KiUlorial Political War on Gravel King Qiarles I of England had many a fuss with Parliament. Ho became so exasperated he sent troopers to the chambers to arrest members of Parliament who opposed him. Jolm Mitchell, meet King Cliarles. Tlie English e.vperience was strong in the minds of the writers of our Constitution, which is a big refi- son they wrote that senators and representatives "shall not be questioned in any other place" than tlicir House for what they said in that chamber. Now, tile Department of .Tusfu-e has threatened Sen. Mike Gravel, the Alaska Democrat, with subpoena and incrimijiation. His crime: reading from the Pentagon Papei-s at a night suboommittee meeting in June. Attorney-General Mitchell's tix)ops are taldng an oblique tack, lliey said Sen. Gravel may be .subpocnaerl in an. argument .seeking llie calling of an aide to Gravel to talk to a fed- ei'al gi'and juiy in Baston. The brief declared the .senator must respond 1o a subpoena and could retain his rights imder the Fifth Amendment not 1o answer quG .stions which nught incriminate him. The comls have .said our logisla- tore may be subiwenaed in such cases as that of Rep. Adam Cla>'1on Powell, which involved a civil com-t judgment in a private problem. Tliat's hardly tlie Gravel caso. Mitchell a!id his staff lo-st its cra.se against-publication of the Papers. 'Hiey have lost at least three other cases where tliey tried to go against tiiG Constitution's grain. The Supreme Court lias said the govei'n- ment has proved no damage through the Pentagon Papers. A threat to a senator for letting the public in on .something it learned anyivay liardly adds to the staliu'c of the JiisHre dpparlniont. Fewer Farm Deaths The totals and annual average fatalities on Kansas farms declined dramatically in tlie past three decades. Tlie 1970 statistical report from the State Department of He^dth reveaJs that the five-year total of such deaths from 1966 to 1970 was 218, compared with 399 in the 1936-40 period. Tlie annual average has dropped from 79.8 in 1936-40 to 43.0 in 1966-70. Tlie total, of 34 farm work accident deatlis, was the lowest on record since the statistics began in the early 1900s. At first glance, this is a great vio tory for safety. In part, it may be. Strong efforts have been made to develop awareness of hazards on the farm. But it must be noted that in 1940, more than 30 per cent of employed Kansans worked on farms. By 1970, this percentage had decreased to less than 10 percent. One .significant .<?tatistic in this list should not be overlooked — the steady iiicTcase in the nmnl>er of ti'actor ac-- cjdent fatalities. These deaths jump<}d fi'om 11.8 per cent of tlie total in 1940 to 51.8 pei- cent in the pa.st five years. It is inevitable that increasing mechanization will produce inerea.s- ing machine threats for fann workers. It is not inevitable that the number of ti*actor death.s keeps climbing, if tlie work of safety experts continues. We're killing fewer on the fami be- crause we have fewer working there. The .safely-fii-st job remains. Do It in Public Tlie county attorney at Ganiett checked into the sliootlng death of a 19-yeav-old Kansas City girl who stopped at an Anderson County farmhouse for information and he decided it would be best to suppress t h e facts of the case. His reason? It is in the Ixjst interests of rehabilitating the juvenile boy who, it is tdleged, shot and killed the girl. And too, he is ajncemed about the expense of a jiuy trial. Tlaat may ring bells with the ta.x- payers' associations, but the general public would rather hear the facts to judge for themselves. Kansas Attorney General Veni Miller tigroed and pressured the Gamett official into proceeding further. ThLs ca.so illusti'ates well the .stupidity of public servants wlio do not feel accoiuitable to the public. Other Editors They judge tlie pul)lic to be an ass, and never mind how they got elect- erl to office. Imagine living m Anderson County or any comity where there is a ca.se of alleged wi-ongful death, yet .