'* Kennedy Asks $13.5 Billion Income Tax Cut By FRANK CORMIER WASHINGTON (AP)-President Kennedy proposed today the biggest income tax cut in history— a $13.5 billion slash to take effect in three annual steps between now and 1965. Individual taxpayers eventually would save about $11 billion a year under the top priority program which Kennedy unveiled in his State of the Union Message to Congress. The rest of the benefits would go to corporations. First-stage rate cuts proposed for 1963 would total $6 billion— roughly equivalent to the biggest tax reductions of the past. Kennedy said he wants individual tax rates whacked from the present range of 20 to 91 per cent "to a more sensible range of 14 to 65 per cent." He asked Congress to lower the top corporate rate from 52 per cent to the pre- Korea level of 47 per cent. About one-fourth of, the resulting revenue losses would be recouped through tax reforms, Kennedy said. This lifting of the wraps from the long-awaited tax package was the high spot of the 4,500-word message, broadcast live on all national television and radio networks, in which Kennedy also: —Implied the United States and its allies are winning the cold war at a time when Sino-Soviet frictions reveal "the seeds of internal disintegration" in the Communist camp. —Challenged the Soviet Union to make a choice between continued conflict with the West and "the path to peace." The United States is ready for either eventuality, he declared. —Revealed the bare bones of a legislative program which, apart from taxes, ranges from the proposed peace corps to enactment of the medicare plan. Congress arranged a special joint session in the House chamber to hear the President deliver the address. Kennedy described his tax package as "a fiscally responsible program—the surest and soundest way of achieving in time a balanced budget in a balanced full employment economy." Although precise details won't be revealed until later this month, it was apparent the tax bill has been carefully tailored in an effort to meet anticipated opposition from congressional conservatives. Besides calling for gradual rate cuts, to lessen the adverse impact on federal finances, Kennedy advanced two companion pro- posals that would aim in the same direction: 1. The enactment of tax reforms recouping $3,5 billion of the .revenues that would be lost through lower rates. Reforms would begin going into effect next year. 2. A plan to gradually speed quarterly tax payments by large corporations in order to boost revenues by $1.5 billion without changing corporate tax liabilities. Kennedy also emphasized a desire for haste in congressional consideration of tax legislation. "Now is the time to act," he said. "We cannot afford to be timid or slow. For this is the most urgent task confronting the Congress in 1963." The President did not specify any particular date on which he believes the initial rate cut should take effect. He merely said the first reductions should come this year. Neither did he indicate (he first- year impact on the federal budget. Kennedy's new budget for the 1964 fiscal year starting July 1, will go to Congress Thursday. It is expected to call for spending approaching $99 billion. In one of his few references to the budget,'the President said it will allow for "needed rises in defense, space and fixed interest charges." But he said it will hold "total expenditures for all other purposes below this year's level." To do this, Kennedy said, he will call for "the reduction or postponement of many desirable programs," plus payroll and other economies. These were among other highlights of the message: —The state of the Union is good; "the recession is behind us." —The state of the world is improving; "steady progress has been made in building a world of order." —"But we cannot be satisfied to rest here. This is the side of the hill, not the top. The mere absence of war is not peace. The mere absence of recession is not growth. We have made a beginning—but we have only begun." —At home, Kennedy wants aid to education; help for unemployed youths; an expanded health program; strengthened guarantees of voting rights; increased competition and decreased regulation in transportation; a local mass transit program; a new farm pro- gram; more parks and recreation i area. —Abroad, Kennedy seeks a lowering of trade curbs; an expanded Peace Corps; "an increasingly intimate North Atlantic Treaty Organization" with its own nuclear force and stronger conventional arms; a vigorous Alliance for Progress in Latin America; and a continuing foreign aid program which he said has "contributed to the fact that not a single one of the nearly 50 U.N, members to gain independence since the second World War has succumbed to Communist control." Kennedy devoted a special