The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 12, 1986 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Salina, Kansas
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Sunday, January 12, 1986
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Page 1
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T*! Sunday! 1 1 ne Journal Home Edition — 75 Cents Salina, Kansas SUNDAY January 12,1986 114th year—No. 12 — 46 Pages Countries on alert after terrorist warning AMSTERDAM, Netherlands (AP) — An Interpol warning that the renegade Abu Nidal faction has targeted Jewish and Israeli institutions in Scandinavia and the Netherlands has sent security forces onto high alert, police and government sources said Saturday. Synagogues, historic; sites and Israeli diplomatic and commercial buildings were placed under increased guard, and airports, border crossings and ports under close surveillance after the warning. The Paris-based international police organization gave word Thursday that two commando groups directed by Abu. Nidal were heading for Scandinavia this weekend, according to Sven-Ake Hjalmroth, Sweden's security police chief. Interpol said "a very reliable source" indicated the Palestinian faction was ready to strike Jewish or Israeli targets in Sweden, Denmark, Norway or the Netherlands. "We look very seriously at this threat," said Hjalmroth, adding that the state of alert will continue for days, at least. The United States has blamed the Abu Nidal faction, which broke from the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1974, for Dec. 27 attacks on the El Al Israel Airline check-in counters at the Rome and Vienna airports. Nineteen people died in the submachine- gun and grenade attacks, including five Americans and four terrorists, and about 120 people were wounded. The Amsterdam daily De Volkskrant said Saturday the Interpol alert was based on a tip from an unspecified Western European intelligence service that followed an anti- Israeli terrorist group in Western Europe but lost its trail. Interpol's warning was issued two weeks before Israeli Premier Shimon Peres is scheduled to visit the Netherlands for two days. The Israeli Embassy in The Hague, already under heavy police protection, said there were no plans to cancel the visit as a result of the warning. About 10 sites in Amsterdam were put under increased police protection, according to police spokesman Klaas Wilting, one of them being the Anne Frank House, one of the nation's major tourist attractions. Hundreds of thousands of tourists visit the house each year, where the teen-age Jewish diarist spent two years hiding from the Nazis before her discovery, deportation and death in the Bergen-Belsen death camp in 1944. Stockholm's main synagogue was cordoned off with barricades Saturday. Police patrolled the area with dogs. Several Jewish targets in Scandinavia, including a Copenhagen synagogue, have been hit by bombings in recent months. The explosives have been traced to Sweden, according to Swedish authorities. The Netherlands has so far been free of anti-Israeli and anti-Jewish violence, but police routinely keep likely terrorist targets under surveillance and keep a constant police presence outside high-risk embassies and consulates. It was the third warning of imminent terrorist action in Western Europe in less than three weeks. On Wednesday, Interpol warned of a possible terrorist strike against airports in Athens, Greece, and Frankfurt, Germany. On Dec. 24, Dutch national police said they had been alerted to possible terrorist action in Western Europe during the Christmas holidays. Three days later, Palestinian commandos struck Schwechat Airport in Vienna and Leonardo da Vinci Airport in Rome. An anonymous telephone caller claimed responsibility for those attacks in the name of the Abu Nidal faction, which goes by various names including "Fatah — Revolutionary; Council" and "Al-Assifa," meaning 'the storm' in Arabic. Abu Nidal, meaning 'father of struggle' in Arabic, is the code name of the shadowy Palestinian terrorist Sabry al-Banna. He was born in Jaffa when that town was part of the British mandate state of Palestine. Jaffa is now part of Israel. The Abu Nidal faction is violently opposed to the PLO led by Yasser Arafat because that mainstream Palestinian group and Jordan have sought a negotiated peace agreement with Israel. Scott Wllllomi CARTOON CLOWNING - Sara Wells, 6, (left) and Katie Olsen, 7, both of Salina, try their hands at illustration during "Cartooning," a Saturday Afternoon at the Art Center workshop. About 50 children in two sessions watched John Borra, a cartoonist for Hallmark Inc. demonstrate how characters are drawn. State basks in January heat wave By JILL CASEY Staff Writer Close, but no cigar. Salina's high temperature Saturday was an unusual 69 degrees, but it fell 4 degrees short of beating the 'record high of 72 set in 1911. I Nevertheless, spring is making & rather premature debut in north- central Kansas this week. Temperatures climbed well into the 60s Saturday throughout the region, on the heels of 30 degree temperatures Friday. On Jan. 11 last year Salinans were probably sticking close to heaters and fireplaces. The high then was 15; with the low at a frigid 9 below zero. Saturday, some played shirtless football and many took advantage of the warm sunshine to wash winter's residue from their cars. "We've been really busy," said an employee at Green Lantern Car Wash, 120 N. Broadway. "It's been terrible, they've been lined up out to the street, three or four deep at times." January's spring edition should last through Thursday, as highs are expected to stay between 55 and 60, according to a Concordia weather service specialist. "There's a high pressure ridge aloft and it's holding some real warm air," said Don Adcock of the National Weather Service at Concordia. Today Inside THREE LOCAL WOMEN combine their talents and energy in an art studio and gallery located in downtown Salina. See Living Today, Page 19. REX ACKERMAN traps . coyotes, benefiting ranchers south of Plainville. See Great Plains, Page 27. TWO BALD EAGLES make an appearance at Wilson Lake Saturday, to the delight of about 130 spectators who came hoping to spot them. See story and photos, Page 3. THE UNITED STATES denies reports that Libya shot down an American war plane last week over territory it claims. See story, Page 8. AFTER RUNNING UP a 3810 halftime lead, the KU Jay- hawks cruised to a 72-56 win over Southern Methodist University Saturday in Lawrence. See Sports, Page 9. Business 16-17 Classified 29-34 Entertainment 35 Living Today 19-25 Local/Kansas 3 Nation/World 5 On the Record 7 Opinion 4 Sports 9-15 Weather 7 Weather KANSAS — Mostly sunny and mild today, with highs in the low to mid-50s. Mostly clear