Editorial Political War on Gravel King Qiarles I of England had many a fuss witli Parliament. He became so exasperated he sent tTXX)pers to tlie chambers to arrest members of Parliament who opposed liim. Jolm Mitchell, meet King Qiarles. Tlie English expenence was strong in the mmds of tlie wintei-s of our Constitution, which is a big reason they wrote that senators and representatives "shall not be ques- ticmed in any other place" than tlieir House for what they said in that chamber. Now, Hie Department of Justice has thi'eatened Sen. Mike Gravel, tlie Alaska Democrat, with subpoena and incrimination. His cninie: reading from tlie Pentagon Papers at a night subcommittee meeting in Jiuie. Attomey-General Mitdiell's troops are taking an obhque tack. Tliey said Sen. Gravel may be subpoenaed in an argument seeking the (tailing of an aide to Gravel to talk to a federal gi-and jur>' in Boston. Tlie brief declared the senator must respond 1o a subpoena and could retain his I'ighls under tlie Fifth Amendment not to answer questions which migiit incriminate him. The courts have said our legisia- toi's may be subpoenaed in sudi cases as that of Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, which involved a civil court judgment in a private problem. Tliat's hardly the Gravel ca.se. Mit(!he]l and his staff lo;^ its case against publication of the Papers. They have lost at least tliree other ca.ses where tlicy tried to go against the Constitution's grain. The Supreme Court has said the goveni- ment has proved no damage llirough the Pentagon Papers. A threat to a .senator for lotting the public in on .something it learned anyway hardly adds to the stature of the .Tastice departmont. Fewer Farm Deaths The totals and annual average fa- taUties on Kansas faiTns declined di-a- matically in tlie past three decades. The 1970 statistical report from the State Department of Health reveals that the five-year total of such deaths from 1966 to 1970 was 218, c»m pared with 399 in the 1936-40 perial. Tlie annual average has dropped fi-om 79.8 in 1936-40 to 43.6 in 1966-70. The total, of 34 fami worii accident deaths, was tiie lowest on record since the statistics began in the early lOOOs. At firsit glance, tliis is a great vic;- tory for safety. Li part, it may be. Sti-ong efforts have been made to develop awai'eness of hazards on the farm. But it must be noted that in 1940, more than 30 per cent of employed Kansans worked on farnis. By 1970, this percentage had decreased to less iJian 10 percent. One significant stati.stic in this li.st .should not be averloolted — the .steady increase in tihe mimbei- of ti-actor accident- fatalities. These deaths jumped from 11.8 per cent of the total in I'.m to .51.8 iier cent in the past five years. It is inevitable that increasing mechanization will produce increa.s- ing macliine threats for farm woi'k- ers. It is not inevitable that tlie num- lx?r of ti'actor deaths Iceeps climbing, if the work of safety expei'ts continues. We're Wiling fewer on the fann lx> cause we have fewer woi-king there. The .safety-fii-st job remcUJis. Do It in Public The county attorney at Gamett checked into the sliootmg death of a 19-year-old Kansas City girl who stopped at an Anderson County farmhouse for infonnation and he decided it would be best to suppress t h e facts of the ca.se. His reason? It is in the best interests of rehabilitating the juvenile boy who, it is alleged, shot and killed the girl. And too, he is cwncenied a'bout tlie expense of a jury trial. That may ring bells with the taxpayers' associations, but the general public would rather hear the facts to judge for themselves. Kansas Attorney General Vem Miller agreed and prc&sured the Gamett official into proceeding further. This case illustrates well t h e stupidity of public servMits who do not feel accountable to IJie public. Other Editors T\\ey judge tlie public to be an a.ss, (uid never mind how tliey got elected to office. Imagine living in Anderson County or any county whei-e there is a case of alleged wrongful death, yet you are left to guess what happened. The public is entitled to Imow the details of what happened. For one thing, if county attorneys can operate in closets, how can they be monitored? Under the juvenile proceedings of Kansas, the accused does not have the full rights of a d u 11 citizens. Wliat if the Iwy was being railroaded? And in a world where editors are Imown to err, it is not too fjinta.stic to imagine the same of judges, coiuily attorneys and such in similar Higher stations. IHiblic business needs to be conducted publicrly. A Loss Indeed (Whitley Austin In the Snllna Journal) Tt was in tlie Spring of 1937, the dasty days of the depression, thait Orla Kx ;ai-iM 'y went I /O work in the compos! n,g room of the Hutchin.son News where I was the city hall and [wllco reporter. I.ater on, we put out tlie Sunday morning edition togetlier, fighting the bugs in the back shop, battling the deadlines, putting out tiie Extras that tiic news of tlio.se pre-television days demanded. They were exciting times. In 1952, wlien Map lf;irris retired as composing rfx)m foreman for The Salina Journal, I brought Orla here to take his place. We planned the move fnrm the old brick building at Seventh and Iron to llie new Journal ou'iee. And