^'ou are left to guess wiiat happened. The public is entitled to know the details of what iiappened. For one thing, if county attorneys can operate hi clesets, how c^an they be moni- loi-ed? Under the juvenik^ proceedings of Kansas, the accu.sed floes not have tlie full rights of a d u 1 t citizens. What if the boy was being railroaded? And in a world where editors are laiov^i to eiT, it is not too fantastic to imagine the same of judges, county attorneys and .siK^h in siimilar liigher stations. Public bu.siness netxls to be cwu- ductcd publicly. A Loss Indeed (Whllloy Auslln In tlie Sallnn Journ<iD Tt was in the Spring of 1937, the dusty days of the dcpro-ssioa, IJiat Orla Kcanw^ went fo work in tho comix),sin,g room of the HutchJiLson News where I was tlic city ha JI and police reporter. l^ater on, we put out the Sunday morning edition together, fighting the bugs in the back sliop, battling the deadlinas, putting out Uie Exlra.s that the news of those pre-television day.s demanded. They were exciting times. In 1952, wlien Kap Harris retired as comno.sing room forem£in for The Saliiia Journal, I brought Orla liere to tal^e his place. We planned Uie move from the old brick building at Seventh and iron to Uie new Journal office. And during a Januat7 bli/zard in 1962, wo watched tlie heavy linofypo machines .swinig, pu.slied and cajoled into place tit 333 S. 4th. Our most, trying time ofune with ttie coiu'ei-sion to cold typ(> composition and off.set printing. All of \\s had to team now trades, brand mnv skill.s, and ujion Orla foil tJie respoasibility fou- the back .shoi) changeover, an intricat-e intenvcaving of |)er.sonalil.ies and electronici'. Tills smnmer, the shake-down was coin- pkMed. Orla ha(l done a gcwd job. He and his wife [mV! a trip Ensl to see their soil, and Air Forc(> officer, and returnett 1(1 send their daughter to college at Mnn- luitlan. He was relaxed, in ivrime spirit,s. 'tinirsday morning he suffered a iieart attack. After .so many years of close partnership, it is a loss inde«d. Looking Backward Ten Years Ago in 1961 Salina's population was 40,894, Hutchinson's 37,70,1 Thirteen coin machines were seized by the government at Emporia and Iota American Legion clubs for failure to pay taxes. "The "greatest Kansas State Fair" o^ien- ed with 133 high school bands playing during the week. Twenty-five Years Ago in 1946 The News said the Kansas State 'Fair opened with "a children's fairyland and a farmer's glittering showplace". A carpenter's union strike was halted as the carpenters agreed to abide by the wage mobilization ruling holding the wage at ,^1.25. Contractors were provoked. Fifty Years Ago in 1921 Tbfi soda ash plant was to be closed "indefinitely" on Oct. 1, laying off 250 worker."? in the city's biggest Industry. Bad national business was blamed. The Kansas Chemical Manufacturing Co., ownedthe land. The lease with the S'olvay company had two years to go. •John Madden, long time liquor fighter, in Ford County, was named national probilii- tion agent. At Wit's End Don't Consult-Insult DirtribBted L.A, ArmR . . . AMSR/CAj AMERICA, I SHED MY GRACE ON By ERMA BO^ffiECK There are no other taxi drivers in the world like there are in New York City. On my infrequent trips there I have always been entertained by the abuses heaped on me. Oh sure, there are otlier fun things in New York like muggings, outrageous prices, air unfit to breathe and shoddy service, but for me the brash, outspoken, rude taxi drivers are always a must. I stand timidly on tlie curb like a bullfighter with stomach cramps and say apologetically, 'taxi.' Then*;; a burly cab driver with a balding spot leans out of his window and yells, "Whatya doin, lady? Trying to wreck my cab? I got a wife who needs an operation and a kid I'm sending through Juliard." I then recoil into the crowd and walk the 15 or 20 blocks to my destination. A tourist experience like.this keeps the midwestem audiences regaled with laughter and amazement throughout an enture winter. On my last New York venture, I stood on the curb and bravely extender! my forefinger out over the curb. A cab screeched to a halt in front of me and a driver with a smile reached over bell in(l his seat and opened the car door for me. I mistrusted him immediately. "How are you today?" he asked clieer- fully. Bombeck "Whatya mean by a crack like that?" I snarled. "Where to, ma'am," he asked poUtely. "What if I told you I wan !ed to go to LaGuardia in the 5 