Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on October 2, 1907 · Page 4
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 4

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 2, 1907
Page 4
Start Free Trial

• t.:. • • PIFEB, cm OF BIS, 8KP. ft • 1 MOinil V AMOOIATBO miM. ^^Ylw lata 0 iNy WtgnMr it • mMnkar tn Ifkt AMMMLM Pnm and RtMlvM tht fJiy mart' t that r«at nawt •rganiia- ataw^wFfci liMlva ArtMnaoM PubilMtloa m. NO OPPOSITION Coip «8SBteB Anthony, ScoU, Madison u4 Mardock Hate po Campaigns - V to Wage for Ke-elcctlon. ; Xopeiui; Oct 2.—The conBresslon «1 Bttatton in: Kansas for; the races or( JMSliave snfflciontly settled them neHfBi nam to show that four of the present oongrc-esmen will hav? oppo : ^Uon, and that the otner four will hiave none. \ . ••'hie four fortunate ones, are D. R Anthony, of Leavenworth, In the First ; Ciias.- F. Scott of Igla. In the Sec * • ond; B, H. Madison, of Dodge City, in the 'Seventh; ind Victor Murdock, of VOlclilta. In. the Eighth. Hereis what Is now In sight in the other fburidtstrlcts: Third-~ aisti -Ict—Announced. Con gressman P.'P. Campbell, of Pitta- burg; C. A..ajcNeil. of Columbus; W. E.] Cunningbam. of Arkansas c:ty; pr <>tMit >Ie: State Senator, S. M. Porter, otiCaner,-JP!. C. Young, of Frcdonia, i~ "J. Wen; of Parsons. district—^Announced. Con gr^asuui. J.; M*. Miller, of Council - G P^;.'probable. State Senator Geo. Hit Tucker, of Eureka. ' ^hh • district—^Announced, Con- grepaman Wi A Calderhead of Marys•ill^' S. ^nttth. of Abilene. B. T. BuBen-ofiBe'Ilevllle: • probable. Sen- aebJP^'Wl H. Caldwell, of Concordia. J. •White of Ada. Senator F, H. : ^ QnQicer. of Sallna, R. W. Brock of ^ Mailiattan. ! S^tli, district—Announced. Cou; grelsman W. A. Reeder, of Logan, A. . G. .1/tead of BeloK, Senator I. B. ' To^ig, oC'BeloIt W. B. Ham. of Stock- iohi Oeoiige "W. Holland, of Russall. liat is not any heavier than us- 7 .Ual,; bat it Is earlier in formulation. BttnUiBEB. picks ilp in the congressloit- .. al ^es along about the holiu'ays. aw past history shows, but tne ]<ol!tical tlmte in tJie state are somewhat turb iilsit and (or that' reason have broiiKht.ont the candidates early. 1- C^aat Homady. of Fort Scott, is in the;field, and working hard for the gor^rnorshlp.' W. R. Stubbs. of I. AW- ranee, "nia> be forced." although the i Lawrence reformer has the United ' States eenatoriihip iu mind. Lieut. } ' Governor FItzpatrick, of Dodge Cl'.y. in being pretty heavily talked of l>y the^-Seventh district people, but he doea no talking himself. Charles Da^dsoo. of WJchlta. was for a time V ptinplpal: in tie gossip of "ijosslbili tiea .r botiall that seems to have sub- iMei. aeindqr DoUey is being boom-'.^ "«dlir^ hoqie people and newspap- f0n^fmtta ^j»^ and Maple Hill as - TibefiquareD |iBl caadldate for govem- :r -iflr. -Aad rJajdnm. attorney general. J >IlE'beliiS^,talk«l of. Politicians say that . .the CkiQare Dealers are making eyes : The r congressional situation, there; f<rre .r^ the floor all to Itself. The -7-.TfelrA district sUuation Is claiming ' tb^iprineipal attention. Corb McNeil Ms Jjdge of the district court at Co lainI |i8 -nid.W. E. Cunningham was in the JUtt hoaie and speaker j>ro tem. ; niere Is little questton but that - CtoOTfe Tockw will try strength with - CoBgnssmaii Miller in the Fourth. I.- ,Twd0r hks not set .forth any informa r \tiaiiim the subject directly, though a -llWid{d«al of/press work in: his behtSf -ilU wPMred within the past several . fafonQiM. Its trend vas Tucker's Idea ~-'''jpn.r^Onn measures ratlier than indl- •~ %ai(latoa that lie would start under the Mi* inOOi Mliler. Miller optlmlstira!- li^^r^y-relpailu: "Tucker may be a can- V Jdldatl but I don't believe he will be >bB»frtypar.*V ;;!C!a|8eriiead is already meeting -''^."Saitlfi candidacy out in the Fifth. -- SdSleb ti announced and will soon be 'heilT ^r in the field. Caldwell, White .'-j^^B^(^aincy are expected to make the ' '>i Itajdur jfaa them lined tip against ^ ' him |lcht;:aow. Mead, Young, Ham, and 'PoUMid are all In the race. Ham ... .feU to be this cholea Sqiiare Oealeris for governor. .