during a Januai-y blizzard in 1962, wo watclxed the heavy linotyix! machines swung, pushed and cajoled into place atS. dth. Oiw mo,st trying time came with llw conversion to cold type comix)sil.ion and iiUf^et. printing. All of u.s had to learn new trades, brand new skills, and uiwn Orla fell the re.sjwn&ibility for the back slioj) changeover, an intricate intonveaving of personalities and electronics. This summer, the shako-down wa.s com- l>lete(l. Orla had done a good job. He and his wife look a trip East to .sec tiieir son, and Air I'^oree officer, and rctimied 1o .send their daughter to college at Manhattan. He was relaxed, in prime .spirits. Thursday moniing he suffered a heai-t attack. After so many years of close jiartiUM'- shii), it is a loss indeed. Looldng Backward Ten YeMrs Ago in 1961 Salina's population was 40,894, Hutchinson's 37,703. Thirteen coin machines were seized by the government at Emporia and lola American Legion clubs for failure to pay taxe.s. "The "greatest Kansas State Fair" oix;n- ed vrith 133 high school bands playing during the week. Tiventy-five Years Af;o In 1946 ; Tli^i ffews; said' Jlw Kansas State Fair opened: with "W bhildren's fairyland and a farmer's glittering showplace". A carpenter's union strike was halted as the carpenters agreed to abide by the wage mobilization ruling holding the wage at $1.25. Contractors were provoked. Fifty Years Ago in 1921 Tlie soda ash plant was to be closed "indefinitely" on Oct. 1, laying off 250 workers in the city's biggest industry. Bad national business was blamed. Tlie Kansas Chemical Manufacturing Co., owned the land. The lease witli tiie Solvay company had two yeai-s to go. John Madden, long time liquor fighter, in Ford County, was named national probihi- tion agent. At Wit's End Don't Consult-Insult •NEWSDAY Diitribnted hf LJ^ J By ERMA BOMBECK There are no other taxi drivers in the world like there are in New York City. On my infrequent trips there I have always been entertained by the abuses heaped on me. Oh sure, tiiere are otiier fun things in New York like muggings, outrageous prices, air unfit to breathe and shoddy service, but for me the brash, outspoken, rude taxi drivers .are always a must. I stand timidly on the curb like a'bull fighter with stomach cramps and say apologetically, 'taxi.' Thenfe a burly cab driver with a balding spot leans out of Ms window and yells, "Whatya dom, lady? Trying to wreck my cab? I got a wife who needs an operation and a kid I'm sendiTig tlirough Juliard." 1 then recoil into the crowd and walk the 15 or 20 blocks to my destination, Bomteck A tourist experience like this keeps the midwestem audiences regaled with laughter and amazement throughout an entire winter. On my last New York venture, I stood on the curb and bravely extended my forefinger out over the curb. A cab screeched to a halt in front of me and a driver with a smile reached over behind his seat and opened the car door for me. I mistnisted him immediately. "How are you today?' fully. he asked cheer- " Whatya mean by a aack Uke that?" I snarled. "Wliere to, ma'am," he asked poUtely. "WTiat if I told you I wanted to go to LaGuardia in the 5 o'clock traffic. How would that grab you?" "Anything you say,'' lie said pushing down the flag. "No, wait. I only want to go two blocks from my hotel." "You're the boss," he grimied. We rode in silence. "You wanta tell me what's wrong with the world today?" I asked. "Actually," he said, turning a clean shaven side to rae, "I don't feel qualified to impart my profundities on the ills of today's society." We ro<le in silence. "Tliat woman just attempted to cross the street with the light," I said, tapping liim on the shoulder, "Aren't you going to bnish by her with your right fender, .shout obscenities and teach her a lesson?" "No," he smiled, "I figure the streets belong to eveiyone." "Are you sure you're a New York cab bie?" I asked suspiciously. "Actually," he giggled, "I'm an account executive with an advertising firm who felt the pressure of the recession and decided to drive a cab. In fact, if yow run across a f''nn in need of someone with five years ii college and 12 years' experience . "Stop the cab," I .said, "I didn't come to New York to be consulted. I came to be insulted. Let me out at tlie next comer." Bow your heads, America, an institution just passed by. AfTBR . . - AMERICA, AMERICA, X SHED MV GRACE ON Western Firoiit. n /EEANi? cRom -my eooo WITH BRUTHERHOOI^ FROM A ^^T.^ of Yoni- Ricrlitc'? 6£A TO SHININB- SEA . , . WHAT D/P NIXON SAY? i-i-WdlC Ol lUlll lUglll55. Merry-Go-Round IRS Grants Secret Tax Break to Shoe Industry By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service has .secretly granted the .shoe industry a ,$15,845,538 tax break, and it looks as if other industries will;! be let in on the windfall. The cost out of the pockets of the remainmg taxpayers is expected to sui'- pass $100 million. Internal Revenue's generosity has taken the form of a strange suspension of prosecutions against shoe merchants. This was ordered by Assistant Commissioner D. W. Bacon in a series of confidential wires and memos. Ander-son The public was supposed to be kept in tlie dark about the official sellout. But we have dug cut incriminating memos which show 1,897 cases have been secretly suspended. These