o'clock traffic. How would that grab you?" "Anything you say.'' he said pushing down the flag. "No, wait. I only want to go two blocks from my hotel." "You're the boss," he grinned. We rode in silence. "You wanta tell me what's wrong with the world today?" I asked. "Actually," he said, turning a clean shaven side to me, "I don't feel qualified to impart my prohjndities on the ills of today's society." We rode in silence. "Tliat woman just attempted to cross the street with the light," I said, tapping liim on the shoulder, "Aren't you going to brush by her with your right fender, shout obscenities and teach her a lesson?" "No," he smiled, "I figure the streets belong to everyone." "Are you sure you're a New. York cab bie?" r asked suspiciously. "Actually," he giggled, "I'm an account f-xecutive with an advertising firm who felt the pressure of the recession and decided to drive a cab. In fact, if you run across a firm in need of someone with five years ii college and 12 years' experience ..." "Stop the cab," I said, "I didn't come to New York to be consulted. I came to be insulted. Let me out at the next comer." Bow your heads, America, an institution just passed by. mE -ANP CROWN WY GOOD WITH BROrHERH00l> fROM V^IIT* "Ri 'frlifc? ^fr/i rn .^/y/A//A//^ .'^FA . .. WHAT "Pfp NIXON SAY"^^ Jn^Vt/€ XL%D tPl i illll SEA TO SHINlNe SEA Merry-Go-Roun d IRS Grants Secret Tax Break to Shoe Industry By .lACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - The Internal Revenue Service has secretly granted the .shoe in- dustiy a $15,845,5.38 tax break, and it looks as if other industries will/ bo let in on the windfall. The cost out of tlie pockets of the remaining taxpayers is expected to surpass $100 million. Internal Revenue's generosity has taken the form of a strange suspension of prosecutions against shoe merchants. This was ordered by Assistant Commissioner D. W. f3acoii in a series of confidential wires and memos. Anderson The public was supposed to be kept in the dark about the official sellout. But we have dug out incriminating memos which show 1,897 cases have been secretly su.spcndcd. These involve an estimated $15,84.'5,538 which the Treasury will now lose in faxes. Not even countetl are the tens of thousands of dollars spent by lES task foi-ces to develop the cases. As with most lax matters, tlie stoiy is complicated. For years, many shoe retailers, lestaurjmt chains, finance companies, gi-oceiy chains, hotel fimis and other businesses have broken their operations into .several ".separate" corporations to reduce their tax rale. Tax Taugle To help small companies, the IR,S levies a low 22 per c^nt tax on tlie first .$25,000 in profiles. Tliereafter, the tax goes up to 48' ]yor cent. If, say, a comiwny with $100,000 in profits paid honest taxes, the govemment would collect $'11,500. But if the same company split into four ooriwrations, each with $25,000 in profiLs, tlie lax would be only $22,IMK). 'Hie law also allows companies to accumulate earnings up to $100,000 with no questions asked. A .splintered company, therefore, could pile up millions in earnings without paying the special faxes on accumulations over $100,000. A few years ago, HIS task forces bogan to crack down on cKinipanics tliat had divided up their corporate structure to dodge tax"s. A few of those "brother - sister" (k'als, as they're called on Wall Street, were sucoe-ssfully |)roseculed. l<"'or instance, Marc's Big Boy-Pix>spect, Inc., a Wis(»nsin firm, was naile<I in a civil ca.se along with its sister tx)mpanies. Although tlie decision has licen appealed, the t^isk forces wore encouraged to pro.se- cute otlicr com|>anies that luscd brother- sister aiTangonients as a aibterfuge to avoid taxes. Then out of U\S lioadqu.'irtci\s', on January 21, 1971, came confidential telex messages to district directors luiltiiig any furtlier action against splintered shoo companies, Tlie messages weie signal by Bacon, as coip- pl lance head, who oixlored tersely that "re- gaw[ie.ss of meljliod of oiwration and organizational .structure, (the shoe ca.'