t Anderson Would Lighten Property Tax Load By ELON TORRENCE TOPEKA (AP)-A broad program of action in fields of education, social welfare, penal administration, economic development and legislative reapportionment was recommended to the 1963 Kansas Legislature today by Gov. John Anderson. He also proposed what he described as the beginning of a program of relief for payers of ad valorem property taxes. The Republican chief executive proposed several new or expanded agencies and programs but left financing recommendations to be submitted to the lawmakers in his budget message next week. Several of the Anderson recommendations were in broad outline, leaving details to be worked out 1 or filled in later. Anderson presented his recommendations in a message delivered to a joint session of the House and Senate in the House chamber. Among new programs recommended by the governor were: Incorporation of Wichita University in the state system of higher education under the Kansas Board of Regents. Implementation of the Kerr- Mills bill to provide medical care to older Kansans who are not on old age assistance but who do not have money required to meet expensive illness. . Creation of a state scholarship program for outstanding graduates of Kansas high schools. Creation of a hew agency to coordinate all state research facilities and bring into being new areas of basic research and spur new and greater economic development. Creation of a new state economic development department to replace the Kansas Industrial Development Commission. Anderson also called for a workable program of school district consolidation and correction of inequities in the distribution of state school aid. The governor said the state should not make any great expansion in school aid until these steps are taken. He recommended adoption of the foundation principle of school aid to distribute more equitably the same amount of money as would be distributed next year under the present elementary and high school aid formulas. Anderson added: "I further propose that we continue distributing on a per pupil basis the amount now being distributed as emergency aid, $25 for each pupil, but that a requirement be established that this aid be used to reduce local ad valorem schpol taxes. "This will establish a more equitable system of distribution of state aid and establish the beginning of a program of relief for the ad valorem taxpayer." Anderson called for the role of junior colleges to be developed and broadened. But he said the present program of state aid to such schools should not be expanded until some of the improvements are brought about to adapt the junior college system to an improved higher education system. The governor did not set out specific details as to the manner in which he proposes Wichita U. be brought into the state system. His other major recommendation dealing with higher education was for consideration of providing the Board of Regents authority to enter into contracts or compacts with neighboring states on behalf of Kansas students seeking specialization in fields not readily available within the Kansas system. The governor was noticeably silent concerning many of the recommendations advanced in the Eurich report on higher education in Kansas, such as 9-year terms for members of the Board of Regents, revising the administrative structure of the state colleges, and so on. Bui (he governor said specific provisions for state colleges and universities would be contained in the budget message. Anderson called on the Legislature to make some definite decision at this session on educational television. He said the problem has been studied in all its ramifications for 10 years. He recommended a modest start on the program at this time. The governor recommended the Legislature reapportion the state Senate into 40 districts which will "as nearly as is mathematically and practically possible be equal in the number of people represented." At the same time he called for no change in the House apportionment which he said is "satisfactory and meets all constitutional requirements." Anderson said two major problems identified in recent studies of the state penal system are need for an additional medium or minimum security institution and an improvement in the medical program within the prison system. He said he has concluded medical care of prisoners can best be served at the University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, by providing space for a security ward for this purpose. He recommended the industrial farm at Lansing no longer ttt used as an institution for women and instead utilize this properly for expansion of the