Local/Kansas The Salina Journal Sunday, January 12,1986 Page 3 One of the two bald eagles spotted Saturday flies overhead. Eying eagles Photot by Craig Chandler Kristen Hazen, 3, and her mother, Debbie, both of Ellis, take turns looking through the spotting scope as Gordon Mai, Wilson, photographs bald eagles in nearby trees. Michaela Tarr, 4, Hays, receives help from her mother Dana. Higher still and higher From the earth thou springest, Like a cloud of fire; The blue deep thou wingest, And singing still dost soar, and soaring eversingest. —Percy Bysshe Shelley By JUDITH WEBER Staff Writer WILSON LAKE - Saturday was a good day for eagles. And about 130 people who went to Wilson Lake hoping to see some were glad of that. The crowd that attended the fourth annual Eagle Day was lucky enough to see two of the majestic creatures perched in a tree. Only about 45 people turned out last year, said Julie Ballanger, park ranger for the Corps of Engineers. After the bald eagles were spotted, numerous pairs of binoculars and cameras with telephoto lenses were put into use. The Corps of Engineers also set up four scopes for viewing the birds. For Michaela Tarr, 4, of Hays, trying to see the eagles with a pair of binoculars proved frustrating. "I still can't see it," she said to her mother after several tries. "All I get is blank, blank, blank," she said, flinging her arms in disappointment. The youngster later tried one of the scopes, and finally saw the two eagles. Dana Tarr, whose husband is with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, said the Eagle Day program presented a chance for the family to do something together. Ballenger said Saturday's unseasonably warm weather may have brought more people out to hunt the skies for the big birds. The Corps of Engineers and Kansas Fish and Game Commission representatives had planned to take those attending the Eagle Day program to Lucas Park because that is where eagles are usually spotted, Ballenger said. But two eagles were spotted near the Wilson Project Office below the dam, where the program was presented. Ballenger said she was worried that no eagles would be found Saturday because the lake wasn't iced over. Eagles winter at the Wilson Lake area from December through February. "They like trees near open water; they need a concentration of fowl," Ballenger said. Eagle Day is a national program started in 1982, the 200th birthday of the designation of the bald eagle for use on the Great Seal of the United States, she said. A slide show about the life history of eagles was provided and in following years the Wilson program added presentations by the Fish and Game Commission and Maure Weigel, director of the Raptor Rehabilitation center near Sauna. The Kansas Fish and Game commission discussed its non- game program and a representative of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service explained federal regulations pertaining to birds of prey. Weigel discussed his center's work on the care and rehabilitation of injured eagles, hawks and owls. "Two hundred years ago, eagles nested throughout the lower 48 states," Ballenger said. Now there are only a few nesting sites in Minnesota and one discovered last year in Missouri, she said. "They're making a comeback, but it's been slow. This kind of awareness will help." Bald eagles nest in Canada and Alaska. In Kansas, they winter around lakes, reservoirs and marshlands. The building of manmade lakes such as Wilson Reservoir have aided in increasing the eagle population, Ballenger said. Eagles feed largely on fish, and some waterfowl and rabbits. Adults are easily identified by their white heads and tails. They have a wingspan of 6 to 7% feet. Eagles are monogamous. They mate for life and use the same nest each year. Because of their strength, eagles have been a symbol of war and imperial power since Babylonian times. 