section of his address to "increasing strains and tensions within the Communist bloc." Emphasizing that "here hope must be tempered with caution," he said of Sino- Soviet differences: "A dispute over how best tt r>ury the free world is no ground! for Western rejoicing." While professing to foresee "no spectacular reversal in Communist methods or goals," Kennedy said that if "the winds of change* persuade the Soviets to walk the path of peace, then let her know that all free nations will journey with her." But until that happens, he said, "the free peoples have no choice but to keep their arms nearby." Kennedy concluded by saying that "We have every reason to believe that our tide is running strong." And he added this prayerful reference to the recent Cuban crisis: "With ihanks to Almighty God for seeing us through a perilous passage, we ask His help anew in guiding the 'good ship Union.' " Tax Cut Proposal WASHINGTON (AP)-Here at a glanc* are the highlights of President Kennedy's income tax proposals, made today in his State of the Union message: INDIVIDUAL — Reduction in rates from present 20 to 91 per cent to 14 to 64 per cent, resulting in $11 billion annual cut, spread over three years beginning with a $6-billion slash this year. CORPORATE—Reduction from present 52 per cent to pre-Korean 47 per cent of corporate profits, resulting in $2.5 billion annual tax cut. REFORM — To offset revenue losses by $3.5 billion, reform of present tax law to broaden the tax base, effective in 1964. * •* * Presidential Message At A Glance WASHINGTON (AP)-Here are some of the main topics covered by President Kennedy today in his State of the Union message: BUDGET — Promised to hold federal spending on domestic programs below current fiscal year levels, but said increases would be asked for defense, space and fixed interest charges. ECONOMY—Said the recession has passed, but "We must expand the long run strength of our economy." SOVIET UNION - Challenged the Soviet Union to abandon nuclear expansion, brushfire wars and subversion and negotiate in earnest on Berlin, Southeast Asia and nuclear testing. COMMUNISM - Cautioned that the split between Russia and Red China is over how to bury the free world, not whether it should be done. But he said "it is the closed Communist societies which carry within themselves the seeds of internal disintegration." County Officials Take Office Oath NEW SHERIFF TAKES OATH — District Judge Floyd Coffman administers oath of office to Franklin County Sheriff Joe Ferns. Ferns officially assumed duties of Franklin County sheriff at 11 this morning. He succeeds Undersheriff Max Gilmore. (Herald Photo) People First, Politics Last, Says Anderson Taiiy's Toot Anderson's "government close to the people" sounds real nice, but we'd still take that tax cut from way off in Washington. The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - Occasionally cloudy (his evening. Partly cloudy and quite cold through tomorrow. Lows tonight 5 to 10 below. High tomorrow 10 to 15 above. KANSAS FORECAST - Mostly clear tonight and tomorrow with a few snow flurries northwest and southwest tonight. Colder tonight and in the east and central portions tomorrow. Low tonight 5 to 8 below northeast to zero to 5 above southwest. High tomorrow 5 to 10 above. FIVE-DAY OUTLOOK - Temperature tomorrow through Saturday will average 12 to 18 degrees below normal. Warmer Wednesday or Thursday, turning colder Friday or Saturday. Normal highs 36 to 42. Normal lows 12 to 22. Precipitation will average .10 of an inch or less, occurring as snow Thursday or Friday. High temperature Saturday, 3; low Sunday, 8 below zero; high Sunday, 23; low today, 11; high year ago today, 39; low year ago today, 18; record high this date, 66 in 1828; record low this date, 6 below zero In 1916; hourly temperatures, 24 hours ending 8 a.m., today: 8 a. m 0 0 p. m. 10 a. m 3 W p, m. 11 a, m 9 11 p. m. 13 Midnight ......17 1 a. m. TOPEKA (AP) - Gov. John Anderson began his second term today with a plea for states to keep government as close to the people as possible and not let it drift to Washington. Anderson, 45-year-old Republican, urged that states not abdicate their responsibilities by inaction or unconcern. "Our government is designed to be the servant of people, not the master," he said in remarks prepared for delivery immediately after his inauguration at Municipal Auditorium. "From the earliest days of the colonial town hall meeting we have found this to be the best way to keep government responsible to the actual needs and wishes of the people," he said. "To preserve this principle our local and state governments must not abdicate their proper governmental responsibilities by inaction or unconcern. For, just as surely as we do, powerful forces emanating from