nearby penitentiary. Anderson suggested the state contract for placement of women inmates in a Missouri institution at Tipton, Mo. He said legislation to authorize this would be taken into court to determine whether this would be constitutional. If it proves to be in violation of (he constitution, Anderson said the Atchison Receiving Home for Children should be utilized as • women's prison facility. Present functions of the children's home can be carried out - (Continuted on Page 8) OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 30 OTTAWA, KANSAS TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1963 7 CENTS TEN PAGES Figure Your Tax Cut WASHINGTON (AP) - The Treasury Department says President Kennedy's tax cut proposals, if enacted, would mean reductions of 20 to 30 per cent for many persons with incomes of $20,000 or less. In tables released Monday night showing what Kennedy's proposals would mean for certain taxpayers, the Treasury noted that the figures do not show the effect of certain changes to be proposed later in tax treatment of some types of income. Also, the department said, the tables apply only to taxpayers claiming the standard 10 per cent deduction. Following are examples of changes under the proposed tax cut: (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Single individual: $3,000 422 318 104 24.3 5,000 818 - 642 176 21.5 7,500 1,405 1,116 289 20.6 10,000 2,096 1,668 428 20.4 20,000 6,412 5,088 1,324 20.6 Joint return with no dependents: $3000 300 210 90 30.0 5,000 660 7,500 1,141 10,000 1,636 20,000 4,532 488 172 26.1 879 262 23.0 1,284 352 21.5 3,606 926 20.4 Joint return with 2 dependents: $3000 60 5,000 420 7,500 877 10,000 1,372 42 18 30.0 296 124 29.5 663 214 24.4 1,068 304 22.2 20,000 4,124 3,282 842 20.4 A—Adjusted gross income. B—Liability under present tax law. C—Revised rale tax liability. D—Dollar reduction in tax liability. E—Percentage decrease in tax liability. Game Tonight Basketball tonight, Wilson Field House, Ottawa University, 7:30. Baker University Wildcats vs. Ottawa University Braves. Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-3092 Adv Slow Bond Vote Cold weather slowed voting on the special school bond issue today with only about one-fourth of the eligible voters of School District 30 casting ballots by midday. A total of 1,043 persons had voted by 1 this afternoon. According to the city clerk's records there are 4,086 eligible electors. About 400 of the voters live outside the city. The $1,680,000 bond issue was defeated in the Nov. 6 general election by 158 votes. At that time 2,101 voters were against the issue and 1,943 favored it. If the bonds pass a new senior high school will be built here, and the junior-senior high school buildings will be remodeled. The Herald office will be open this evening from the time the first returns are reported until the final tabulation is made. All interested persons are welcome to visit or call The Herald for returns. BUNDLED UP FOR TRIP TO POLLS — Mrs. Larry Williams and Kiris, 416 E. 14th, dressed warmly for cold, early morning excursion to vote on school bond issue at Garfield School. (Herald Photo) Tshombe Promises End To Secession LEOPOLDVILLE, the Congo (AP)— Katanga President Moise Tshombe announced his capitulation today and said he will cooperate loyally with the United Nations. U.N. Secretary-General U Thant welcomed Tshombe's statement. There was no immediate halt in military operations, however. From his war capital in Kolwezi, Tshombe said he is ready to end Katanga's secession, go along with the U.N. plan for the Congo's reunification and let U.N. troops rove where they will in the province. Side Swipes Flew In Flue If the bird that flew into the flue at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dale Goforth, 711 Pine, was looking for warmth, it got more than it asked. Mrs. Goforth was puzzled by noises in the flue all day Saturday, Saturday night and Sunday morning. Then the bird came out, through a vent into the living room. Mrs. Goforth let the bird out after it had upset a few items in the house. "I don't see how it could stand the fumes and heat in the flue so long," she said. Family Affair »' It was family day at Ransom Memorial Hospital yesterday for H. H. Britain, 533 S. Oak, Britain has been at the hospital since being injured when a tree | rolled on him several days ago. During the weekend, his daughter, Mrs. Lester Bishop, Williamsburg, was admitted. And yesterday, a new grandson, weighing 8 Ibs., was born. Britain expected to go home early this week. Silent Drip Have you ever Iain awake at night'with the pitter-patter of a dripping faucet pitter-pattering on