tonight, with lows in the 20s. Mostly sunny Monday, with highs 40 to 45. Study: Government rules hard on welfare moms WASHINGTON (AP) - Job programs for welfare mothers that don't provide child care and other services doom millions of women to lives of dependency on government assistance, according to a congressional study released Saturday. Despite "overwhelming evidence ... that women in poverty desire to be self-sufficient," welfare regulations make it harder, not easier, for aid recipients to become financially independent, said the report by the House Government Operations Committee. "Although there are many federal requirements for participation in work and training for welfare families, there are no concurrent federal provisions for quality child care, even to low-income families," the report said. "The lack of safe and affordable child care can foreclose the possibility of employment, training, ed- ucation, and even the opportunity to job hunt," the report said. Regulations governing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, which helps 10.8 million people in 3.7 million households, make it difficult for low-income mothers to obtain the education or training needed to get other than the most low-paying jobs, the report said. "The low earnings, instability, and lack of benefits associated with these jobs make economic independence an elusive goal for many relying on public assistance," the report said. "Any effort to promote self- sufficiency among low-income women that fails to fully integrate quality child care will not only be unworkable and counterproductive, but will compromise the welfare of low-income children," the panel said. Smoking spreads like wildfire WASHINGTON (AP) - The leading cause of premature deaths among adults last year was not famine, war or international terrorism. It was cigarette smoking, which now causes an estimated 2.5 million deaths a year. A Washington-based non-profit research group reported Saturday that despite warning labels, smoke-outs, advertising bans and increasing evidence of the health hazards of tobacco, smoking worldwide is growing faster than global population. The worsening worldwide epidemic: of cigarette smoking will result in a 50 percent increase in lung cancer, deaths by the year 2000; More than 1 billion people in the world smoke cigarettes at an average rate of more than half a pack a day, said the study by the WorldWatch Institute, a Wash- ington-based think tank. Cigarette smoking is increasing worldwide at a rate of 2.1 percent a year, the study said. Because smoking's health hazards appear only after years of exposure to smoke, the continued growth of the habit will mean increased illness in years to come, the study said. "Tragically, the cost in lives and money can only be expected to grow," the study said. "Seventy- three percent more tobacco is consumed now than 20 years ago, so without a sudden drop in smoking, lung cancer deaths, for example, will almost certainly increase by 50 percent by the turn of the century. Many such losses will occur in nations totally unprepared to deal with the new epidemic." "It follows, too, that the incidence of bronchitis and emphy- sema will grow as tobacco use grows," the study said. "At the current rate the next 20 years would also witness an increase of 50 percent in these diseases." The study, conducted by senior researcher William U. Chandler, is titled "Banishing Tobacco" and argues for that goal. But the study says the world has a long way to go to reach it. Despite a perception in the United States of a decline in smoking, total cigarette consumption has declined in only a few countries worldwide — and the United States is not one of them. Greece leads the world in per capita cigarette consumption, the study says, followed by Japan, the United States, Canada, Yugoslavia and Poland. Prevalence of smoking seems to have had little connection with government anti-smoking efforts. Holiday honors life, work of U.S. black hero WASHINGTON (AP) — A quarter million Americans, the largest assemblage of citizens ever to come to petition their government, swarmed over the monument grounds, far as the eye could see, on that sweltering August day. The Army, alerted, was not needed. It was a Wednesday, but the people, mostly black, wore their Sunday best and behaved accordingly. Senators and congressmen drifted down from the Capitol to add their voices to the oratory, all of it long forgotten. Except for one incredible speech, delivered in booming, biblical cadence, rooted in the Declaration of Independence and the genius of the Salina celebrations set to keep the dream alive By JILL CASEY Staff Writer Those who plan to honor Martin Luther King Jr. with several celebrations this week have a dream. They dream the day set aside to honor the champion of civil rights will recognize King as has the holiday commemorating George Washington. They hope schoolchildren will learn of King's fight for black equality as they now learn the tale of the ax, the cherry tree and "I cannot tell a lie." But mostly they dream that the principles King lived and died for can someday be attained every- where. Although King has been recognized by Kansans with a state holiday, his Jan. 15 birthday will be observed as a federal holiday for the first time on Monday, Jan. 20. King and Washington are the only two people to have a federal holidays named in honor of their lives and accomplishments. "This is the pinnacle," said Earle Bess, an organizer of Salina King activities. "This is history. This is (See Holiday, Page 7) young black preacher from Atlanta who moved his white listeners to tears and his race to righteous new hope. "I have a dream!" said Martin Luther King Jr. "That one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.' "I have a dream! That one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down at the table of brotherhood.'' Virtually every sentence wrought a louder roar and new choruses of amens. "I have a dream! That one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the people's in- justice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. : "I have a dream! That my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but the content of their character." '• Martin Luther King Jr. stood next to the monument to Abraham Lincoln on that day, Aug. 28, 1963. Lincoln emancipated the slaves, but it remained for King, in another century, to free their descendants from the back of the bus. Still, few dared imagine on that day that this black man would take his place alongside another agitator, George Washington, as a national hero. But as of Monday, Jan. 20, and every year thereafter, his birthday— actually Jan. 15 — will be observed (See King, Page 7)

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