^n ^|lM 'nUa he wanted to go to con< . ?ipma,^ aofvraifr Hoch offered him -T^jQbfk job 6(/aftoriiey for the t>oard of tejaunlsbtobers. There la gos- hfMdiac al primary In th« 8*xtb. taken definite hold -, . •.' so' pleaaant, regardless !t|iati money .will buy. eafin ttmily 19 In per> of Qrlno Laxa- ts^«(i ceQts. It ' of the family or It is a very real pleasure to address this body of citizens of MissSouri here hi the great city of St. Louis. I have often visited St. Louis before, but al wa>-8 by rail. Now I am visiting it by water, a trip on the graat natural high way wh'ch runs past your very doors —a highway once so Important, now almost abandoned, which I hope thi nation will not sec only restored to al! Its former usefulness, but given a far greater degre? of usefulness to coi^ respond with the cxti-aordinary growth in wealth and populat'on of the -Missi ssipj)! Valley. \Vc have lived In an era of phenomenal railroad buHdlng As routes for merchandi^s, the iron highways have comiilctcly supplanted the old wagon roads and under their competition the imiiortancc of the wa tei highways has been much diminish ed .The growth of the railway system has been rapid all over the world but nowhere so rapid as hi^ftxe United States. Acconipauying this there has grown in the United Slates a tendency toward tho practically complete aban ilonmeut of the system of water trans portatlon. Such a tendency Is certainly not healthy ami I am convinced that It will not be permanent. There are many classes of commodities, es p?c!ally those which are perishable in their nature and where the value 1^ high relatively to the bulk, which wll always be carried by rail. But bulky commodities which are not of a per ishablc nature will always be specially suited for the conditions of water transport. To illustrate the truth of tills statement It would be necessary to i>oint to the use of the canal.sys­ tem in many countries of the Old World; but it can bo lllustr.ited even bftttsr by what has happened nearer home. The Great Lakes offtr a prtm«f example of the imiwrtance of a good water h'phway for mercantile traffic. As the -line of traffic runs through lakes, the conditions ara in some respects different from what must obtain on even the most important river. Nevertheless, it is well to remember that a very large part of this traffic is conditioned upon an artificial wa terway. a canal—the famous Soo. The commerce that passes through the Soo far surpasses in bulk and in value that of the Suez Canal. A National Duty. Prom every standpoint it is desirable for the.Nation to join in improving the greatest system of rivgr high ways within its borders, a system second only in importance to the highway afforded by the Great Lakes; the highways of the Mississippi and Its great ttibutaries. such as the Missouri and Ohio. This river system traverses too many States to render it possible to leave merely to the States the task of fitting it "for the greatest use of which it is capable. It Is emphatically a national task, for this great river system Is itself one of our chief national assets. Within the last few years there has been un awakening In this country to the need of both the conservation and the davelopniont of our national resources under the sup- ervis'on of and by the aid of the Fed eral flovornment. This is esiiecially true of all that concerns our running waters. On the mountains from which the springs start we are now endeaV' oring to preserve the forests which regulate the water supply and prevent too .startling variations between droughts and freshets. Below the mountains. In the high dry regions oi the western plains, we endeavor to se cure the proper utilization of the wa ters for Irrigation. This is at the sources of the streams. Farther down where they become navigable, our aim must be to try to dcvelope a policy which shall secure the utmos^ advaU' taee from the navigable waters. Fin ally, on tlie lower courses of the Mississippi. Uie Nation should do its full share in the work of levee building; and. incidentally to Its purpose ol serving navigation, this will also prevent the ruin of alluvial bottoms by floods. Our knowledge Is not sufficiently far advanced to enable me to speak definitely as to the plans which should be adopted; but let me say one word of warning: The danger of en- tt-ring on any such scheme lies in the adoption of Impossible and undesira hie plans, plans the adoption of which means an outlay of money extravagant beyond all proportion to the return or which, though feasible, are not relatively to other plans, of an import ance which warrant their adoption. It will not be easy to secure the assent of a fundamentally cautious peo pie like our own to the adoption of such a policy as that I hope to see adopted; and even if we begin to folio wout such a policy it certainly will not be persevered In if it Is found to entail reckless extravagance or to be tainted With jobber.v. The interests of the Nation as a whole must be always the first consideration. I'nity of D«Telopmeiit Necessary. This is properly a national movement, because all interstate and foreign commerce, and the improvements and methods of carrying It on, are subjects for national action. Moreover, while of course the matter of the improvement of tlie Mississippi River and its tributaries is one which cspeclafly conoems the great middle portion of our country, the region between the Alleghentes and the Rockies yet It is it concern to the rest of the country also, for it can not too often be said that whatever is really beneficial to one part of onr country is ultimately of benefit to-the whole.