The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on April 13, 2001 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Salina, Kansas
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Friday, April 13, 2001
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Page 6
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AB FRIDAY, APRIL 13, 2001 WASHINGTON THE SALINA JOURNAL T CENSUS It's stm aU in the family in the U.S. Census shows mom and dad with kids isn't endangered way of life By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — The nuclear family of yesteryear — mom and dad living with each other and their biological children — may not be as endangered as it sometimes seems. The percentage of children living in these traditional families rose during the early 1990s. At the same time, other families became increasingly complex, with more stepparents, grandparents and adoptive parents raising children, the Census Bureau says in a report released today It is the second report on the living arrangements of children, and updates findings from a 1991 study The new data examine the 71.5 million children living in the United States in fall 1996. •The report, based on a survey of 37,000 households, both rejects and builds upon common perceptions of increasingly fractured families. "It's not entirely a clear picture," said the Census Bureau's Jason Fields, the report's author Most unexpected may be the rise in the portion of children 'living in "nuclear families" — where the children live with their biological mother and father and no one else. Between 1991 and 1996, it rose from 51 percent to 56 percent. But this does not necessarily mean that more couples are staying together Rather, as the total number of children increased, more of them were being born into traditional households, Fields said. That is partly because couples jnarried or began having chjldr'en later in life, he said. "People who delayed marriage for education or career and have decided at an older age than in the past, 'Now we're getting married,' " he said. "More marriages and more families are being formed, and a lot of them are forming as these traditional nuclear families." In addition, births to teenagers and to unmarried older women have decreased, helping to slow a three-decade climb in the number of children living with single parents. Still, one in three babies is born to unmarried parents, making that child's chances slim for life in a nuclear family Whatever the reason, an increase in the number of children living with their biological parents bodes well for those children, said Kristin Moore, president of the research firm Child Trends. "From the point of view of children, this is the most auspicious family form," she said. Two-parent families raising their biological children tend to be better off economically, live in better neighborhoods and attend better schools, she said. "They have the advantage of stability" But the portion of children living in any sort of two-parent family — including nuclear families as well as those with stepparents and other arrangements — continued to fall, from 73 percent in 1991 to 71 percent in 1996. It is these nontraditional families that make up the majority of living arrangements for American children, and the report found that all sorts of families becoming more common. Specifically, in fall 1996: • Single parents: About one in four children lived with a single parent, up slightly from 1991. Nine times out of 10, they were living with their mother Still, 1.8 million children lived with their single fathers. About 3.3 million children were living with a single parent and another adult. In nearly half these cases, the other adult was the child's other parent, but the couple was not married. • Blended families: About 16.5 percent of children live in a family recreated due to remarriage, with stepparents, stepsiblings or half-siblings. That compares with about 15 percent in 1991. BRIEFLY Appliances to get new energy standards WASHINGTON — The Bush administration Thursday approved efficiency standards requiring new washing machines and water heaters to use less energy The standards, proposed in the waning days of the Clinton presidency, will require new washing machines to use 35 percent less energy starting with 2007 models and water heaters to use 5 percent to 9 percent less energy beginning 2006. 'The Energy Department estimates the cost of the improvements will add an average $240 to the price of a new washing machine. The Energy Department said the washing machine standards will cut water use by 10.5 trillion gallons by 2030, and save enough electricity to light all U.S. homes for more than four years. Airlines will carry emergency equipment WASHINGTON — Emergency devices to help airline passengers in cardiac arrest will be standard equipment under new federal rules issued Thursday The Federal Aviation Administration gave U.S. airlines three years to put defibrillators on all domestic and interna­ tional flights. Flight attendants will be taught how to use the devices to get a stricken passenger's heart beating normally The new FAA rules also require airline medical kits, which now contain drugs for patients in insulin shock or suffering from allergic reactions, to contain antihistamine, aspirin and inhalers. Automated external defibrillators are the size of a toaster and weigh about 4 pounds. The machines use electric shocks to try to get the heart to resume beating normally Ventricular fibrillation kiUs about 225,000 people each year, according to American Heart Association estimates. Hamburg said chances of survival drop by 10 percent for each minute that a person in cardiac arrest fails to receive treatment. From Wire Service Reports ENERGY What lies beneath? Naturalists resist Idea of drilling beneath Great Lakes for oil and gas By NEDRA PICKLER The Associated Press WASHINGTON — As President Bush calls for more domestic oil and natural gas drilling, some people are looking to the Great Lakes, the nation's largest supply of freshwater, as a possible power source. A small amount of oil and gas already is being extracted from seven sites along the Michigan shoreline. The eight Great Lakes states have kept energy companies from digging for more, but Michigan and Ohio officials now are discussing changing their policies. "The fact is there is an energy shortage out there, and the technology is out there," said Lynne Boyd of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. "The time is now." Environmentalists say lakes