>es) sliould be suspended." BsiOn also demanded data from tlie IRS field men "on other retail merchandising or .service type caiscs involving these .stinie issues." The imiilication was that other industries niiglit U; given tJie same favored treatment. Still another message, this one stamped "Urgent Urgent" and "For Official Use Only," was issued on April 7. This set forth detailed paperwork and red tape that agents would have to submit to Wasihington if they went ahead, with brother - sister prosecutions outside the shoe industry. The suspension was emphasized again in another confidential decree that went out to the field on April 30. The effect, of course, was to discourage any .sucli proseaitions. Thus, not only were all the slioe companies let off the hook, but obstacles were raised to hamstring other prosecutions. Diligent field agents, meanwhile, had examined a mountain of 6,895 tax fonns in their search for brother - sister tax deals. Now they have started to pigeonhole all their work, perhaps for good, even as President Nixon urges tlie taxpayers at large to tighten their belts. Footnote: IKS headquarters, in response to our inquiries, explained that the shot company prosecutions had been suspended so guidelines could be laid down. The suspension "does not mean the ball game is over," said a spokesman. This official explanation strikes us a,s balderdash, since the IRS has had since 1968 to set guidelines. The spokesman explained the secrecy by claiming tlie memos were "internal" and, therefore, not available to the taxpayers who ultimately must pick up the Page 6 The Hutchinson News Wednesday, September 15, 1971 We of"" the Daughters of the American Revolution wonder, as National Constitution Weak rolls around, Sent. 17-23, how many persoas know the rights guaranteed by the Constitution, forming the greatest treasure we all possess. They are: Hiunan rights: Free exercise of religious belief, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, right of the people peaceably to assemble, right to petition the govemment for redress of grievances, to keep and bear arms, trial by jury, protection against trial for an act committed before passage of a law makine ,'^uch act a crime, no one shall be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice for the same offense, no person can be tried for a criiTie except upon indictment by a grand jury, a citizen cannot be compelled tn be a witness against himiself in a criminal case. . . . Tlie right to a speedy and public trial by an unpartial jury, protection against Says He Is Not Affiliated With Universalist Church I .saw the very fine advertisement of one of your Hutchinson businesses giving the history of the churches of your city. I refer particularly to th& one with reference to tlie Unlvensalist Church. Tliere is some niisinfomiation in this advertisement which I would like to coiTect. I am luider no commitment for part-time duty with the Universalist Church of Hutdiin.son. When I was a resident minister of Wiclii- ta from 196^67, I did share this relation- shin. Recently, I was requested by the Board of Trustees of this church to speak before them. I immediately got in touch with the Reverend Douglas Mould,' rector of Grace Episcopal Church and informed him of this request, and told him that if he had no obiection, I would accept their invitation. He assured me of liis invitation to the community, and that I should feel free to accept this invitation. Members of this congregation have been my friends since 1962. I delight in renewing jny acquaintance with theon now tliat I have returned to Kansas. It was my privilege to talk with them last Sunday niglit on "The Religious Situation in 1971." My fuU-lime aMegiaaice is witli St. John's Episcopa,! Church in Great Bend and part- time at St. Mark's in Lyons. I will accept such outside • invitations to speak when they do not interfere with my primary responsibilities. Again, let me say that this is a very fine series of advertisements, and I am sure will be mformative to your readers. -H. PAUL OSBORNE, Vicar, St, John's Episcopal Church, Great Bend. wrongful imprisonment, any accused citizen may have witnesses in his favpr and assistance of counsel for his defense, excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed, all forms of slavery prohibited, right of citizens to vote shall not be denied by any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude. Property rights: Right to have the gov emment maintain its obligation of contracts. Human and property rights: No person can be deprived of his life, his liberty or his prosperity (for public or any other us?'