The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 9, 1986 · Page 14
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 14

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Salina, Kansas
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Thursday, January 9, 1986
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Page 14
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Farm The Salina Journal Thursday, January 9,1986 Page 14 Briefly Habiger Farmers report on tillage method A special conservation tillage school will be Jan. 23 at the Salina 4-H Building. The school will begin at 9:30 a.m. There will be no charge if pre-registered at the Saline County Extension office by noon, Jan. 22. A $2 fee will be charged if not pre-registered. Saline County farmers will give reports about their conservation tillage acreage during the morning. Some of the plots also have been compared with conventional tillage plots in the same field. This data, along with a record of rainfall and cost, will be shared. Fanners in the program include Delmar Sidener, no-till grain sorghum into grain sorghum stubble; Byron Johnson, reduced tillage grain sorghum into wheat stubble; Russell and Paul Burger, no-till grain sorghum into grain sorghum stubble; Wayne Johnson, no-till grain sorghum into grain sorghum stubble; Kenneth Will, no-till grain sorghum into wheat stubble; Chuck Henry, no-till grain sorghum into grain sorghum stubble; Chester Peterson, no-till soybeans into wheat stubble; Gary Melander, no-till grain sorghum into soybean stubble; and Leon Hahn, no-till grain sorghum into grain sorghum stubble. In the afternoon, Jack Brotemarkle, extension specialist in weed science, will discuss reduced tillage weed control after wheat and spring herbicide treatments. Raymond Lamond, extension specialist in soils and soil fertility, will talk about fertilizer placements and fertilizer materials for conservation tillage, and Dale Fjell, area extension specialist in crops and soils, will talk about reduced tillage cultural practices. There will be a noon meal between the sessions, and a question-and- answer session will conclude the program. The school is sponsored by the Saline County Extension Service, the Saline County Conservation District and the Kansas Extension Service, with cooperation from extension services in Dickinson, McPherson, Ellsworth, Ottawa, Lincoln, Marion, Rice and Clay counties. New state conservationist named James N. Habiger has been named Kansas state conservationist for the USDA Soil Conservation Service, according to Wilson Scaling, SCS chief in Washington, D.C. Habiger, who will assume the post Feb. 2, will be the sixth state conservationist to serve Kansas in the service's 50-year history. He replaces John W. Tippie, who has taken an assignment in Indonesia. Habiger, 48, a Republic native, graduated from Fort Hays State University with a degree in agriculture-botany. He started with the SCS in 1959 in Mission, S.D. He was a district conservationist at Scott City ! from 1965 to 1972, and was coordinator of the Four- Rivers Resource Conservation and Development area at Minneapolis until 1976. In 1976, he became an area conservationist in Boise, Idaho, and advanced as far as deputy state conservationist for Idaho. Soybean seminar set in Abilene ABILENE — A soybean profit seminar will be Monday at the Elks Club in Abilene. Exhibits, coffee and rolls will be available at 9 a.m. Bill Tierney, a Kansas State University Extension Economist, will present "Market Outlook or Lookout'' at 9:30 a .m. Others on the morning program are Ray Lamond, extension specialist on soil fertility and management, and Jim Shroyer, extension specialist on crop production. They will speak on soil fertility, varieties and production practices. Topics of the afternoon program include the soybean checkoff, harvesting losses, grain quality and new developments in weed control. Afternoon speakers will include a representative of the Kansas Soybean Commission; David Pacey, extension agricultural engineer; • and Dale Fjell, area extension specialist in crops and soils. A free lunch will be served. Sponsors of the program are the Kansas Soybean Association, the Kansas Soybean Commission and the Extension Service. Sorghum growers group to meet The Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association will conduct a series of area meetings, today through Jan. 15. Grain sorghum production and problem solving will be addressed by Dale Fjell, a grain sorghum specialist with the Kansas State University Extension Service. Fjell also will join directors of the Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission to review the commission's plans and projects. Officials of the National Grain Sorghum Producers Association will discuss the 1986 Feed Grain Program. They also will present the association's plans for sorghum promotion and improved profitability. Special recognition will be given to county winners of the 1985 Grain Sorghum Yield and Management Contest. GSPA members will also elect a director for each district. Area cities in which meeting will be conducted include Beloit, 10 a.m. today at the Farmway Co-op meeting room; Marysville, 2-3:30 p.m. Friday at the Marshall County Courthouse; and Colby, 1-3 