your day-worn nerves. Mrs. James Daugherty, 926 N. Oak, has a solution. She was afraid the tap on the kitchen sink would freeze, so she left it adrip. But the dripping was driving her frantic. So she wrapped a soft cord around the tap and around the spout, letting the end dangle from the spout into the drain. The drops of water slide down the cord and drip noiselessly into the drain. He appealed to Premier Cyrille Adoula's central Congo government for amnesty for himself and all his followers in their 30 months of independence. Thant expressed pleasure at the statement. At U.N. headquarters in New York he said: The United Nations said the Congo government agreed — in messages from President Joseph Kasavubu and Premier Adoula— to grant amnesty to Tshombe and his ministers and to assure Tshombe full freedom of movement. Thant expressed pleasure at Tshombe's declaration. In a statement issued at U.N. headquarters in New York he said: "I welcome the message, which indicates a readiness to end secession, to give freedom of movement to United Nations personnel throughout Katanga and to undertake the full implementation of the plan of national reconciliation." A U.N. column moving on Kol- wezi from Jadotville only Monday forced a crossing of the Di- kulwe River under heavy fire of a company of Katanga gendarmes and 20 to 30 white soldiers of Tshombe's army. The United Nations said an Indian sol- Files were stripped and hurled into the street. Robert K. A. Gardiner of Ghana, chief of U.N. operations in the Congo, intervened personally to stop it, when Congolese police failed to take a hand. British Ambassador Derek Riches protested strongly to the Congolese Foreign Ministry. Riches said some members of his staff were injured. Tshombe's declaration was relayed by the South African Press Association and Rene Thierry, Belgian radio correspondent. "We are ready to declare to Ihe world that the Katangan secession is over," Tshombe said. "We are prepared to give the United Nations troops freedom of movement throughout Katanga." 1,000 Dance With Governor TOPEKA (AP) - An estimated 1,000 persons danced Monday night at Municipal Auditorium to climax inauguration day for Gov. John Anderson and other state officials. The inaugural ball led by Gov. and Mrs. Anderson and their three children followed inaugural fomalities, a military review and several open houses at the Statehouse and governor's mansion. State officials shook hands with well-wishers for more than two hours in a receiving line before the ball began. The Andersons led the grand march. The dance floor was well filled but there were fewer on-lookers than in past years. Although the ball had originally been scheduled for admittance by invitation only, it was opened to the public because of the weather. Tauy's Toot Between JFK's income tax cut plan and Gov. Anderson's hint at property tax relief I'm gelling downright bi-partisan. Striking Printers Receive Support NEW YORK (AP)—More than 5,000 persons rallied outside the New York Times building loday in support of a printers' strike in this city's nine-newspaper blackout, now in its 39th day. The show of solidarity was dier was wounded. It reported I sponsored by the city's Central the capture of large quantities of rahnr ^"""^ Katanga arms and ammunition. Bitterness of the long fight was reflected, loo, in a riot of Congolese youths against the British Embassy in Leopoldville. About 1,000 Africans, with a core of 200 university students, sacked the embassy in protest against alleged British support for Tshombe's and Katsnga's secession. They smashed windows. ..1 Several thousand marched in front of the Times, at 229 W. 43rd St. Another group demonstrated at the rear of the building on 44th Street. The demonstrators on 3rd Street marched inside police barriers which cut the flow of automobile traffic to one lane. An ovation broke out when Bertram A. Powers, president of striking Local No. 6 of the AFL- ClO International Typographical Union appeared with a union banner. Members of newspaper craft unions were in the marching line, along with members of nonnews- paper unions. About 100 uniformed policemen stood by. Joint negotiations between representatives of publishers and the printers are scheduled to resume Wednesday in the first such session since some slight give-and- take developed last weekend. The Times is one of four newspapers struck by the printers. DOUBLE DUTY — Mrs. Neal Pritchard, 404 S. Locust, had two reasons for going to the polls this cold morning. She voted, of course, and she also served on the election board at the city hall polls. (Herald Photo) Misuse Of Tweezers May Have Killed 95 WASHINGTON (AP)- A short circuitr-caused by the improper use of tweezers in binding up wires—was the most likely abnormality that sent a jet and 95 persons to their doom last March, the Civil Aeronautics Board said today. The American Airlines plane plunged into Jamaica Bay shortly after take off from New York's Idlewild International Airport. The CAB report said the wires, part of the automatic pilot sys- Recorcl Tax Collections WASHINGTON (AP)-The government collected a record $99.4 billion from American taxpayers in the fiscal year ending last June 30. In its 100th annual report Monday, the Internal Revenue Service said collections were $5 billion more than in the previous year. Corporate and individual income taxes accounted for $71.9 billion, an increase of $4 billion. The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - Increasing cloudiness tonight followed by partly cloudy Wednesday. Continued cold. Low tonight 5 above to 5 below. KANSAS FORECAST - Variable cloudiness tonight and Wednesday with little change in temperature. low tonight near zero northeast to 5 to 10 above southwest. High Wednesday 15 to 20 northeast to the 20s south to 20 northeast to the 20s southwest. Hiyh temperature yesterday, 21; low today, 5 below zero; high year ago today, 24; low year ago today, 2; record high this datf, 62 In 1943; record low this date. 12 below zero In 1927; hourly temperatures, 34 hours ending 8 a.m., today: 9 a. m. in a. m. 11 a. Noon 1 p. 2 p. 3 p. m. m. m. m. 4 p. in. 5 p. m. p. 7 p. 8 p. m. m. m. ..19 ..21 ..20 ..20 .19 ..16 . 15 ..14 ..12 ..10 9 p. m. 10 p. m. 11 p. m. Midnight 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. n. a. • • 4 5 a. 6 a. 7 a. a. m. m. m. m, m. tern, lead to the rudder boost control mechanism—called the rudder servo, Federal Aviation Agency inspectors, the CAB said, determined that the damage was the result of improper use of tweezers in tying wire bundles and backed up the conclusion by finding similarly damaged units in the manufacturer's production line. The board said that after the difficulty was discovered, the FAA issued an order for inspection of generator motors for damaged wire bundles. The Bendix Corp., a division of which in Teterboro, N.J., makes the servo control unit, issued a denial that the unit was defective. The CAB conceded that an FAA theory made public last June- thai a small bolt may hav« dropped out of the automatic control system—was one of several things that could have happened. Some CAB inspectors became annoyed last summer after an FAA order for correction of the suspected bolt defect became public, and attempted to minimize the likelihood that the bolt was thc> cause. In a statement issued in New York, Nilo F. McCammon, general manager of the Bendix division, said the servo unit had passed 61 different inspections at the factory, was inspected by Boeing before installation and was subsequently overhauled and inspected regularly. Shuman Leery Of A Tax Cut ..-a OMAHA (AP) - Charles B. Shuman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation, said Monday it favors a tax cut but only if it is accompanied by a cut in federal spending. Shuman was commenting on President Kennedy's "State of the Union" message. "In my opinion il is extremely dangerous to cut taxes and continue $90 to $100 billion in federal government spending," Shuman said. "Spending ought to be cut by $9 or $10 billion to make possible a cut in taxes. We have suggested the Department of Agriculture coud be cut by $1 billion; and all other branches, including the Department of Defense, could take a cut without seriously impairing essential services of government." Shuman said in a separate interview the promotion of the administration's wheat program by Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman is the action of a desperate man. "Freeman knows wheat farmers are not at all happy, as indicated by last year's wheat referendum vote; and he thinks this might be the last chance to control everything. He is desperate. He's afraid the coming referendum will fail, and with good reason. "Farmers generally are more and more against government controls." Freeman said in Omaha last week, at a meeting of groups supporting the wheat program, that the farmers' choice is between $2-a-bushel wheat and $l-a- bushel wheat. "That's a ridiculous statement," Shuman said. "The only way wheat could drop to $1 would be if he dumps it on the market and forces it to $1. And I don't think the prospects for that are very likely. Congress wouldn't let him do it." Shuman was in Omaha for on* of a series of regional Farm Bureau meetings.
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