the central government will certainly seek out and force themselves into any vacuum of legitimate governmental concern left unfilled by state and local governments." Anderson said he feels that is the trend today. "The popular belief seems to be that the individual can no longer properly plan for his welfare or Moon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 6 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m .20 22 23 21 .18 .17 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a, m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. ......18 18 15 11 M 14 ia 18 17 18 17 iis future, and that government can best do these things for him. "Should this trend continue, we will not be the benefactors of our future generations, as were our forefathers our benefactors. We will develop a society with a tmilt-in 'beneficiary complex' — an all-powerful, overly protective and paternalistic central government being the 'alleged benefactor and our entire society the per- aetual beneficiary. "The fallacy of this should of course be obvious, but apparently it is not. Citizens should recognize that this can only result in loss of individual rights. They must realize that money from Washington is not a gift, but a repayment, and that it is not always based on need but oftimes on the philosophy that "If we don't get it, someone else will.' " "The opportunity to give service to fellow men is as limitless as the space we now explore, Anderson said. "We must continue to develop new ways of producing food and fiber, new means of processing and distributing it where the need exists, and new solutions to the economic and political problems of the .world today. The state faces such problems and the solutions reached in the present session of the Legislature mil affect the state for decades, le said. "Whether in the field of developing our educational system, mproving our economy, adjust- ng the tax structure or altering he make-up of our law making body, I would hope that we approach these problems as Kansans first and political or area >artisans last." * * * Area Men Head House Groups Among chairmen of committees of the House of Representatives, announced today in Topeka, are three from this area. Rep. Marvin Clark, of Paola, leads the committee on Cities of the Second Class. Rep. James Cubit, of Garnett, leads the Forestry, Fish and Game committee. Rep. Odd Williams, of Law- New Cold Blast Moves Into State TOPEKA (AP)—A new surge of cold arctic air moved into northern Kansas today on the heels of one of the most intense freezing periods the state has had in recent years. The new cold air was expected to hold temperatures throughout northern sections during the day with zero readings by night. Lows tonight were predicted for five be- lower zero in the north to 5-10 above in the south. Highs today were predicted for five above in Nebraska border counties to the Kansas, 20s in southern • p, m IT • ft. m M Temperatures moderated considerably Sunday with highs ranging from 20 degrees at Olathe to 32 at Hill City. Early morning lows were from 4 above at Good- land to 15 at Wamego, Manhattan and Chanute. The Weather Bureau said the new surge of cold air is shallow and will not last long. However except for slight moderation Tuesday there is no real indication o a warming trend in sight. The sub-zero temperatures of Friday and Saturday gave the state one of its most severe cole spells in years. For two nights all readings in the stale were a or well below the zero mark with Goodland reporting 19 below a one time. The high Saturday of one degree above zero in Topeka was the lowest maximum in the capita city in 30 years. Eastern Kansas still has a snow cover of two to three incb.es. • Seven out of Franklin County's nine elected public officials and their deputies, took the oath of office this morning with only one new man taking over. Joe Ferns was sworn in as the new county sheriff, succeeding Max Gilmore who was appointed Undersheriff. Ferns was the only successful new candidate of the Nov. 6 election. He was Gilmore's Undersheriff for the past four years. Gilmore could not seek re-election last November under state law that prohibits a sheriff from succeeding himself more than once. Other official sworn in this morning are: Donald White, county attorney; Christina Woke, clerk of the district court; Bruce Spears, coun ty clerk; Earl Richardson, county commissioner from the firs district; Robert L. Pinet, probate judge and juvenile judge, ant Mrs. Ofelita Ivey, register deeds. All were re-elected in November. Mrs. Ivey, Richardson, Ferns and Maurice Ponton were the only candidates opposed in las year's general election. Ponton was defeated by Laurin Y. Gad dis, Lane School principal. Gad dis will take office in July as prescribed by law. County Treas urer Almeda Sinclair will begir her second term in October. .District Judge Floyd Coffman administered the oath of office t the seven today. Spears wi] swear in Gaddis and Miss Sin clair. Richardson was the only com missioner to take office today. Hi term will run four years. The oth er commission seats, held by Ce cil Vining, Richmond, and J. I: Button, Pomona, come up for elec tion in the next general. Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-309 Adv OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 29 7 CENTS EIGHT PAGES OTTAWA, KANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 14, 1963 School Board Asks Support Of Bonds Education board members of Ottawa School District 30 today offered the following statement in connection with the election tomorrow on the proposed bond issue for a new high school and junior-senior high improvements: "Tomorrow the voters of the Ottawa School District will make what this Board believes is the most important educational decision of the past several decades. "This decision is whether or not to build a new high school and remodel the present Junnior-Senior High School building. The members of the Ottawa Board of Education earnestly request your support. This district must vote the $1,680,000 requested if it is to remove what we believe is a serious roadblock in the educational future of our children. "You probably ask why we need this new high school. The primary reason is there is insufficient room in our present high school. We now have 452 students in the Senior High. Already, we are faced with a problem of space for next year. In order to handle the student load, we may have to go to a staggered schedule, hold firm when we should be expanding the course offerings, and use trailer classrooms in some instances. "By the fall of 1964, when we would hope to have a new high school ready for use, we know that we will have 653 students in the Senior High School. This does not include any further ex- pansion in the district or any growth in the population of the Ottawa area. "Since this Board is charged with the eduv cation of your children, a duty to which you, the voters of the district, elected us, we feel it is imperative that you support our position and 1 vote for the school bond issue tomorrow. "While we regret that it is necessary at thii time to hold a special election, so soon after the general election, our decision for another effort at this bond issue was prompted solely by our desire to provide the best possible education for your children and for our children. "We would also like to point out that, if this bond issue does not carry, this Board will be faced with several not-too-pleasant alternatives, "We can re-submit this issue a third time in the near future, or we can attempt to provide an educational program on a reduced basis with the facilities at hand. This second alternative could mean a reduced number of courses, crowded conditions, staggered schedules, use of trailer classrooms, or renting of spaces outside school buildings in which to hold class, and loss of individual selection of subjects. "It would also mean we would give up any thought of a hot-lunch program, development of an adequate library, modern science laboratories, up-to-date physical education facilites." rence, heads the Industrial velopment committee. De- Manufacturing Firm Is Moving To Ottawa Polls Open 8 To 6 Polls will open in Ottawa at 8 a.m., tomorrow for voters of School District No. 30 to cast ballots on the proposition of issuing bonds in the sum of $1,680,000. The money from the bond issue is for,construction of a new high school and for improvements for the present high school. The polls will close at 6 p.m., and returns on the tabulation of votes will be reported to the office of the city clerk. The Herald will be open to receive returns and to give out information on the counting of the votes. * * * Transportation To The Polls Members of the School District 30 board of education have offered to provide transportation to the polls tomorrow for the election on the proposed school bond issue. Persons needing a ride can call the following: Dr. Olin G. Wollen, CH-2-2404; Robert B. Anderson, CH 2-2626; Dr. R. A. Collier, CH 2-2393; Elmer Roth, CH2- 3333; Harry Ryoblt, CH 2-4961 and Don E. Waymire, CH 2-3153. Topeka Hiway Mower, Inc., a manufacturer of sicklebar, rotary and hammerknife mowers principally for highway, r o a d- way, levee and park maintenance, will move its offices and production facilities to Ottawa, according to an announcement made today by Douglas Gleason, president of the firm. The offices will be moved during Ihe week beginning Jan. 21 to a temporary location in the Professional Building and will occupy the space there vacated by