p.m. Wednesday at the Thomas County Fairgrounds 4-H Building. Ellsworth to have herbicide school The Ellsworth County Extension Council is host for an in-depth herbicide school from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Jan. 22 in the Ellsworth Courthouse meeting room. The program will include Dale Fjell, area extension agronomist, who will discuss weed control in wheat; Erick Nilson, Kansas State University extension herbicide specialist, who will explain herbicide weed control from wheat harvest to planting in a wheat-sorghum- fallow system; a Dupont film, "Accent on Accuracy"; Jack Brotemarkle, KSU extension weed scientist, who will update producers on weed control in grain sorghum; and a discussion of weed control in alfalfa. A noon meal will be served. It will cost $1 with pre-registration at the Ellsworth County Extension office by Jan. 21, or $4 without pre- registration. Farm program to be discussed The Saline County Young Farmers will have a farm bill meeting at 7:30 p.m. Jan. 15 in Kenwood Hall. Chris Elam, executive director of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, will discuss the 1986 farm program and answer questions. County Extension Director Carl Garten and Agricultural Agent Thomas Maxwell will also demonstrate a computer program to evaluate participation in the farm program. Those interested in joining the organization can sign up at the meeting. Wheat school to be in Hillsboro HILLSBORO — An area-wide in-depth school on wheat diseases and insects will be Jan. 15 in the basement of the First National Bank in Hillsboro. Registration will be at 9:30 a.m. Topics to be covered include: smuts and seed treatments, mosaics, greenbugs and other aphids, fall insects, take-all, strawbreaker, cephalasporium stripe, Hessian fly, rusts, tan spot and speckled leaf blotch, and diagnosing wheat pests. Vet to speak to Young Farmers MINNEAPOLIS — The next meeting of the Ottawa County Young Farmers is set for 7:30 p.m. Monday at the Minneapolis High School. The featured speaker will be Dave Wallace, a Minneapolis veterinarian, who will discuss animal health and associated problems. A question-and-answer session will follow. Anyone interested in joining the organization can attend the meeting. Block's job challenging, frustrating WASHINGTON (AP) - When John R. Block came to town five years ago, he didn't fully realize that President Reagan had tapped him for the biggest challenge of his life, and in some ways one of the most frustrating. Like other farmers, Block found that high interest rates, a drop-off in foreign demand for American commodities and a sickening plunge in farmland values were developments beyond his control. On Tuesday, Block announced his resignation as Agriculture Secretary to a crowded news conference, proud of his tenure and of sticking with his job long enough to herd the 1985 farm bill through Congress. Block graduated from West Point in 1957, served three years in an Army airborne division, then decided Block to forgo a military career in favor of farming in his home area near Galesburg, 111. Under his direction, the family farm grew from 300 acres producing 200 hogs a year to 3,000 acres and 6,000 hogs annually. Before joining the Reagan administration, he was Illinois state director of agriculture. Block has been an administration team player who listened carefully to signals from the White House. If he disagreed with some of the calls, rarely were those disagreements made public. But Block was known to have hung tough on issues. The grain embargo was one. In January 1980, then- President Carter imposed a partial embargo on U.S. grain sales to the Soviet Union in retaliation for the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Reagan campaigned in the farm belt that fall against the Carter embargo. And when Block joined the Cabinet in January 1981, he didn't let Reagan forget it. Despite internal disagreement over lifting the em- bargo, Block persisted, and in April 1981, Reagan lifted the restrictions. On Tuesday, asked about his accomplishments as secretary of agriculture, Block said he was "proud of the day the president lifted the Soviet grain embargo. That was the first big battle within this administration." But if Block was proud of lifting the embargo, he was saddened by the turn taken by U.S. farm exports generally over the next few years. After reaching record levels for a dozen consecutive years, farm export values skidded from their 198081 record of $43.8 billion to an expected $29 billion in 1985-86, the lowest in eight years. Yet Block seemingly pulled out all stops to reverse the trend, traveling more to foreign countries on trade missions than any previous secretary of agriculture. Often he raised eyebrows with tough criticism of protectionist policies and export subsidies used by other countries, particularly in the European Com- munity. But as U.S. farm exports ebbed, so did the incomes and expectations of American farmers. As land values cut into farm assets, lowering the credit ratings of thousands, many farmers suffered the worst financial bind since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Last spring, new financial statements filed by Block disclosed that that he was forced to sell some property to make ends