34 communities to celebrate 100th birthday this year By Harris News Service Thirty-four Kansas communities will celebrate their 100th anniversary in 1986. A list of Kansas cities and their dates of incorporation, compiled by the League of Kansas Municipalities, is available through the Kansas Historical Society. All but one of the "centennial cities" were actually incorporated in 1886. Andale, 25 miles southeast of Hutchinson, was 100 years old Dec. 24. However, the community of 550 people is planning to observe its centennial Aug. 9, with a homecoming celebration. Promoters are planning to have centennial belt buckles, T-shirts, a centennial book and, possibly, commemorative plates. A parade and booths are being planned. Promoters hope the centennial book will include information and pictures about every family in the community. Plans also are under way in Lewis for a centennial celebration June 6,7 and 8. There will be a free barbecue followed by a style show and talent show. There will be a flea market on Main Street, a museum will be set up in the community hall and a carnival will be going all day Saturday. After lunch on Saturday there will be games in the park, such as a horseshoe contest and tennis tournament. Other central and western Kansas communities that will be 100 this year, the counties in which they are located, and the exact date of their incorporation, if known, are: Ashland, Clark County, April 12; Bunker Hill, Russell County, June; Colby, Thomas County, July 16; ConWay Springs, Sumner County, July 26; Coolidge, Hamilton County, March 3; Gaylord, Smith County, July 9; Goodland, Sherman County, Sept. 5; Gove, Gove County; Greensburg, Kiowa County, June 18. Hoisington, Barton County, Nov. 11; La Crosse, Rush County; Lamed, Pawnee County, March 17; Little River, Rice County, Nov. 11; Macksville, Stafford County; Ness City, Ness County, July 31; Norwich, Kingman County, Oct. 6; Smith Center .Smith County. Forty-three Kansas communities- will celebrate centennials in 1987. Those in central and western Kansas are: Arlington, Reno County; Bluff City, Harper County; Cullison, Pratt County; Dighton, Lane County; Ford, Ford County; Freeport, Harper County; Galva, McPherson County; Geneseo, Rice County; Goodland, Sherman County; Grain- field, Gove County; Gypsum, Saline County; Halstead, Harvey County; Hazelton, Barber County; Horace, Greeley County; Jetmore, Hodgeman County, and Kanopolis, Ellsworth County. Leoti, Wichita County; McCracken, Rush County; Moundridge, McPherson County; Mount Hope, Sedgwick County; Oakley, Logan County; Randall, Jewell County; Richfield, Morton County; Scott City, Scott County; South Haven, Sumner County; South Hutchinson, Reno County; Spivey, Kingman County; Sylvia, Reno County; Syracuse, Hamilton County, and Wallace, Wallace County. Battle lines forming as session nears TOPEKA (AP) - The 71st session of the Kansas Legislature opens Monday afternoon, amid election- year politics and quickly-forming battle lines over whether the state needs a penny increase in the sales tax as Gov. John Carlin is proposing. Both houses convene at 2 p.m. Monday, with the House of Representatives scheduled to receive 50 bills that were prefiled and the Senate due to receive 35. Routine chores are at a minumum Monday, with no new legislators to swear in. That is a rarity, because in most even-year sessions a handful of lawmakers have resigned or died since their election. The secretary of state's office said a check of records back to 1923 did not reveal a session in which the legislative membership did not change at all. Both houses were primed for fast starts. Rep. Ed C. Rolfs, R-Junction City, chairman of the House Assessment and Taxation Committee, Friday posted a first-week schedule for his panel that listed both hearings and a final committee vote Wednesday morning on Carlin's proposal to increase the statewide sales tax from 3 percent to 4 percent. Noting that Carlin's proposal last year for a half-cent increase in the sales tax never came to a vote, Rolfs said he believes the issues of how much new revenue the state needs and the best way to get it are so dominant in the 1986 session that the governor's proposal deserves the quickest consideration possible. Senate President Robert V. Talkington, R-Iola, said the Legislature needs to get down to serious business as rapidly as possible because of the funding issue. "Naturally, the fiscal condition of the state is going to overshadow any issues we take up — prisons, education, state employee salaries — because all of those things require funding," Talkington said. "I think we need to get a fast start, see what our needs are, try to control our spending and once we determine all of that look at our options for increasing revenue. At the present time, it appears we need some more revenue, but I think we need to look at everything before we decide how to get it." Carlin was described by his chief spokesman as confident he is better prepared heading into this session than any of his previous seven as governor. "The governor believes he's in perhaps the best shape he's ever been in," said Mike Swenson, Carlin's press secretary. "He feels he's as well prepared as he's ever been, and he's very