- Exactly as It Is a good thing for the interior cf our country that the seaports on the Atlantic and the Pacific and the Gidf slioal^ be safe and conu9odi- ooa. so it la to ibe JgAerest of the dwtilera on the coast that the iatarior AoiUd poaaeM aJBirfe tuxm^ tor the tnaivortatkm of Ita prodady.'Onr in- tmsts «ra all «Ioa^ loterworen; uid hi the! king run It will be found that we go up or go down together Abont the €aBaL .Take, for instance, the Panama Canal. If the Mississippi is restored to Its former place of Imiiortance as a high way of commerce; thep tliu building of the Panama Canal will be felt as an immediate advantage to the business of every city and country tlistrict In the Mississippi Valley. I think that the building of that canal will be of especial advantage to the States that He along the Pacific and the States that Ue along the Gulf; and yet, after all, I feci that the advantage will be shared In an only less degree by the States of the interior and of the At- luntic coast In other words. It Is u thoroughly national work, undertaken for and redounding to the advantage of all of us—to the advantngo of the Nation as a whole. Therefore 1 am slad to be able to retwrt to you how well we arc doing with the cunal. There is bound to be a certain amount (if exiwriment a certain amount of feeling our way. in a task so frigaut'c —a task grcatrr than any of its kind that has hitherto I IOTH undertaken In the whole history of mankind: but the success so far has been astonishing, and we have not met with a single one of the accidents or drawbacks which 1 confess I expected we should from time to time encounter. We. in the first place, laid the foundation for tho work by securing the most favorable conditions as regard he.-iUh. comfort, and safety of the men who were to do it; and now the Canal Zone is in many subjects formerly under the control of the States have come under the control of the Nitlon. As one of the Justices of the Supreme Court has recently said: "Tlie growth of national powers, under our Constitution. ! thp Nation exclusive control over the which marks merely the great out- interstate commerce. But this grant al and what is State commerce. The same reasoning which sustained! the power of Congress to Incorporate the United States Bank, tends to sustain the power to incorporate an Interstate railroad, or any other coriioratlon conducting an interstate business. Railroads a Power. There are difficulties arising from our dual form of government If they prove to be Insuperable resort must be had to the power of amendment. Let us first try to meet them by an exercise of all the powers of the National Government which In the Marshall s|i'rlt of broad Interpretation can bo found in the Constitution as it is.. They are of vast extent. Tho chief economic question of the day In this country is to provide a soverign for the great corporations engaged In In- ttrstato business; that is, for the railroads iind tho interstate corixirations. At the liniment our prima concern Is wih the railroads. WJien railroads were first bUlli they were purely local In character. Their boundaries wor* not cofxtenslve even with the liounilarles of one State. They usually covered but two or three counties. A'l this has now changed. At present flvi. great s>-strnis embody nearly four-fifths of the total mileage of the country. All the most Important railroads are no longer State roads, but instruments of interstate commerce. Probably 85 per cent of their business i.= interstate business, it is the Nation alone which can with wisdom, justice, and effectiveness exercise over tliesc interstate railroads the thorough and complete supervision which should be exercised. One of the chief, and probably tb" chief, of the domestic causes for the adoption of the Constl- tntion was the need to confer uptm generation of American statesmen sat lines and designates only the great objects of national concern. Is to be compared to the gitiwth of a country not by the geographical enlargement of its boundiiriej, but by the Increase its population." An hundred years ago there was. except tho commerce which traveled along our seacoast or up and down our Interior waterways, practically no interstate commerce. of power is worthless unless It Ig hpjd to confer thorouphgoing and complete control over practically the sole instrumentalities of Interstate commerce—the interstate railroads. The railroads themselves have been exceedingly