! without due process of law, security against unreasonable searches and seizures of persons, houses, papers and effects. Privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States shall not be abridged by any state, citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges of citizens in the several states, no person shall be d'jprived of the equal protection of the laws. May we urge all citizens seek a greater knowledge of the laws during this Na'ional Coistitution Week. — 'M R S. EDWARD SPANIER, Regent Uvedale Chanter, and MRS. MARION HEDRICK .STILLWELL, Constitution Week Chaimian vSportsman Says Mooic Was Man for the Job Recently, George C. Moore was asked to re'^iffn, under pressure, as the director of the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Cora- mission. I've never met the man, but I don't feel I need to, to see all the good he had done for our great state of ICansas. All of you sportsmen who love to hunt, fish or camp, look back 10 years and what do you see? Lots of changes! First, there is deer himting, and more game birds, more game fish such as bass and walleye and the only restrictions are a proper hunting or fishing license. Second, we have more lakes and parks to camp in and more in the planning stage. We had a director there who did the public a great favor and now he gets a kick in the pants and is told to get out. Can't everyone see tlie good he's done far out-weighs the bad? Doesn't it seem like a political dig for tlie commission to have kept George Moore for almost 10 years and then decide he wasn't the man for the job? I.iet's hear from some of you sportsmen, defend your fellow man, who did so much for all of us. His past work tells us he is the right man for the job. We're a sportsmen family. MR. AND MRS. LLOYD MARKER, 303 West Main, Sterling. Staff View Bildni Service Insult to Womanhood By JUDIE BLACK Bikini .service? Even tliougli tlie bikini may be small, the issue involved is much larger and more important than selling a few gallons of gas. The News' article conoeniing bikuii service (Sept. 8, page 3) is yet another tragic example of women allowing themselves to be mired in. male doaninated, comnierdiUisjn. At fu-st reading, bikini service may appear to be an original, clever and very attention-getUng idea to sell gas. ExaiTdned fiir- IJier, bikini service is simply another crude travesty again.st female respect. Certahily a woman should be pennitted, if skilled and physically able, to pump gas or work in any capacity she feels competent. Black If she can piirnp gas, wants a job pumping gas, a gas pumping job is available and an employer feels can do the job efficiently, then regardless of her sex, a woman should be in the running for the job. To hii^ a woman, however, as a commercial gunmick, as a pair of nicely proportioned thighs and a well-developed bustline to pump gas, hardly speaks well of any employer's confidence in his paiod- uct U he must resort to sddeshow trickery to sell his product. One of the most pitiful angles to bikini service is tliat some wofmen will be greatly encouraged by a female's bemg hired vis a gas station attendant. I*mnping gas is honest \vork and a job usually reserved for males. But one can hardly believe Janic« Pierson would Jhave been hired had sh« asked to vrear funotional dothlng that would protect her in working wtih hot tn- gincs and functional shoes that wodd give sopport to her \rfaoIe body working. Bikiiii service a small matter? Unfor- tmiately not. That an attractive smile and pleasant personality sell gas is a oominer- cial reality. Gertaihly a pleasant Rnito and persoKiality dnuld be admlmi and .sought after. But must Qompetence, pleasantness and a willingneess to woric be hired only when women, or men, are willing to prosUtut© their womanhood, or manhood, for commercial gain? Perhaps. If so, it is not only an InsuK to every female 's womanhood and every male's manhood, but most unportantly, to every persMi's personhood.
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