The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on October 4, 1996 · Page 3
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 3

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Salina, Kansas
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Friday, October 4, 1996
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Page 3
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THE SAUNA JOURNAL HEALTH FRinAVjTCTOBER 4. 1996 T GULF WAR Gulf War symptoms Q Persian Gulf War log shows that U.S. commanders took precautions against a toxic cloud while telling troops to disregard reports of low-level nerve agents. A period In March 1991, when a U.S. battalion destroyed a bunker which may have housed . chemical weapons, was omitted from the logs. ' | Extended j no-fly zone E U.S. may have bombed chemicals *^ , it,.,,, fof" in thp wa ipl Khamisiyah Ammunition storage depot desroyed No-fly zone Chemical protection,gear of the Gulf - FIELD MASK (RESPIRATOR)— Protects face, eyes and respiratory tract. Air passes through valves into filter elements, removing chemical and biological agents. - HOOD FOR MASK- Protects the head. Butyl-rubber coating on the hood fabric repels vapors and droplets of chemical or biological agents. - GLOVES— Protects hands and provides a seal for sleeves. - Surr— Protects the body but restricts movement. - CARRIER— Stores mask and accessories. BOOTS— Complete the total covering of the body. Sources: Jane's NBC Protection Equipment, Armed Forces Epldemiologlcal Board, AP research AP T ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE Report says U.S. jets pounded arms depot storing nerve gas By PHILIP SHENON The New York Times U.S. intelligence reports show that the United States conducted an extensive bombing campaign during the Persian Gulf war against a sprawling ammunition depot in southern Iraq that was later determined to have then contained chemical weapons. The Pentagon has previously acknowledged the possibility that some U.S. soldiers might have been exposed to Iraqi chemical or biological agents when U.S. combat engineers blew up part of the Kamisiyah ammunition depot in March 1991, after the gulf war ended. But the air strikes raise the possibility that such agents wafted over thousands of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, where they were then preparing for the ground invasion of Iraq, several weeks before the engineers' operation. Both the Pentagon and the United Nations, which is responsible for weapons inspections in Iraq, say they have no evidence that air strikes on the depot resulted in the release of chemical weapons. But many chemical agents dissipate quickly, which means there may have been no trace of them by the time inspectors arrived at the depot, months after the bombing. Much of the rest of the depot was destroyed after the war by the engineers, many of whom have since complained of debilitating ailments that they link to expo- "We do not believe that any troops were exposed to chemical agents as a result of the bombing" Pentagon statement sure to chemical or biological agents there. Their symptoms, including chronic fatigue, digestive ailments and joint pain, are considered typical of the so-called gulf war syndrome reported by thousands of U.S. soldiers. The Pentagon announced last June that it was investigating the possibility that the combat engineers might have been exposed to nerve gas when they blew up the complex. Pentagon officials said this week that as a result of those explosions, clouds of chemical agents may have wafted over more than 15,000 American troops, more than three times an earlier estimate. A senior Pentagon official said Wednesday that the belated appreciation of what occurred at Kamisiyah had caused the Defense Department to reconsider its entire approach to looking for evidence of gulf war syndrome. The official said the events at Kamisiyah had made the Pentagon more vigilant in its examination of clues that might corroborate the claims of many veterans that they were made ill by chemicals during the war. "Kamisiyah is a watershed in the search for information," he said. "Kamisiyah is the first time we have been able to place American troops in the presence of chemical weapons. This changes the way we think about this subject." Among the several hundred engineers who helped demolish the Kamisiyah depot in 1991 and have recently been interviewed by the Pentagon, the official said, there has been no evidence of any extraordinary frequency of illness. But the official said the Pentagon was establishing a special research team to review the Kamisiyah incident and to search for any similar incidents not yet discovered. At the time of its announcement last June concerning the combat engineers, the Defense Department did not disclose that the same depot had also been bombed repeatedly during the air war. And government intelligence documents on the air strikes there, which had been made public last year, were suddenly withdrawn from public inspection last February, along with hundreds of other documents. One intelligence report — dated Feb. 3,1991 — says 37 storage buildings at the Kamisiyah depot were destroyed in the air attacks, along with about 10,000 tons of ammunition. The document describes the depot as a primary target for U.S. bombers and says the air strikes there accounted for "the most extensive hit to ammunition storage structures thus far" in the war. The United Nations and the Pentagon say that all available evidence shows that nerve gas at Kamisiyah was stored only m a single bunker and in a dirt pit on the outskirts of the huge depot. Neither, they say, was damaged in the air war. And Pentagon officials insist that the Feb. 3,1991, report vastly overstates the damage that was actually done by the aerial bombing, on the depot, which spread across nearly 20 square miles of the southern Iraqi desert and was about 100 miles north of Saudi staging areas where tens of thousands of U.S. troops awaited the, start of the ground war. "We do not believe that any troops were exposed to chemical agents as a result of the bombing," the Pentagon said in a statement. The Pentagon