes. "The "greatest Kansas State Pair" opened with 133 high school bands playing during the week. Twenty*five Years Ago in 1946 [ The ] News said' Jhe Kansas State Fair opened^ with "a children's fairyland and a farmer 's glittering showplace". A carpenter's union strike was halted as the carpenters agreed to abide by the wage mobilization ruling holding the wage at $1.25. Contractors were provoked. Fifty Years Ago in 1921 The soda ash plant was to be closed "indefinitely" on Oct. 1, laying off 250 workers in the city's biggest industry. Bad national business was blamed. The Kansas Chemical Manufacturing Co., owned the land. The lea.se with the Solvay company had two years to go. John Madden, long time liquor fighter, in Ford County, was named national prohibition agent. Merry-Go-Round IRS Grants Secret Tax Break to Shoe Industry By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - The Internal Revenue Service has secretly granted the shoe industry a $15,845,538 tax break, and it looks as if other industries will j be let in on the windfall. The cost out of the poc -J kets of the remaining taxpayers is expected to sur -J pass $100 million. Internal Revenue's generosity has taken the form of a strange suspension of prosecutions against shoe merchants. This was ordered by Assistant Commissioner D. W. Bacon in a series of confidential wires and memos. Anderson The public was supposed to be kept in the dark about the official sellout. But we have dug out incriminating memos which show 1,897 cases have been secretly suspended. These involve an estimated $15,845,538 which the Treasury will now lose in taxes. Not even counted are the tens of thousands of dollars spent by IRS task forces to develop tlie cases. As with most tax matters, the story is complicated. For years, many shoe retailers, restaurant chains, finance companies, grocery chains, hotel firms and other businesses have broken their operations into several "separate" corporations to reduce their tax rate. Tax Tangle To help small companies, the IRS levies a low 22 per cent tax on the first $25,000 in profits. Thereafter, the tax goes up to 48 j)er cent. If, say, a company with $100,000 in profits paid honest taxes, the government would collect $41,500. But if the same company split, into four corporations, each with $25,000 in profits, the tax would be only $22,000. The law also allows companies to accumulate earnings up to $100,000 with no questions asked. A splintered company, therefore, could pile up millions in earnings without paying the special taxes on accumulations over $100,000. A few years ago, IRS task forces began to crack down on companies that had divided up their corporate structure to dodge taxes. A few of these "brother - sister" deals, as they're called on Wall Street, were successfully prosecuted. For instance, Marc's Big Boy-Prospect, Inc., a Wisconsin firm, was nailed in a civil case along with its sister companies. Although the decision has been appealed, the task forces were encouraged to prose-* cute other companies that used brother- sister arrangements as a subterfuge to avoid taxes. Then out of IRS headquarters, on January 21, 1971, came confidential telex messages to district directors lialting any further action against splintered shoe companies. The messages were signed by Bacon, as compliance head, who ordered tersely that "regardless of method of operation and organizational structure, (the shoe cases) should be suspended." Bacon also demanded data from the IRS field men "on other retail merchandising or service type cases involving these same issues." The implication was that other industries might be given the same favored treatment. Still another message, this one stamped "Urgent Urgent" and "For Official Use Only," was issued on April 7. This set forth detailed paperwork and red tape that agents would have to submit to Washington if they went ahead with brother - sister prosecutions outside the shoe industry. The suspension was emphasized again in another confidential decree that went out to the field on April 30. The effect, of course, was to discourage any such prosecutions. Thus, not only were all the shoe companies let off the hook, but obstacles were raised to hamstring other prosecutions. , Diligent field agents, meanwhile, had examined a mountain of 6,895 tax forms in their search for brother - sister tax deals. Now they have started to pigeonhole all their work, perhaps for good, even as President Nixon urges the taxpayers at large to tighten their belts. Footnote: IRS headquarters, in response to our inquiries, explained that the shot company prosecutions had been suspended so guidelines could be laid down. The suspension "does not mean the ball game is over," said a spokesman. This official explanation strikes us as balderdash, since the IRS has had since 1968 to set guidelines. The spokesman explained the secrecy by claiming the memos were "internal" and, therefore, not available to the taxpayers who ultimately must pick up the • • • Page 6 The Hutchinson News Wednesday, September 15, 1971 We of the Daughters of the American Revolution wonder, as National Constitution Week rolls around, Seot. 17-23, how many persons know the rights guaranteed by the Constitution, forming the greatest treasure we all possess. They are: Human rights: Free exercise of religious belief, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, right of the people peaceably to assemble, right to petition the government for redress of grievances, to keep and hear arms, trial by jury, protection against trial for an act committed before passage of a law making ^uch act a crime, no one shall be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice for the same offense, no person can be tried for a crime except upon indictment by a grand jury, a citizen cannot be compelled to be a witness against himself in a criminal case. . . . The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, protection against Says He Is Not Affiliated With Universalist Church