meet, and to refinance other debts. He was optimistic about it all. "It can work," he said at the time. "It's getting better because all of agriculture is making adjustments to live with difficult times. That's one of the keys to survival.'' And after Congress finished work on the farm bill last month, Block expressed optimism once again that the lower price supports and modified market-oriented policies would once again help boost U.S. farm exports. Supplies, low demand will keep prices down WASHINGTON (AP) - Agriculture Department economists say downward pressure will continue on crop prices through 1986 because of large supplies and stagnant foreign demand. Total cash receipts of farmers from the sale of crops and livestock are expected to decline by. as much as 4 percent from last year, with crops accounting for all of the loss, according to a report by the department's Economic Research Service. Livestock receipts may rise slightly, reflecting small gains for poultry and dairy because of larger marketings. Hog receipts are expected to increase as a result of U.S. stores quarter of world's grain WASHINGTON (AP) - As 1986 begins, the world's pantry is well- stocked with a record inventory of grain, nearly a fourth of it stored in the United States where abundant crops have helped depress prices. The Agriculture Department's most recent analysis provides some mind-boggling figures about the world grain situation. Keep in mind that the quantities are expressed in metric tons, the unit favored in international marketing. A metric ton is about 2,205 pounds and is equal to 36.7 bushels of wheat or soybeans, or 39.4 bushels of corn. In other words, the record 1985 U.S. corn harvest of 8.72 billion bushels equaled about 221.4 million metric tons. The yield of 116.6 bushels per acre translates into almost three tons per acre. All told, according to USDA, world grain production in 1985-86 is projected at more than 1.667 billion tons. Of that, U.S. farmers are credited with 341.4 million tons. Total grain includes wheat, coarse grains such as corn and barley, and milled rice. Including global stocks left over from previous harvests, the total world supply of grain in 1985-86 is estimated at nearly 1.9 billion tons, including 433.5 million tons held in the United States. That is the quantity of grain the world's leading producers have to meet all needs in the current year, including domestic consumption and export demand. World grain trade, according to the figures, is projected at slightly more than 222 million metric tons, with the United States accounting for about 78 million tons. Both the total and the U.S. portion is down sharply from 1984-85. The global consumption of grain in 1985-86 is expected to be more than 1.6 billion tons, a record level. The U.S. consumption of grain is projected at 202.4 million tons. After deducting grain consumption from total supply, the report winds up showing that global stockpiles at the end of the 1985-86 season — roughly mid-year — will exceed 296 million tons. Last summer, the world "surplus" or grain carryover was less than 232 million tons. And in mid- 1984 it was 184 million tons. ASCS employee cited for service A U.S. Department of Agriculture length-of-service award was presented Jan. 4 to Doris D. Brown, a county Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service employee. Brown was cited by Christine Elam, county ASCS executive director, for more than 20 years of service before her retirement Jan. 3. higher prices, but cattle receipts may hold about steady with last year as lower production is offset by higher prices. "The decline in 1986 crop receipts will likely come during the second half of the year," the report said. "Continued low prices are expected to combine with a smaller output from the 1986 harvest to leave cash receipts below 1985." However, the report noted that there is still uncertainty about how provisions of the Food Security Act of 1985 — the farm bill signed by President Reagan just before Christmas — will be designed and carried out. In reviewing what happened last year, the report said that prices received by farmers for all commodities dropped about 10 percent. That was the sharpest annual decline since 1953, a year when the Korean War was winding down. "Prices received for crops fell 13 percent, as near-record output and lackluster foreign and domestic demand combined to create huge carryover stocks," the report said. Barring immediate fundamental changes in farm programs or sudden developments in the export market, the large supplies "will also put downward pressure on prices" through the first half of 1986. Total cash receipts from 1985 sales Ceiling Panel of farm products probably dropped 1 percent to 3 percent from the 1984; level of $141.8 billion, the report said. ; Crop receipts probably remained at about the 1984 mark, with lower' prices offset by larger marketings.. But livestock receipts last year fell 31 percent to 5 percent from "the strong; $72.7 billion of 1984" sales. ; Department economists noted, as! they have before, that net farm in-' come in 1985 probably dropped sharply from a record high of $34.5' billion in 1984 to a range of $25 billion to $29 billion. 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