has acknowledged that groups of French and. Czech troops made reports to their • superiors about as many as seven- detections of chemical weapons from Jan. 19 to Jan. 25,1991, most; of them in areas near the Saudi staging points for U..S troops. But the U.S. government has, said it believes that chemical- agents were released during the- air war only at two other Iraqi complexes, both of them more than; twice the distance from the Saudi staging areas as was Kamisiyah. And the Pentagon has insisted, that there is no evidence that large numbers of U.S. soldiers, were ever made sick because of chemical or biological agents. •'s is forgetful, too Development could help researchers test drugs to combat disease By The Associated Press ^ WASHINGTON — A laboratory- engirieered mouse suffers the same decline from Alzheimer's disease as do humans: lost memory and wasted brain cells. The mouse gives researchers a new and more accurate way to test -drugs against the mind-destroying disorder. The Alzheimer's Association called the mouse "an important new research tool," and a National Institutes of Health expert said the mouse is "good news for patients with Alzheimer's disease." A University of Minnesota team led by Dr. Karen Hsiao developed the laboratory rodent by inserting into a mouse embryo the mutated gene linked to Alzheimer's brain cell damage in humans. Maze experiments testing the animals' thinking ability show that the new mouse breed suffers from a loss of memory that mim- T BREAST CANCER Early detection is reason for breast cancer rate hike The Associated Press University of Minnesota researcher Karen Hsiao holds a study animal that has Alzheimer's disease Thursday at her Minneapolis lab. ics the decline seen in humans, Hsiao said. The mouse brain also develops beta amyloid plaques, a substance found in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. "This is the first time that any- body has made a mouse that shows an association between plaques and a functional loss of learning memory which is very much like Alzheimer's disease," Hsiao said. Dr. Thomas Chase, an Alzheimer's disease expert at National Institutes of Health, said developing the lab mouse "looks like a nice piece of work." "It is good news for patients with Alzheimer's," he said. "It will enable the testing of drugs that get at the basic disease process." Drugs now available, he said, appear to treat only Alzheimer symptoms. Zaven Khachaturian, a scientist who heads the Alzheimer's Association Ronald and Nancy Reagan Research Institute, said the most important element of the new mouse is that it "shows the behavioral deficits that are comparable to what is happening in humans (with Alzheimer's)." The Minnesota researchers "made" the mouse by putting into a mouse egg the human gene that manufactures the compound amy- loid precursor protein. This substance helps form beta amyloid deposits in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. The resulting mouse was then mated with a normal mouse, Hsiao said, and half the offspring had the Alzheimer's gene. • $599 Steel Lawn Rake Servistar 18-Tine Boster Lumber 1210 W.Crawford Sallna 827-3618 DEL By The Associated Press ATLANTA — The breast cancer rate in the United States has risen sharply since the 1970s — not because more women are getting the disease but because they are getting early screening, the government said Thursday. Breast cancer rose by one-third among white women and climbed almost by half among black women between 1973 and 1992, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We are seeing this increase because more women are getting screened for the cancer," said Robert German of the CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Joni Jackson of the American Cancer Society said: "It is good news, because people are following our recommendations and getting the mammograms sooner." The cancer society recommends that women over 40 get a mammogram every year or two. The rate of breast cancer deaths has held fairly steady since 1973. It stood at 26.2 for every 100,000 women in 1992. In 1992, 113.1 of every 100,000 white women were diagnosed with breast cancer, up from 84.3 in 1973. The CDC said 101 of every 100,000 black women were diagnosed with the cancer in 1992, up from 68.7 in 1973. Accessories Sale 20\ff- 20 % off- Entire Stock Jewelry-Handbags Entire Stock Hose-Bras-Girdles Stop in and see the new fall dresses, winter coats, coordinates, sportswear, sleepwear and accessories. Misses, petite and women's sizes available. *No other discounts apply. Sale ends Saturday, October 5th. Tiaza Style Shop O|HM1 Mon. Sat. 9 to 5 Thursday ^ to 6 Goebel \ HUMMEL CLUB*. Available for One Day Only! Fascination is a new Limited Edition figurine honoring the 125th Anniversary! of Goebel, the company that creates M.I. Hummel* works of art. Only 15,0001 people in the U.S. will have the privilege of owning it. You can be one of them, but only if you visit us during Goebel's National Open House, Saturday, October 5th. See you then! Fascination, Hum #64910, Size: 4 3/4". Produced In a worldwide limited edition of 25,000. Saturday, October 5, 1996 10 am-8 pm Refreshments & Drawings Carol's Decor Holidome Gifts Holiday Inn 1616 W. Crawford Salina, 913-823-1739 k. GwnWY OGMtal 1W •••••••••B^™""^" Reminder BEN Fund Raiser The Public Is Invited. Friday, October 4t, 5-7 pm Graves Motor Co. - 539 N. 9th Tickets - $30 single $50 couple Governor Bill Graves & Senator Jerry Moran will be in attendance. For Tickets: Carol P'Albini - 827-2321 MaryUby- 823-9678 Tickets Also Available At The Door Pol adv. paid by committee to re-elgct Sen. Ben Vldrlcksen, Al Schwan, chairman. Saturday only PRIZE DRAWINGS HELD HOURLY REGISTER TO WIN IEKA Boss Victory Upright with new back-saving ergonomic design Save $10 4335BT/676293 MegaBossWortdVac Big 15* wldetrach cleans more. 1 cleans faster. 7620/48154 Boss Cordless Hand Vac Factory Representative on hand Saturday Only at 460 S.Ohio WATERS TnwVdb*. HARDWARE n< ( 01 in- Open Everyday Mon-Fri 8 - 830 Sat 8 - 6 Sun 10-"6 Sale prices good only at 460 South Ohio Salina 8236400

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