I saw the very fine advertisement of one of your Hutchinson businesses giving the history of the churches of your city. I refer particularly to the one with reference to the Universalist Church. There is some misinformation in this advertisement which I would like to correct. I am under no commitment for part-time duty with the Universalist Church of Hutchinson. When I was a resident minister of Wichita from 1962-67, I did share this relationship. Recently, I was requested by the Board of Trustees of this church to speak before them. I immediately got in touch with the Reverend Douglas Mould, rector of Grace Episcopal Church and informed him of this request, and told him that if he had no obiectkm, I would accept their invitation: He assured me of his invitation to the community, and that I should feel free to accept this invitation. Members of this congregation have been my friends since 1962. I delight in renewing my acquaintance with them now that I have returned to Kansas. It was my privilege to talk with them last Sunday night on "The Religious Situation in 1971." My full-time allegiance is with St. John's Episcopal Church in Great Bend and part- time at St. Mark's in Lyons. I ,will accept such outside invitations to speak when they do not interfere with my primary responsibilities. Again, let me say that this is a very fine series of advertisements, and I am sure will be informative to your readers. -H. PAUL OSBORNE, Vicar, St. John's Episcopal Church, Great Bend. wrongful imprisonment, any accused citizen may have witnesses in his favor and assistance of counsel for his defense, ex-' cessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed, all forms of slavery prohibited, right of citizens to vote shall not be denied by any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude. Property rights: Right to have the government maintain its obligation of contracts. Human and property rights: No person can be deprived of his life, his liberty or . his prosperity (for public or any other use) without due "process of law, security against unreasonable searches and seizures of persons, houses, papers and effects. Privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States shall not be abridged by any state, citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges of citizens in the several, states, no person shall be rfcnrived of the equal protection of the laws. May we urge all citizens seek a greater knowledge of the laws during this National Constitution Week. — MRS. EDWARD SPANIER, Regent Uvedale Chanter, and MRS. MARION HEDRICK STTLLWELL, Constitution Week Chairman Sportsman Says Moore Was Man for the Job Recently, George C. Moore was asked to resign, under pressure, as the director of the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission. I've' never met the man,, but I don't feel I need to, to see all the good he had done for our great state of Kansas. All of you sportsmen who love to hunt, fish or camp, look back 10 years and what do you see? Lots of changes! First, there is deer hunting, and more game birds, more game fish such as bass and walleye and the only restrictions are a proper hunting or fishing license. Second, we have more lakes and parks to camp in and more in the planning stage. We had a director there who did the public a great favor and now he gets a kick in the pants and is told to get out. Can't everyone see the good he's done far out-weighs the bad? Doesn't it seem like a political dig for the commission to have kept George Moore for almost 10 years and then decide he wasn't the man for the job? Let's hear from some of you sportsmen, defend your fellow man, who did so much for all of us. His past work tells us he is the right man, for the job. We're a sportsmen family. MR. AND MRS. LLOYD MARKER, 303 West Main, Sterling. Staff View Bikini Service Insult to Womanhood By JUDIE BLACK Bikini service? Even though the bikini may be small, the issue involved is much larger and more important than selling a few gallons of gas. The News' article concerning bikini service (Sept. 8, page 3) is yet anotlver tragic example of women allowing themselves to be mired in male dominated commercialism. At first reading, bikini service may appear to be an original, clever and. very attention-getting idea to sell gas. Examined further, bikini service is simply another crude travesty against female respect. Certainly , a woman should be permitted, if skilled and physically able, to pump gas or work in any capacity she feels competent. Black If she can pump gas, wants a job pumping gas, a gas pumping job is available and an employer feels she can do the job efficiently, then regardless of her sex, a woman should be in the running for the job. To hire a woman, however, as a commercial gimmick, as a pair of nicely proportioned thiglis and a well-developed bustune to pump gas, hardly speaks well of any employer's confidence in his product if he must resort to sideshow trickery to sell his product. One of the most pitiful angles to bikini service is that some women will be greatly encouraged by a female's being hired as a gas station attendant. Pumping gas is honest work and a job usually reserved for males. But one can hardly believe Janice Plerson would have been hired had she asked to wear functional dotMog (hat would protect her hi working with hot engines and functional shoes that would give support to her whole body while working. Bikini service a small matter? Unfor-' Innately not. That an attractive smile and pleasant personality sell gas is a commercial reality. Certainly a pleasant anile and personality should be admired and sought after. But must competence, pleasantness and a willingness to work be hired only when women, or men, are willing to prostituto. their womanhood, or manhood, for commercial gain? Perhaps. If so, it is not only an Insult to every female's womanhood and every male's manhood, but most importantly, to every person's personhood.
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