involve an estimated $15,845,538 which the Treasury will now lose in taxes. Not even counted are the tens of thousands of dollars spent by IRS task forces to develop the cases. As witli most tax matters, tlie story is complicated. For years, many shoe retailers, restaurant ciiains, finance companies, gi-ocery ciiains, hotel finns and other busines.ses have broken their operations into several "separate" corporations to reduce tlieir tax rate. Tax Tangle To lielp small companies, the IRS levies a low 22 per cent tax on tiie first $25,000 in profit.s. Tliereafter, the tax goes uip to 48 jier cent. If, say, a company with $100,000 in profits paid honest taxes, the government would collect ,$4I„500. But if the same company split into four corporations, each with ,$25,000 in profits, the tax would be only $22,000. The law also allows companies to ac- cunnilate earnings up to $100,000 with no questions asked. A splintered company, therefore, cmdd pile up millions in earnings williout paying the .special taxes on accumulations over $100,000. A few years ago, IILS task forces began ti) crack down on companies that had di- vitled up their corporate stnicture to dodge taxes. A few of tlie.se "brother - sLster" d:.'aLs, as they're called on Wall Street, wore siiccc.ssfully pro.secuted. I''or instance, Marc's Big Boy-Prospect, Inc., a WiscoiKsiii finn, was nailed in a civil case along with its sister companies. Althougli the decision havS been appealed, the task foires were encouraged to prose^ cute other companies that used brother- sister arrangements as a subterfuge to avoid taxes. Then out of IRS headquarters, on January 21, 1971, came ainfidential telex messages to district directors Imlting any furtlier action against splintered slioe companies. Tlie messiiges were signed by Bacon, as compliance head, who ordered tersely that "regardless of method of oj)eration and organizational structure, (the shoe cases) should bo suspended." Bacon also demanded data from tlie IRS field men "on otJier retail merchandl.sing or .service type cases 'nvolving these stmio issues." The implication was that other industries might be given tiie same favored tixjatment. Still another message, this one stamped "Urgent Urgent" and "For Official Use Only," was issued on April 7. This set forth detailed papenvork and red tape that agents would have to submit to Washington if they went ahead with brother - sister prosecutions outside the shoe industry. The suspension was emphasized agam in another confidential decree that went out to the field on April 30- The effect, of course, was to discourage any sud. prosecutions. Thus, not only were all the shoe companies let off the hook, but obstacles were raised to hamstring other prosecutions. , Diligent field agents, meanwhile, had examined a mountain of 6,895 tax fonns in their search for brother - sister tax deals. Now they have started to pigeonhole all their work, perliaps for good, even as President Nixon urges the taxpayers at large to tighten their belts. Footnote: IRS headquarters, in r6spon ,se to our inquiries, explained that the shot company prosecutions had been suspended so guidelines could be laid down. The suspension "does not mean the ball game is over," said a spokesman. This official explanation strikes us as balderdash, since the IRS has had since 1968 to set guidelines. The spokesman explained the secrecy by claiming the memos were "hitemal" and, therefore, not available to the tax- pnyers who ultimately must pick up the • • 4^ Page 6 The Hutchinson News Wednesday, September 15, 1971 We of the Daughters of the American Revolution wonder, as National Constitution Week rolls around, Seot. 17-23, how many persons know the rights guaranteed by the Constitution, fomuig the gi-eatest treasure we all possess. They are: Human rights: Free exercise of religious belief, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, right of the people peaceably to assemble, right to petition the government for redress of grievances, to keej) and bear arms, trial by jury, protection against trial for an act committed before passage of a law makin^ ^^uch act a crime, no one shall be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice for the same offense, no person can be tried for a crime except upon indictment by a grand jury, a citizen cannot be compelled to be a witness agamst himself m a criminal case. . . . The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, protection against Says He Is Not Affiliated With Universalist Church I saw the very fine advertisement of one of your Hutchuison basmesses giving the history of the diurches of your city. I refer particularly to the one with reference to the Universali'st Chiu-ch. There is some misinformation in this advertisement which I would like to correct. I am under no commitment for part-time duty with the Universalist Chiu-oh of Hutchinson. When I was a resident minister of Wiclu- ta from 1962-67, I did share this relationship. Recently, I was requested by the Board of Trustees of this church to speak before them. I immediately got in touch with the Reverend Douglas Mould, rector of Grace E^piscopal Church and informed him of this request, and told him that if he had no objection. I would accept their invitation!.' He assured me of his