should not be threatened for what could turn out to be a relatively small amount of oil and gas. They say a drilling accident could foul drinking water supplies for millions and disrupt fishing, tourism and other industries. "We don't need to be causing environmental damage to our Great Lakes for a short- term solution," said Tanya Cabala of the Lake Michigan Federation. "And really it wiU be the oil companies that will benefit from it, it won't be the people." The debate over drilling in the Great Lakes is not new. The Associated Press The Aztec Petroleum drilling site, north of Manistee, Mich., is an area near the Great Lakes. People are looking to the Great Lakes as possible sites for domestic oil and natural gas drilling. but there are new pressures as Bush warns of an impending energy shortage. Environmentalists and their friends in Congress strongly oppose the president's plan to drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, so the Bush administration has been looking elsewhere. Protected lands in the Rocky Mountains now are under consideration. Experts believe there are between 5.6 billion and 16 billion barrels of oil under the Alaskan refuge, and perhaps enough natural gas under the Rockies to supply the country for six years. No one is sure how much is under the Great Lakes. Since the first well was drilled under Lake Michigan in 1979, only 438,000 barrels of oil and 17.7 billion cubic feet of natural gas have been produced, a fraction of what is produced in the United States each day Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham has not said whether he supports Great Lakes drilling, though he opposed it last year when he campaigned for the Senate in Michigan, where opinion polls show most voters don't like the idea. When asked about it during his confirmation hearing, Abraham would only say it's important to balance energy needs with environmental concerns. The Great Lakes states — New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin and Minnesota — do not allow drilling Drilling down and over Amid oalis for increased domestic production of oil and naturai gas to offset tiie nation's energy crisis, some people are looking to largely untapped reserves beneath the Great l^es. While offshore drilling is employed on the Canadian side of l.al<e Erie, the practice is not permitted on parts of the lakes within U.S. territory. IVIIchigan, however, allows onshore rigs to drill down and hon zontally to extract oil and gas from under Lake Huron and Lake Michigan Horizontal drilling SOURCE: Lake Michigan Federation AP from rigs on the water, although Canada allows drilling on its side of Lake Ontario. It is up to each state to decide whether to allow drilling to reach deposits under the lake from the shore. Michigan is the only state that allows it. Rep. Bart Stupak, D-Mich., has introduced legislation to impose a federal ban on such drilling. But he said the House Republican leadership will not let him have a hearing. EPA Critics blast Whitman every which way As former governor of New Jersey, EPA chief is used to hard knocks By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — Some honeymoon. Not three months into the Bush presidency, chief environmental official Christie Whitman already has upset industry executives and conservationists, disappointed moderates who like her and angered conservatives who don't. Whether clashing with Bush over carbon dioxide emissions or supporting him on arsenic in water. Whitman has found critics at every turn. The conservation group Friends of the Earth has urged her to resign, saying decisions by President Bush had undermined her credibility as administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Not a chance, Whitman replied. "A lot of what I've read is wishful thinking by some people who would be just as happy to see me not a member of the Cabinet," Whitman, the former governor of New Jersey, said in an uiterview. Nancy Risque Rohrbach, who served in the Reagan and elder File photo EPA Administrator Christie Whitman talks to reporters this past February in Miami, Fla., Bush administrations and has known Whitman for decades, said her friend is accustomed to taking fire from all sides. "Frankly," Rohrbach said, "you have to believe there was a reason for picking Christie for a job that is notoriously difficult." Whitman's big-tent Republicanism and middle-of-the-road governing style should, in theory, keep her from being a polarizing figure. But because so many competing constituencies have high expectations for her, she in­ variably angers some of them. As governor, she pleased Republicans by cutting numerous taxes but calmed Democrats by boosting spending on many state programs — covering the gap with a borrowing plan assailed by members of both parties. Her outreach to black leaders collapsed in an uproar over racial profiling by state police. A libertarian candidate backed by abortion opponents and gun supporters nearly won enough votes to spoil her 1997 re-election bid. Now Whitman is back in the spotlight at EPA. "Conflict goes with the job," said former EPA administrator William Reilly, who butted heads with senior White House officials while serving under Bush's father. "The job is part overseer of the regulatory process and part advocate of progressive environmental priorities. That balance is not one that's totally under the control of the administrator." Rohrbach and other friends insist Whitman has not exhibited any frustration, even after a leaked memo showed she tried but failed to steer White House policy on global warming. Whitman in many ways takes after her politically active parents, who were centrist "Rockefeller Republicans" but never let ideology get in the way of party unity "She's always been a Republican team player," said Raymond Bateman, a former New Jersey state senator who helped recruit Whitman into local politics in the 1980s. "She's a party loyalist. She knows Eastern moderate Republicans aren't exactly loved around the country" QUALITY USED CARS BENNETT AUTOPLEX, INC. 651S. Ohio/Salina/785-823-6372/1'800-569-5653 We Buy Used Treadmills. iPLflv IT mm PO 1833 S. 9th / Kraft Manor / 826-4900 APRIL 15, 11 A.M. - 2 P.M. 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Publishes: Sunday, May 6, 2001 Deadline: Wednesday, April 18, 2001 Consult your Salina Journal Marketing Consultant at: (785) 823-6363 or 1-800-827-6363 e-mail: s)adv@sallournal.com Salina Journal Connecting communities with infomiation

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