pleased with the last several weeks when he's been able to unveil key components of his program. "He's confident he's poised to lead the charge in the direction Kansans want to go." The early debate over the sales tax may not be so much whether an increase is needed, but how much. When he declared his candidacy for Republican nomination for governor, Speaker Mike Hayden said he would lead opposition to Carlin's sales tax proposal. However, two days later the speaker told an audience in Lawrence he thinks a full penny is too much, but the state might need the revenue a half-cent increase would produce. Carlin's proposal would generate $190 million in new revenue in fiscal year 1987, while a half-cent increase would produce $95 million. Rolfs and Hayden both have said they believe Kansas might need $95 million to $100 million in additional Glickman warns farmers not to expect much relief MCPHERSON (AP) - Kansas Congressman Dan Glickman told about 400 members of the Kansas Farmers Union Saturday not to expect much relief from the recently passed federal farm bill. Glickman said the $168 billion, five- year bill won't work and it gives hand-outs to farmers who need to be making profits off of their crops. "Uncle Sam will become Uncle Sugar," the Wichita Democrat said during a breakfast address on the final day of the union's annual convention. "Farmers will be getting more of their dollars from Uncle Sam than they will from the market place." Glickman also said the new bill favored larger farmers over small ones. "You're going to see the big get bigger and the smaller get less," Glickman said. Other speakers at the three-day convention included Cy Carpenter, president of the National Farmers Union, and Sen. John Melcher, D- Mont. During an address Friday night, Melcher called for a reversal of Reagan administration agricultural policies. Vigilantes ordered to pay couple PITTSBURG (AP) — Three Pittsburg men who tried to scare a confession out of a man they suspected of burglary have been ordered to pay $250,000 in civil damages to the man and his wife. A Crawford County District Court jury deliberated slightly more than three hours Friday before awarding Gilbert "Butch" Larson and his wife Frances damages from defendants Peter T. Monsour, Danny Peak and Charles Peak Jr. The three men had pleaded guilty to aggravated battery charges in connection with the December 1982 incident. The case gained national attention six months later when a judge sentenced the men to write book reports on Walter van Tilburg Clark's "The Ox-bow Incident," an American classic dealing with justice and vigilantism. "What upsets me is their attitude, their arrogance," attorney David McLane told the jury during closing statements. "I don't like the whole way they've approached this trial. They're terrorists. They tortured a guy and shoved a pregnant lady down. These people are above the law." The defendants' attorney, Keeth Jones, said he planned to appeal the decision. During the three-day trial, Monsour testified that he and the Peak brothers, his nephews, suspected Gilbert Larson of burglarizing the homes of his sister and brother. The three men decided to confront Larson, Monsour said. Frances Larson testified that several members of the Monsour family entered their home Dec. 1, 1982, forcibily grabbed her husband, beat him, kicked him and took him away in a pickup. revenue. Carlin will go before a joint session of the House and Senate at 11 a.m. Tuesday to present his State of the State and budget messages. The budget he is submitting to lawmakers calls for a $35 million, or 2 percent, reduction in state funding from the present fiscal year — a cut necessitated by revenue shortfalls. Carlin also will propose the sales tax increase in his legislative message, and outline how he wants to spend the additional $190 million. The new money will go for prison expansion, education, state employees' salaries and a beefing up of general fund balances. Besides the battle of the budget, such issues as whether to allow citizens to vote on legalizing a state lottery and pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing; whether to establish limits on the amounts of medical malpractice awards to ease an insurance crisis, and whether to reorganize the state Board of Agriculture will command major attention in the '86 session. So will gubernatorial politics. Hayden already has declared his candidacy, with Talkington and Sen. Fred Kerr, R-Pratt, still mulling possible candidacies.
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