invitation to tlie community, and that I should feel free to accept this invitation. Memhiers of this congregation have been my friends since 1962. I delight in renewing my acquaintance vrith them now that I have returned to Kansas. It was my privilege to talk wth them last Sunday night on "The Rehgious Situation in 1971." My full-time allegiance is with St. John's Episcopal Chiu-ch in Great Bend and part- time at St. Mark's in Lyons. I ,will accept .such outside invitations to sjieak when they do not interfere with my primary responsibilities. Again, let me say that this is a very fine series of advertisements, and I am siu-e will be informative to your readers. -H. PAUL OSBORNE, Vicar, St. John's Episcopal Chm-ch, Great Bend. WTongfnl imnrisonment, any accused citizen may have witnesses in his favor and assistance of counsel for his defense, ex-- cessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed, all forms of slavery prohibited, right of citizens to vote shall not be denied by any state on ac- coimt of race, color or previous condition of servitude. Property rights: Riglit to have the government maintain its obhgation of contracts. Human and property rights: No person can be deurived of his life, his hberty or his prosperity (for public or any other use) without due w'^cess of law, security again.st unreasonable searches and . seizures of persons, houses, papers and ' effects. Privileges and immunities of citizens of th© United States shall not be abridged by any state, citizens of each state shall t>e entitled to all the privileges of citizens in the several, states, no person shall be fhprived of the equal protection of the laws. May we urge all citizens seek a greater knowledge of the laws dming this NaMonal Con,sti'ntion Week. — MRS. EDWARD SPANIER, Regent Uvedale aianter, and MRS. MARION HEDRJCK STILLWELL, Constitution Week Chairman Sportsman Says Moore Was Man for the Job Recently, George C. Moore was asked to resign, under pressure, as the director of the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission. I've never met the man, but I don't feel I need to, to see all the good he had done for our great state of Kansas. All df you sportsmen who love to hunt, fish or camp, look back 10 years and what do you see? Lots of changes! First, there is deer hunting, and more game birds, more game fish such as bass and walleye and the only restrictions are a proper hunting or fishing license. Second, we have more lakes and parks to camp in and more m the planning stage. We had a duwtor there who did the public a great favor and now he gets a kick in the pants and is told to get out. Can't everyone see the good he's done far out-weiglK the bad? Doesn't it seem like a political dig for the commission to have kept George Moore for almost 10 years and then decide lie v\rasn't tlie man for the job? l^t's liear from some of you sportsmen, defend your fellow man, who did so much for all of us. His past work tells us he is the right man for the job. We're a sportsmen family. MR. AND MRS. LLOYD MARKER, 303 West Maui, Sterling. Staff View Bildni Service Insult to Womanhood By JUDIE BLACK Bikini sei-vice? Even tliougli the bikini may be small, the issue involved is niucli larger and more unportant tlian selling a few gallons of gas. Tlie News' article concerning bikini .sei-vice (Sept. 8, page 3) is yet juiotlver tragic example of women allowmg themselves to be mired ui male dottninated commercialism. At first reading, bikini service may apjyear to be an orlguial, clever and veiy attention-getting idea to sell gas. Examhied fui^ ther, bikini seindce is sun- ply another crude traves^ ty against female respect. Ccrtahily , a woman should be pennitted, if skilled and physically able, to pump gas or work in any capacity she feels competait. Black If she can pump gas, wants a Job pumping ^as, a gas pumping job is available and an employer feels she can do the job efficiently, then regar«fless of her sex, a woman should be in the running for the job. To liire a woman, however, as a commercial gimmick, as a pair of nicely proportioned tliighs and a well-developed bustline to pimip gas, hai-dly speaks well of any employer's confidence in his product if he must resort to sideshow trickery to sell his product. One of tlie most pitifid angles to bikmi .service is tiiat some woman will be greatly encouraged by a female's beUig hired as a gas station attendant. Pumping gas is honest work and a job usually reserved for males. But one can hardly believe Janice Pierson would have been hired had th» asked to wear fumctiwial dotUng (hat woidd protect her in wwUng viHb hot engines and functional shoes that would give support to her whole body irhU* working. BiMni service a small matter? Unfortunately not. That an attractive smile and pleasant personality sell gas ia a oonuner- cial reality, Ceartainly a pleasant amU* and personaility should be admired and sought after. But must competence, pleasantness and a willingne®s to work b« hired only when women, or men, are willing to prostitute their womanhood, oc manhood, for commercial gain? Periiaps. If so, it Ls not only an InsuK to every female's womanlwod and every male's manhood, but most importantly, to every person's personhood.
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