shortsighted In the rancorous bitterness which they have shown against the rosumpt'on by the Nation , ^ — of this long neglected power. Great Now, by the railroad, the mails, theij capitalists who pricin themselves up telegraph, and the telephone an Im-; on their extreme conservatism .often mense part of our commerce is interstate. By the transformation it has escaped from the power of the State and come under the power of the Nation. Therefore there has l)een a great practical change in the exercise of the National power, under the acts of Congress, over interstate commerce; while on tho other hand there has been no noticeable change In the exercise of the National power "to regulate oomnierce with foreign nations and with the Indian tribes." The change as regards interstate commerce has been. liot In the Constitution, but In the business of the people to which It is to be applied. Our economic and social future depends in a very large «()art upon how the Interstate commerce power of the Nation Is Interpreted. I believe thai, the Nailon has the whole governmental power over Inter* slate commerce and the widest discretion in dealing with that subject; of course under the express limits pres; cribcd in the Constitution for the exercise of all powers, such for instance as tiie condition that "due process of law" shall not be denied. The Nation has no direct power over the purely in terstate commerce, even where it Is conducted by the same agencies wlilch conduct interstate commerce. The courts must determine what is nation- believa they are acting in the interests of property when following a course so shortsighted as to be really an assault.upon property. They havf shown extreme unwisdom in their violent opposition to the assumption of complete control over the railroads by the Federal Government. The American people will not tolerate the happy-go-lucky system of no control over the great interstate railroads, with the insolent and manifold abiipes which have so generally accompanied It. Tho control must exist somewhere and unless It is by thorouphgoingaml radical law placed upon the statute books of the Nation, it will be cxercis e'. in ever-Increasing measure by the several Slat's. Tho same considerations which made the founders of the Constitution deem it imperative that the Nation should have complete control of the interstate commerce apply with peculiar force to the control of interstate railroads at the present day and the arguments of Madison of Virginia. Plnckney of Soutli Carolina, and Hamilton and .lay of New York, in their essence apply now as they applied one hundred ami twenty years ago. »ed FiNieml Control, Tho national convention which fram ed the Constitution, and in which almost all the most eminent of the first embodied the theory of the instrument in a resolution to the effect that the National Government should |have ix>wer in cases where the Separate States were incompetent to act with full efficiency, and where the harmony oi the United Slates would bo interrupted by the exercise of such" indiv Idual legislation. The interstate I rail road situation, is exactly a case in jiolnt There will, of conree, be local matters affecting miirtialds which can be best dealt with bj; local authority but as national commercial agents the big Interstate railroad ought to be'com pletely subject to national authority Only thus can wo secure their com pleto subjection to, and control by, a single soverlpn, representing the whole people, and capable both of protect Ing the public and of seeing Hint the rallrottdK neither inflict nor eniiure injustice. I'ersonally I firmly believe that there should be national legislation to control all industrial corporations doing an Interstate business, including the control of the output of thiir se -J curilles. but as to those the necessity for Federal control is less urgent and immediate than is the case with the railroads. Many of the abuses con necled with these corporations will probably toad to disappear now that the Government—^the public—Is gradu ally getting the upper hand as regards putting » stop to the rebates and special priviledges which some of these corporations have enjoyed at the hands of the common carriers. But ultimately it will be found that the complete point of health better than the district o5 the same size at home. Then we went at the problem of the actual dig ging Jind dam building. For over a year past we have been engaged In making the dirt fly in good earnest and the output of the g'ant steam shovels has steadily Increased. It Is now the rainy season, when work Is most diflicult on the Isthmus, yet in the hiontl\ of August last we excavated over a million and two hundred thousand cubic yards of earth