Dr. John N. Thornburg. The production facilities will be moved during the first two weeks in February, to the building on West Wilson Street which formerly housed the Stannard Nursery. That building is being remodeled to accommodate the mower company's production operation as well as its permanent offices, The company at its present level of operations regularly employs about 20 fulltime production and office workers, Gleason said. "If sales of our mowers continue to increase as they have in the past two years, and as we expect them to, more people will be employed in both our office and our factory," he added. Officers of the corporation are Douglas Gleason, president; Roy D. Churchill, vice president; Robert M. Anrig, vice president; William W. Martin, secretary-treasurer, and H. W. Johnson, assistant secretary-treasurer. Gleason, Churchill and Martin also are directors. Other direc- tors are Charles H. Martin Jr., Charlotte J. Martin and Thomas E. Gleason. Robert M. Anrig is in charge of engineering and production; H. W. Johnson is office manager, and Haydn L. Shaw is purchasing agent and service manager. Other Ottawans now employed by the corporation are Dorothy Anrig, Orville Flager, Richard Fritts, Pete Hintz, Homer Miller, Clifford Pierce, Marion Smith, Ed Waddle and Winston Yokum. "C. H. Martin and Fred P. Martin formed Topeka Hiway Mower Company more than 25 years ago to engage in limited production and sale of mowers to utilize some unique principles they had developed and patented," Gleason said. "Though ihe mowers fine machines there support a sound manufacturing concern. "During this phase of the company's development, which extended until early in 1962, the new corporation suffered substantial losses. For a time we weren't sure we were going to be able to supply the money necessary to get this business on its feel. We therefore postponed our planned move to Ottawa. "Then our efforts to develop sales began to produce the desired results and in the corporation's fourth fiscal year, which ended on Oct. 31, 1962, a profit Gleason said, operation, was were never made to market for any real attempt develop a broad them. After Fred Martin's death the company became almost in operative," he explained. "A group of Ottawans formed Topeka Hiway Mower, Inc., in 1958 to buy the tools, equipment, parts and patents with the thought of developing a small industry we could bring to Ottawa." "The Martins' mowers were redesigned and re-engineered to facilitate quantity production and improve their performance and dependability. At the same time Topeka Hiway Mower, Inc., set about to set up the dealership and sales organization necessary to was realized," "This profitable coupled with the steadily increasing acceptance of our products, made us feel (hat our company had achieved a stability that would make it now a desirable addition to the Ottawa community." As it stands at the moment Tn- peka Hiway Mower, Inc., represents an investment of more than $250,000. Most of this investment has been made by Ottawans. The corporation has dealers in 38 states, and its mowers are used by highway departments or turnpike authorities or county or city maintenance people in all of these states. It also has two dealers in Canada. In the fiscal year ended Oct. 31, 1962, sales totaled $421,000, up 43 per cent from the sales in the prior year. A similar increase in sales in this fiscal yc/r is expected, Gleason said. Your School Questions Q. Will the new high school be air conditioned. A. — Plans call for "climate control" which means heating plus ample ventilation for warm days. Provisions will be made for air conditioning in the future if it becomes justified. The board has indicated it will require the architect to design the heating and ventilation system in such a manner that a cooling system can be added with minimum of expense. Q. Won't new industries considering Ottawa for a location want to be certain the schools arc tops, and accredited? A. — Ottawa Industrial Development, Inc., in a statement in The Herald on Friday, Jan. 11, said: "Of all the changes that will come about in thns community as it grows, none will be more important than its school growth." Q. — Is it correct that every other school in the East Kan* sas league, and the old North- cast Kansas League, have better facilities for basketball, such as lockers, playing floor anil spectator space, than does Ottawa High? Do OHS students deserve this discrimination? A. — Orlis Cox, Ottawa recreation commission, told The Her* aid such facilities at the other high schools are better than at Ottawa High. On the second question, school officials and The Herad feel all Ottawans believe there are no more deserving students anywhere.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month