and rock, a greater amount than In any previous month. If we are able to keep up substantially the rate of progress that now obtains we shall finish the actual digging within five or six years; though when we come to the great Gatun dam and locks, while there Is no question as to the work being feasible, there are several ele ments entering Into the time problem v/hich make it unwise at present to hazard a prophecy In reference thereto, Navy Is Important Now, gentlemen, this leads me up to another matter for national consldera tion, and that is our Navy. The Navy is not primarily of irpportanr« only to the coast regions. It is every bit as nMich the concern of the farmer who dwells a thousand miles from'sea wa ler as of the fishormjin who makes his living on the ocean, for It. Is the concern of every good Aniericaii who knows what the meaning of the word patriotism Is. This country is defln itely committed to certain fundamen tal policies—to the Monroe doctrine, for instance, and to tho duty not only of building, but when it is built of policing and, defendiiig the Panama Ca- aln. W;e have definitely taken our place among the great World Powers, and It would be a sign of ignoble weak ress, having taken such a place, to shirk its ri^ponsibilities. Therefore, unless we are willing to abandon thl.i place, to abandon our insistence upon the Monroe doctrine, to give up the Panama Canal, and to be content to acknowledge ourselves a weak and timid nation, wa must} stcadHy build •ip and maintain a great fighting Navy Our Navy Is already so efficient ns to be a matter of just pride to every Am erican. So long as our Navy is nn 'arger than at present, it must be con sidered as an elementary principle tliat the bulk of our battle fleet must always be kept together. When the .°anania Canal is built it can bo trans ferred without difficulty from one part of our coast to the othr>r: but even before that canal Is built it ought to be transferred to and fro from tini 'o lliiio. In a couple of months our rioel is going to its own home wjiters tho Pacific. California. Oregon, and Washington have a coast line which Is onr roast line Just as emphatically as (lie coavit lino of New York and Maliie. of Louisiana and Texas. Ou fleet Is going to Its f>wii home wiiptrs In the Pacific, and after a stay tlier It will return to Its own wat-rs in tin Atlantic. The best plar° for a naval officer to learn his duties is at Sf^a. liv nerforining them, and only by actually •)Uttiiig lliroiich a voyage of this na tiire. a voyage longer than any ever before undertaken by as large a fleet tf any nation, can we find out just ex ictly what is necessary for us to know ns to our naval needs and practice our officers and enlisted men in the high -Dst duties of their profe.ssion. Among ill our citizens there is no botjy of eqUHl s'ze to whom we owe quite as much as to the officers and enlisted men of the Army and Navy of the Un itcd States, and I bespeak from yon tho fullest and heartiest support, in the name of our Nation and of onr flag, for the services to which those men belong. Concerning the ('on>orations. Ill conclusion 1 wish to say a word to this body, containing as it does so many business men, upon what is pre eminently a business proposition, and that Is the proper national supervision and control of corporations. At the meeting of the American Bar Associa tion In this last August, .Tiid?e Charles F Amidon, of North Dakota, read a paper on the Nation and the Tonsil tution so admirable thstt it is deser»- Ing of very wide study: for what he said was. as all studies of the law in its highest form ought to be. a con- tiibution to constructive jurlsprudenc as it should be understood not only by Judges but by legislators, not only by those who interpret and decide the law, but by those who made it and who administer or execute it. He nuoted from the late .lustice Miller, of the Supreme Court, to show that even In the interpretation of the Constitu lion by ^Is, the highest authority of the land, the court's successive decis ions must be tested by the way they work In actuaf application to the Na tional life; the court adding to its thought and study the results of experience and observation until tho triie solution is evolved by a proress both of inclusion and exclusion. Said .Tns tice Miller: "The meanin.g of the Con stitution is to lie sought as much in tho National life as in the dictionary ', for, as has been well said, covern- ment purely out of a law library can never bo really good government. Now that the questions of government are becoming so largely economic, jibe majority of our so-called con stitjitfonal cases really turn-not upon the interpretation of the instrument itself, but upon the construction, the right apprehension of the li\-ing conditions to which it is applied. The Con stitution is now and must remain what it always has been; but it can only bo interpreted as the interests of the whole people demand, if interpreted as a living organism designed to meet the conditions of life and not of death: in other words, if interpreted as Marshal interpreted it. as Wilsyi declared it should be Interpreted. The Marshall theory, the theory of life and not of death, allows to the Nation, that is to the people as a whole, wheri once It finds a subject within national cognizance, the widest and freest choice of methods for national control, and sustains every exercise of national power which has any reason able relation to national subjects. The negation of this theory means, for in stance, that the Nation—that we. the ninety millions of people of this conn try—will bo left helpless to control the hiBe corporations which now domineer our industrial life, and that they will have the authority of the courts to work their desires unchecked; and such a decision would in the end be as disastrous for Ihcni as for us. If the theory of the Marshall school prevails, then an immense flefd of national power. n(^w unused, will ho developed, which will be adequate for dealing with many, it not all, of the ecor oniic problems which vex us; and we shall bt saved from the ominous threat of constant oscillation between economic tyranny and economic chaosl Our industrial, and therefore our social, future as a Nation dep.^nds upon settling aright .this urgent question. Interstate Cummerce Increasing. The Constitution is unchanged and unchangeable save by amendment In due form. But tho conditions to whirti ills to bo applied have undergone a transformation, with the result ithat remedy for those abuses-lies in direct and affirmative action by the National government. That there Is constitutional power for tho national regulation ipf these corporations I have myself no question. Two or three generations ago there was just as much hostility to national control of banks as there Is now to national control of ra'Iroads or of indnstrial corporations doing an Interstate business. That hoatyjty DOW seems to us ludicrous In i|f 'J4jB^ 9t warrant; in like manner. gi^iUemem our daaeeadanta wilt re- can} with wonder.the present-<^P08l- l^ait to- giTlnr the- National Cktvera' OROCEBY HeadqiMrtera' Good Thin^ to Eat Telejihrne 139 Home Made Sausage of all Kinds.] Cash Paid for Poultry and Hides OTTO HINZE, UT-TO-DATE MEAT MARKET lis East Madison POLAR Htm FLOLR Has Stood the Test Becafis^ its the Best Acc€|)t|No Other Wm. Obetdorf, Agt. Special Drive in Underwear Big Sample Line Bought to Sell at a Great Reduction. The Iowa Store 111 South WasiilngtoiiL-Helle lli. i7. S, GII.FILLAH, General Contractor. Flagstone and Cem«nt Sidewalks ani Curbing a Specialty. Office U5 £R8t Jackson AT*. Phene SM, DlstiUei Water One hundred pounds of Crya- tal Ice will make 12 gallons of ' distilled water suitable for family use. Try it lolalce&ColdStorageCQ FRANK RIDDtLE, Mcr. nient adequate pawer to control those great coriraratioi s, which it alone can fully, and yet wisely, safely and Justly control. Remember also that to regulate the formation Of these corporations offers one of the most direct and efficient methods of regulating their activities. 1 • . I am not plead i^ng for an ejctenslon of constitutional pjow^r. I am pleading that constitutioBai power w|^lch already exists shall be'applied "(to new conditions which did not exist when the Constitution wentJinto being. I ask that the nationirl powers already con-, ferred upon tho National Government by the Constitution shall be so used a^i tc bring national commerce and industry effectively under ^ho authority of tlie Federal Goverhmpnt and thereby avert Industrial chaosj My plea is not to bring about a condition of centrali- •/.ation. It is that tho Government shall recognize a condition of centralization In a field where It already exists. \Vhen the national banking law' was passed it represented in reality not centrali/atlon, bul recognition of the fact that the country had so far advanced that the currency •. was already a matter of National concern, and must be dealt with by the central authority at "Washington. So it H, with Interstate indnsMallsm and! especially with the matter of interstate railroad operation today. Centrallza-: tion has already taken place in the world of commerce aiM Industryi All i ask is that the Nati(mal Goverdment' look this fact In, the face^ accept it; a fact and fit itself a^tdin^y^' policy of anperviaten and-controi this ~ centralize oommenie- add .'to try. "

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free